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Triumph untouched 
by private weakness 

Peter Ackroyd, p7 t leading article, p!5 


Holiday fun with all 
those hearty mothers 

Summer heroines,, page 12 


German view of a 
better kind of Europe 




The legal challenges, page 14 

Page 31 


No. 64,706 


‘Bastards* comment angers Right 


By Nicholas Wood 


THE fragile truce between 
John Major and the Toy 
Euro-sceptics was in danger of 
collapse last night after he 
bracketed three right-wing 
cabinet ministers with back¬ 
bench “bastards” spreading 
“poison” about his leadership. 

As a storm erupted over the 
leaking of theprime ministers 
off-the-record remarks, right- 
wing Tories hit back angrily 
and others complained that 
Mr Majors gaffe had muffed 
out any lingering hopes of 
avoiding a liberal Democrat 
landslide in Thursdays 
Christchurch byelection. 

Mr Major had lowered his 
guard in conversation with 
Michael Brunson, FTN’spoSt- 
ical editor,, during a break 
between a series of interviews 
after the confidence vote on 
Friday. With the teteviskm 
lights off, Mr Brunson asked 
about three cabinet ministers , 
who had reportedly threat-. 
ened to resign if Mr Major 
embraced the social chapter of 
the Maastricht treaty. The ‘ 
prime minister replied dial if . 
they were to go, they might 
join the “dispossessed and the 
never-possessed" who were 
spreading poison, addi n g: 
“We don’t want three more of 
the bastards out there." .~ 

The ministers jwere not 
named in the conversation, 
but Peter UUey.' Michael 
Portillo. John Redwood and 
Michael Howard are widely 
seen as the most Eurosceptic 
memb ers of the cabinet. Mr 
Howard played a coitral role 

■ The Tories bleak prospects at 
Christchurch were worsened as the 
prime minister’s off-the-cuff comments 
reopened the wounds of Maastricht 

in a series of meetings last 
week that helped Mr Major to 
find an escape route from his 
difficulties, so his name may 
not have been at die front of 
die prime nmnster^s .mind', 
whenhetwfeereferredtotfaree : 
cabinet dissidents.; • 

Mr UUey and Mr Howard 
refused to bommeilt yesterday, 
while Mr Redwood made 
dear' thathejdid riot’want m 
dwell on the- past “I am 
looking to.the future and to a . 
united Tory peirty Mowing an 


al issues in tins way. When 1 
was in government, I argued 
my case far a referendum. 
Peter UUey has argued his 
case and so have others. There 
is no point using bad language 
about people. One should 
. respect their opinions." 

The leading Euro-sceptic Sir 
Ifeddy Taylor added: “The last 
tiring we want is lb have bad 
languageused about someone 
who is as stxmghland hooour- 
‘ able as Michael Portillo. To 
use those words against mem¬ 
bers of iris cabinet just seems 
. tome to be nasty/* 

But- Tbny Marlow, another, 
rebeL said tiiere was no malice 
in Mr Mqjbr and he had 
merely used a figureaf speech. 

Erioids_ trf the four right- 
. wmg TninftrtCTS also sought to.. 

agenda for aireemarket open 
Europe of the kmd_we tov& : 
Backbench Boro -sceptics 
were, however, , swift, to uith 1 
die Mr Major for his re¬ 
maps. Edward Leigh. who 
was sacked as trade minister 
in May and voted against the 
government on the soda! 
chapter last Thursday, said: 
“ITS rafter distre^ing for a 
British prime minister to start 
swearing at cabinet col¬ 
leagues. It smacks of the 
Nison era. Its rather sad to 
personalize great constitution- 

What was said in the 
taped conversation 

THESE, are the e xch a n ges 
between John Major and 
Michael Brunson on die tape: 

Mr Major “The real prob¬ 
lem is one of a tiny majority. 
Don’t overlook that I amid 
have all these dever, dedrive 
things which people wanted 
me to do — but I would have 
ssplit the Conservative party 
■'’into smithereens. And yon 
would have said I had acted 
like a ham-fisted leader.” 

Mr Brunson: (asks about 
the three rebel cabinet minis¬ 
ters who threatened to resign 
if Mr Major agreed to the 
social chapter of the Maas- 
tricht Treats) “I’d better not 
mention them in this room.” . 


27 -28 

Births, marriages. 






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TV & Radio--35 

Mr Major. “Just think it 
through from my perspective. 
Yon are the prime minister, 
with a majority of 18, a party 
that is stiB harking hack to a 
golden age that never was. 
arid is now invented. You 
have three rigtewing mem¬ 
bers of the cabinetwho actual¬ 
ly resign. What happens in 
the paraamentaiy party?” 

Mr Brunson suggests that 
the prime minister could 
easily futd three replacement 
ministers. - - 

Mr Major "I coutobring m 
other people. But where do 
you think most of this poison 
s rraning from? From the 
dispossessed and the never- 
possessed. You can think of 
ex-Mimstezs who are going 
around earning all sorts of 

“We don't want another 
three more ofthe bastards out 

there. Wbaft Lyndon John¬ 
son's maxisxL~ n (tape is ad 

Johnson's maxim was, “It is 

better to have him (J£dgar 
Hoover* the FBI director) 
inside the tent pissing out 
thanoutside pisring in.” " 

Mr Majors remarks, suggest¬ 
ing they were the emotional 
wends of a ma n who tad just 
. emerged'from one of the most 
hazardous weeks of his polit¬ 
ical life. “He was tired. He was 
asked a hypothetical question 
and he had had a very difficult 
48 hours,” one MP said. 

. Downing Street refused to 
comment on a private conver¬ 
sation. and party chiefs sought 
to distract attention from Mr 
Major's words by demanding 
a BBC enquiry into how they 
were passed to The Observer. 
Sir Norman Fowler, the parly 
chairman, wrote to John Birt, 
director general of the corpo¬ 
ration. demanding a swift 
ex p la natio n. 

The BBC —which recorded 
all interviews at 10 Downing 
Street an Friday under a 
pooling arrangement — said 
that said the leak could have 
come from “any number of 
places” since the interviews 
wore being monitored in doz¬ 
ens of media offices. It h as, 
however, launched an 

Labour and the liberal 
Demootoa meanwhile moved 
quickly to exploit die prime 
ministers embarassment say¬ 
ing dial be was more interest¬ 
ed in appeasing cabinet rebels 
than taking the right decisions 
for the country. 

Gordon Brown, the shadow 
Chanceflar, said: “The Conser¬ 
vative party is divided and 
divided right tothe heart ofthe 
cabinet They can no longer 
lead the country because every 
derision is made in die inter¬ 
ests of holding a series of 
factions together." 

The difficulty Mr Major 
faces in keeping his party 
together was further high¬ 
lighted-last night 'when right¬ 
wingers claimed dot the left 
was planning a putsch in the 
elections to the executive of die 
1922 committee. “Far from it 
bong live and let live, it is live 
and let die." one said. 

Israelis launch 
huge air attack 
on Lebanon 

From Richard Beeston in Jerusalem 

Civilian terror a Lebanese woman fleeing the air attacks with her child 

ISRAELI warplanes un¬ 
leashed a fierce retaliatory air 
attack against Islamic mili¬ 
tants across Lebanon yester¬ 
day, provoking a bitter round 
of tit-for-tat violence that 
threatened to plunge the Is- 
radi-Lebanese border area 
into a war zone. 

In what was described as 
the mast intense Israeli air 
assault since its invasion of 
Lebanon in 1982, scores of 
Israeli fighter bombers and 
helicopter gunships flew re¬ 
peated missions over Leba¬ 
non against two pro-Iranian 
groups, fte militant Islamic 
Hezbollah movement and the 
radical Popular Front for the 
Liberation of Palestine Cen¬ 
tral Command. 

Reports from Lebanon said 
that at least ten people were 
killed in the attacks, includ¬ 
ing Syrian soldiers serving in 
the Bekaa Valley, a local 
Hezbollah chief in the south, 
identified as Karmai Balhaz. 
and several civilians. 

In the most serious inci¬ 
dent. helicopter gunships at¬ 
tacked a Syrian army position 
in south Lebanon, security 
sources said. Later a Syrian 
military spokesman, quoted 
by die official Sana news 
agency, said two soldiers had 
been killed and a third 
wounded in the raids. Syria 
and Lebanon are key negoti¬ 
ating partners with Israel in 
the 20-month-old Middle 
East peace talks. 

In a retaliatory attack later 
yesterday, two Israeli civil¬ 
ians were killed when 
Katyusha rockets fired by 
Hezbollah guerrillas struck 
tiie northern Israeli border 
area. Hundreds of civilians 
were evacuated to safer areas. 

The attacks might have 
serious repercussions in the 
region for this week’s visit by 
Warren Christopher, the US 
Secretary of State, whose 
attempts to revive the Middle 
East peace negotiations could 
be overshadowed by the fight¬ 
ing. Although Hezbollah 

probably had that goal in 
mind when it set out to 
provoke the Jewish state into 
action, Yitzhak Rabin, the 
Israeli prime minister, was 
given little choice by his 
colleagues in government, the 
military establishment and 
the public. 

“We will not make the 
settlements in Israel along the 
Lebanese bender hostages in 
Hezbollah’s hands," said the 
Israeli leader, who added that 
he was eager for peace to be 
restored to the area. However 
he added: “If there is no 
tranquility here, there will be 
no tranquility for all the 
Lebanese in southern Leba¬ 
non outside the security 

The Israeli leader was re¬ 
ported to have taken the 
derision to retaliate on Friday 
after his coalition government 
had came under sustained 
pressure for a week, particu¬ 
larly from frontline commu¬ 
nities living in the Galilee. So 
far this month, six Israeli 
soldiers have been killed in 
action in Lebanon and a 
seventh died yesterday. 

Israel’s response came in 
mid-morning yesterday when 
bombers hit ten positions in a 
co-ordinated operation 
against Hezbollah strong¬ 
holds from the ancient 
Roman city of Baal beck in the 
Bekaa Valley to the group’s 
frontline base at Siddiqine. 
near Israel's self-declared 
“security zone" in southern 

O Washington: The US State 
Department, responding to 
the Israeli raids, urged Mid¬ 
dle Eastern countries to exer¬ 
cise the utmost restraint and 
to rely on peace negotiations 
when settling their difference, 
saying: “We have called on all 
parties to exercise maximum 
restraint and have made this 
point in recent diplomatic 
exchanges.” (Reuter) 

Kibbutz profits. page 12 
Leading article. page 15 

left to die 

By Jeremy Laurance, 

PATIENTS with kidney fail¬ 
ure are being denied treat¬ 
ment and lot to die even 
though kidney machines are 
available to treat them. Only 
three of the 16 hospitals with 
the machines, in London and 
the south east are using them 
full-time. Some are treating 
fewer than half the number of 
patients they could handle. 

Specialists estimate that 80 
ppifoms per million of the 
population need treatment for 
kidney failure, but only 60 per 
mfllioD receive it 

The machines in London 
are underfired because hospi¬ 
tals do not have the staff or 
re s o u rces to run them and 
GTs outside The capital are 
unaware they are available 
because they are loo far away. 

Idle machines, page 3 

Schools ‘hit squads’ 
to be rushed through 

By John O’Leary, education correspondent 

MINISTERS are to rush 
plans to send in “hit 
to take over the worst 
education bin completes its 
passage through Parliament 

Tne first of about 130 
schools causing the most con¬ 
cern will be inspected in 
September and education as¬ 
sociations run by retired head 
teachers and businessmen 
may begin to move into the 
worst of them early next year. 

The biD. which is expected to 
become law in the next fort¬ 
night, stipulates that schools 
found to be failing their pupils 
will be given eight weeks to 
agree an action plan with their 
local authority. They would 
Then lave up to a year to put 
the improvements into effect. 

Ofsted, the new school in¬ 
spection agency, is already 
working on a much tighter 
timetable, however, and is 
considering setting up a spe¬ 

cial unit to deal with schools 
“requiring special measures”. 
The new education associa¬ 
tions could take over a school 
immediately if ministers 
believe an action plan will not 

Eric Forth, the education 
minister, said: "We are very 
determined cm this. Should die 
bill receive Royal Assent, the 
education associations will be 
one thing we want to have in 
place fairly quickly. We are 
saying to the education world 
that it is unacceptable far any 
schools to carry an like this. 

"There may be cases where 
we will say *We will give you a 
year, but when a school is a 
complete shambles, that 
would be almost defeating the 
purpose of the exercise: We 
must allow for a much shorter 
time frame than thaL” 

The new associations, which 

Continued on page 2. col 7 

New chapter, page 31 

Schwarzkopf s temper ‘almost got him sacked’ 

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From Wolfgang MCnchau 
in Washington 


Schwarzkopf: aBeged to 

have abused his staff 

GENERAL Stormin’ Norman Schwarz¬ 
kopf—America’s Gulf War hero— cam e 
dose m faring his job in the months 
Ipadnig np to the war because Richard 
Cheney, the former US defence secretary, 
objected to Ins temper and abusive 

behaviour towart&suborttinates,afxard- 

ing to a new book. 

Crusade: The Untold Story _ of the 
Persian GujfWar* by-Rick At k inso n of 
The Washington Fbstsets oat to detank 
the image of General Schwarz kopf as 
selfless and avuncular, portraying him as 
a bad-tempered and fftaiannerod man 
who derided his staff. 

The book claims General Schwarzkopf 

threatened his most important and. 
closest aides with dismissal including 

senior army, navy and air force col¬ 
leagues; the chief air targeteer, and the 
commanders of both army corps. 

One of those who allegedly suffered 
ht maBation at the hands of General 
Schwarzkopf, was Lieotenanf General 
John Yeosock, His treatment Atkinson 
wrote, "bred contempt among subordi¬ 
nates. who privately and unfairly re¬ 
ferred to Yeosock as General Halftrack, 
the confused, aging commander in the 
comic strip‘Beetle BaDcyV 
On a flight from Washington. Mr 
Cheney watched with disbelief when a 
major held a place for General Scfawan- 
“ in a lavatory queue, and when a 
. on his knees, tried to iron the 
1*S uniform. Atkinson says that the 
defence secretary became an¬ 
gered by the general's “imperial trap¬ 
pings". These included his motorcade. 

described as longer than that of King 
Fahd of Saudia Arabia, and his habit of 
having an aide precede him into a room 
to lay out his refreshments. 

Mr Cheney considered dismissing 
him , hot derided instead to sent a three- 
star general as a minder with file task to 
"sweep up" General Schwarzkopfs “bro¬ 
ken crockery". 

Atkinson, however, presents no criti¬ 
cism of General Schwarzkopfs conduct 
of the wan and acknowledges that he 
made “no significant error of strategy 
and tactic". 

The author also claims that the general 
raised no objections when President 
Bosh decided to end t h e ground war after 
100 tours, an issue which bad been 
under dispute. 

Air attack, page 10 

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BBC launches enquiry into taping of Major’s outburst 

Community care ‘not 
working’ for addicts 

Marty drug addicts and alcoholics are failing to get help 
because of confusion caused by the community care 
regulations, a report is expected to show this week. The 
report by a monitoring group at Goldsmiths’ College, part of 
London University, will show that the number of 
admissions to some independent treatment centres is down 
by as much as 50 per cent 

Bur John Marsden. a researcher for Turning Point, an 
agency for addicts, said the report would not disclose 
financial problems of the new system, which makes local 
councils pay for care. “What it won’t show is that most of the 
money will run out by September. It will only provide a 
partial picture.” he said. Alcohol Concern said half of those 
seeking help were unable to find it "The service is not 
getting to the clients." 

By Alexandra Frean 


THE BBC has launched an urgent 
enquiry into allegations that corpora¬ 
tion staff, who recorded a private 
conversation in which the prime 
minister referred to troublemakers 
within the parliamentary party as 
"bastards”, leaked the material to the 

Mr Major is alleged to have made 
the remarks during a conversation 
with Michael Brunson, political corr¬ 
espondent for Independent Tele¬ 
vision News, last Friday night at the 
end of a live interview. The remarks 
were made off air. when both men 
believed that recording equipment 
had been turned off. According to 
Vie Observer. BBC technical staff 

monitored die conversation and 
made a transcription of its contents, 
which they passed to the newspaper. 

The leak has caused embarrass¬ 
ment at the BBC and anger among 
executives at UN, who have written 
to the corporation demanding an 
explanation for what they consider a 
grave breach of journalistic ethics. 
The BBC said yesterday said that it 
would launch an enquiry. 

Suggestions from the corporation 
that other UN or Sky News could 
have been the source of the story were 
given short shrift by both broadcast¬ 
ers. who flatly denied responsibility. 
As is usual when a news story is 
breaking in more than one location, 
several rival broadcasters pooled 
facilities on Friday night to relay live 
interviews with political figures back 

to their news rooms. Fooling involves 
sharing a single telecommunications 
line, capable of carrying sound and 
pictures. The line is kept open 
between interviews. 

On Friday night UN provided the. 
line fora series of live interviews with 
John Smith, the Labour leader, at the 
House of Commons, while the BBC 
covered the Major interviews at 
Downing Street These were pooled 
between the BBC ITN, and Sky 
News, which is 50 per cent owned by 
News Corporation, owner of News 
International, parent company of 
The Times. 

Interviews with the prime minister 
took place on the pooled line in.the 
following order ITN (for the 5.40pm 
news), Sky News, BBC1 (for the Six 
O'Oock News), Channel 4 V 7pm 

news, and finally UN's News at 
It is believed that the “bastards 
comment came after the end of the 

News nr Ten interview. 

Although the television lights and 
cameras had been turned off, it is 
possible ihat any of the broadcasters 
in the pool could have recorded the 
two men’s conversation as sound is 
often recorded separately. As the 
comments came after the last inter¬ 
view when the other broadcasters 
had packed up'and gone home, it 
seems unlikely that anyone other 
than BBC staff were stflJ recording- 

Broadcasting history is full of 
indiscreet “out-takes" from politi¬ 
cians. In 1984 Ronald Reagan, then 
US president caused uproar when 
bootlegged copies of a microphone 
test he had made for a radio 

interview-were circulated. The presi¬ 
dent had joked that he had sjg*d 

> Puma annmo' 

Victim may speak again A cio«ic Uq n\r I Croat refugee completes studies 

The Edinburgh woman who delivered a harrowing account ImljJliWAlS - " —' ~ 

The Edinburgh woman who delivered a harrowing account 
of a sex attack and the subsequent lenient sentencing of her 
assailant to the Scottish Tory party conference in May could 
address the main Conservative conference in October in 
Brighton. If railed to speak, the woman — named only as 
Judy — intends to demand better training of judges and 
penalties for those who make outrageous statements or pass 
over-lenient sentences. A BBC Panorama programme on 
the case is scheduled soon. 

Jubilee line approval 

The final approval for London's C1.9 billion Jubilee line 
Underground extension looks likely to be given by John 
MacGregor, the transport secretary, this week. Work on the 
line, which is expected to create 12.000jobs in the short term 
and up to 20,000 later, is expected to start in September. 
Legal technicalities surrounding the receivership of Olym¬ 
pia & York, the developers of Canary Wharf, could still delay 
the scheme, but ministers are confident that the main 
hurdles have been cleared. 

Joyriders die in crash 

Five people were killed and three others, including a baby, 
were seriously injured on the roads at the weekend. A car 
with two joyriders aboard hit and killed Stephen Johnson, 
from Ecdes yesterday in Middleton. Greater Manchester. 
Sandra Cowan, from Northumberland, died in a crash on 
Saturday near Belsay. Northumberland. 

Beatles’ words for sale 

A sheet of paper bearing the 
opening words to the 
Beatles’ song / Am the 
Walrus — “I am he as you 
are he as you are me and we 
are all together” handwrit¬ 
ten by John Lennon, left — 
goes under die hammer on 
Thursday for an estimated 
£50,000 in a sale of Beatles’ 
memorabilia at Sotheby's in 
London. Other lots indude 
Paul McCartney's lyrics for 
FoolOn TheHUL estimated 
to fetch up to £20.000. 

Adams takes chess lead 

Michael Adams of Britain has clawed his way to the lead in 
the Fide interzonal tournament at Biel Switzerland after 
beating Viktor Korchnoi (Switzerland) and Vladimir 
Kramnik (Russia). Adams. Evgeny Bareev (Russia) and 
Boris GeKand (Russia) are have 6 points. 

Championship Chess, page 7 

Drug woman’s film deal 

Katyn Smith, one of the women released from a Thai jail 
sentence for heroin smuggling, has signed a contract giving 
Columbia Pictures an option to make a film of her three 
years in prison. Stephen Jakobi, her solicitor, said be did not 
know whether the option, worth £10,000. had been taken up 
but no money had yet changed hands. 

curb, insists 

By Rosin Young 

WINSTON Churchill, the 
Conservative MP for 
Davyhulme, claimed yester¬ 
day to have received support 
from British Asians for his 
demand that a drive against 
"racketeering in bogus ar¬ 
ranged marriages” should be 
a first priority in a campaign 
to cwh immigration. 

Mr Churchill, whose previ¬ 
ous comments on immigra¬ 
tion and race relations led to 
widespread protests, said yes¬ 
terday. “Many young British- 
born Asians are being put 
under tremendous pressure 
by their parents not to marry 
anyone from within the al¬ 
ready large Asian community 
in Britain, but to marry in¬ 
stead somebody living in die 

Abuse of the arranged mar¬ 
riage system was an impor¬ 
tant element in illegal 
immigration, he said. 

“Many teenage British 
Asians object to this most 
strenuously. Many have boy 
friends or girl friends already 
here and do not want to be 
married off to somebody they 
have never met, with a back¬ 
ground and upbringing com¬ 
pletely different to their own. 
There is significant abuse of 
the arranged marriage sys¬ 
tem. A lot of money is chang¬ 
ing hands, and it is 
demeaning to British-born 
Asian youngsters to be treated 
as chattels of their parents. 

“For daughters to be sold by 
their father to the highest 
bidder as he sees fit is very 
offensive, and cannot be ac¬ 
cepted in Britain today.” 

Mr Churchill agreed that an 
arranged marriage within the 
established British Asian com¬ 
munity would not “lend itself 
to abuse by putting a bounty 

on the heads of British-born 
grooms or brides who could 
supply British passports”. But 
he added: “1 do believe that 
without the complete freewill 
of all parties, the concept of the 
arranged marriage has no 
place in British society at the 
end of the twentieth century." 

Cameron Fyfe, the solicitor 
who last month obtained a 
court ruling which ended an. 
arranged marriage in Scot¬ 
land said: “I am acting for two 
others who tell me they have 
friends and relatives in the 
same position. There is an 
army of hundreds of young 
men and women out there 
being forced by this abuse into 
die trap of loveless unions." 

Rani Atma. of the Asian 
Family Counselling Service in 
west London, said an ar¬ 
ranged marriage was the only 
means of betrothal for most 
Muslims. She said that Mr 
Churchill was mistaken on 
several counts. "The coerced 
marriages are the ones we 
hear abouti But 95 per cent of 
arranged marriages have the 
free consent of the parties and 
work well. Indian girls are 
now guite reluctant to come to 
Britain, because they would 
have to do cooking and clean¬ 
ing themselves, which they 
have never done before. For 
young men. America is more 

“There is not a huge influx 
of people getting married so 
that they can come and live 
here. There are pages and 
pages of advertisements for 
arranged marriages in the 
Asian papers in Britain show¬ 
ing that many more marriages 
are arranged within the Brit¬ 
ish Asian community than 
with newcomers from the sub¬ 

Graduation day. Gordons Duspara. 23, left, 
hugs her 14-year-old sister Irena after being 
awarded her English degree at Queen Mary 
and Westfield College, London (John 
O’Leary writes). Miss Duspara. a Croat, 
should have been graduating this summer 
from Sarajevo University, but was forced to 
flee by walking over a bridge into Croatia 
when her home village of Derventa was cut 
off by fighting. The village was later 
destroyed and her parents are now in 
Croatia. She was not the only student to 
escape the war in Bosnia and bead for 
London; Sandra Sudi, a 25-year-old Serb, 

also escaped from Sarajevo last summer and 
joined the same . English course. The two 
graduatesdhl not know each other before 
arriving at the college. Both are waiting to- 
hear whether they will be granted refugee 
status. Miss Sudi was about to start her final 
year at Sarajevo University when she left 
Bosnia. Her mother is still in the city, but she 
no longer know where her father is. Both 
students have received support from the 
Bosnian Students’ Appeal and have been 
living with college staff. 

Truce broken, page 11 

-Hie bombing begins in five 

In 1989 the BBC obtained an 
injunction preventing the release of a 
rap record containing an out-take 
from an interview with Neil Kinnock. 
then foe Labour leader. Hie Corpora¬ 
tion argued that the use of the 
material, in which Mr Kinnock 
swore and said he refused to be 
“kebabbed" into talking about Con- . 
servative policies, amounted to a 0 
breach, of copyright- 

Major gaffe, page! 

Peter RkWdland 
William Rees-Mogg. page 14 
Letters, page 15 

lights of 
law take on 
I Maastricht 

j By Frances Gibb A 


TEAMS of Queen’s counsel, 
including some of the biggest 
names, at the Bar in the field of 
public law, will take their 
places today for the opening in 
the High Court of Lord Rees- 
Mogg’s challenge to foe gov¬ 
ernment over foe ratification 
of foe Maastricht treaty. 

David Pfinnick QC, 37, the 
most fashionable and one of 
the youngest of the silks at the 
administrative law Bar, has 
been instructed to lead the 
team for Lord Rees-Mogg 
which, with financial backing 
from Sir James Goldsmith, 
will argue that the statutory 
basis for ratification is “fatally 
flawed". • , 

The government, they will w 
i say, is seeking to by-pass foe 
sovereignty of Parliament by 
its use of the Royal Prerogar 
I five. They will argue that 
ratification of foe treaty — 
which file government. has 
agreed to delay until the 
outcome of foe legal proceed¬ 
ings —. is unlawful unless 
Parliament has approved the 
social policy protocol.. 

The application for leave to 
bring the judicial review pro¬ 
ceedings last week was nude 
by Leolin Price QC. with John 
McDonnell QC, Keith Lind- 
blom and Jeremy Callman 
also in foe team for Lord Rees- 
Mogg. The solicitors are the 
City firm Gouldons. 

On the other side, for foe 
government, foe team is led by 
Sydney Kentridge QC, proba¬ 
bly the most respected and 
experienced silk in foe field, 
who argued successfully last 
week for the case to come on as 
quickly as possible and 
against delaying until August. 

The line-up on the bench is 
Lord Justice Lloyd. Lord Jus¬ 
tice Mann and Mr Justice 

The case is expected to last 
for five days and then to go 
swiftly to the Court of Appeal 'p 
and House of Lords. A final 
derision will not be possible 
before the autumn. 



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Rnl^, 5 Md broken UMcd. A anabctofTte Smw»m u* Fhu« Anchocfcyand tfa> Loads* Stock Eufcu«f 

Giant union flexes musdes 
on public-sector pay limit 

By Philip Bassett, industrial editor 

School ‘hit squads 7 to 
be rushed through 

UNISON, the new giant pub¬ 
lic-sector trade union, issues a 
warning today that it will 
“display the muscle" of its 
combined force of 1.4 million 
members in industrial action 
if the government tries to 
repeat its pay limit this year 
for public-sector workers. 

Though trade union threats 
now rarely worry the govern¬ 
ment, ministers and their se¬ 
nior advisers accept that in foe 
first year of ics formation. 
Unison, now foe biggest in 
Britain, is likely to want to 
demonstrate its arrival with 
strike action. They will seize 
on the union's statement as a 
firm declaration of intent. 

The government is pleased 
with the success of hs L5 per 
cent public-sector pay limit 
this year, though privately 
they accept many employees 
have seen their pay rise by 
much more through bonus, 
performance and other pay¬ 
ments to which the limit dul 
not apply. While no statement 

on public-sector pay is likely 
until foe autumn Budget, the 
Treasury is likely to accept, at 
least in part, the urging of the 
CBI for changes to the pay of 
5.7 million public-sector staff. 

Though the Treasury is still 
wary of agreeing to the OBI’S 
proposal for a zero increase in 
the public-sector pay ML 
which would allow through 
efficiency increases for actual 
pay rises, it does look likely to 
agree to CBI suggestions that 
at least some pay review 
bodies no longer set pay 
awards but simply point to 
new directions such as in¬ 
creasing the spread of perfor¬ 
mance-related pay. 

In advance of such moves, 
Unison, formed this month by 
a merger of the public employ¬ 
ees’ union Nupe. local govern¬ 
ment union Naigo and health 
workers’ Cohse. issues a pub¬ 
lic warning today. 

Alan Jmkinson. Unison 
general secmaiy. says: “There 
are tots of people in Unison 

saying they want to show the 
muscle of 1.4 million. If we get 
this kind of policy again, there 
is no doubt whatsoever that 
we will display that muscle." 
Unison represents a large 
number of important workers 
in the public sector, including 
dustmen, water workers, 
nurses, gravediggers and local 
government computer opera¬ 
tors. Action by sudi workers 
was at the heart of the 1978-9 
"winter of discontent” that led 
to the Conservatives taking 

Local government white-col¬ 
lar workers will today declare 
the result of their ballot on the 
government's 15 per cent pay 
offer. Ambulance workers are 
holding a similar ballot 
Mr Jinkinson’s statement 
comes as the TUC speaks ag¬ 
ainst any further public-sector 
pay restraint Norman Willis, 
its general secretary, said of 
foe \5 per cent limir. “The 
impact on morale and recruit¬ 
ment has beat devastating.” 

Continued from page 1 
will answer directly to the 
education secretary, wfll take 
over foe leadership of a school 
until it is capable of self- 
government or has to be 
closed. Such schools will be 
the only ones to opt out 
without a parental ballot 

Ofsted has. 60 primary 
schools, 50 secondaries and 20 
special schools on a register of 
those considered by inspectors 
to be at risk. Only the second¬ 
ary schools will be inspected 
in the new school year, how¬ 

Mr Forth said it was impos¬ 
sible to estimate how many 
schools might be handed over 
to education associations. 
“Mast local authorities will 
not want to have any of their 
schools on a list of this kind, so 
we hope the numbers will be 
small. 1 ’ he said. 

The search has already be¬ 
gun to find professionals will¬ 
ing and qualified to run the 
new associations. Mr Ruth 
said he did not expect any 
difficulty in recruiting suitable 
candidates. “I think there are 

likely to be a lot of people with 
both the skills and the desire 
to help.” 

Ann Taylor, the Labour 
education spokesman, said: 
“We stand by our belief that * 
the education associations can™ 
do nothing that a local author¬ 
ity cannot do already — and 
often will be doing — to turn 
round schools with difficulties. 

If the associations are going to 
move in this quickly, then it 
obviously is a bit-squad ap¬ 
proach the government has in 
mind Ministers are obviously 
prejudging the inspectors’ 

Don Foster, the liberal 
Democrat education spokes¬ 
man, said; “I t hink it is very 
frightening if they are going to 
rush this. We know tha t the 
speed with which people are 
moving towards grant-main¬ 
tained status is declining quite 
mtokedty- The move to go m 
rapidly towards education as- “ 
sociatums is designed to get as 
many schools as possible into 
[grant maintained] status.” 

New chapter, page 31 

Dublin protests over select committee I Apology 

By Edward Gorman, Ireland correspondent 

RELATIONS between Brit¬ 
ain and Ireland worsened 
yesterday when Dick Spring. 
Dublin’s foreign minister, 
gave a wanting that Westmin¬ 
ster should not go ahead with 
setting up a Commons select 
committee for Northern 

Affairs between foe two 
countries have been on the 
slide for a month, a process 
accelerated by the apparent 
agreement reached between 
Unionists and John Major 
during the Maastricht votes 

last week. The offer of a select 
committee is widely believed 
to have been a key element in 
that agreement and is some¬ 
thing Unionists have wanted 
for years. 

Dublin remains suspicious 
of what it sees as an integra- 
tionist step which would be no 
help in the long ran. and 
which would further alienate 
the nationalist community in 
the province. 

Mr Spring said in a radio 
interview: “It would be un¬ 
wise to start addressing this 

problem on a bit by bit basis. 
We've all felt that the only 
way to address the serious 
conflict in Northern Ireland is 
by bringmg.abouf an overall 
agreement... which contains 
aspects and areas that would 
be acceptable to both 

This would have to involve 
compromise on all sides, Mr 
Sprinp said- “J don’t think 
anything should be done in 
the meanwhile, for example 
the setting up of a select 

Spring: Opposes select 
committee for Ulster 

fo a report in The Tunes of 
June 1, we suggested that 
Anthony Steen, MP for South 
Hams, was one of the MPs 
most badly hit by josses at 
Lloyd’s. We are now satisfied 
that that suggestion was en¬ 
tirely wrong. Whilst Anthony 
Steen is a name at Lloyd’s, any 
losses which he has suffered 
are not substantial and are not 
significant within foe terms of 
his overall financial position. 
We unreservedly apokjgjse'to 
Mr Steen for any suggestion to 
foe contrary and. al his re- 
Quest have agreed to pay a 
sum to charity,to compensate 
for the embarrassment 

' v . 



IS . 

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Li *'*' 


By Jeremy Laurance 


LONDON hospitals are al¬ 
lowing their kidney machines 
to stand idle for nmch erf each 
week white patients with kid- - 
ney failure are dying because* 
they cannot get treatment 
Thirteen of the .16 Jbasgiitsls 
that provide dialysis have 
spaces on their machines that 
are not being taken up. The. 
hospitals say they do not have 
the resources to keep toe 
machines running fuB-time, 

In the tour Thames regions. 
921 patients are receiving hos¬ 
pital dialysis on 222 kidney 
machines. If all the machines 
were working faH-time on a 
three-shift system theycoukf 
be treating an extra 400 pa¬ 
tients, over 40 per cent more 

units are at fen stretch 

calls for a 

tion of resources 

' than ixm. Sixty-cighl mar 
chines are, in effect,-being 

-'National estimates surest 
that 80 patients per minion 
. population need treatment for 
Jddney failure, compared with 
the 73 per million in the four 
Thames regions now reooving 
it Treatment rates are higher 
in inner London, where the 
ethnic minorities suffer more 
kidney tfisease, but in dudying 
districts such as mid-Essex 
and Maidstone, Kent, drop as 

The figures, given in the 
renal services review ctanzms- 


St Georgette. Tooting: a machines 

HoopRat Number of iBBChinssj 

NonlMr of ptfinte mbouo&I ’ 
tatawMMl . 

: 20 machines 

■ ..skated; by toe government 
following toe Tomlmson re- 
. port,- provide powerful back- 
• ing for. .the move to redistri- 
. bute kidney dialysis units out 
1 of London. Professor Netar 
Maffick, chairman of the re- 
• vaw, said that toe underuse of 
lddney machines was isequi- 
’ table, uneconomic and *'al- 
r most unique" in Britain. 

He tofal a recent meeting 
organised, by the King* Rmd 
*■ institute toar in other parts of * 
thecountiy dialysis units were 
working at full stretch. 

Each kidney machine can 
treatshepatients if it is used six 
days a week on a standard 
three-shift; system — morning, 
afternoon and evening. The 
. patterns attend three times a 
week tor a session of four to rix 
hours. There is no waiting list 
. because patients who do not 
getimmafiate treatment die. 

ft ufesaor,- Dayid Kerr, for¬ 
mer dean, of the Royal Post' 
graduate Medical School at 
Hammersmith hospital and a 
■. member of the review panel 
said that GPS outside London 
were not referring patients for 
treatment because they were 
unaware it was available. 

. "They allow the patients to 
die," he said. 

- - The Hammersmith hospi¬ 
tal which is treatzng.35 pa¬ 
tients compared with a 
possible 54, could take more 
patients if it had more re¬ 
sources. “Lade of finance is die 
sole reason why our machines 

- are hot being folly used,” 
Professor JEerr said. 

I In ■ Manchester. Iinda 
I' W fakwoith , renal. - service 
manager at toe' dtfs Royal 
Infirmary and a member of 
the review pand. said the 

- hospital pope with 
demand. "Families tome and 
beg us to get their relatives on 
to a machine. We can’t take 
aB. The rest must be dying." 
□Wata'fetem London are 

^growing by 20.00CK a year, 

. facordrng -topressure; 

*" grottp Londrai Health Enter- 

? has too mar^hrepitalbeds”.• 

Hospital 1 Mot 

sent away 

ill tourist ' 

. ByFr 

By A Staff Reporter • 


A BRITISH holidaymaker unprecedented 
who suffered serious back tion today to t 
injuries when she was pushed tion for her 
into a pool by stra n g e rs on her child, who is; 
first night in Rhodes was suffered pen 
discharged from a Greek bos- damage while 
pital without treatment by registered chili 
doctors who thought that she Cora Dowjfo 
was drunk. Surrey, is suin 

Louise Wild. 24, was later ly Council and 
readmitted and spent five days ton, the drilti 
on her back without food or looked after fa 
proper medical attention be- in 1989 whs 
tore an air ambulance was months old. 
arranged to bring her . to Thomas nov 
Britain where the foil extent of vision, behav 
htx injuries was discovered. and learning d 
Miss Wild, a care assistant, Mrs Walt 
was walking alongside a pool charged with 
on her way bade to her hotel, offence. Both 
room with her friend Diane council deny : 
Blades. IS. also from Hawes, are contesting 
North Yorkshire, when two Ms Do wling 
strangers pushed them in. Tam not purs 

Miss Wnd was given an x- because cxin 
ray in hospital and sent away have not been 
almost immediately in. a taxi. - -do-sag it for.Th 
They just thought we were a Thomas’s i 
couple of holidaymakers who the name .of i 
had been messing around; in from Surrey 
fad we hadn’t lad any ako- None was abk 
hoi all night," said Miss 

After being taken back to 
hospital by the tour represen-. 
tative. Miss WBd sport five 
days on her back until an air 

Her condition was 
described yesterday as satis¬ 
factory at PmderfieMs Hospi¬ 
tal fo Wakefield. West 
Yorkshire. Raymond Dunk, 

Louise’s stepfather, said: The 

doctors say her legs wfflbe all 

right At the moment she 
cannot move her right arm 
and hand but toe feeling is . 
coming back gradually.”. High Cfl 

The bitter truth 

By rownYouNO; ~ 

MANUFACTURERS are profiti ng 
healthy image of natmal ™ 

homage frate wife faring children with 
heavily sweetened pnitfuces. it is daim ed 
today 1^ Britain’s leading mdqpendcnt 
consumer watchdog on food. ■ r . 

la its Food Magazine, titcFood Coarans- 
siotL&ys. tbattfX) 

minder to court 

By Frances Gibb, uegal correspondent 

■A MOTHER is laund rip g an 
unprecedented High Court ac¬ 
tion today to seek compensa¬ 
tion far her four-year-old 
child, who is alleged to have 
suffered permanent brain 
damage wnfie in toe care of a 
registered dtiM minder. 

Cora Dowling, of Ashford, 
Surrey, is suing Surrey Coun¬ 
ty Council and Christine Wal¬ 
ton, the child minder who 
looked after her. sen Thomas 
in 1989 when he was six 

months old. ' 

Thomas now has impaired 
vision, behaviour problems 
and learning difficulties. 

Mrs Walton was not 
charged with any criminal 
offence. Both she and toe 
council deny negligence and 
are contesting the case. 

Ms Dowling said yesterday: 
T am not pursuing this action 
because criminal charges 
have not been brought I am 
doing it for Thomas.” 

Thomas’s mother sought 
toe name .of a child minder 
from Surrey social services. 
None was able to take Thom¬ 

as She corifcteted Mis Vftdton 
'after seeing an a d verti s ement 
and then checked her with the 
social services. 

Lawyers far Ms Dowiing 
will argue that she was told 
there was no reason why Mrs 
Walton, win had bo* own 
lively toddler, should not look 
tain that Mrs Walton’s file had 
been amended to state that she 
should only look after cue 
child at a time and that the 
child should be over two years 
old. but that Ms Dowling was 
not told of this. 

Thomas was placed in her 
care cm August 31, 1989. Two 
weeks lata 1 . Ms Dowiing left 
him fit and well at 830am. At 
L 45 pm, she was called urgent¬ 
ly to toe local hospital because 
he was seriously ill Thomas 
was transferred to Great 
Ormond Street hospital where 
he stayed for four weeks. 

- The actum coincides with 
pressure on the Depaitmort of 
Health to consider guidelines 
prohibiting minders from 
smacking children. 

High Court daim: Cora Dowlmg and Thomas 

toe heaHhdepartment is reronnnendmg; 
should be reduced in the diet.- Most con¬ 
tained wore sugar than fruit, and owpur- 

Analysis showed that one 50gpot of Nestfe’S 
Cfaambourey Hfippo Tots front age fr afe 
contained the eqnrvalenl of four lumps of 
jtdrted sugar, nearly a fifth of toe product's 
weight Products designed to appeal to 
children from Eden. Vale, St Ivd, Dahy 
Crest, Cow & Gate. Gexvais. St Micfcad. 
Tesco and Smnstary.all had 5[to 15promt 
added sugars-byweighL Pbm yoghurt or 
frontage frais with two teaspoons of fresh 
strawberries would only have Ofi percent 

no imsweerenea pi 
frais marketed for 

yngmat or zramage' 
Idrett and babies m 

stages a 

By Michael Hornsby 



THE great horses that pro¬ 
vided the polling power on 
most British farms muff the 
second world war have be¬ 
come a valuable export com¬ 
modity. They are also being 
put to work in parks and 
towns, 40 years after thou¬ 
sands were sent to the knack¬ 
er's yard to make way for 
tractors and lorries. 

Last week, a nine-year-old 
Shire gddixcg. Courage Vin¬ 
cent, was sold to an American 

buyer for £3QjOOO — the 
highest price yet paid for a 

Courage Vincent, which 
stands 18 hands (fifty high and 
weighs a ton. had won every 
prize on offer in Britain. It 
will nowbe the star attraction 
at toe New England Shire 
Center in East Plainfield. 
New H ampshi re, run by Cad 

Mr Moulton sakb “There is 
no other draught hone in the 
world that travels over the 
ground like be does. When he 
is in harness, the way he 
holds his head, the way he 
drives off his back legs into 
tire front of his body and the 
way be picks his front feet— 
there are few other horses 
that even come dose." 

This week two Shires will 
be put to work in Richmond 
Park, southwest London, in a 
pDot project that could lead to 
more heavy horses in royal 
parks. They will be used to 
collect litter, transport winter 
feed for deer, remove fallen 
trees and harvest hay. 



Thereby hangs the tail: Beverly Dawson grooms Annie, a 17.1 hands Shire 

for rapists 


By Robin Young 

RAPISTS are almost three 
times as likely to be let off with 
“exceptionally light" sentences 
in Nottingham as they are in 
Leeds, while Newcastle upon 
Tyne Crown Court gives more 
than halt its convicted rapists 
less than the five-year mini¬ 
mum recommended by official 
judicial guidelines. 

Those findings come from a 
survey of regional variations 
in rape sentencing carried out 
by Dr Raul Robertshaw. of 
Cardiff Law School. 

Dr Robertshaw found that 
two fifths of all rape sentences 
were less than the five-year 
minimum recommended in 
the guidelines set out in 1986 
by the then Lord Chief Justice. 
Lord Lane. One tenth of the 
sentences were for less than 
three years, considered very 
low and only to be given in 
exceptional tircumstancss. 

The survey, based on 1991 
figures for all crown courts in 
England and Wales, will be 
shown on BBCl’s Panorama 

Under the guidelines, fur¬ 
ther factors such as violence or 
subjection to perversions 
should push the five-year 
minimum for rape to eight 
years, but mitigating factors 
could reduce the term. 

Dr Robertshaw found that 
at Newcastle, the most lenient 
court, 52 per cent of rapists got 
less than five years. At 
Birmingham. 45 per cent re¬ 
ceived more than seven years, 
while Nottingham Crown 
Court was twice as likely to 
give a three-year sentence. 

V ... * 

"Unlike me, my Rolex never needs a rest.* 

Wherever his travels may take 
him, Placido Domingo takes a 
series of green bound books. Into 
these he writes his engagements 
three years ahead; such are the 
demands of the major Opera 
Houses of the world on the man 
acclaimed as possibly the greatest 
living tenor. 

Placido Domingo has commit¬ 
ted some eighty different operatic 
roles to memory. He believes this 
daunting repertoire is necessaiy to 
attract the widest possible audi¬ 
ence, For this is his ambition: to 
help more people, all over the 
world, enjoy and appreciate the 
music he loves. 

In recent years, Domingo has 
presented a live video perform 

ance of ‘La Boheme' to an audi¬ 
ence outside Covent Garden. He 
provoked a rapturous ovation in 
China (until then, Chinese audi¬ 
ences seldom even applauded). 
And a legendary curtain call in 
Barcelona lasted one hour and 
fifty minutes. “It would have been 
easierf Placido has said, “to sing 
the opera all over again”. 

Over and above this punish¬ 
ing schedule, Placido has sung 
many benefits, has been appointed 
President of the European Youth 
Opera, has appeared in films and 
videos, and has renewed his 
interest in conducting. 

As a student at the Mexico 
City Conservatoire, this was his 
main study. Now Domingo can 
bring all the experience ol his 
singing career to bear on his con¬ 
ducting. “The operatic conductor 
is like a Roman charioteer," he 
says. “He has a hundred horses 
on stage and a hundred horses in 
the pit. And he has to control 
them all." 

To keep up with these ever- 
increasing demands on his time 
Placido Domingo, the Ambassador 
of Opera, relies on his Rolex.“This 
watch is perfect for me," he says, 
'"because, unlike me, it never needs 
a rest You could say its 
of my favourite kf 

instruments." ROLEX 

iif Geneva 

fgp'y:. f!l 

... IiJhsik. . r :/$f m 


Only a select group of Jeweller* seU Rolex wauciian. F«f ibe uldnu of your nramt Rein jeweller, uid for further inform anon on the complete range of Rolex watches, 
" • • • write to: Tlie Rolex Watch Company Limited, 3 Stratford Place. London WIN QER Of telephone 071-029 5071. 

saffg? IS ?22?8SstfS85S IS 


10 % 


ii /: ' . 


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■ ■ 



Met chief criticises proposals to reshape police forces as three of his officers are suspended 

Condon threatens to quit 
in protest at reforms 


Yard investigates 1 ^ I 
corruption claims ° 

By Richard Ford 


BRITAIN’S top police officer 
said yesterday that he might 
not be able to continue in his 
post if ministers implemented 
the Sheehy enquiry's recom¬ 
mendations cm pay and condi¬ 
tions in full 

Strong criticism by Paul 
Condon,; the Metropolitan 
police commissioner, of key 
elements of the Sheehy report 
came as police representatives. 
had talks with the Home 
Office in London. 

The Association erf Chief 
Police Officers. JEtolice Superin¬ 
tendents’ Association and 
Police Federation met officials 
in an attempt to find common 
ground on plans for a shake- 
up of police authorities and 
officers* pay and conditions. 

Mr Condon condemned the 
enquiry, chaired by Sir Patrick 
Sheehy, for its failure to 
understand the motivation 
and nature of policing on the 
streets, and said that the 
proposals on pay and condi¬ 
tions Threatened to undermine 

Third of 

More than a third of proposed 
bypasses haw been postponed 
because of council money 
shortages and the govern¬ 
ment’s focus on big schemes 
such as widening the M25 
(Alan Hamilton writes). 

The British Road {federation 
said 25} of the 704 bypasses 
proposed have start dales later 
than they had in 1991. A I 
similar survey in 1991 showed ! 
that a fifth of schemes had 
been postponed. 

Richard Diment, director of 
the federation, said: “Local 
authorities are finding it in¬ 
creasingly hard to even main¬ 
tain their roads, let alone 
provide the bypasses commu¬ 
nities need." 

Letters, page 15 

Alley wounding 

Michael Gilmore, 43. was crit¬ 
ically ill after an attacker sev¬ 
ered an artery in bis neck with 
a broken bottle or knife. The 
attack happened at lam yes¬ 
terday as be walked through 
an alley to his home in Edg- 
ware, northwest London. 

Terry rescue 

A cross-Channel ferry rescued 
two Dutchmen who dung to 
the hull of their yachtibr three 
hours after it capsized off Sus¬ 
sex dining the Round Britain 
and Ireland Race. 

Shock crash 

Three joyriders who crashed 
into an electricity substation 
in Oxford narrowly escaped 
being electrocuted when the 
car stopped a foot from equip¬ 
ment carrying LLOOQ volts. 

Briton killed 

Rachel Mortimer. 24. a nurse 
from Banbury, was among six 
people killed when a bus 
crashed in Thailand. 

■ Bond winners 

Premium bond winners: £100,000, 
number I9FZ 916840. winner lives 
in Fife (value of holding £3,790); 
£504300. 4YS 162356, Warwick¬ 
shire (£1.491); £25.000. 1CW 

972437. Gwynedd (£223). 

By Richard Ford, home correspondent 

■ As the home secretary prepares to meet 
critics of the Sheehy report, Whitehall 
emphasises no decisions have been made 

the office of constable, hi a 
rebuke to Sir Patrick, who is 
chairman of BAT Industries, 
■fee tobacco and financial ser¬ 
vices conglomerate, Mr Ccto- 
don said police officers could 
not be treated Eke ordinary 
workers. “They are not count¬ 
ing beans or watching agar 
reties coming off a production 

Mr Condon told The Ob¬ 
server. “I would find h very 
difficult to be a well-paid 
commissioner, presiding over 
a demoralised, badly, paid 
Metropolitan police.” He said 
there would be a feeling that 
the chief officers had benefit¬ 
ed, but the historic office of 
constable bad been sold out 

With the government al- 

initiative on law and order, 
ministers wfil be anxious to 
keep up officers’morale and to 

switch off 
TV news 

By Alexandra Frean 


TELEVISION news pro¬ 
grammes are watched by a 
small number of “news junk¬ 
ies”. while the vast majority of 
viewers switch channels after 
the headlines, according to 
research published today. 

- The preliminary findings by 
David Grahaih Associates, 
tiie audience research consul¬ 
tancy, suggest that television 
schedules are saturated with 
news programmes. 

; Ofa panel of 10,000 viewers 
during the week ending Fri¬ 
day July 9, an average or only ; 
.338people watchedRBCI ’S Six 
O'clock News each day. for 
five minutes or more and 272 
watched the- Nine O’clock- 
New? for ih&same “extended** i 
period. Channel 4*s main 7pm 
buffetin kept tbe jnterest bf- 
onfy 72 cf the panel for more 
than five minutes. On ITV, 321 
viewers spent more than-five 
immites with News at Ten* but 
26 per cegt of those had 
already watched at least five' 
TrtTTnTtp^ of 1 a previous news. 

, programme • 

The figures indicate that 
antya quarter of those offici¬ 
ally jrecw&d by tiae Broadcas¬ 
ters^ Audience Research Board 
as watching the news actually 
do so in a dedicated way. that, 
is for five minutes or mare. 

The Barb figures, based on 
one minute’s viewing,, record 
an average audience of 6224 
mil linn for News at Ten daring 
the week in question, com¬ 
pared with about L6 million 
who watch for five minutes. 

David Graham, who is now 
further researching news- 
watching patterns, said the 
results showed that the impor¬ 
tance of television news pro¬ 
grammes was vastly over¬ 
rated. “Many viewers seem to 
treat TV news in a sort of 
tabloid way. only watching the 
-headlines or concentrating on 
One or two stories before 
turning over. As the dedicated 
news viewers watch more 
than one prime-time bulletin, 
the core audience appears to 
be very narrow,” he said. . 

Robot nose scents 
cattle sickness 

By Nick Nuttau, technoiogy correstondent 

A ROBOT nose able to 

detect cows with bad breatii 
is being developed by Brit¬ 
ish engineers. Theprqject 
might give scientific cre¬ 
dence to old farmers’ tales 
which daim a beffei's 
breath holds dues to. her 

Die research, which is 
being funded by the 
emmenfs agriculture and 
food research c oaon k is 
part of a wide' trend to¬ 
wards automation involv¬ 
ing everything from robot 
oraHrfckers to machines 

dial will automatically take 

cuttings from flowers- 
c.imnw at the carnal's 

SOsoe Research Institute 
have developed a robot 
milkmaid wfridi Can place, 
a minting machine on ud¬ 
ders. Institute researchers 
believe tfaerobbt no se could 

aid the system fiy detecting 

if caifle. were getting a 
nutritious diet professor 
Philip Bartlett of South¬ 

ampton University, who is 
developing the nose with 
Warwick University, said: 
“Humans 1 wifil diabetes 
can oftenhave sweefc-smefl- 
ing breath. What we are 
trying to detect in cows is 
akin to that 0 

' At the heart of the device, 
which it is hoped can be 
developed in three years, 
will be around 20 chemical 
sensors. Tbe tinman nose 

hasabout fOOnuffion sen¬ 
sors. The development fol¬ 
lows the successful design 
of noses a We todetect 
everything from truffles to 
fish freshness. 

[JAn automatic waflow- 
xnaker based around a wat¬ 
er jet has been devdoped 
by the.Cotswold Pig Dev¬ 
elopment Company to bdp 

pigs avoid amstroke now 

that more of the sensitive-, 

sianiiedanimakare being 
kept outride as: part'Of file 
irend towanls “natoral” 
'rearing methods. 

avoid a confrontation. Many 
senior officers believe that rite 
more far-reaching plans on 
. pay and conditions will be 
watered down or abandoned. 

The Police Federation said 
last night: “It is not just the 
federation that is unhappy 
with the Sheehy proposals. 
There is concern from the top 
to the bottom of the service.” 

Ministers had expected 
opposition to many of the 
Sheehy proposals, but tile 
strength of the criticism has 
led Michael Howard, the 
borne secretary, to emphasise 
that the goverment has not yet 
made any firm decisions. 

Whitehall sources said yes¬ 
terday that the proposals to 
introduce performance-relax¬ 
ed pay and fixed-term con¬ 
tracts and to aid most 
overtime payments were not 
government recommenda¬ 

tions. Consultation is about to 
begin, with the government 
expected to announce its plans 
in tiie autumn. One source 
said; "No one group will be 
allowed a veto rat the 

Mr Howard is to meet 
representatives of the Associ¬ 
ation of Chief Police Officers at 
the Home Office tomorrow. 

While many senior officers 
have backed Sheebys propos¬ 
als to streamline police forces’ 
structure by reducing the 
number of middle-ranking 
posts, they saythai the recom¬ 
mendations on pay and per¬ 
formance have alienated 
officers and threaten to under¬ 
mine the quality of recruits. 

Mr Condon said h was right 
to sad: lazy police officers, but 
fixed-term contracts were a 
“sledgehammer to crack a 
nut” and risked discouraging 
officers from seeking promo¬ 

The rank-and-file con¬ 
demned the proposals at an 
•unp r ecedented raOy attended 
by 23.000 officers at London’s 
Wembley Arena last week. 

Condon: proposals "use sledgehammer to crack nut” 

SCOTLAND Yard is investi¬ 
gating claims of police corrup¬ 
tion involving leaks of 
information. A uniformed ser¬ 
geant at the top-security sta¬ 
tion at Paddington Green has 
resigned after suspension and 
two detective constables from 
SOU. (he criminal intelligence 
branch, have been suspended. 

A spokesman said yesterday 
that the investigation was into 
claims concerning the unauth¬ 
orised disclosure of confiden¬ 
tial information. Paddington 
Green in west London is 
where IRA suspects are inter¬ 
rogated and SOU supplies 
information to all C!D units, 
trades important criminals 
and infiltrates underworld 

The enquiry follows an in¬ 
vestigation by senior Yard 
officers into suspicions that 
police information had 
readied private investigators. 
The two suspended officers 
are Det Cot Brian Liddell and 
Det Con Larry Baldiy. 

The sergeant George Napi¬ 
er. has completed 30 years’ 
service and resigned when he 
was suspended last week. A 

Yard spokesman said: “An 
enquiry by the Complaints 
Investigation Bureau is taking 
place into allegations concern¬ 
ing the unauthorised disclo¬ 
sure of confidential informa¬ 
tion.” He refused to make 
further comment. 

Allegations of information 
leaks were made during an 
Old Bailey trial earlier this 
month when a police 
"supergrass". Maurice 
O’Mahaney, was acquitted of 
armed robbery charges. He 
claimed he had received infor¬ 
mation from within Scotland 

The enquiry is an embar¬ 
rassment to the Yard, where 
senior officers believe the en¬ 
demic corruption of the late 
1960s and 1970s has ended. 
There is as yet no evidence of 
wrongdoing on that scale. 

Hundreds of officers were 
purged from the Metropolitan 
police in the 1970s in response 
to two big scandals. At the end 
of the enquiry in 1981. the then 
deputy commissioner, Patrick 
Kavanagh. said: “The Metro¬ 
politan police is more honest 
than it has ever been". 



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Surveys indicate impending disaster for the Conservatives in Christchurch by-election 

Tories wield 
in attempt to 
salvage seat 

■ The Liberal Democrats believe that a 
resounding defeat on Thursday may force the 
Tories to rethink VAT on fuel bills 

By Nicholas Wood and Jonathan Prynn 

THE biggest by-election 
swing against a sitting govern¬ 
ment since the war threatens 
to deprive the Conservatives of 
Christchurch and raise new 
questions about John Moor’s 
leadership, according to the 
latest opinion polls. 

Two weekend surveys sug¬ 
gest that the Liberal Demo¬ 
crats are poised to overturn 
the Tories’ 23,000 majority at 
the general election and return 
Diana Maddock to Westmin¬ 
ster with a winning margin of 
about J5,000 votes. 

The projected swing in the 
two polls, which averages out 
ai 36 per cent, is bigger than 
the 28 per cent turnround in 
Newbury in May, which con¬ 
tributed to Norman Lament's 
demise as Chancellor and 
helped to precipitate the air of 
crisis surrounding the gov¬ 

Sir Norman Fowler, the 
Tory party chairman, who 
returns to Christchurch on 
Wednesday in a desperate 
attempt to shore up his party's 
crumbling vote, yesterday re¬ 
fused to accept defeat He 
pointed to two other national 
opinion polls putting the 
Liberal Democrats in third 

But Simon Hughes, the 
Liberal Democrat environ¬ 
ment spokesman, said that the 
voters knew there was more at 
stake than a seat in Dorset He 
predicted that a resounding 
government defeat might force 
a reappraisal of VAT on 
domestic fuel bills. 

If the poll projections are 
correct the size of the swing 
will be surpassed only by Mr 
Hughes's by-election triumph 
against Labour in Bermond¬ 
sey in 1983. 

An NOP survey in Christ¬ 
church of 768 people for The 
Independent on Sunday gave 
the Liberal Democrats 62 per 
cent the Conservatives 31 per 
cent Labour 5 per cent and 
others 2 per cent This trans¬ 
lates into a 35 per cent swing. 

An ICM poll in the constitu¬ 
ency of 500 people for the 
Sunday Express put the 
Liberal Democrats on 54 per 
cent the Conservatives on 22 
per cent Labour on 7 per cent 
and others 17 per cent The 
projected swing in this poll 
was 37 per cent but the figures 
were douded by the indusion 
of an unoffidal “Conservative 
candidate”, campaigning for a 
change in electoral law to stop 
people standing for Parlia¬ 
ment under a name inducting 
the title of one of the main 

Rob Hayward, the Tory 
candidate, also sought to 
brush off the latest findings. 

Fowler final attempt 
to shore up Tory vote 

Hughes: believes more 
than seat is at stake 


Birr Soft Prinks has today withdrawn stock of Sl Clemente 
High Juice Orange Drink dated May 94. (This Is the only code 
affected). WWfet we are not aware of any injury to membra of the 
public, a Oman quantity of the product which features natural fruit 
juke has fomented. 

If you have purchased St dements reoertfy, please check the 
code which appears on the cap, and if it is May 94 carefully release 
the cap, ft may be under pressure due to fenneraation, pour die 
contents away and return the empty bode to tire pface of fwirime 
for a full refund. 

Affected product will show some dfreoburatfon, heavy bub¬ 
bling, or a distor ted bottle. If c on sumed it is unlikely to cause 
harmful side effects. 

Barr soft drinks wishes to apologise for any inconvenience 
caused but where safety of our customers is concerned we fed we 
must act on the side of caution at all times. 

Trade outfes stocking the products are being concreted. 

The ChrisicriiMh constituency comprises Bw 
ancient town oKMsfehuwh. one oMhu 
greatest bonxigh districts in England, and 
cart oftha Ease Doisot detrid auttn&y. tt has 
an otactarato of 72384. dMded wady 

an otoctarato of 72^84. dMcied wady 
between the two halves of the seat It hasa .* 

mariraSy«*aKhy. aWeriy population wtti one < 
In three of pensionable age. I 

Omstchurcfi itsotf has a popuktoi of dxaut > 
4h00a vttuafy unchanged fora deeads. ft (a 
dominated by tta885 year ok priory ehur^ ■ 
and Its five trues at award winning beactee. 

The constituency's ftre Wand sefflements are 
almost exdushwy posMwr dndopmerts 
constructed to cope with overepa papulation 
from me Bournemouth corartadon and 
people moving to the area. Much cfa» 

remaining undeveloped lend has green-bett 
protBC&m.tndustryiscot u reiMiatedn^dya 
l-fcjm afrport and Industrial estates at 
Christchurch and Femtom. 

FSWDOWNrlaafy post-war new 
town wim Bournemouth bank 
managera come to retire. Ones 
safld Tory but Liberal Democrats 
now maJcng substantial inroede- 

S i“’ J*,* 


■ - B3072 ■ / 

VEHWOOD: Egdon Heath 

frontier watamera torn hes 
sprung 14 > <5W of the gores 

over t&pa*t2Q years. 

Few fadfiee and yang 
population. Returned foe 
i ftrtW LThfifSi 

Other . 




Fjjpwt haaad on estimates on 1993 alwjorai na^alBr 

popuWkn. Returned foe 

mntfuen cy' s offl L lbflfd : ' 

Democrat rounder at The . nomemmni 29%_- 

court* deeflona. 

FuBy employed 

j • : .‘nv wte gged. . V / ; 

"One-off constituency polls 
have a very poor record of 
accuracy arid bearing that in 
mind. I am still going for every 
vote and intend to win.” 

Mrs Maddock said that she 
was not relying on the polls 
and appealed for the widest 
possible support. “This Thurs¬ 
day, the people of Christ¬ 
church and east Dorset can 
speak for Britain. The more 
decisive the vote the more 
powerful the message. 
Newbury changed the Chan¬ 
cellor, Christchurch can 
change his policies. VAT on 
fuel bills must come to an 

Conservative campaigners 
plan to field Tony Newton, the 
Commons leader. Sir Edward 
Heath, the former prime min¬ 
ister, and William Walde- 
grave, the citizen's charter 
secretary, before Sir Norman 
winds up the campaign on 

Some Tory MPs wifi be 
surprised by the decision to 
invite Sir Edward to address a 
party rally tonight in the light 
of ms outspoken condemna¬ 
tion of the Maastricht rebels. 
While John Major is seeking 
to draw a line under the 
internal feuding over Europe. 
Sir Edward has said that the 
rebels will never be appeased 
and will never play fair. 

Paddy Ashdown, the lib¬ 
eral Democrat leader, will 
speak at a party rally in the 
constituency tonight ami host 
tomorrow’s press conference 

in an attempt to consolidate 
his party’s grip on the seat 
Two national snapshots of 
opinion put Labour well 
ahead of the Conservatives, 
with die Liberal Democrats 
tying third. MORI for The 
Sunday Times gave Labour 44 
per cent, the Tories 34 percent 
and the Liberal Democrats 18 
per cent Gallup for The 
Sunday Telegraph put Labour 
on 46 per cent the Tories on 31 
per cent and the Liberal 
Democrats on 20 per cent 
MORI also found that the 
Maastricht treaty would be 
more popular if it contained 
the social chapter, when sup¬ 
port rose from 35 per cent of 
people to 44 per cent 
□ 1992 general election: 

R. J. Adley (C) 36,627; Rev D. 
Bussey (LD) 13,612; A Lloyd 
(Lab) 6.997; J. Barratt (NLP) 
243: A Wareham (CRA) 175. 
Con majority 23.015. 

Major's troubles, page 1 
William Rees-Mogg, page 14 
Letters, page 15 


ftmdawftV^ “ " 


Otter rental 11,3% —\ . 


- Sett-employed 
8 % 

unemployeds* . 

rate 11%) 


noma ltdoi ncs >-•. • • r- 

autixattyor Roustag • ■ ■: \-y ' 

Actioa tw 2j% .—>>.. 

Labour 12.1% ■ 


(turnout 81 %) 

r-Otter 03% 

J VI ' - C 

- / : • ^ 

Damocrets V \ \ A * 

Consarwrthres S3£% 

HJGHCUFFfc a worthy 
township of bunsalowa and 
Immanjiate pardons wtere 
dmcwthaStfiapwxiation ■ 
are retired. A tenon of Tbty 

Ltoaral Paro ouata 

SO TOn D . dontinatod by 
1950a forroor council sstrea 
tint to, by Chriitchuicfi 
B & udanto . w wtf mWr 
deprived wfth many young 
tamflea and ratatvaty WbR 
unetnptoymert. A pockm of 

: Orapfife: DcmnStamK John 

On the final lap: Diana Maddock has a touch of the Majors about her campaigning, while Rob Hayward keeps his humour 

Confident camp rehearses 
a cork-popping strategy 

Smith’s big guns find 
nothing to aim at 

By Jonathan Prynn 

Liberal Democrats' Christ¬ 
church by-election victory par¬ 
ty are well advanced. With 
only three days to go until 
polling day. there is a palpably 
confident feel about the 
Liberal Democrat camp. 

By late last week, tracking 
down convinced Conservative 
voters had become more diffi¬ 
cult than at any stage in the 
campaign. There are only two 
camps that matter: definite 
Liberal Democrat voters and 
lifelong Tories still thinking 
about a protest Politically, the 
constituency is unrecognisable 
from the contented bastion of 
Conservatism it was at the 
general election. 

Prom day one of the cam¬ 
paign. foe Tory candidate. 

Rob Hayward, an experienced 
and likable politician who has 
retained his good humour 
throughout has been forced 
on foe defensive by an unre¬ 
lenting stream of bad news. 

The tone of the Conservative 
campaign was set more than 
two weeks ago when Mr Hay¬ 
ward was assailed on his very 
first walkabout by a pensioner 
who announced to an appre¬ 
ciative crowd that she would 
never vote Tory again. 

The issue of the day is 
undoubtedly VAT on fuel bills. 
Few measures could have 
been better calculated to alien¬ 
ate the comfortable but not 
wealthy retired vote. There is 
no disguising the anger felt 

For Diana Maddock. foe 

Liberal Democrat candidate, 
VAT has been a gift With the 
equivalent of about three Con¬ 
servative own goals already 
on the scoreboard at the kick¬ 
off. her party needed to play 
only a boring, defensive game 
to win foe match. 

Her public performances 
have been uninspiring but 
safe; there is even a touch of 
the John Majors about her 
political style. 

With a string of successes 
behind it the Liberal Demo¬ 
crat by-election machine is 
now formidably smooth-run¬ 
ning. In forlorn contrast the 
Conservative battle bus is now 
a veteran of 13 by-election 
campaigns, not one of which 
has been won. Despite the 
cushion of a 23.000 majority, it 
does not seem to be a trend 
that is about to change. 

By A Staff Reporter 

THE weekend polls showing 
Labour cm course to lose its 
deposit in Christchurch will 
have made depressing read¬ 
ing for the party's campaign 
team. Hie stark truth is that 
for ail foe praise lavished on 
its candidate, the newfook 

made nohw^^imo 3 the Tory 
vote and may see large chunks 
of its own support register a 
tactical voce for the Liberal 

This once peaceful and com¬ 
fortable South Coast resort on 
the outskirts of Liberal 
Democrat-controlled Bourne¬ 
mouth is glaringly short of foe 
kind of social deprivation that 
Labour thrives on. The constit¬ 
uency has. at 3 per cent, foe 
lowest proportion of public 
housing in foe country. Eight 

out of ten households are 
owner occupiers and car own¬ 
ership per household is way 
above the national average. 
Racial minorities, usually a 
reliable source of Labour 
votes, make up just 0.6 per 
cent of the town's population. 

At the time of Robert Adleys 
death in May. Labour had 
only a tiny presence in the 
constituency, but it has fought 

a high-profile cam p ai g n, far 

outstripping its lacklustre 
efforts in Newbury. Nigel 
Lickfey, 32, a barrister, is one 
of Labour's brighter young 
candidates and the party has 
thrown just about every par¬ 
liamentary big gun at die 
constituency, including John 
Smith and most of the shadow 

in Tory 

By Peter Riddell 

THE Liberal Democrats 
have surged far ahead of 
foe Tories in southwest 
En gland, which includes 
Christchurch in Dorset 
where foe ajvemmextt 
faces defeat m the by- 
election on Thursday. 

MORI, polls conducted 
in April, May and June 
show the extent of the drop 
in Tory support not just in 
the South West but 
throu gho ut rural constitu¬ 
encies in what is tradition¬ 
ally seen as the party's 

The main beneficiaries 
have been foe liberal 
Democrats and their 
strong showing at the ex¬ 
pense of both Tories and 
Labour is highly signifi¬ 
cant This is the region 
where the party is best 
placed to win seats at foe 
next general election fol¬ 
lowing its victories last 
year, particufariy in county 
council elections in May. 
In the three months to the 

end of June, the Liberal 
Democrats took 45 per cent 
of foe vote in foe South 
West up from 29 pa- cent 
in foe previous quarter. 
Tory support slipped from 
37 to 32 per cent while 
Labour has been squeezed, 
dropping from 32 to 21 per 

- At the general election, 
Tories won 43 per cent of 
votes in foe region, com¬ 
pared with 30 per cent for 
tiie Liberal Democrats and 
26 per cent for Labour. 
These figures amount to a 
swing of 10.5 per oeni from 
the Tories to the Liberal 
Democrats ini three 
months, and of 13 per cent 
since the general election. 

In rural constituencies, 
which hold just under a 
fifth of the population, 
support for Paddy Ash- 
/ down’s party has jumped 
.11 percentage pants in foe 
last quarter to 34 per cent 
This is onty just behind the 
Tories, who have 36 per 
cent. It is the first time the 
liberal Democrats have 
been second and their best 
overall showing since this 
analysis was first made 
five years ago. 

Support for the Liberal 
Democrats has risen na¬ 
tionally by six points dur¬ 
ing tiie last quarter, to 22 
per cent Overall Labour 
remains wdl in the lead 
and is at least II points 
ahead of the Tories in every 
age group. Labour now 
leads among owner-occu¬ 
piers — with 38 per cent 
against 35 per cent for the 
Tbries — for die first time 
since the middle of 1990. 

Among trade union 
members. Labour support 
has slipped from 58 to 54 
per cent The beneficiaries 
of this decline and a further 
drop in Tory support have 
been the Liberal Demo¬ 
crats, whose backing 
among union members 
has risen from 15 to 22 per 

OA total of 5754 adults 
were interviewed face-to- 
face between April and 
June. Data v/ere weighted 
to match the profile of the 
population. Party support 
figures exclude people who 
said they would not vote (8 
per cent), were undecided 
(6 per cent), or refused to 
name a party (2 percent). 

Copyrig ht MORI 

Major’s task, page 14 

Grey power cares not for the message from Major 

By Robert Worcester 

G rey power rules in Christ- 
cfaurch, OK? Wh3e across 
Britain as a whole, accord¬ 
ing to foe 1991 census, 24 per cent of 
adults are of pensionable age, in 
Christchurch no fewer than 34 per 
cent are eligible to draw their 
pensions. Nearly half the Christ¬ 
church electorate is 55 or over. In 
past elections, the disproportionate 
share of the electorate represented by 
OAPs in Christchurch gave the late 
Robert Adley his 23.000 majority. 

As one would expect in an elderly 
electorate, there are more women 
than men in foe Christchurch con¬ 
stituency. Women live longer. That 
should help the Tories, as women are 
usually some 5-7 per cent more Tory 
than are their menfolk. It is a middle- 
class area too; over half are middle 
dass in Christchurch whereas the 
nation is some 42 per cent middle 
class. That too. should help die 
Tories. And in Christchurch, over 
three quarters. 78 per cent. live in 

owner-occupied homes, well above 
foe 70 per cent national avaage. 
That too. usually favours the Tories. 
And three in ten households in 
Christchurch boast two or more cars. 

So why are the Tories in trouble in 
Christchurch, with the latest poQs 
showing a huge Liberal Democrat 
lead and the pundits predicting a 
Liberal Democratic victory? And 
why is the Conservative party in 
trouble with its traditional strong 
s up po r t er groups such as the elderly? 

Over the past decade, since Mar¬ 
garet Thatcher recorded a 140-seat 
triumph in foe 1983 general election, 
there has been a transformation in 
the balance of support for tiie 
Conservatives. As the graph shows, 
there has been a traditional tilt to the 
Conservatives that is known to 
everyone, that the older you get the 
more likely you are to support the 
Conservatives. And older voters padt 
a bigger punch at the voting booth. 
Among 1824-year-olds, you are lucky 
to get as many as half tuning out to 
vote; among old age pensioners. 

t ri~ufr t 

more than eight in ten cast their 
vote and whfle only about IS per cent 
of foe electorate are between IS and 
24. a quarter are of pensionable age. 

' If the Liberal Democrats, which 
polled only 24 per cent in 1992, got a 
swing equal to MORl's latest nat¬ 
ional survey reported last month in 
TTre Times, the Tories could hold the 
seat at 48 percent to 39 per cent for 
the Ub Dems. But if the Newbury 
swing were to be replicated in 
Chriachurch. it would be another 
triumph for Faddy Ashdown's party, 
with the Liberal D em oc ra t s taking a 
majority of the votes, 51 percent, to 
the Tories'35 per cent on a near 28 
per cent swing. That would reverse 
Mr Adley* Z3,00(Hnajarity into a 
liberal Democratic victory of about 
10,000 on an 80 per cent turnout 
That is unfikefy despite polls show¬ 
ing an even grater swing, as-some 
disaffected Tories will undoubtedly 
register their protest by staying at 

home next Thursday rather than 
a ctu a l l y defecting from the party. 

Understandably, old age pension¬ 
ers are twice as likely as the country 
as a whole to say that tiie pension is 
one of the most Important issues 
facing foe country, and they are a 
third more likely to say that crime, 
violence, vandalism mid law and 
order are national problems. 

Q uality of life is determined by 
a number of factors, but 
when asked what are the 
"major problems facing you 
or your immediate family” in a 
MORI poll last month for The 

Tunes, two stood out: 38 per cent said 

that “mugging and vandalism*’ was 
worrying them, and 37 per cent said 
foe state of their own health. The poll 
Showed that in Britain generally foe 
problem of mugging and van dalism 
was up by half since 1983133 percent 
now compared wfih 21 per cent foen, 
and health had risen from 14 per cent 
to 20 per cent across afi age groups. 
Grey heads are nearly as negative 

* * 



♦ ■ 

about the Tory gover nm ent and 
John Major as is foe rest of tiie 
country Just U per cent of OAPS 
t hin k the government is doing a 
good job of running the country, 
only a smgfe point over the figure for 

all adults, and fewer than a quarter, 
24 per cent of OAPs rate that nice 
Mr Major as doing a good job today, 
compared with 19 per cent of foe 
electorate as a whole. 
u One tiling often overlooked is foe 
empathy vote”, fee feeling that 

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roar a pound] »«■ 
understands your problems and Is 
hying to do some thing about ft- 
Bvety constituency MP knows foe 
feeling. When we compare the image 

of foe Conservative party al.foe time 
John Major took over as leader, we 
find that foe factor feat has dropped 
most among OAPs is that foe party 
tootaafier the interests of people 
The Conservatives are in 
houble m Christchurch. 

Robert M, Worcester is chairman of 
MORT and Visiting Professor of 
Government at the LSE 


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Biogr aphers find Einstein’s reputation is only relative 



Peter Ackmyd suggests that : 
revelations about Einstein's life may 
produce amore accurateimage of a ; 
scientific genius and reflect the publics 
enlightened attitude tomrds'emotions 

The Times ( 


there is always an appe¬ 
tite for the description of 
the private foibles of 
vices of famou$4nen— artists 
and writers have suffered such 
attentions since the 17th centu¬ 
ry; But it does-suggest , some¬ 
thing about the present public 
image of science that its practb 
doners are also now consid¬ 
ered to have 'emotional lives. 
wrth the added, if lmsp okm ;, 
proviso that this may have had 
some effect upon their works. 
At least nobody believes any. 
more that scientists sucb as 
Einstein are dispassi onate or 
interactional observers of an 
objective reality; they :are, 
rather, seen as fallible human: 
beings whose particular predi- 
*; lections or obsessions may' 
wen affect the nature and 
direction of their work. ’ 

They can at least take some 
comfort from the experience of 
other creative figures over the 
past 300 years. A substandal. 
or justified reputation. Hke; 
that of Albert Einstein, is 
never reaQy damaged by the \ 
revelation of private weak-’ 
nesses. The point is. after all 
that great scientists are grisal 
because drey transcend such 

Einstein was revered as the 
embodiment of- . “the .wise. 
man” and “possessor <rf secret 
knowledge” who in his lifetime 
was afforded “semi-mythical 
status”, writers report It is 
fortunate, then, that his some¬ 
what disconcerting private life 
i also remained a secret It says 
a great deal about the pqjjulRr 
recognition of science that its 
most distinguished practitio¬ 
ners should need to be. treated' 
as magicians or alchemists. 
Yet no doubt there is a 
continuity between Paracel¬ 
sus, Doctor Dee,- Newton and 
Einstein; they are part of the 
same network of forces which 
holds the universe together. 

Einstein was bam in 
Germany in 1879, thesqnof a 
businessman. It might have 
seemed an unremarkable; if 
somewhat withdrawn, child¬ 
hood woe it not,for die fact 
that, according" to : Einstem 
himself, here lay the origins of 
the theory of relativity. 
Highfiekl and Carter suggest 
that his juvenile reading , of 
certain simple guides: to sci¬ 
ence helped to form his later 
theories but. perhaps-just as 
importantly, Einstein recog¬ 
nised that during his infancy 
he cultivated die sense of inner 
freedom and private detach¬ 
ment which eventually sort 
him in search of occluded and 
invisible “laws". It has more 
recently been suggested that a 
kind of muted schizophrenia 
accounted for his theoretical 
explanations of the universe— 
which, if nothing else, throws 
an interesting light an die now 
implausible belief that science 
is somehow an “objectiwr 
enquiry. It is also impwtant to 
note his early passion both for 
philosophy and for music. 

It is m this context that we 
can understand what White 
and Gribbin mean by ‘"beauti- 
ful theories”: this is, in fact; the 
precise adjective to describe 
what is taking place within the 
domain of scientific research. 
Science is essentially an aes¬ 
thetic activity, with the pur- 
.. pose of introducing order and 
> lucidity to otherwise inchoate 
material. There is no more 
need to believe in superstrings 
of black holes than there is to 
believe that the earth is flat 
and resting on the back of a 
tortoise. These are all simply 

-elegant descriptions which 
happen no suit their time. 
There were once very great, 
philosophers wbo saw fishes 
and horses among the constrf- 
lationx it so happens- we 
prefer to see white dwarfs and 
black holes. 

At the age of 16, Einstein 
renounced both his German 
citizenship and his Jewisti- 
faith (how dose he is in certain 
respecJs to that other great 
systematises Karl Marx). He 
seems tobavebeenaconfident 
if intractable youth and. al¬ 
though be managed fo -exude 
sdtdepnxaimy modesty after 
he. had-become famous, he 
welcomed from an eady’ase 
. what Highfield and Carta- call 
“the solitary destiny erffoe 
genros, surrounded by uncom- . 
prehenffing lesser befogs”. 

That he was a genius is not ■' 
really in doubt The most 
extraoitiinary aspect of his; 
achievement is the extent to 
which he. was sdftaught 
When he formulated the 
theory of reifelivhy. he was 
neither a graduate nor an 
academic ^ merely foe prod¬ 
uct ; ofa technical college who 
published his rust revolution¬ 
ary papers wink working as a 
civil servant fo foe Patent 
. Office at Bern. But if he was a 
gaifos; it. was also because he 
was an artist Throughout his 
life be sought for "universal 
principles” and understood 
that the universe might be 
recreated within a simple vi¬ 
sion. He saw foe structure of 
the world way much as Henry 
Vaughan saw 'Eternity as “a 
nreat ringof pure and endless 
light"'. Or, as White and 
. Gtibj^ptfriLEfostanhadby 
:k^xi^^ptb^ entirety 
rnewway of visualising reality, 
r backed up by rigorous mathe¬ 
matical formaEsttf*. 
t“-.Gfoourse,; rr was only one 
^way^ -amang many others. 
may .have been “proved" with 
siictoevidence as the period of 

. bfoaiy. pulsar, but foe 
rconeept of. proof is always a 
; dM5ouftone.Ifa way <rf seeing; 

.foatyfoufo we' see^aii;. 
>wt nc^^mecttbe .universe^: 
takeihe sirape we expect dtit? 

: The universe is infinitely ex- 
.tendedand changed , by . foe 
human imagination people 

stops; or “reaDjr see the 
Jlrgm Maiy< just as astro-' 

. . ‘YeaDy - (foserye the 

of light according to 
its theories. la every 
the wish or expecrafion 
father to foe reality. 

ut Einstein’s achieve¬ 
ment was nevertheless 
extraordinary. It is giv¬ 
en to few men or women _to 
create so; persuasive a myth 
thatfoe whole world feds itsdf 
to be changed fry it That is 
why Einstein became a mod¬ 
em celebrity and why, accord¬ 
ing to one contemporary 
observer, “relativity had be¬ 
come a sovereign, password”. 
H had its detractors — anti- 
Semites in' .Germany de¬ 
nounced it as. a “Jewish 
theory"—but its metaphysical 
authenticity was for a time so 
prefound that not one field of 
human endeavour remained 
unaffected byfr 
It was simple good fortune, 
however, that Einstein himself 
fitted so well the popular 
image of the abstracted and 
slightly batty scientist Both of 

Carter, go to some length to 

Book claims wives 
were assaulted 

By Daniel Johnson, uteraky editor 

ALBERT Einstein, whose 
theory of relativity trans¬ 
formed modern physics, is 
under attack for having been 
a harsh father as weU as 
unfaithful and violent to¬ 
wards both his wives, MOeva 
Marie and Elsa C&wenfoal. 

The allegations come in 
The Private lives of Albert 
Einstein by Roger Highfidd 
and Paul Carter, one of two 
biographies of the Nobel 
prizewinner published in foe 
next few weeks. The authors 
have seen come new material, 
but daim that Einstein’S exec¬ 
utors are still blocking access 
to other papers. • 

Highfiekl and Carter depict 
Einstein as a raid and brutal 
man who obliged Mileva to 
give up for adoption _ thor 
jUpg jtimaie daughter Ueseri, 
born in 1902. a year before 
their marriage. They dann 
that be hit Mffleva in m e race 
during a row over his affair 
with her rival and successor 
pica and that he.fofficted- 
emotional damage on -both 
his sons by Mfleva, Eduard 

and Hans Albert He divorced 
Mileva in 1919. - • 

The other biography, Ein¬ 
stein by John Gribbin and 
Micfiad White, is less critical 
bid argues that Einstein was 
so absorbed in his work that 
he tended to ignore the plight 
of those around Mm. 

Unlike Highfidd and Car¬ 
ter, however, Gribbin and 
White acknowledge the differ¬ 
ing interpretations of Ein¬ 
stein's conduct among those 
who were dose to hxm. 

. Despite foe riaim, made in 
yesterday’s Sunday Tele¬ 
graph, that Higbfield and 
Carter “discovered” the exis¬ 
tence Of the illegitimate 
daughter Lieseri. this rad was 
reported in foe New York 
Times in 1987. and last year 
the early love fetters between 
Einstein and Mileva were 
' published by Princeton Univ¬ 
ersity Press—letters which do 
-not bear out foe view of 
Einstein' as a cold, even a. 
cruel man. - /■ . 

Leading article, page 15 

reveal the actual human being 
behind foe persona, and it is 
not at all surprising that he 
was not quite the lovable 
eccentric to whom the news¬ 
papers became addicted. Bur 
' there was really nothing par¬ 
ticularly ignoble or shocking 
about his private life—he had 
■ the temperament of an obses¬ 
sive. with ad its attendant 
failings. He may have mis¬ 
treated his first wife, but in 
any esse the energy whiefo he 
brought to his intellectual 
pursuits .spilt over into more 
general philandering. His 
great desire to remain unaf¬ 
fected by the more human 
problems btf the world often 
made torn seem indifferent or 
even chilly to his wives and 
children. But that is all 
It does become dear from 
both books, however, that 
Einstein was a man whose 
cerebral gifts were developed 
at the expense of his tempera- 

Emstein and Elsa: a disconcerting private life 

meat and character. In essen¬ 
tials he remained a child, with 
all the egotism and selfishness 
that such thwarted develop¬ 
ment often encourages. 

Perhaps in that sense, too. 
he is not an inaccurate model 
for science. The image of the 
absent-minded professor may 

now be eccbanged for the 
wilful visionary whose visions 
will fade away. 

□ Einstein .- A J life in Science by 
Mkhari White and John Gribbin 
(Simon and Scbusier. £16.99} is 
published on August 2fc The 
Pmwre liwes of Albert Einsuin by 
Roger Hfghfidd and Rial Carter 
(Faber. £14.99) on September 6 

By Raymond Keene 


AMONG examples of games¬ 
manship sent to Champion¬ 
ship Chess , the following 
anecdote from David Latham 
of London is one of the most 
interesting, not least because 
of foe exponent. 

“When I was 18 I played 
Nigel Shot then 13. in a 
Bolton School v Manchester 
Grammar match. Soon after 
easily obtaining a winning 
position, young Nigel took 
from his pocket a rubbery, 
transparent object. He 
squished it around in bale 
triangles after pouring a third 
of a glass of water an to his 
side of foe table. I asked him 
what the object was. and to my 
horror he told me that h was 
the lens from a cow's eye, 
product of his biology lesson. 

“I resigned about five moves 
later. The gambit had no 
bearing on the result of the 
game, but it might be worth 
resurrecting against Garry 
Kasparov: it would be cheaper 
than a parapsychologist.” 

The fallowing sharp strug¬ 
gle was played in the 70-player 
Fide Interzonal, which contin¬ 
ues in Switzerland this week. 

















































Diagram of final position 

Championship update: 

Tickets for The Times champ¬ 
ionship between Garry 
Kasparov and Nigei Short 
include a guaranteed seat, 
glass of champagne, souvenir 
programme, chess book and 
use of a personal Predict-a- 
move advanced computer 
game system fitted into every 
seat in foe Savoy Theatre. Play 
is from 330pm to 9.30pm 
every Tuesday, Thursday and 
Saturday from September 7 to 
October 30. Adjourned games, 
if any. to which ticket holders 
wall be admitted free of 
charge, will continue foe fal¬ 
lowing day at the Savoy 
Theatre at the same starting 

Times readers booking a 
seat during July wifi also 
receive a voucher (worth about 
£30) for a lunch at Simpsons- 
in-the-Strand. the traditional 
home of chess in Britain. Ring 
First Call on 071 497 9977 for 
credit card bookings. 

Winning Move, page 44 


HETHER you're talking unarmed 

combat training, or the cut and thrust of 
business life, we live in a competitive 
world. So, when the men and women of 
your staff choose to join the Volunteer 
Reserve Forces, they don't just receive 
thorough military training. 
They're also encouraged to develop 
inherent skills. Like leadership, initiative 
and good old-fashioned common sense. 
In the event of a national crisis, they'll be 
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defence forces. 

In civilian life, they'll be better equipped to 
play a vital part in your business. 
Ensuring that it not only survives, but 

also thrives. 


Join us in a profitable partnership. 





White: A Frolov 

Blade: Alexei Shfrov 

Bid FIDE Interzonal 1993 
SidHaa Defence 

23 NxW 

24 Bd2 

25 Pc7 

2e R«J7 

27 Rxe7 






1 e4 


28 BxW 


2 M3 
















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Michael Winner produces something refined, 

small scale and stylish. 

*■ * 

I’m famous for a lot of things, but 
understatement isn’t one of them. 

So when Olympus requested / put 
one of their MJU cameras through its 
paces, / took one look and baulked. 

I mean honestly. It wasn’t even half 
the size of my hand rolled Havana. 

“It would be alright for Miss Seagrove 
to slip into one of her handbags, but its 
not what / call a camera”, / said loudly. 

With that, / was ready to get off to 
the launch party for my latest effort to 

save the nation’s film industry, entitled 
‘Dirty Weekend’. 

“But Michael...” whimpered the 
Olympus chaps, desperate to mollify me. 

“Mr Winner...” I corrected, with a 
wag of the Winner finger. 

“Mr Winner, it’s got ail you could 

ever want. 

“You’re telling me, the most successful 
living British film director about cameras?” 
/snorted. “Where’s the zoom, the fla...” 
Bang on cue, said features appeared. 

Because, damn them, Olympus have 
cunningly hidden them away inside. 

An auto-focus 35-70mm zoom. A 
built in flash with a whole range of 
modes (dread word). Even a self-timer 
(very handy I find). 

“And how much are you intending 
to charge for this device?” / enquired. 

“Er, £240.” . 

Tm not paying that” / told them. 
“Its not nearly enough.” 



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w ■ Millions of people are losing their homes 
and livelihoods asthe waters continue 
to rise in Nepal,' India and Bangladesh. 
Further monsoons are now being forecast 

Prom Christopher Thomas in deihi 
- AND Ahmed FAZL IN DHAKA - . 

THE DEATH toll from flood¬ 
ing in Nepal, one of the 
world's poorest and most inac¬ 
cessible countries, is expected 
to reach at least 3,000 when 
reports reach Kathmandu, the 
capital, from outlying areas. 
The known tally yesterday 
was 1,600. ■ ■ • x . 

Relief agencies are unable to 
breach far beyond Kathmandu 
because mads are submerged. 
Thousands of people are 
homeless and entire villages 
have been swept .away by- 
mudslides. The damage to 
crops, homes, roads and 
bridges is a shattering blow to 
the economy. . ... 

The monsoons have taken a 
heavy toll throughout -South 
Asia. In India, as many as 
seven million people are be¬ 
lieved to be homeless. The 
northwest Indian fanning 
state of Punjab has recorded 
more than300 deaths framihe 
worst flooding in decades. 
Widespread destruction . of 
oops will push up food prices 
nationally.. . 

Eastern and northeastern 
Indian states have also been 
battered The death toll in 
India is more than 700, but is 
likely to .rise substantially. 
Communications are in chaos 
throughout northern and east¬ 
ern India, with the telephone 
service in Delhi collapsing as . 
water swamps underground 
installations. '• 

EJedricrty supplies are woe¬ 
fully inadequate because of 
breakdowns and heavy-de¬ 
mand, and same areas of the 
capital were without power 
last week for 60 hours *! a 
stretch. Areas of Calcutta are 

without running water be¬ 
cause of damage to pumping 
gear. . 

The death toll in 'Bangla¬ 
desh,' half of which is under 
water, is put at 360. The 
cbutrtry floods every monsoon, 
grwag it some of the worlds 
most fertile scaL because of 
nutrients waded down from 
the Himalayas. Banners re-, 
gard this as one rare positive 
natural.‘phenomenal rn a 
nation often devastated by 
extreme weather. 

The army was called‘out to 
Bangladesh yesterday.Heavy 
rains made thousands tone¬ 
less and sobnSerged six more 
districts :■east ■ of: Dhaka, the 
capital. - Thunders t orms were 
ejected to' continue in foe 
north arfcl east Eigftt districts 
in ; the north. 
Kurigram.the worst 

would be pounded by heavy 
downpours in the next 24 
hours while ofoa- parts could 
ipceive.more rainfaJL :* 

-.There have been reports of 
cholera in Punjab as sewers 
overflow, and supplies of 
drinking water beonnes con¬ 
taminated. In Delhi, huge 
slum areas-are; under 3ft (rf-: 
water, forcing the poor tb take. 
to the pavements. There are 
scant government resources to 
help them and police drove 
back crowds demanding help 
from welfare agencies. 

The Yamuna river in Delhi 
has far exceeded the official 
dangerlevd and was expected 
to peak at around midnight 
test night The array has 
evacuated 50,000 people from 
one vulnerable area. ' : - _ 

Unity eludes bickering Burma rebels 

From James Pringle 

THE rain is incessant and 
low-tying dood covers the 
craggy forested hilltops as 
delegates from Burma's eth¬ 
nic minorities and student 
and political factious trek to 
the wood-built fotll al this 

where, for the first time, they 
are discussing a joint strategy 
.against the ruling military 

A veritable alphabet soup 
of acronyms is displayed on 
ptacazds before each group 
outlawed by foe ruthless State 
Law and Order Restoration 
Council (SLORQ at this first 
congress of the Democratic 
Alliance of Burma (DAB), an 
umbrella organisation of dis¬ 
parate forces opposing the 

The. -congress has been 
scheAtiedmanylnnes during 
the past, four years, but post¬ 
poned because of war or 
pnBtiffll i nfighting and now 
that it is being held it is 
almost too late. The restora¬ 
tion council is more firmly in 
the saddle than ever, and 
more strongly in control of 
dviBans mside Burma and 
against the border, insur¬ 
gencies. Outside the hafi, 
.there are young uniformed 
soldiers, mostly Baptists, of 
the Karen National Union. 
The Burmese army is.onty 
Eight roles away, its hilltop 
outposts in this Conradian 
landscape of muddy brown 
river, jungle and mountain 
mercifully obscured by mist 
General Bo Mya, 66, the 
Karen leader and chaw-man 
of flie democratic alliance, 
with iron-grey hair and a 
field radio m a pouch depict¬ 
ing aChristian cress, takes 
ids seat facing the delegates. 
Thergeneral a veteran guer¬ 
rilla leader who started his 
military career as a runner 
with foe British behind-the- 
fines Force 136 in Japanese- 
. occupied Burma in foe sec¬ 
ond world war, believes foe 
Almighty is . assisting foe 
Karen, though the territory 
they , occupy continues to 

- The Burmese army has 
suspended mOitaiy opera¬ 
tions against foe resurgents, 
instead, directly attacking ti- 
vzfiztns, fordog them from 
foeir homes, making them 

Out of favour, deported Burmese refugees leaving Thailand at the weekend 

work as slave labour on 
building roads and railways, 
and pressing them Into foe 
army as soldiers, or arms 
porters—a tactic that has led 
to some of die minorities, 
such as the Karinas, to call on 
their leaders to get the best 
deal possible with the coundL 
The main business on hand 
at foe congress has been a 
decision by the leadership of 
foe Kachins, who live near 

the frontier of China, to enter 
secret talks with the council 
without the alliance itself. All 
the groupings must talk to the 
council, if at all, only through 
the umbrella organisation. 
Observers say the Kachin 
move could have a domino 
effect, and foal events in 
Burma are at a watershed- 
Four armed groups —. the 
Wa. Pao-O, Shan and 
Paluang — have made deals 

to stop fighting ami recognise 
foe junta's overall authority 
to be left in relative peace. “In 
other words, they surrend¬ 
ered," an observer said. “The 
heart seems to be going out of 
foe struggle." General Bo 
Mya professes not to be 
worried that the 12.000 Karen 
fighting force, now bogged 
down in trenches — in the 
current monsoon season it is 
like the Somme — might not 

be able to stand up to the 
30ff000-member revolution¬ 
ary council army on Its own, 
if the Kachins. the second 
strongest group, prolong 
their ceasefire with the coun¬ 
cil and opt out of the fight 
“The force that wins does not 
depend on numbers.” Gener¬ 
al Bo Mya said in an inter¬ 
view. “The thing is to be on 
the right side: If you refer to 
the Bible, you mil see that.” 

Is there a possibility the 
council will launch a dry- 
season offensive against 
Manerplaw later this year? 
“Even if they want to fight in 
the dry season, they will not 
attack Manerplaw because 
God will not permit them.” 
the general said. This is not 
much of a strategy for fight¬ 
ing the Tatmadaw, one of the 
world’s most ruthless armies. 

The Kachins may be pro¬ 
testing, and their more demo¬ 
cratic and educated lead¬ 
ership responding, but if the 
Karen are, you do not bear 
about ft General Bo Mya is 
no democrat and runs rather 
a tight ship. 

Visitors who make the trip 
by boat here down the rapids 
and eddying currents of the 
treacherous Salween, where 
locals say they frequently see 
the mutilated bodies of press- 
ganged arms porters butch¬ 
ered by the coundL are not 
able to meet the people re¬ 
ferred to here as “Jungle 
Karen” and even if they did 
would be unlikely to hear 
their true feelings. 

The Karen, the general 
asserts, are ready to fight to 
the last man. But to the last 
leader* Ironically, the homes 
of many leaders, including 
the general's own, are across 
the Mod river at Pwe Ba Lu 
village in Thailand, where 
there is a high school and 
hospital, or at the town of 
Mae Sot, where many have 
business interests such as 

“At the weekend, all the 
leaders go to their houses in 
Thailand, enjoy comfortable 
lifestyles and watch videos.” 
said one regular visitor. “IFS a 
five-day-a-week war here, 
perhaps understandable after 
more than 40 years. But if the 
Burmese army comes they 
have somewhere to go. The 
majority of Karens, not wel¬ 
come in Thailand, will have 
to stay and face foe music.” 

Bed and 


By Christopher Thomas 

STILL faithful to its colonial 
sexual legacy. India is quaint¬ 
ly prim: girlie magazines stop 
a long way short of nudity, 
and film producers know the 
dinging wet sari represents 
the outer limit of official 

But changes are afoot. A few 
glossy magazines show topless 
women: homosexuals are 
allowed to distribute their own 
journal, called the Bombay 
Dost (friend): and young edu¬ 
cated girls increasingly reject 
arranged marriages. Now a 
new survey says many women 
have sex before marriage. 

The Bombay-based Femina 
magazine, India's leading 
women's journal, discovered 
that while most wives are 
faithful, nearly a quarter were 
not virgins on their wedding 
day. A poQ among readers 
conducted by the Indian Mar¬ 
ket Research Bureau was de¬ 
signed to find out why Indian 
women would want to marry 
now cultural values had 
“(hanged radically”. 

Whether those values have 
changed radically for most 
women is arguable. City 
women are often, but nor 
necessarily, liberated in the 
Western sense, but rural India 
remains rooted in conserva¬ 
tism and tradition. Any village 
girl who has lost her virginity 
would find her marriage pros¬ 
pects seriously diminished. 

Traditional values are par¬ 
ticularly strong among Mus¬ 
lims. although there are 
stirrings of change. A group of 
Muslim women in Delhi has 
asked the All India Muslim 
Persona) Law Board to declare 
invalid the “triple talaq" — 
where a husband dumps an 
unwanted wife by declaring 
three times: "1 divorce you." 
This has brought protests 
from conservative clerics out¬ 
raged tty what is seen as a 
challenge to tradition. 

The Femina survey pointed 
to a sense of propriety even 
among its readers, who are 
predominantly educated and 
well off. only 7 per cent 
admitted to an extramarital 
affair, although 23 per cent 
had sex before marriage. 

• # V . - 

Make a note. Make it stick. 



and tradMttfk Of 3M 

Innovation , 







Castro takes 
first step 
to market 

Zulus’ cause gains royal assent us attack 

From Michael Hamlyn 



■ The beleaguered Cuban dictator seems 
ready to abandon the insularity of three 
decades’ ideological purity for a pragmatic 
policy that promotes the mighty dollar 

FROM David Adams in miami 

PRESIDENT Castro is pre¬ 
paring legislation to allow 
private citizens to possess 
American dollars, until now a 
serious crime, in what experts 
say is a decision that places the 
future of Cuba’s centrally 
planned communist economic 
policy at a watershed. 

The details of whar Cuba 
analysts are calling “doll¬ 
arisation’' could be announced 
today when Dr Castro is due 
to make a speech on the 40th 
anniversary of the famous 
Moncada barracks attack, the 
spark that ignited the Cuban 

Cuba watchers are predict¬ 
ing that other economic re¬ 
forms are imminent and Dr 
Castro is set upon a path 
towards a mixed economy. 
“Castro has bitten the bullet 
There is a momentum of 
change building." Wayne 
Smith, a Cuba expert at the 
Centre for International Policy 
in Washington, said. Others 
see the move as a trick to 
attract Cuban exile dollars 
while political and economic 
controls remain intact 

Economists say the policy 
shift was inevitable. Cube was 
in the grip of a 30-year 
American trade embargo 
when its communist trading 
partners in Eastern Europe 
were swept away and subsi¬ 
dies from the former Soviet 
Union dried up. The economy 
has been in a nose dive ever 
since, and only Cuba’s bil Non¬ 
dollar exports of sugar were 
keeping the economy afloat 
When the sugar harvest also 
collapsed this spring, with 
production falling from seven 
million tons m 1992 to only 4.2 
million, reform became un¬ 
avoidable. Facing shortages of 
everything from food and 
toilet paper to engine spare 
parts, experts say official resis- 

Castro: biting the bullet 
after 30-year embargo 

tanee to economic reform dis¬ 
solved In the face of fears of 
starvation and public unrest 

Dollars have been seeping 
into Cuba's informal economy 
via foreign tourists and exile 
remittances, fuelling a ram¬ 
pant black market The new 
dollar policy is in part a 
recognition of the govern¬ 
ment's inability to control the 
black market Cuban officials 
calculate that by legalising the 
dollar they will soak up black- 
market currency, providing 
extra cash for state coffers. 

The measure is certain to 
cause dissension in Cuba, 
where orthodox revolutionary 
ideologues feel betrayed by a 
decision which will create a 
new privileged class of Cuban 
residents with generous rela¬ 
tives in Miami. Ironically, 
families loyal to the revolution 
with no source of dollars wiU 
be handicapped. 

Last week Am ado Blanco, 
vice-president of the Cuban 
national bank, had defended 
lifting the dollar ban with 
words unlikely to smooth ruf¬ 
fled feathers of hardliners in 
Havana. “Look, in all coun¬ 
tries there are classes, some 
are rich and others are left out 
So what? That is how things 
are.” he said. 

Arturo Viliar. a Miami busi¬ 
ness consultant who travels 
frequently to Havana, said 
last night: “This is capitalism, 
there’s no ife or buts about it 
They don't want to call it 
capitalism. But they have al¬ 
ready thrown up their hands 
and said socialism doesn’t 
work, egalitarianism doesn't 

As analysts of Cuban affairs 
scramble to interpret the sig¬ 
nificance of the most dramatic 
policy shift on the island in 
recent years, it remains un¬ 
clear exactly what form the 
measure is to be introduced. 
Will Cubans be allowed to 
trade freely in dollars or will 
the state maintain bureaucrat¬ 
ic controls that would require 
holders of dollars to convert 
them into local pesos at a fixed 
exchange rate? The blade mar¬ 
ket rate has leapt recently to 60 
for a dollar, while the official 
value remains me peso for 
one dollar. 

Cuban exiles already send 
dollars to relatives in the 
island through a government 
system which converts the 
American currency at a rate of 
25 pesos to the dollar, provid¬ 
ing the cash-strapped govern¬ 
ment with a useful source of 
hard currency. Last year it is 
estimated that the flow of 
remittances amounted to $300 
million. Some experts in Mi¬ 
ami say Cuba’s new dollar 
policy could encourage exiles 
to send up to $1 billion a year. 

MANGOSUTHU Buthelezi, 
chief minister of KwaZulu 
and leader of the Inkatha 
Freedom Party, played the 
royal card yesterday to pro¬ 
mote his vision of the new 
South Africa. He did so by 
persuading King Goodwin 
Zweb'thini of the Zulus to 
address an imbizo, a gather¬ 
ing of the Zulu nation, in 
Soweto, deep in the rival 
African National Congress’s 

Chief Buthelezi is fighting 
a fierce battle against the 
South African government 
and the ANC to prevent them 
overwhelming his party, bis 
nominally self-governing 
homeland and the strongly 
federal constitution that he 

The imbizo was held on die 
eve of publication today of a 
highly significant document 
at the multiparty constitution¬ 
al talks, which Inkatha and 
KwaZulu axe boycotting at 
present The document win 
outline in some detail die 
constitution under which it is 
proposed to govern South 
Africa after next year's all- 
race elections for an assembly 
and until that- assembly 
draws up a final constitution. 

By holding an imbizo. 
Chief Buthelezi now claims to 
speak for the en tir e Zulu 
nation. There are seven mil-. 
lion Zulus, mainly in Natal 
but also thickly spread in' 
commercial and industrial 
areas of South Africa. His 
claim is challenged by the 
ANC which maintains that it 
has many Zulus supporters 
and would have many more if 
they were not terrorised into 
toeing the Inkatha line. 

As many as 50,000 Zulus, 
most of them clutching knob- 
kerries, sharpened sticks and 
miniature cowhide shields, 
filled, the Soweto stadium, 
singing and cheering and 
interrupting the king with 
shouts of boyete fyou are 
great”). Some of them carried 
more dangerous “cultural 
weapons” such as assegais, 
and at least one man had a 
shotgun, despite the or¬ 
ganisers having agreed not to 
test police patience by bring¬ 
ing firearms into the stadium. 
Manyof the crowd were bare- 
chested and wore leopard- 
skin headbands. 

The police were active on 
the fringes of the gathering, 
directing traffic or observing 
the crowd from on top of their 
armoured vehicles. Police he¬ 
licopters ended the stadium 
from time to time, their 
engines drowning many 
speakers’ words. 

Much care evidently had 
gone into the organisation of 
the meeting. Buses from as 
for away as Port Shepstone 
on the Natal coast 60 miles 
south of Durban were parked 
densely on the outskirts of the 
stadium complex. Scores of 
buses came from the hills and 
valleys of KwaZulu, and 
many more from the hostels 
in the black townships of 
Johannesburg and the Wit- 
watersrand. King Goodwill, 
wearing a finely cut charcoal- 
grey suit with a silk tie and 
matching pocket handker¬ 
chief. laid out what seem to be 
distinctly new terms for a 
return by the Zulu organ¬ 
isations to the negotiating 
table. Watched by the third of 

deal in 


Jerusalem: Hopes of a break¬ 
through between Iraq and UN 
inspectors over two missile 
test sites near Baghdad were 
overshadowed at the weekend jf - 
hy reports of a fres h con - 
frontion between American 
warplanes and, an Iraqi anti¬ 
aircraft position (Rkhard 
Beeston writes). - 
According to the. Pen tagon , 
a US Air Force F4G "WBd 
Weasel- fired a missile at tbe 
Iraqi battery in the southern 
“no-fly zone” late on Saturday 
after the Iraqis locked their 
radar onto the aircraft and 
later fired a missile. In . Bagh¬ 
dad, the authorities denied 
that their, ground forces bad 
used radar to track American 
aircraft or that a missile bad 
fryn fired, and even contested 
US claims that its ground 
forces had come under attack A 
Whatever die truth, the 
hidden! did not bode well for 
the work of three UN Weapons 
inspectors, led by Bill Eckert, 
who arrived in Baghdad yes- 
today to put into effect a 
com p r om ise to end the crisis 
between Iraq and the UN over 
missile-testing verification. 

Mr Eckert said the Iraqis had 
told hhn they would comply 
with last week’s inspection 


Children die 

Washington: Mississippi 
floods claimed six more lives, 
including four children who 
drowned while exploring 'a 
cave near St Louis. Missouri 
One 13-year old bay survival 
the flooding and was rescued^ 
on Saturday after clinging to a 
ledge for 15 hours. 

Church dispute 

Manila: A dispute between 
the Philippines government 
and the Roman Catholic 
Church deepened at foe week¬ 
end when church leaders said 
that they would oppose Presi¬ 
dent Ramos’s order to pro¬ 
mote all methods of birth 
control except abortion. 

Mayor to quit 

Pause for thought one of the 50,000 Zulus who gathered in Soweto to hear their king and his chief minister 
insist that their future will be of their own choosing, not that of the ANC or foe government 

his five queens, resplendent 
in a scarlet jacket and skirt 
with matching cartwheel 
straw hat foe king told his 
audience: There is as yet no 
agreement from the ANC that 
foe KwaZulu government 
will continue in the autonomy 
that existing legislation gives 
it until a new constitutional 
dispensation which pleases 
KwaZulu has been agreed.” 
That he added, "justifies my 
fears that there are plans to 
emasculate the Zulu nation” 
Breaking into English in 
foe middle of a long speech 
delivered mainly in Zulu, he 
saitfc “I need absolute assur¬ 
ances that foe present leader¬ 
ship of the ANC will re¬ 
nounce all intentions to rob 
the Zulu people of their right 
to shape their own destiny. 
We say that no KwaZulu 

boundary, no KwaZulu pow¬ 
er, no KwaZulu structure will 
be changed except by the 
moves that we as Zulus make. 
We will decide how we are to 
go forward into the new 
South Africa and only then 
will deride what kind of a 
new South Africa we are 
prepared to enter.” 

Chief Buthelezi followed 
the king to the microphone 
and emphasised his right to 
speak for the Zulu people as 
the king’s hereditary prime 
minister. “I was born to lead.” 
he insisted, “and I was elected 
to lead.” The king and his 
minister rejected foe notion, 
which has been propounded 
in local reports, that foe latter 
is using foe former as a 
political puppeL 

Both speeches emphasised 
the number of Inkatha vic¬ 

tims who have died in recent 
violence in Natal, and espe¬ 
cially on foe Wftwatersrand. 
The KwaZulu chief minister 
insisted that foe ANC was 
“this very moment venting 
their aggression out on the 
Zulu people in their bid to 
wrest control from tbe South 
African government”. 

The tone of the speeches 
holds out little hope that foe 
Inkatha Freedom Party and 
foe KwaZulu government 
wiU make a speedy return to 
foe multiparty talks, even 
although foe new constitu¬ 
tional proposals to be pub¬ 
lished today may wd! go a 
long way towards meeting 
their demands for a strong 
regional dispensation. 

Ben Ngnbane. who leads 
the KwaZulu government 
delegation at tbe talks, said 

yesterday that no derision 
had been taken yet and that a 
meeting to discuss foe new 
document would be held in 
Ulundi the KwaZulu capital, 
later today. 

The ANC responded yester¬ 
day to the Inkatha leader's 
identification of his point of 
view with that of foe Zulu 
nation by summoning a mass 
meeting of their own to be 
held in Durban in Septem¬ 
ber. They will also invite 
King Goodwill to address die 
assembly alongside Nelson 
Mandela, foe president of foe 

“The point of foe rally is to 
put to rest the myth that Zulus 
only support a confederal 
system and do not want a con¬ 
stituent assembly,” Jeff 
Radebe, foe chairman of foe 
ANC in southern Natal said. 

New Yoric. CoIeman Young, 
one of America’s most revered 
and outspoken black political 
leaders, will reelec¬ 
tion for & sixth term as mayor 
of Detroit after 20 years in of¬ 
fice. Mr Young, a former 
union organiser and state sen¬ 
ator, is 7S- 

Talks foil 

Taipei Taiwan and South Ko¬ 
rea. disagreeing over key is¬ 
sues including the employ¬ 
ment of foreigners in Taiwan, 
cancelled signing a pact to re¬ 
store. unofficial ties that were 
broken off when Seoul 
switched its recognition to Pfr- ^ 
king last August (Reuter) r 

Coronation joy 

Kampala: Ugandans danced 
to drums to mark the start of a 
week of celebration for the cor¬ 
onation next’ Saturday of 
Prince Ronald Mutebi, 37, as 
the 36th kdbaka (king) of Bu- 
ganda. nearly 25 years after 
King Freddy, his father. (tied 
in exile. (Reuter) 

Policemen arrested over murders 

of Rio street children go free 

Clinton ally 
asserts his 

Christopher warns China 



From GabrieuaGamini 


WHILE Brazilian politicians 
and bishops yesterday con¬ 
demned the murders of right 
street children, indiscrimi¬ 
nately shot by an “extermina¬ 
tion squad” in central Rio de 
Janeiro, three military police¬ 
men detained in connection 
with the killings were freed. 

The police officers had been 
arrested and accused of bring 
part of a vigilante group 
which is suspected of killing 25 
street children in the past two 
weeks. The officers were iden¬ 
tified by children who sur¬ 
vived Friday’s dawn attack, 
when they claim a car swerved 
into one of Rio’s central 
squares and five men got out 
and shoi at the crowd of 
children who. like thousands 
of others in the city, were 
sleeping on the pavement 
under cardboard boxes. 

“There were about 30 of us.” 
said Marcelo, a 14-year-old 
boy, speaking to a Brazilian 
television station. “A man in 
dark glasses leant over us and 
offered a plate of soup. But 
instead of soup he got out a 

“Another four men emerged 
from a car and started shoot¬ 
ing. Most of us ran, but some 
didn’t react as quickly and 1 
saw them being shot in the 
head and then just lying in 
pools of blood. 

“I recognised three of the 
men because they came to die 

■ Eight children gunned down in Rio are 
the latest victims of “death squads** that have 
killed more than 4,600 street children. The 
government is under pressure to act 

square the day before and 
threatened tor the boy added. 

President Franco . con¬ 
demned the killings of the 
children, who were mostly 
between right and 12 years 
old, and whose bodies were 
left lying by the Calendeira 
church in the square. "Like all 
Brazilian people, 1 am horri¬ 
fied by the murders," he said. 
Brazilian bishops also spoke 
out against the attack. 

The president promised that 
his government would investi¬ 
gate the killings of street 
children by so-railed “death 
squads” He will meet cabinet 
ministers today to discuss foe 
country’s street children, an 
official said yesterday. The 
planned meeting between 
President Franco and his min¬ 
isters of justice, education and 
welfare, reflects a surge in 
public debate over what to do 
about the armies of homeless 

The three offioers. Jose Da 
Penha, Marcos Antonio 
Teixeira and Marcos Antonio 
Pereira, were released and 
had charges dropped because 
four of foe dozen children who 
testified were unable to recog¬ 
nise them. The children claim 
the killings were a revenge 

attack for them stoning a 
police car the day before, after 
officers had trial to remove 
pots of glue they were sniffing. 

Superintendent Nildo Au¬ 
gusta Batista,- in charge of the 
investigation, said; “These 
children are all too excited and 
unreliable to provide safe 

Human rights groups ac¬ 
cused the local authorities of 
trying to cover up the fact that 
members of the security forces 
are involved in the “extermi¬ 
nation groups”, which are 
allegedly funded by local busi¬ 
nessmen to clear Rio’s streets 
of the thousands of street 
children. The youngsters are 
associated with rising street 
crime and are often used as 
drug-runners for local cocaine 

“It’s a lucrative business, 
this killing. Low-paid police¬ 
men get money for their after- 
hours work to dean the 
streets.” alleged Paulo Mello, 
a member of congress who last 
year led a parliamentary com¬ 
mission to investigate child 
killings in Brazil. 

"The massacres are done in 
the name of ridding Rio of its 
dire street-crime problem." 
said Sen her Melio, who called 

on foe government last week 
to clean up Rio's police force. 

More than 4.600 children 
have beat killed throughout 
Brazil in foe past three years, 
according to a government 
study. Most of the killings take 
place in Rio. where 3.000 
children sleep on the streets 
and at least 50.000 beg. or run 
errands in the city. 

So far this year, 320 street 
children have been victims of 
foe death squads.-who dump 
bodies in mass open graves 
and rivers, or just leave than 
on roadsides. “The killings are 
something which people have 
become used to. Many people 
even believe the chi Wren are 
not really human, saying they 
were bom to steal" said 
Senhor Mello. 

In spite of the huge numbers 
of children murdered, there 
hare never beat any convic¬ 
tions for foe killings. A news¬ 
paper, O Did, disclosed last 
week that 146 members of the 
military police and former 
police officers had been ac¬ 
cused of belonging to the 
death squads, but investiga¬ 
tions had been suspended" 
every time. The clandestine 
vigilante groups were first 
formed in foe 1960s. during 
the military dictatorship in 
Brazil to damp down on 
"immorality and crimmality". 

O Dia published the names 
of the officers accused - of 
belonging to the sinister 
groups and daimed that 46 of 
them are still in active service. 

From Wolfgang mcnchau 


By James Pringle and Our ForeigpcStaff 

DAN RoscenJcowskr. the se¬ 
nior Democratic congressman 
at the centre of a politically 
damaging embezzlement 
scandal, broke his silence at 
the weekend to claim that he 
had “committed no crime”. 

Rostenkowski, chairman of 
foe House ways and means of 
committee and. one of Presi- 
deni Clinton's closest allies, 
called a press conference cm 
Saturday to proclaim his inno¬ 
cence in the so-called House 
Post Office scandal which has 
been building up for over a 
year, ft came to a head last 
week when Robert Rota, a 
former postmaster, pleaded 
guilty to corruption charges, 
allegedly implicating two con¬ 
gressmen in embedment. 

It has been widely leaked by 
officials that one of the two 
men implicated, referred to as 
"Congressman A”, is Mr Ros- 
lenfcowski. At his news confer¬ 
ence foe Chicago Democrat 
called the allegations “unfair, 
false and baseless”. 

Mr Rota had pleaded guilty 
to charges that be helped two 
congressmen to embezzle 
about $30,000 (£20.000) by 
exchanging, stamps and 
vouchers, to which every con¬ 
gressman is legally entitled 
for cash. A criminal investiga¬ 
tion into Mr Rostenkowski’s 
affairs has been undo* way for 
some time, without result so 

WARREN Christopher. US 
Secretary of State, told Qian 
Qichen, China’s foreign minis¬ 
ter. yesterday that the US had 
“disturbing evidence" China 
had made shipments of parts 
for medium-range missiles — 
possibly nuclear-capable — to 
Pakistan, a senior US official 
said in Singapore. 

- While the 80-minute session 
seemed to have been a forth¬ 
right initial encounter be¬ 
tween foe’ two- men. China 
otherwise has embarked on a 
charm offensive to assure foe 
six members of the Associ¬ 
ation of South-East Asian 
Nations (Aseart) meeting in 
Singapore that China's inten¬ 
tions in the region are peace¬ 
ful Dismissing “the so-caDed 
China threat”. Mr Qian said 
that although China was a big 
country, it would not threaten 
or bully anyone. 

An airport China built in the 
Paracel Islands, north of the 
disputed Spratlys in the South 
China Sea, was for non-mili¬ 
tary purposes. “We would like 
to improve the transport situa¬ 
tion there,"he said adding: "ft 
has nothing to do with milt* 
taiy bases or military 

Mr Christopher also met 
Nguyen Manh Cam. the Viet¬ 
namese foreign minister, the 
first time foreign ministers of 
foe two nations have met since 
the end of the Vietnam war in 
1 975. Witnesses said chat Mr 

Cbristophen met 
Vietnamese minister 

Christopher held informal 
talks with Mr Cam at a 
working dinner after foe 
Asean meeting, Mr Christo¬ 
pher is due to hold formal 
talks with Mr Cam tomorrow, 
but American officials said 
that was not linked to 
normalising US-Vtemam rela¬ 
tions, but rather to press the 
American need for more co¬ 
operation on tracing US pris¬ 
oners of war and servicemen 
missing in action during the 
war. Hiere are 7,3Tt cases of 
troops missing in action still 

The meetings take place at a 

time of improving relations 
between foe two sides. Wash¬ 

ington said this month it 
. would no longer block multi¬ 
lateral loans to Vietnam and 
would station State Depart¬ 
ment staff in Hanoi 
•The Americans seem to 
have softened their stand an 
Khmer Rouge participation in 
tite Cambodian-government 
- whidi emea^ed from recent 
sections, and would not stand 
in the way of financial assis¬ 
tance in certain conditions. 

. These were that, the Khmer M 
Rouge accept the 1990 Paris* 
peace accords and that foe 
Maoist group would not have 
direct access to such foreign 

*Tfre future of Cambodia, 
the future of the Cambodian 
government is up to the 
Cambodian people and their 
elected representatives to de¬ 
cade,” a US official said. “It is 
not up to the United States to 
work this out" 

Last week Prince Norodom 
Sihanouk, foe Cambodian 
brad of state, dropped plans to 
offer foe Khmer Rouge a role 
government or azmy. say* 
his country could not 
wthstand US pressure. 

Anfrei Kozyrev, the Russian 
foreign minister, described 
Moscow’s changed rote in 
J ^ sia - “The main symbols of <*} 
our presence here wiU be 
ma^hters instead of missile 
and joint ventures 
msteacJ of nuclear subma¬ 
rines." he said. 

Vv < 


in CUf 


bank b ;l " 
old rouble” 


U-’ ) 

- --ijyfS; 






Je °&, 

Entente brightens Major-Mitterrand summit 


•' » 



Mitterrand: striving for 
European identity 

MUTUAL comnriseraiion win be 
the. order of foe day when the 
battered leaders of France and 
Britain meet in London today for 
talks that will allow them to survey 
foe unusual harmony that .has set¬ 
tled of. late on aros&Chaxroe! 
relations- • 

With the franc, under fire and 
patience wearing thin oh both ends 
of the F&na&erman currency 
link, enthusfiism for the Maastricht 
treaty is not much stronger these 
days in France than in Britain. John 
Majors pyrrhic victory last week 
was seen by the GauilisHed govern- 
. ment of. Edouard Ballad nr as far¬ 
ther evidence that the shine M . 
gone from the ideal of European 
union. The EuropeattCommanity^ 
impotence in Bosnia, differences 
over agriculture and trade and now ' 
the exchange-rale mechanism trou¬ 
bles have shown, as Le Monde said 
yesterday, that “Europe seems to' 
have given up part of the Maastricht 
dream even before the treaty takes 

Presided Mitterrand may r em a i n 

With the franc under heavy fire from speculators, 
enthusiasm for Maastricht is not much stronger now 
in France than in Britain , Charles Bremner writes 

a champion of foe fede ralist ideal, 
but' Edouard Bahadur's conserva¬ 
tive team shares something of the 
pragmatic outlook of the Tories* 
pro-Europcps. At the weekend, 
Jacques Chirac, foe GaulKst leader 
* and presid ential contender, belated¬ 
ly affirmed bis commitment to 
Europe and foe monetary system 
without the same degree of convic¬ 
tion as Mr Major's statements early 
last September. The monetary on¬ 
slaught of the past fortnight has 
been fuelled by suspicions that M 
Chirac could give his-blessing to 
French withdrawal from the ERM. 

Gauflist MPs are eyeing Britain's 
withdrawal as a model for acceleral- 
ing.France's escape from a deepen¬ 
ing recession ami unemployment 
that soon is expected to reads I2per 
cent Politicians fln *t media com¬ 

mentators am also presenting the 
rtm cm the franc as the work of the 
“Anglo-Saxons* 1 who do minate the 
international financial markets. 

President Mitterrand and M 
Balladur axe' bringing eight minis- 
ters for what they are caffinga”joint 
cabinet meeting" with Mr Major 
and his team, foe first such formal 
session since a 1991 gathering in 
Dunkirk. France’s odd position of 
poweraharing between a president 
and a politically opposed prime 
minister means that Mr Major will 
start by bolding separate sessions 
with each at Downing Street 

Mr Major and France’s tandem 
bosses can congratulate one another 
on foe rapprochement between the 
two old European powers in foreign 
affairs and defence. They have 
exploited their common ground as 

Western Europe's two nudear pow¬ 
ers and permanent members of the 
United Nations Security Council. 
Over Bosnia. Paris is delighted that 
London has eschewed its usual pro- 
American instincts in favour of 
unity with France, and Britain is 
happy with a new-found French 
interest in military co-operation, a 
process that started under the last 
Socialist government Hie joint 
project to build the Horizon frigate 
and the possibility of holding joint 
exercises are being haded as sym¬ 
bols of the new entente. 

In Paris and London, officials are 
talking of a more “triangular'* 
Europe in which the old Boxm-P&ris 
alliance is complemented by stron¬ 
ger links to Britain. However, 
conflicts of interest that go bade 
centuries mean that foot are limits 
to foe new rapport. 

The two sides wfll spend much of 
their time today on their differing 
approaches to the way the Com¬ 
munity should handle trade and 
agricultural policy. M Mitterrand's 
spokesman says Paris hopes M u> 

obtain from the British some move¬ 
ment towards French thinking on 
the Blair House accord and rein- 
forting European identity". 

This is shorthand for France's 
determination, not shared by other 
member states, to renegotiate last 
winter's agreement with the Bush 
administration on farm trade and to 
raise higher barriers to cheap im¬ 
ports from outside the Community. 
Britain and Germany believe rene¬ 
gotiation with Washington would 
open a Pandora's box of new 
demands from foe Clinton adminis¬ 
tration that would Mode a sew Gan 
(General Agreement on Tariffs and 

Britain is eager, though, to help 
France to find a path out of the 
dilemma imposed by its pledge to 
the powerful farmers' lobby to block 
foe Blair House accord and also to 
renegotiate the common agricultur¬ 
al polity. 

Paris collection, page 13 
William Recs-Mogg, page 14 
Pressure on franc, page 36 

l hildrtui 

t Hurdii- 




■r warns Cl” 1 

t . a r »li>P nlflS 

Yeltsin cuts pip! 

"W* ,»•. ■ 

*...*.«* i. 

+ I « 


old roubles 

■The president confronted by n hostile 
parliament is determined to prove he is in 
purge. The summer coup against Mikhail 
prbachev in 1991 will be fresh in his mind 

From Anne McElvoy in Moscow 

PRSIDENT Yeltsin, yester- 
dayut short his holiday and 
refined to Moscow, claiming 
that flurry of decisions by the 
conyvative parliament in his 
absere was . threatening to 
“unermine Russia’s young 
demiracy". r ; 

Fad with renewed attacks 
frame Supreme Soviet Mr 
Yeltsiis keen tu be seen to be 
in corol of events after foe 
dedria announced withoui 
warn* by foe Central Bank 
on Satrday to withdraw all 
bank wes issued before.'the 
beginrtfa of this year. The 
move Calculated to steady 
the unstole rouble, stem cor¬ 
rosive ifation, and counter 

The Kmlin leader’s return 
from his treat in foe peaceful 


St Peteburg: An interna¬ 
tional am of scientists 
has setul for the Norwe¬ 
gian Sfito investigate and 
possibl seal two Soviet 
nudeawaibeads that are 
leaking plutonium be¬ 
neath aroductive fishing 
area. T> warheads are in 
the suharine Komsomo- 
lets, vjch sank with a 
crew ofi in 1989. (AP) 

northemown of Novgorod 
was prooted by several hos¬ 

tile res 
foe co 
fora re 
It ha; 
to orde: 

tions intended by 
t to offset initial 
e has secured from 
tutorial assembly 
n of the legislature, 
plotted his absaice 
i investigation into 

alleged hbezzlement by Vla¬ 
dimir umeilco, a deputy 
prime i lister and dose aide 
of Mr Itsin, involving the 
transfe: f £10 million into a 
Swiss jnk account for the 
import baby food which, it 
is flab d. was never deliv¬ 
ered. juliament also ap¬ 
prove* 1993 budget fast 
week, hich if earned out 
would )uble the deficit and 
shattepe government’s in¬ 
tention rein in spending. 

The influentim tevestia 
newsi >er claimed in its 
wcek$ edition that the coun- 

M i urgent need of ■ 

•ora hardline forces 
a warning that Mr 
2 d foe threat of a 
sumia-uoliday coup 
that hich befell Ins'Sonet 
predessor, Mikhail Garb- 
adiefin 1991. “The president 







does not havefoerigbtevenon 
vacation to stand above his 
responsibilities, to " distance 
himself from events which 
could lead to hjbnretuxnmg to 
a different country," it said. 

The news of foe currency 
reform was announced in 
flash broadcasts on television 
' and radio, causing consterna¬ 
tion among Russians who 
hurried to dump old rouble - 
notes, including foe 5*000 and' : 
10.000 denominations bearirfc ' 
foe Russian flag.' instead. 
Lenin's head . which were is¬ 
sued only fast year bid are 
obsolete from this morning. ‘ 

Food, electric goods and 
clothes stores were stripped by 
crowds keen to transfer tbdr 
old currency assets into goods. 
At Moscow markets, heated 
arguments broke out between 
traders and customers over 
whether old notes Were still 

acceptoblealfofr weekend. 

Many exchange kiosks 
stopped"'trading when the 
news was announced, while at 
those vfoidi continued to work 
foe rate soared from just 
under. L000 roubles to the 
dollar to 1,900 as those with 
spare cash rushed tom vest in 

. Russians have only a fort-, 
night to swap their old roubles 
for'new, tip to aceiling of 
35,000 roubles (£24). Above 
that amount, cash has to be 
placed with a state savings 
bank for a mandatory six 
months, a. move which it is 
hoped wai-help, force down 

inflation, running at 750 per 
cent a year. This should hit. 
speculators and foe new rich,, 
who have been hoarding rou- - 
bles, rather titan pensioners, ■ 
students and workers forced, 
by rampant price rises to 
spend mcmQr as fhqr esuri it in 
order to five.' 

implement foe sudden and 
draconian drainage" of foe 
money supply indicate that it 
is prepared to co-operate more 
witting ly than before with the 
tight&caJ policy advocated fey 
President Yeltsin's reformist 

Last night Arnold Voilukov,: 
a senior bank offidal,' an¬ 
nounced . that thfr rouble re¬ 
form was jpartly intended to 
bring ftgh-speriding republics 
into line by threatening them 
with exclusion frpm the rouble. 

zcaifc “If states agree to mutual 
control af foe raoney : supply;. 
we will issuethem with 1993 
bank notes." he said. “If foey. 
do not agree; they should, 
introduce their own currency ." 

?. .f&r i 




5 ?. 




' Dividing fine: children peering through razor wire into the Skenderija barracks, Sarajevo. where LOOO French UN soldiers are based 

Attack on UN base breaks Bosnia trace 

By Tim Judah 

OCR Foreign Staff 

AT LEAST Four tank rounds slammed 
into a United Nations base in Sarajevo, 
foe. Bosnian capital, yesterday just 
after a new .ceasefire was to have 
silenced the big guns long enough to 
allow peace talks to begin again in 
Geneva. At least two UN armoured 
personnel carriers were destroyed, but 
nobody was injured. . 

The UN, negotiated the “cease- 
offensive", as it terms it, on Saturday. 
The deal is meant to open foe way for a 
fresh round of talks on Bosnia's foture. 
Having been twice postponed, the talks 

are planned to begin in Geneva tomor¬ 
row. President Izetbegovic of Bosnia 
says he win attend only if the ceasefire 
holds, and Radovan Karadzic, foe 
Bosnian Serb leader, is expected to go 
only if the president does. 

The talks, chaired by Lord Owen, the 
European Community negotiator, and 
Thorvald Stdtenberg, the United Na¬ 
tions envoy, are in disarray. While they 
are still referred to as “peace talks”, the 
situation in Bosnia has become so in¬ 
tractable that nothing on the agenda 
for foe negotiations in Geneva could 
conceivably bring peace. 

Ostensibly the talks are to discuss 
the joint SerhCroat plan for the 
division of Bosnia into a confederation 

along ethnic lines. This is widely 
acknowledged as being code for a de 
facto greater Serbia and greater Cro¬ 
atia with a bit left over for the 
Muslims. Officials in Sarajevo say 
Lord Owen is putting pressure on 
them to accept the division because he 
believes it will lead to peace. 

That is disputed in Sarajevo. Divi¬ 
sion into three ethnic mini-states, it is 
believed, would mean the “ethnic 
cleansing" of hundreds of thousands 
more people. 

Colonel Jovan Diyjak, one of two 
Bosnian depuiy army commanders, 
has broken ranks with the ruling 
presidency, saying that lifting foe UN 
amts embargo would be disastrous 

because Serb rebels would retaliate by 
blowing Sarajevo to bits. He said foe 
outgunned Bosnian government army 
lacked the firepower to break out of the 
Serb siege cordon ringing the city. 

The colonel, a moderate Serb in the 
mainly Muslim Bosnian army, added 
that a decision to remove foe UN arms 
embargo to allow the Bosnian army to 
obtain new supplies would be a recipe 
for calamity. “I am personally against 
foe lifting of the arms embargo. So far, 
foe Serbs are believed to have thrown 
only 40 per cent of their real firepower 
against Sarajevo." he added. “If it were 
lifted, foey would quickly use 100 per 
cent and devastate foe city before we 
have secured one extra gun." 





Tatvan. Turkey: Rebel Kurds 
kidnapped four French tour¬ 
ists m southeast Turkey yes¬ 
terday in the second abduction 
of foreigners in the turbulent 
region this month, provincial 
government officials said. 

They said a group of armed 
guerrillas of the Kurdistan 
Workers' Party {PKK) blocked 
a road linking the tonus of 
Tatvan and Van and abducted 
the tourists from a bus. 

The foreign ministry in Par¬ 
is said that the four were all 
males in good health, and 
were specifically selected from 
among a busload of tourists by 
foe kidnappers, adding: The 
four were among 24 other 
French citizens. We do not 
know for sure why they were 

Six foreign tourists have 
been kidnapped in Turkey in 
the past three weeks. Two 
British tourists, Tania Jan 
Miller and David Michael 
Rowbottom, were seized three 
weeks ago. also in foe Tatvan 
area, known as a hotbed of 
PKK activity. They are still 
being held captive. (Reuieri 

Troops greeted 

Bdedweyne: Volker Ruhe, foe 
German defence minister, ar¬ 
rived in this Somali town. 190 
miles north of Mogadishu, to 
greet German soldiers joining 
UN troops here, in Bonn's first 
deployment of forces outside 
the Naio area since the second 
world war. (Reuter) 

Tamils attack 

Colombo: Tamil guerrillas 
fighting for independence 
overran the Janakapura army 
camp and a settlement near by 
in an attack on the Well Oya 
area in northeast Sri Lanka, 
killing 15 civilians and as 
many as 40 soldiers. {Reuter) 

Trace for talks 

Moscow: After five years of 
fighting, Azerbaijan and Ar¬ 
menians in Nagorno-Kara¬ 
bakh have agreed a three-day 
ceasefire on the borders of foe 
disputed enclave to hold 
negotiations. (Reuter) 

Leader sacked 

Kigali: Agathe Uwilingiyim- 
zana. the Rwandan prime 
minister, and three of her min¬ 
isters have been expelled from 
the Democratic and Republi¬ 
can Movement party after a 
week in office over what was 
described as treason. (Reuter■) 

Burning desire 

Kuala Lumpur: Firemen on 
the Malaysian island of Pe¬ 
nang received 15,479 “love 
calls" from young women in 
the first six months of foe year. 
They received only 730 genu¬ 
ine emergency calls during 
that period. (Reuter) 





' From Edward Owen - 
;. • • • IN BARCELONA 

ON THE first anniversary 
of the Olympic Games inau¬ 
guration in Barcelona, 
organisers and citizens 
- agreed yesterday foal foe 
.. £6.7 billion operation had 
been an economic success, 
cushioning foe city from the 
recession and preparing it 
.better for the future. 

1 Pasqual MaragaO, foe 
maypr of this once decaying 
Mediterranean port, said 
“Our position now is better 
titan the zest of Spain .'. - 
Barcelona: has 105 per cent 
unemp loyed while foe nat¬ 
ional average is 22 per cent” 

Setior Maragafl said foe 
games had transformed foe 
dty, and tourists, .cruise 
lilies, business conventions 
and Far East container 
..sitips^werenow using Ban*: 
Iona more than ever. The 
city is the world’s seventh 
most popular venue for con¬ 
ventions, he said. 

“Economically, we want 
to become the gateway to 
southern Europe.” he add¬ 
ed. “The Olympic flame has 
gone out but we still have 
thfa warmth in our hearts. 
Onr greatest mistake would 
be discreetly to retire with 

The International Olym¬ 
pic Committee is. satisfied 
with tiie modest E5 million 
profit made by the or- 

Jte brant of the costs has 
still to be paid off over foe 
next 18 years by the dty and 
the Spanish government 

Italians spurn funeral of 
bribes scandal suspect 

From John Phillips in rome 

THE funeral of Raul Gardmi 
will take place in Ravenna 
cathedral today, but few Ital¬ 
ians seem willing to shed tears 
for the man who forged Italy's 
second largesr private indus¬ 
trial group and sponsored the 
yacht II Moro di Venezia in 
foe America’s Cup last year. 

“Pity is one thing; homage 
to these people is another," 
Marco Fbrmentini. the Lom¬ 
bardy League mayor of Milan 
elected last month, said. Si¬ 
gnor Fbrmentini declined to 
attend foe funeral on Friday of 
Gabriele Cagliari, the former 
head of the ENI energy group 
who killed himself on Tuesday 
while under investigation in 
the corruption scandal that is 
engulfing Italy. 

Tbe mayor will also not 
attend the funeral of Signor 
Gardini, tbe former chairman 
of. foe Fferruzzi-Montedison 
agricultural and chemical 
group, who shot himself in 
Milan on Friday. “Since 1 
cannot pay homage to all 
those who have suffered from 
tbe bribery. 1 do not see why I 
should pay homage to those 
who took part." he said. 

Gianfranco Miglio, the 
Lombardy League philoso¬ 
pher. caused a storm Ia*t week 
by saying there was no reason 
to feel sorry for Signor Caglia¬ 
ri. He said: “Pity and Chris¬ 
tian charity allow people to 
escape their responsibilities." 

Public hatred for figures 
embroiled in the corruption 
scandal prompted the Vatican 
newspaper, fOsservatore Ro¬ 
mano, to denounce Signor 
Miglio as a barbarian for his 
it unm ans. La Repubblica 
asked: "Is Milan a dty without 
a heart?" and Indro MontaneT 
li, the yeteran editor of ll 
Giomale, compared Milanese 

Zeffirelli: “We are 
losing our best men" 

women to the tricoteuses of the 
Fhench Revolution. 

The epidemic of suirides 
dominated television at the 
weekend. “We Italians feel 
deceived," Professor Lurio 
Vtilarj, an historian, said on 
television- “The ruling class 
has not been able to meet its 
responsibilities. This cannot 
be swept under the carpet" 
Signor Gardini had been 
one of the few leading indus¬ 
trialists to have spoken out 
puhlidy against corruption 
before the scandal broke. At 
one point he moved foe base of 
his operations to Paris for a 
year, saying: “It is impossible 
to work in Italy withoui pay¬ 
ing bribes." Friends defending 
his memory described his 
suidde as a noble gesture 
compared with the behaviour 
of politicians protected by 
parliamentary immunity. 

Franco Zeffirelli, tbe film 
director, said; “Only entrepre¬ 
neurs are capable of these 

extreme and dignified acts. 
None of the politicians who 
hide behind parliamentary 
immunity and use these epi¬ 
sodes to attack the magistra- 
ture would ever have similar 
courage. We ought to have the 
death penalty for some of 
those, who are happily getting 
Hat with billions in foreign 
banks. Instead, we are losing 
our best men.” 

Leaders of foe Christian 
Democrat party attended yes¬ 
terday the third day of a 
constituent assembly designed 
to restore their image, badly 
tainted by the bribery scandal. 
“What began as a white 
revolution without barricades 
is revealing itself as the first 
real Italian revolution, foe 
first in unified history," 
Giorgio Bocca, an influential 
pundit said. The suicide of a 
strong man fike Raul Gardini 
is a sign of tragic clarity — it is 
a time for settling of accounts, 
even for those who seemed 

. Authorities concerned by 
foe suirides released several 
suspects from prison last 
week, including Rena to Pol- 
lini, 68, a former administra¬ 
tive secretary of foe Com¬ 
munis: party, who had spent 
73 days in preventive deten¬ 
tion at San Vittore prison, and 
Vittorio Brilli. One of his 
farmer aides who had been in 
jail since May 29. In Genoa, 
Delio Meoli. a former Socialist 
senator, was released after 
being in jail since May 2L 

Extra guards have been 
ordered in foe Opera jail in 
Milan for Giuseppe Garo- 
fano. foe former Ferruzri 
chairman and a key witness in 
the investigation, to prevent 
him from becoming another 
casualty of foe scandal. 


by day. 
„ The 



by night. 

Where better to successfully nu\ business with 
pleasure than the International Convention Centre: 
Offering every conceivable facility lor meetings and 
conferences, it's also centra! to a whole spectrum of 
diversions and delights. 

Symphony Hall, situated in the Convention 
Centre itself, offers a rich and varied programme 
- complemented b> crysial dear acoustics. 

What better way for INTERNATIONAL 

. . . . CONVBmON 

delegates to relax after a recent CBCTRE 


Mercury Communications 

conference than perhaps,asuite 

by Holst? 

U rl w i ta Uonal Con v ention Centro, Broad Street, Bimiingham B 1 2EA 
‘fotaphone: <01-200 2000. Fax: 021-M3 0388. 

Raine and Johnnie at A1 thorp: Can the children 

T hey might have for¬ 
given the meringue 
hairdo, the linen 
sheets being changed 
everyday and the50negligees. 
They might eventually have 
come to an understanding 
over the way that her powder- 
puff tastes had led to one of 
England's most prized stately 
homes being turned into a 
“tart's boudoir". But the one 
thing the Spencer children 
could never forget was the way 
“Acid Raine". now Countess of 
Chambrun. converted the 
family seat at Althorp in 

According to Angela Levin, 
whose biography of the Spen¬ 
cers. Raine and Johnnie. has 
just been published, “many 
feel Raine and Johnnie have 
wreaked havoc and destruc¬ 
tion on a family inheritance. 
Valuable paintings and silver, 
furniture, china and archive 
manuscripts, most of which 
had been in the Spencer family 
for years, were sold, many in 
secret which intonated Lord 
Spencers children". 

Shackled to their stately 
homes by heritage, debt and 
family duly, die aristocracy 
have been having a hard time 

of it over the past decade, what 
with spiralling death duties, 
insurance and losses at 
Lloyd's. As Tatter magazine 
stated last month, “die stately 
decline of die aristocracy has 
gone into free fail". 

Much of what once made it 
fun to be an aristocrat has now 
gone. “An aristocracy in a 
republic is like a chicken 
whose head has been cut off. It 
may run about in a lively way, 
but in fact it is dead," said 
Nancy Mitfbrd in Nobtesse 
Oblige. Now that Fergie has 
taken her top off. the same 
could besaid of the aristocracy 
in Britain. 

Some have crumpled in a 
heap of self-doubt, drying out 
clinics and tabloid vice, but 
many are soldiering on trying 
to do the best they can. 
flogging the Gainsboroughs, 
creating theme parks, selling 
home-made jam and mortgag¬ 
ing the stately piles. So why 
has poor Raine been so vilified 
for trying to do the same and 
why did the children put ail 
her belongings in bin bags 
and kick diem, down the 

When the new countess 
found Althorp in need of 

The countess’s execrable legacy 
is only a symptom of aristocratic 
decline, says Alice Thomson 

repair she rolled up her 
sleeves and got to work. There 
were musical evenings, cheap 
souvenirs, Johnnie’s cellar on 
sale. But the results in die eyes 
of everyone except her hus¬ 
band were considered to be a 
cross between a Mayfair pent¬ 
house and a Forte hotel. 

What Raine apparently 
failed to realise was dial there 
is a rigorous aristocratic code 
an how to be parted from your 
- inheritance. Aristocrats have, 
obligation^-Their gilt-edged 
ancestors expect them to con¬ 
tinue die dynasty and many of 
the houses have been propped 

Kasparov v Short 

Tacticians will book their seat 
now, and capture a free lunch 


at Simpson’s-in-the-Strand. 

Reserve a ticket for the Kasparov-Short 
battle before the end of July, and you’ll enjoy 
much more than great chess from the world's 
two best players. 

We’ll give you a voucher for a free lunch, 
worth around £30, at one of London’s most 
famous restaurants, Simpson’s-in-the-Strand, 


$jppc£Spaaed SafadiBith(£tB6c and 9(af>'Dnisiju} 



Britain’s traditional home of chess’, to be taken 
before the end of August 

On the menu at Simpson’s will be then- 
renowned English cooking, attentive service 
and dub-like atmosphere. 

On the menu at the Savoy Theatre 
between 7th September and the 30th October 
.will be 24 games of the most exciting chess 
you’ve ever seen. 

Sbnw S uig Utaat Mm ye vit&S*aaatr&TTus 
CoCJStja ¥ad&ng Turn 

CJuKoiatz 'truffle Cats 

Ear tickets, ring First Call on 071-497 9977 
today. Or book through any Keith Ptowse branch. 

■ Hi- 1 ’ 


I.!*'-tx T| 


V 071 • 497 9977 


kunch party *» ">? ^ “ 

ever forget, or forgive, what she did to the family seat? 

up with public money and 

The first rule is taste. If you 
want to sell die Victorian 
lampshades, do not. as Raine 
did, buy new pink ones-from 
British Home Stores. It is-also 
better to leave die antique 
furniture slightly frayed than 
to cover it in Dralon. 

The next rule is to get die 
right price. The art experts 
and museum curators are 
unanimous in their condem¬ 
nation of the prices fetched by 
Raine. But her worst faux pas 
was spending it all on fripper¬ 
ies. Just think back to those 

brown Rolls-Royces, £40.000 
diamond broodies and three 
Spanish-style villas in Bognor. 

In contrast, Nicholas Phil¬ 
lips, owner of Luton Hoo, 
brother-in-law to die Duke of 
Aberrant and the Duke of 
Westminster, was commend¬ 
ed for the way that he tried to 
ding onto the family estate 
and turn it into a modem 
business. In 1991 hewas found 
dead in his fume-filled BMW. 

His wife, Lucy, fold the 
inquest: “He started to wony 
about the money. I knew he 
was suffering and starting to 
get depressed. We talked 
about the problem but I felt I 
shouldn't keep going. on. 
because it might make rrumpr g 

Of course, they privately 
admit, there can be litfle puMfc. 
sympathy for someone whose 
misfortune is to have inherited 
a stately home and too small a 
fortune to keep it going. 

The younger generation also 
face difficult decisions: wheth¬ 
er to amble along in penury, 
go into die City or dream up 
new plans for their inhen- • 
tanoe. The Marquess of 
Worcester has become a pop 
singer, Earl Spencer is a 
television commentator. Lord 
Colwyn a jaaz-playing dentist 

Many will have to while 
away decades before they take 
over. One young hereditary 
peer says: “Looking after the 
estate has always been seen as 
a vocation. But if you haven’t 
got the money any more, there 
is no point in burdening future 
generations. I just hope the 
National Trust will take it over 
from me. In a way. losing 
money is quite healthy. It 
helps rejuvenate the upper 
class's determination to get on 
with life and achieve some¬ 

thing.” (Stately homes that 
have gone to the National 
Trust m recent years include 
Has Newydd given by the 
Marquess of Anglesey in 1985, 
and Dunham Massey; left by 
the Ear! of-Stamford in 1978.). 

One heir who should have 
no financial problems is the 
Marquess of Blandford. But 
like Raine, he is also cansidr. 
ered to have broken the rules. 
Young peers can many cop- 
per-haired chalet girls, riahhle 
ini drink, . motorcars, race¬ 
horses and even gamble a ' 
lithe. They can smooch their, 
way into gossip columns. But.. 
if their drug habit s t arts ; 
jeo pardisiDg dw* famil y cihff»r 
.-they have gone too far. 

L ast week solicitors act-'. 
ing for the trustees of 
the Duke of Maribor- . 
ough'S estate started;. ' 
proceed in gs to strip the way-' 
ward Blandford of his-inheri¬ 
tance and to . t ransfer • 
Blenheim Palace; its 11,500-• 
acres, art treasures add -4icr 
companying EIOO mSfieo to -, 
his brother Edward. l‘9t K ?: 

John Grigg, the historian 
and constitutional expert, 
says: “There have always been 
improvident aristocratic fam¬ 
ilies. Arthur Balfour , lost a 
huge amount of money invest¬ 
ing in a scheme to make 
energy out of peat and immed¬ 
iately after the first world war 
the aristocracy frantically sold 
their land when they were 
faced with huge tax increases 
and the rise of Labour. 

“Becoming elegantly poor 
wasn’t frowned upon and 
there were many families who 
had appalling taste and got 
away with it But in those days 
the only thing that could sink 
you was getting divorced." 

backs, the arguing of child¬ 
ren and the squeaking of 
dinghytiofley wheels, jwi 
may catch ,the distinctive 

call of the Hearty Holiday 
Mother. There & no mistak¬ 
ing those ringing middle- 
class tones: 

“Tammol Help Becky 
with - her loti -Come an 
twins, get the picnic out — 
Johnnie! Ask Helee to help 
you with the basket — no. 
Helge, don’t be silly, that’s 
not what we call rai n, it’ s 
only spitting! I put some 

spare oiKes in the car — so 

| what if they do smell 
mouldy?-Really, Helge — 
... ABce,_Jor the last time. 

I we are not going to sit in a 
I smetiy cinema watching Ju¬ 
rassic Pork-in this lovely 
weather. Bobsie. bring the 
ginger-beer oat, 
men. I can lock 
foe boot Cook 
on, everyone, 
we’re having a ' 
nice time, so let's 
not make ft a not- 

Peer through 
i your binoculars, 
from a'safe dis- -. 
tanoe.. and you . ... LI] 
wfll seetbeHHM , . pT tt 
. and her herd on ru f 

- the move. They - 
wobble on their bikes or 

„ .totter under-the burden of 
'tents and picnicbaskets, 
towels,. swimsuits, life¬ 
jackets and oars. if you are 
turfy enough to have spot- 

- ted the subspecies known 
as the SPM — or Sloaray 
Pony Mum — you will 

• - know her fay the head- 
■ collars and leg-bandages 
‘ arid, meaningless raving 

abend cr uppers , in the en- 
. tourage of any HHM there 
. will' be one sniffing child. 

one sullen one. a number of 
| boisterous boys and proba- 
f -bly'a resigned au pair or 
baffled exchange student. 

' The children will not be a 
.. matched set, but include iH- 
-assbrted cousins and 

• .friends, the result of oonvo- 
Yfnfed; bargaining between 
. families (“No, Nicky, you 

cant go swimming at Mar¬ 
tin'S house, irs our turn to 
have Martin and Josie 
because Martin’s mum 
w ants a quiet day, she had 

• all six of you yester¬ 
day. / - 

They will all be having a 
. wonderful time, at least in 
theory. Listen to the disime- 
five call once more: “Jamie! 
T said help. Camilla — 
.mind the Thermos — well 


Joyce _ 
see her in real life Iw 2 
(toe lounging around 
ing. cool and laughing . 3 
these tribal matriarchs. * 

- Where. I used to sneer, 
was Daddy? Why had-he 
abdicated his role:of famftj- 
Redcoat? Why did British 
middle-class women 
late flfcmsefoes =so read% 
on the altar <rf Smranfer 
Fun?-I resolved never; to 

aUowiriere biological toadst 
erifood to transform 1 mq 
into a dishevelled amateur 
Akela every August. . 

But it has happened, ami 
there is nothing to be done 
about it I roust brace up 
arid face it Perhaps I shall 
decade that we HHMs. are, 
«ngh»ari of befog figures of 
fun, actually heroines: the 
only Britons left 
with enough of 
the old empire 
spirit to confront 
smutty portable 
barbecues, child¬ 
ren with midge- 
bites and - the 
burden of leader¬ 
ship in the name 
of wholesome 
JY • . Enid Blytcm-style 
rpi; - summer hdlsr j 
How, pray, cm 1 
you - think, tha 
Mrs Virginia Bottomlej 

fs «* 

of command? Only by yeaj 
of holidays on the Isle ( 
Wight, awash in duMrenj 
just, hope that Mr Dav 
Hunt, who as cabinet mi 
ister for women has a 
namced that naming 
family is to be counted 
valid'experience for bu 
nqgg -aH i liln i wnafo p cem- 

cates, - recognises tfr 


mansfcjp of TC^I wxftm 

on my head in the oi 
a tidal river,' and n 
consisted of two i 
'eight-year-olds, a 
roc, a heavily p] 
friend and a m 
Hungarian studen 
did not like getti 
espadriUes wet 
Or I may cite my 
gerial triumph in ge 
Viking outfits lasha 
of fur-fabric and 
bootlaces forchildn 
two to G, on a 
assembly-line pi 
(“Stand' st&L Ed 

f: .O' 

: - .jv* * 

JA A*’. 

never catch the tide — no, (“Stand ' stSL Ed 
Alex, you .. are not bigT v while the daddies 
enough to have a canoe by outside and pe 
yourself—you can go with painted the carmvi 
Emma-Jane.." Heigh-ho, sweet sui 

Profits speak in the kibbutj 

I n a world grown accus¬ 
tomed to the relentless 
collapse of socialism, Isra¬ 
el's 270 kibbutzim represent 
one of the doctrine’s last 
outposts. The movement 
which made foe desert bloom, 
drained the malarial swamps, 
subdued the marauding Arab 
gangs and provided the future 
state with its political and 
military elite is fading to 
attract young people and has 
fallen into heavy debt Radical 
changes are under way. 

The need to attract new 
members to the movement 
and stem the fknv of young 
people is urgent. A recent 
survey showed that 41 per cent 
of ldbbutz youth are contem¬ 
plating leaving Israel after 
their national service, com¬ 
pared with only 25 per cent in 
1966. Today foe kibbutzim go 
out of their way to pander to 
personal tastes, granting al¬ 
lowances to families to buy 
their own food, luxury hems 
like televisions and videos and 
even paying for annual family 
holidays abroad. 

To stay profitable, the mod¬ 
em farms have moved away 
from traditional agriculture in 
favour of light industries, 
which now account for two- 
thuds of their earnings. The 
farms also have begun hiring 
outside employees, from cheap 
Arab labourers to computer 
experts and accountants, to do 
jobs either too menial or too 
specialised for their own 

In one recent example of 
unbridled capitalism, kibbutz 
Kinneret, Israel’s second old¬ 
est collective farm, raised capi¬ 
tal by placing shares in its 
plastics factory Hofit on the 
Tel Aviv stock exchange. At 
ldbbutz Hanita, a famous 
pioneering settlement on the 
Lebanese border established 
by the Israeli war hero Moshe 
Dayan in 1938, foe community 

Socialist roots are gradually being 
dug up on Israel’s collective farms 

Pioneer spirit of the old days now young people won’t stay 

has decided to publish a list erf 
its members in order of iheir 

Those who do well will be 
rewarded with foreign trips, 
scholarships: those who do 
consistently poorly will be 
kicked out." said Manila’s 
secretary general Danny So- 

The kibbutz which has gone 
furthest down the capitalist 
read is Em 2hvan an foe 
Golan Heights. First the com¬ 
munal dining halt — foe 
central meeting place — was 
dosed down to save costs. 
Then outside consultants were 
hired to bring modem man¬ 
agement techniques to the 

form and finally, ten months 
ago, tile .60 r emain fog 
Kmbutzniks oom mi t te dthe uT 
tirnatE heresy. By a majority of 
two to one they voted in favour 
of paying salaries to foe mem¬ 
bers according to the value of 
their work. 

. It has been a shattering 
experience for idealists such as 
Jeffrey Krygier. A chartered 
accountant from the East End 
of London, he emigrated in 
1978 to begin a new fife at Ein 
Swan. T looked very carefully 
until i found the kibbutz 1 
wanted. It was young, idealis¬ 
tic and it fulfilled my socialist 
beliefs — foe pioneer saint 
was still aliv£" recalled Mr 

ICiygier nostalgic*! “I gave 
working from dan to dusk 
moving stones bytand from 
file fields so we -aid plant 
vines. 1 assumed th as I grew 
older the conunuty would 
then look after me jf 

Although foe Uted Kib- ^ 
butz Movement JKM) is 
expected to expel E Swan at 
an extraordinary sskm next 
month for “Jjoing iyond the 
accepted parameter, the kib¬ 
butz estabfishraen is con¬ 
vinced that it carabandon 
some of its sodalistappings 
and accommodate naterial- 
ism and consnerism 
(summed up in rael by 
everyone* seach ftufoe two 

Vs", a Volvo and a ilia), yet 
keep most of its ba: princi¬ 
ples intact 

Mula Tsur, the xretary 
general of the UKM,' id: "We 
we not against chares. The 
kibbutz is not a utop, it is a 

living society. We eed to M 

reform, without crosng foe • 
ideological river." ■ 

Heniy Near, a kinflzrak 
tor 38 years and authtof The 
Kibbutz Movement OUR. 
thinks that althoug some 
collective farms vl be 
feezed out by atomic 
pressures, the oiq pieering 
spint wiH see the rest rough 
their current difficult “Rf. 
teen or 20 may go foemy of 
Em Ziwan. but tin will 
probably remain theacep- 

However, none of tii can 
reassure Mr Krygfer S he 

“Ces the prospect of bag an 
“hpfoyeeoaafannhefoied ' 

tobufld. “I know ihromif] 
joined another kibbu the 
same tiling would. h™ 
agam. Forme the kfobcand , 
^£areone.Ifihadimly # 
wan J“ 1 to make moy I 
would never have left th%." 

Richard Beeson 

' jy —-*. * • -A 1 ' -■ *j'j '•-■'•■ ’-i , .. .. _ -. ',.*** -----— ---- -.•.••> 




As a question mark is placed over the survival of haute couture — have the Paris collections provided an answer? 

21 , 


| or me, hauteoou- 
tnre is & reaction to 
the lack of imaginar 
— tion and the confu¬ 
sion in the world of fashion 
today: in designing haute cou¬ 
ture my creativity becomes 
; more personal, more free” .. - 
in this way the Italian design¬ 
er Valentino Garavani justi¬ 
fies his part in the art of 
creating couture dothes. 

That the couture coDections 
are free from the plebeian. 
restrictions of ready-to-wear is 
obvious. The designs on show 
at the autumn/winter collec¬ 
tions in Paris last week will 
never suffer the indignity of 
being left on the sale rad, for 
they will never again see das 
light of day unless cm the bads, 
of a satisfied customer. 

Couture is a peculiar devil, 
•.existing somewhere between 
l jneaven a rad helL In- Paris its 
extremes were mirrored by th e 
weather. One moment it 
poured, the next the sun 
shone. At times, both hap¬ 
pened at once. 

Such is couture. Difficult to 
comprehend, yet simply 
ductive. There is no rationale 
for its existence when viewed 
in context, yet sitting m the 
midst of it all there are few 
who remain unmoved. like a 
child at the rirtus, it ^difficult 

not to be overwhelmed as the 
designers make brave aesthet¬ 
ic stunts appear easy. 

Couture makes a nonsense 
. of the real world. The domes 
are bom, live and breathe ma 
1 bubble, but one whidi has tor 
b _ iitwM i t jnwi tn hurst. 

shows, the design¬ 
er^ personality is 
stamped all ova: the 
clothes, as telling as 
a ny D NA finger- 

bubble, but erne which has rar printing- Aswith 


more forgiving^ and very _dff- gcs^eoi^ov^v^ra much 
ferent from those winch it had 

when a woman's status and that the models often appeared 
self-image were measured by overpowered 

length of her skirt then we The vogue forethnicrty con- 
SsSw-thecoutureodtec- dnued^Valmtmo, 
tions' as we might ah art show his recent inp to Coma as 
at the Tate. Couture is all 
about ideas — some 

are good, some bad. 

At - the couture 

-flrnTThr tn™ 

These are as unique 

■***_V 2 i, mrnM- 

^ful, but if that beauty h|* 


is that enagj Sre-^Sd affemiliar. His 


mrc ■— iuw “ - -— 

i-T" oato last few dishevelled “pirate wenches; 

touted wondfirtulSycompm" 

When Karl ^ patmam. Givendty and 

Scherrer showed few sur¬ 
prises. Each houise crated 
even more clothes for 
stalwart' customers, who fined 
the neat rows, of seals with 
their heady, ' filled besuited 
selves. *• •' 

Ungaro Showed one of me 
best colledipns yet:.--- ^ 
Ungaro. layered, Moroccan- 
inspiredvelvets, ^beaded tu¬ 
nics and' slip dresses./worn 
over shear.k»n partis looked 

opSwdWcbflnd skfw by 
sending out models wearing 
skirts so short that their Lycra- 
covered behinds were fitfy 
exposed. ox« wondered at xus 
reasoning. It is certunly "5* 
what the diehard Oraneljtt- 
enis want It doesjtf* 
follow fashion's lead, what 

then? Ajdce...oru^yan 

attempt to grab headlines* 
However, if we accept 
fashion intheninetiahasn^ 
values which are thankfully 

UllUVU av • tu vx»»tv » —- 

his recent trip to China as 
inspiration for a collection 
playing hard 
again st soft. Quilted, 
watermarked silk 

jackets and waist- 
coats... or bell-like 
skirts, were accented 

by floaty chiffon. 
Having shared the 
trip with Valentino, 
It was extra-special 
to relive this evoca¬ 
tive celebration. 

Despite continued 
rumours, Yves Saint 
Laurent showed his 
stamina as a design¬ 
er. Little velvet skins 
lengthened with lace 
shared the nmway with 
ballgowns, in colourful Andy 
Wariiokstyle flower prints. 
Where one neckline plunged 

qy, others doaked the neck m a 

prudish Mary Queen of Scots 
ruff., fashion fens still lose 
ihefr brads at a Y.S.L couture 
show. , . . 

When designers let their 
imaginations fly they can cre¬ 
ate dothes which inspire audi¬ 
ble gasps. 

Three such designers are 

Gianni Versace, Kari Lager¬ 
feld 'and Christian Lacroix. 
The triumphant trioare just as 

,_; about their individ- 

«« vision, yet they share die 
same delight in pushing at the 
boundaries of couture by 
working wife fabrication. To 
witness the high jinks of haute 
couture sewn into the very 
body of a garment is awe¬ 
inspiring. There are no such 
words as overworked or over- 
embeffish ed in the couture 
vocabulary, but where once it 
meant buttons and bows and 
more besides, now it refers to 
hours of work pu t in to make a 
flat piece of fabric 
Lacroix takes hundreds of 
colourful beads and creates no 
colour to speak of. or at least 
one to which you cannot put a 
name. He elaborates velvet 
shades chiffon, and blends 
fabrics, creating new possibili¬ 
ties. A master of colour, this 
season he worked with a 
muted palette, yet still created 
magic. The way in which 
Versace’s designs actually 
hold together is a mirade. 
Lacey squares were sewn next 
to plush velvets and then 
contoured to perfection about 
the body. His day suits of 
velvet were covered by 
Spidery mesh of black stitch- 
ery. His audience was open- 


L agerfeld’s mind moves 
at the same pace as 
the models in the Cha¬ 
nel show, breakneck 
speed. Out rushed Christy. 
Linda, Naomi and Claudia, 
and out rushed Lagerfeld's 
ideas, at times too fast to 
appreciate his clever crafts¬ 
manship. Ragged fringing, a 
crezy-paving patchwork of 
chiffon overlaid with erejK, 
and tweedy-looking knits 
made his modem cutting-edge 
designs look even tougher. 
Lagerfeld knows there is a 
concrete jungle, but from the 
luxury of his salon he wishes it 
to be paved in gold. 

One can only hope that 
these designers, and others 
like them, pursue such expert- 

_ - * - - roaffuJA- 

wear arena,, which will, in 
turn, act as an influence for the 
whole marketplace, so that 
oik day everyone will get the 
chance to experience a little of 
this new alcheiuy- 
For me, haute couture is a 
bubble which must never 
burst Imagine what a horrid 
place the world would be 
without tiie chance to see 
dreams come true. 

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Hartads Ud, Rnigksbridge, London SWT. 



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Matthew Parris 

■ Is it a fair law that allows the - 
prosecution of two men simply because 
they live together? 

L ast Wednesday, short¬ 
ly after 2pm, I was at 
Rochester Row police 
station. For me it marked 
the opening chapter to a 
story which could be over 
within months, or might 
last years. 

It wa5 not I who was 
wanted for questioning, 
though 20 years ago it very 
well could have been. The 
rwo people whom police 
officers had travelled from 
Exeter to interrogate were 
Will Parry and Hugo 
Greenhalgh: two of the 
brightest, most decent, nor¬ 
mal, unthreatening people 
you could hope to meet One 
of them. Mr Parry, was 
25; and the other, Mr 
Greenhalgh. was 20..They 
have been living together as 
a couple. 

Of them, more in a mo¬ 
ment but first a personal 
word. Maybe you are think¬ 
ing, "here he goes again". 
You may feel that I have an 
axe to grind; “he would say 
that wouldn’t he". Or you 
may just find me repeti¬ 
tious. 1 confess I am unsure 
what balance to strike, and 
it troubles me. When you 
feel very deeply about some¬ 
thing it is not easy to know, 
and 1 do not know, atwhar 

point you begin to _ 

abuse your read¬ 
ers’ hospitality. 

Nor, perhaps, are 
you properly con¬ 
scious that your 
own opinions 
may be less valu¬ 
able than the 
opinions of those 
who write with¬ 
out personal in¬ 
volvement Nor is 
it edifying to see a 
writer who is 

ready enough to _ 

offend, develop a 
sudden tenderness for the 
feelings-of one minority. To 
this 1 adrrwt. 1 should like to 
apologise to those whose 
patience it tests. Caught 
between the knowledge that 
some will not forjpve me for 
persisting with this, and the 
knowledge that I should not 
forgive myself for failing to. 

I am truly embarrassed 
But these two people have 
such courage that every¬ 
body should know. Their 
story began some time ago 
when they volunteered to 
allow their own relationship 
to be taken as a test case to 
the European Court of Hu¬ 
man Rights. Their argu¬ 
ment is that, as two adult 
British citizens, their right 
to five with each other in a 
full relationship ought to be 
respected under our law. At 
present (one of them being 
under 21 ) their partnership 
can be, in its sexual aspect, a 
criminal offence. Stonewall, 
a lobbying group of which 1 
am a member, is backing 

Both had appeared on a 
Radio 4 programme. Bus 
Stop, where they made their 
relationship dear. An of¬ 
ficer of an organisation 
called the Conservative 
Family Campaign felt this 
should be used as evidence 
for a prosecution, and made 
a complainx against them in 

Pity the police. The fact 
that one of two men who 
have made love to each 
other is under 21 does not 

‘Both came 
out of the 
shaken and 
a bit 


mean a prosecution is auto¬ 
matic. Guidelines exist 
within the prosecution ser¬ 
vice — rather complex 
guidelines, involving the 
precise age and relationship 
of both.—and these usually 
determine the decision 
whether to prosecute. 

The guidelines are secret 
Neither the public nor the 
House of Caramons is 
allowed to know them. Yet 
they make the taw! They 
define what will be enforced 
and what ignored. 

I find this unsatisfactory. 
By drawing a statute's sting 
in hard or easily publi- 
cisable cases, it serves to 
delay proper reform. In this 
case it would have been 
difficult for the police to take 
no action, however, for the 
complainant was deter¬ 
mined on publicity and the 
guidelines are not supposed 
to exist So Parry and 
Greenhalgh were-- sum¬ 
moned to Rochester Row. 
By the time I arrived, the 
door had slammed and they 
were inside, being ques¬ 
tioned separately. 

I had talked to Will, the 
older of the two, before¬ 
hand. He was not by then 
feeling very brazen about it 
It is easy to take a stand at 
the dinner table, 
and to cheer oth¬ 
ers on: but for a 
law-abiding and 
rather gentle sort 
of person, the 
idea of being 
yourself ques^ 
honed with ..a 
view to criminal 
charges under a 
law against sexu¬ 
al offences is 
quite horrible, 
and it would be 

_ him. not Hugo, 

who would be. 
charged. I think he is a very 
brave man. 

Both came out of the 
police station rather shaken 
and a bit frightened. Both 
had admitted that they had 
a full relationship, both had 
refused to give details of 
precisely whar they did 
together. They were told 
they will be informed after a 
month whether they are to 
be charged. 

It would be easy to invite 
your sympathy for Will 
Parry and Hugo Green¬ 
halgh, but it would be 
misplaced, and they do not 
ask for it. They did not need 
to face this, they have in¬ 
vited the publicity, and they 
will survive it The police 
will take care not to prose¬ 
cute them. 

Sympathy should be di¬ 
rected towards the thou¬ 
sands to whom this ‘ 
happens without publicity, * 
who have not asked for It, 
who are prosecuted, and for' 
whom it is ruinous; the 
suicides whose reason is 
never recorded; and to¬ 
wards the hundreds of thou¬ 
sands who live in daily fear 
of such a prosecution.-For 
them, these two stand'as a 

I teel ashamed, as a 
British citizen, that redress 
should now be sought from 
beyond our own shores. As. 
one who was a Conservative 
MP. I feel ashamed that ray 
own old party, in govern¬ 
ment, should continue to 
turn away. 

In Germany as in Britain, Maastricht is challenged by a different vision of thej^ommuni^ 


T oday the:case, of judicial 
review of the proposal to 
ratify the Treaty of-Etiror 
pean Union starts in. the 
High Court It would: be wrong .to' 
rehearse the arguments at this stage, 
though, as there is still some confu¬ 
sion. I can properly repeal that this 
p g gp is brought against the foreign 
secretary, that it is concerned with toe 
lawful use of executive power, and in. 
no way questions the actions of 
Parliament, the legislative power. 

A parallel case opposing ratifica¬ 
tion of the' Maastricht treaty is being 
brought before the Constitutional 
Court in Germany. The legal 
grounds .are - quite different, as 
Germanyhas a written constitution, 
the Basic Law, unlike our complex 
and uncodified constitution. Never¬ 
theless. the motivations are much the 
same. I did nor decide to bring the 
British case until the House of Lords 
— under a three-line whip on the 
government and Labour sides — 
rejected a referendum. 

Dr Manfred Brunner has brought 
the German action. From 1989 to 1992 
he was chief of cabinet to Martin 
Bangemann, a European commis-' 
si oner of strong federalist views. The 
central argument is that the Treaty of 
European Union violates article 20 of 
the Basic Law. which lays down that 
the Gentian constitution allows only 
for actions of stare which arise from 
the democratic principle. The trans¬ 
fer of further powers under the union 
treaty to those who are not elected 
democratically, as is the case of the 
European commissioners, is contrary 
to the Basic Law. 

The Constitutional Court is taking 
this argument very seriously, and is 
hot expected to declare a derision 
until October or November, after the 
British case is likely to have been 
derided. The Brunner argument goes 
wider than the issue of democracy. In 
his own words he is concerned with 
“a constitutional combination of nat¬ 
ional statehood and democracy”. 

The encouraging point for Britain 
is that Dr Brunner, who represents, 
an important dement in ' German 
public opinion, has a broader agenda . 
for Europe which would be accept¬ 
able to. British opinion, and — span 
from Maastricht—would be largefy 

Douglas Hurd. It would be far easier 
to unite the Conservative party 
around Dr Brunner’s views than 
around those of Jacques Odors. Of 
course Ted. Heath has moved from 
the'Brunnerite assurances of -1972 to 
■ his Ddoraan posture of 1991 

acceptable to our government He - Dr Brunner spent three years 
argues that “the Maastricht treaty" working in Brussels. The experience 

■ ' left him hostile to the present form 
and powers of the Commission. “The 
European Commission,'’ be writes, 

must be buried and a hew path to 
European unity developed, step by 
step, .The leaders of the 12 member 
states of die EC roust step aside from 
their personal political tensions and 
be prepared to understand Europe's 
position in all its complexity. Where¬ 
as they are seeking a federal Europe 
of ■ autonomous regions, the aim 
should be to create an economic 
union of affiliated autonomous 

To achieve this Dr Brunner advo¬ 
cates the completion of the single 
market, the integration of the Efta 
countries in the EC, and the early 
integration of “those countries to the 
east now freed from- communism, 
including the .Ukraine and White 
Russia ... the EC must open its 
borders to the products of all these 
countries without reservation”. His 
proposal is democratic, retains the 
autonomy of the European nation 
states, and provides for the comple¬ 
tion of the single market, the enlarge¬ 
ment of the Community, and free 
trade to the east Apart from Dr 
Brunner's strong belief that Maas¬ 
tricht moves the EC in the .wrong 
direction, his views largely coincide 
with those of John Major and 

“must be reformed and referred back 
to its function, namely, to act as a co¬ 
operative organ of leadership; The 
Commission must be reduced from 17 
to 5 members only." This attitude 
would probably not be accepted by 
the British government, which has 
strong Eurocratic sympathies, as 
does the civil service.-Nevertheless, 
the desire to shrink the Commission 
would have support in Germany and 
France as well as in Britain. 

The revival of Gaullism in France 
provides growing support for some of 
Dr Brunner's views of the future of 
the Community. Apart from the 
economic suffering caused by high 
French interest rates, and the threat? 
ened failure of the ERM, no one now 

supposes that the second 
.referendum on Maastricht would 
produce .a favourable ■ vote. In 
Germany and Ftance, as in Britain. 

- ptiblic opinion has been shifting 
against Eurocratic federalism; - as 
Douglas Hurd rightly claims, the tide 
of European opinion is now moving 
in our direction. 

The leader -of this movement in 
Ftanoe isTtrilippe Seguin, the Speak¬ 
er of die parliament He has 
described the . concept of European 
' monetary union as a “historical arid 
monetary: absurdity”- In a recent 
report from Paris, Charles Bremner 
wrote of M Slum's advocacy of “to 
politique autremenr — the other 
polities.-As a majority of Gaullist 
voters, and 130 conservative French 
MPs. voted- “non" in' the french 
referendum, it seems likely that the 
next-president of France ,will be 
elected by anti-Eurocratic votes.Even 
Jacques Chirac is starting to criticise 
Edouard Balladur forfaihjDg' to break' 
with Socialist policies: . 

One of the practical, ’advantages 
enjoyed by the Eurocrats, is that they 
know each other so well and see so 
much of each other! Brussels pro¬ 
vides a focus for their activities which 
their critics lack. They also have the 
advantage of the interpenetration, 
with the national bureaucracies. In 
-the 1945 election a Labour party 
slogan was “left can speak to left", 
meaning that it could get on better 
with Joseph Stalin; in the1990s there 
is some truth in the saying, “bureau- 
• crat can speak to bureaucrat". 

The Maastricht .treaty is 
extension ,-qf the jXivrere 
European Conran ssj on. arm is ®ere- 

foreti^tionable to C*nna^wlw 
think &e . Dr Brunner , # arid, o> 

. . ■ ithasnevorBnteshadttiefaena of 

- , making many of a 

broad*, democratic 
omous nations aware that tteyzre 
part of a wider. European movement. 

■ La politique autrement is not just a 

French French' phenomenon;, it 

in Germany and Britain- 

Some people .think- that those, who 
oppose Maastricht have been mistak¬ 
en oecause the treaty is a poison piU 
for Brussels. That is not.a ytew 
share, but it is one I understand.^ 

Certainly the rise of la pohtique 
autrement dates from the signing of 
the Maastricht treaty. It then became 
clear that the project of a federal 
Europe under bureaucratic control 

was an immediate threat. During the 

parliamentary dfibates in. Britain few 
people have spoken fa favour, of this - 
federalism. The Maastricht treaty 
was carried through Parliament on 
the perhaps dangerous arguittoit 
that signing it was the best' way of 
advancing British policies, which are 
themselves much closer to those of Dr 
Brunner than to the federalist Euro- 
-• crate. We are proposing t o ra tify 
Maastricht in order to stop-it 
happening. _ . 

Douglas Hurd may well be 
about European opinion; the tide 
may have turned. If, in Hegelian 
terms, Maastricht was a thesis, and 
the reaction to it in Germany, France ■ 
and Britain is the antithesis, we may 
reach a..European synthesis which 
-will not be quite one thing nor the 
other, neither Kohl nor Brunner, 
neither Defers nor S6guin. In the 
meantim e I wish Manfred Brunner 
the best of fortune in his challenge in 
the Constitutional Court For that 
matter I wish myself well also. But 
these are legal issues, even if they are 
legal issues m a historic context 

The prime minister 
needs a coherent 
range of new policies, 
says Peter Riddell 

J ohn Major often talks as if the 
endless rows over Maastricht 
have alone been responsible for 
his diffifultias. Otherwise; 
everything has been fine. Douglas 
Huid, the government's new concili¬ 
ator in chief, argued on Friday that 
because of the coming together of the 
end of the parliamentary debates on 
Maastricht and news of economic 
recovery, “we can go away for the 
recess with greater confidence than at 
any time since the last general 
election ” 

If only life post-Maastricht was so 
simple. This is not just a matter of 
whether Mr Major can survive as 
prime minister — events and elec¬ 
tions will determine that Yesterday’s 
polls in Christchurch ahead of Thurs¬ 
day's by-election suggest that toe 
government has so far failed to 
convince voters that the economy is 
really recovering. As significant in 
toe long term, however, is whether 
the government has a consistent and 
dearcut domestic strategy. _ 

.The official line is that the prime 
minister can relaunch himself after 
die summer holidays. Most Tory 
MPs can come together around a 
European programme of decentrali¬ 
sation. greater democracy and en¬ 
largement Bill Cash can be put on a 
working party, and an agreed mani¬ 
festo to satisfy mast Tray MPs, if not 
til MEPs, can be written for the 
Euro-elections next year. Domestical¬ 
ly, the party can go on the offensive 
by emphasising priorities recently set 
out by Mr Hurd; sustained economic 
recovery, deregulation, and improv¬ 
ing toe quality of public services — 
plus law and order.' 

The preoccupation of the political 
. world with Maastricht has diverted 
attention from these other issues. Mr 
Major is right to point to the 
fulfilment of a 'third of the Tories' 

manifesto pledges. More substantial 
legislation has been approved than in 
the first sessions after Lady Thatch¬ 
er's election victories. 

Activity should not, however, be 
confused with coherence. Individual 
departments have been busy, tighten¬ 
ing up asylum law, reorganising 
schools, setting up the urban renewal 
agency, implementing the changes to 
toe health service, permitting compe¬ 
tition in rail services (though that bill 
is in trouble in toe Lords} and so on. 
But there has been no partem. 
Nobody is dear what Majorism is 

There are still weaknesses in the 
government's strategy. Mr Major 
was elected Tory leader to reunite his 
part}- ahead of the election. Bui 
subsequent events have exposed toe 
contradiction at toe heart of the 

Major government: how far should it 
emphasise continuity with toe 
Thatcher years and how far should it 
admit some of toe mistakes of that 
era and emphasise a new approach? 

Mr Majors leaked amamenjs 
about “a party that is still harking 
back to a golden age that never was, 
and is now invented" highlights his 
personal desire to make the break. 
He is no son of Thatcher, and never 
was. except in her imagination. There 
has, however, been an ideological 
confusion. In some areas of public 
services, the Major government has 
appeared zealously Thatcherite; in 
others, as undermining its legacy. 
Privatisation has been extended into 
industries, such as British Rail and. 

potentially, British C6aL' y never 
touched by Lady Thatcher. The 
revolution in public services has been 
taken forward. Yet public spending 
has been raised, the main policy 
failure- of Mr Major, bcah as a 
Treasury minister ’and - as prime 

The Tories now need to develop a 
distinctively post-Thatcherite agen¬ 
da. That dx^ntnmeanrevsTsing toe 
changes of the Thatcher years. In 
some areas, redutihg toe 
Budget deficit it means returning to 
the disciplines of .the Howe/Lawson 
era. But many of the battles of the 
1980s. with the trade unions and left- 
wing town halls, are over. So, as Mr 
Hurd indicated, the Tories have to 
respond to current concerns over 
competitiveness and public services. 

The record so far is patchy. The 

Major government has put forward 
important hew initiatives covering, 
for instance, the ■ tathen’s- charter, 
private sector finance -for public 
projects, and deregulation. But none 
has made toe -intended impact 
because of a lack of political will to 
follow through the implications. The 
citizen’s charter is at heart a good 
idea far. improving the responsive¬ 
ness erf-public services*- but itjniffeis 
not just because af its name but also 
because cfpto^m tte bifoavrour of 
Whitehalf-and public agencies have 
been too^niaual and Stinted. 

Similarly,.toe potentially far-reach- 
: -ing propofols 'in last November's 
. AutumnJStatement to relax toe rules 
• on private investment' in public 
projects have so far had little impact, 
in part because of Treasury caution. 
This has prompted warnings from 
Howard Davies or tfae CBI that the 
whole initiative could be discredited 
. unless “real holes can be dug in the 
ground pretty soon". The review of 
government regulations has so far 
produced just minor bureaucratic 
.; gestures, possibly in part because of 
•toe absence of Midtael Hesehine 
after his heart attack Last Tuesday’s 
. seminar on deregufatira produced 
--nothing to convince small business¬ 
men, toe core of many Toty assoria- 
tions. thar government is making I 
simpler for them. 

These weaknesses matter, since the 
government has to have something 
fresh to say at the next election. 

■ 'Economic recovery in itself will not 
. - be suffidenf for victory. There are 
also risks in emphasising law and 
order. The forthcoming measures on 
criminal justice and the police (with 
the Sheehy proposals being heavOy 
watered down) reflect genuine public 
concerns. But however justified they 
may be in toe long terra, they may 
raise expectations mat are bound to 
be disappointed in toe short terra. 
Thar is not an argument for inaction, 
but rather for modesty in claims 
about law and order. *■ 

The future of the Major govern¬ 
ment will depend not only on the 
deep tensions within toe Tory party 
(the “bastards" and ail that), but also 
on whether the government has 
anything to say. At present its 
message is blurred. 

Nadir’s travels 

THIS summer's holiday tip 
comes from Northern Cyprus. 
Modern navel leaves much to 
be desired, the advice goes, 
unless one is fortunate enough 
to have a private aircraft. 

Asil Nadir makes an un- 
apologetic debut this week as a 
columnist in Scallywag, the 
magazine that needles John 
Major almost more than do 
his party rebels. Predictably. 
Nadir's first contribution 
makes much of his problems 
with departure and arrival 
procedures in Britain. 

The impeccably dressed fu¬ 
gitive relates in particular the 
Story of his return to Britain 
from Cyprus two-and-a-half 
years ago. “In December 1990 
1 had been helping those 
charming and stunningly 
honest administrators of my 
sabotaged company, Polly 
Feck International, in Turkey 
and the Turkish Republic of 
Northern Cyprus," 

When Nadir returned, 
knowing he was likely to be 
arrested, his flight captain 
was diverted from Heathrow 
to Luton because of fog. “We 
both knew that the real reason 

was that the Metropolitan 
Police preferred the honour of 
a welcoming party rather than 
toe bobbies of the Bedford¬ 
shire constabulary.” he ad¬ 
mits, “Wow! it was some 
welcome. Over 65 folly armed . 
police, flak jackets, guns, dogs 
et al. I was a little disappoint¬ 
ed there were no tanks." 

Details of his more, recent 
departure from Britain are 
sketdiy. “My return flight was 
just as exciting. Unfortunately 
I have lost the details... But 1 
do remember arriving and 
departing like a gentleman, 
even for a TEG (Turkish 
English Gentleman). I will 
return like one as well." 


hav e ha d his worst suspicions 
confirmed. The publisher Ori¬ 
on has just bought a fictional 
account of the writing of Ani¬ 
mal Farm for publication next 
Spring-.^ Orwell and Mr 
Blair is written from the 
present-day perspective of 
Farmer Jones's son Alex (ab¬ 
sent from Orwell's novel), a 

bey of 12 in the winter of 1943 
when his father turned to 
drink and he was left to run 
the farm on his own. 

David Caute emphasises 
nervously that his novel is 
“wholly a work of fiction", and 
knows Ins hero Orwell would 
not have approved. “He 
would be scandalised. His- 
sense of the ‘decencies' would 

Some lies are more 

hoAe^V bh-an others 

have prevented him writing a 
work of fiction about a person. 
He would have said it was un¬ 
true, which of course it is." 

• If MIS is embracing peres¬ 
troika, it hasn't told the Coll - 
ege of Arms. The smart badge 
— complete with a gold sea 

lion, portcullises, roses and 
the motto regnum defende — 
on the front of the security ser¬ 
vice's new brochure has at¬ 
tracted considerable interest. 
But don’t ask for a transla¬ 
tion. "We cannot discuss the 
badge. It’s still a secretsays a 

Lambeth walk 

AS John Smith struggles to 
modernise the parry's links 
with the unions, he has been 
spared an unwelcome blast 
from the party’s past. Red Ted 
Knight, one-time leader of the 
hard-left Lambeth council, has 
failed in his attempt to return 
to the political fray. 

To the horror of toe Labour 
leadership, Knight, disquali¬ 
fied from office tor five years 
in 1985 in a row over rate-cap¬ 
ping, had applied to stand in 
next years council elections. 

Now a report on Knight by a 
sub-committee of the Greater 
London Labour- party has 
robbed toe Tories of an elec¬ 
toral gift. It reads: “The inter¬ 
viewing panel felt that your 
answers did not show commit¬ 
ment to a necessary long-term 
improvement and change in 
Lambeth. It is essential that 
we have an acceptable public 
profile." The once loony-left 
capital of Britain seems to 
have learnt something over 
the past eight years. 

No resting place 

DOES someone have it in for 
Alex Falconer, the Scottish 
Labour MEP — al 6ft and 18 
stone one of the more conspic¬ 
uous members of toe Euro¬ 
pean parliament? Strange 
things have been happening to 
Falconer, member for Mid- 
Scotland Fife, ever since his 

role in having Jean-Marie Le 
Fen's proposed trip to Edin¬ 
burgh called off. 

Falconer's next hotel reser¬ 
vation in Strasbourg was inex¬ 
plicably cancelled, requiring 
torn to share a double bed with 
Ken Stewart. Labour MEP for 
Merseyside West, who is not 
only a former paratrooper of 
similar build, but a man who 
snores. Loudly. 

Lend an ear 

HAS Iain Sproat got it in for 
writers? Further to toe Diary’s 
note last week about toe ner¬ 
vousness with which he is now 
viewed by his former tutors at 
Oxford, comes news that he 
also fills the nation’s authors 
with fear and loathing. 

At issue is Sproat's opposi¬ 
tion to the 1979 Public Lending 
Right Act, under which au¬ 
thors are paid a fee for each 
library borrowing. 

Shawls biographer Michael 
Holroyd says: “As am minis¬ 
ter Sproat should be a friend 
to writers — if he hasn't 
changed his mind it will be dif¬ 
ficult to see him in this light I 
wont bad-mouth him — 
who knows, he may experi¬ 
ence a Damascus-like 

It's an alternative opera house, like 

THIS will surprise regulars 
at the Hackney Empire, toe 
north London theatre best 
known for toe likes of Lenny 
Hemy, Harry Eofidd, J ulian 
Glazy and the 291 Club — toe 
weefcfytaknt show with 3 cult 
following among Loudon's 
Macfc ' community. Senior 
staff from Covert Garden's 
Royal Opera House are con¬ 
sidering hiring toe theatre 
when the opera house under¬ 
goes its refurbishment pro- 
gramme from 1997-9. 

- Roland Muldoon, toe Em¬ 
pire's theatre director, says it 

j? “a very writing idea". But 
ne dismisses toe notion that 

brow fore will go ova - ft 
heads of bis regulars. “W 
“cp bting nailed down. Ye 
we <to pantos, on Friday w 
bad a reggae night, and w 
ao Ja m aican forces. But w 
are doing our first oper 
season soon, which is spot 
sored by a beer compact 
you might have thought tot 

reaWje drinkers were jm 

“to folk music, and oper 
people wore talcum powdej 
But you would be wr ong. ** 


-attBiifcil. ; • ■ .>■& r -Tr:r--tV>Tj;-3- ■ -.. ^ - Vi 

« Am n 1ft 

the times Monday july 261993 


The counter to Iranian-backed attempts gainst the peace talks 

Hezbollah guerrillas, backed by Iran, had 
rwo aims in killing Israeli soldiers and firing 
rockets into northern Israel: to provote 
jjialiation and sabotage the peace process 
Ifley have succeeded in the first In three 
strikes Israeli fighters have pounded 
Hezbollah bases and other targets, lcfflmc 
rivibans as weD as guerrillas and Syrian 
soldiers. For two weeks Mr Rabin held back. 
Now the largest assault on southern 
Lebanon since 1982 has provoked predict¬ 
able anger in the Arab world, inflamed 
public opinion in Israel and only days before 
a visit by Warren Christopher, the American 
secretary of state, left Yitzhak Rabin's 
government floundering in the old political 
and military quagmire of Lebanon. 

July has been a deadly month for Israel. A 
surge of rocket and ground attacks left seven 
soldiers dead, ruined tourism in northern 
Israel, undermined public confidence in the 
goj^mment and gave a golden opportunity 
ttmardliners to pour scorn on the govern¬ 
ment’s readiness to do deals with the Arabs. 
The events overtook the visit of Dennis Ross, 
the American special envoy, forcing him to 
shuttle between Damascus and Jerusalem to 
urge restraint, and overshadowing his main 
purpose, to break the logjam in the talks. 7 

Mr Rabin dearly felt forced to act before 
Mr Christopher arrives. He must hope both 
that domestic anger will be thus assuaged 
enough for him to press ahead with the 
remaining obstacles to a peace agreement 
and that a message has been sent to 
Hezbollah, Hamas and other rejectionists 
that no negotiations will trammel Israel’s 
determination to defend itself with its usual 
vigour. In a vote in a professional assotir 
ation. considered indicative of the general 
mood, Hamas has just beaten the relatively 



I Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone 071-782 5000 

Correctness of Maastricht challenge Road building seen in wider context 

15 21 

_ !5 - 

moderate Palestine UberatibuOrganisation 
in Gaza, where the frustration and hardship 
of bonier closure and economic blockade is 
winning daily support for tbe Islamic 
militants. Iran, stepping up subversion 
throughout the Middle East, is new seen by 
Israel as die most determined opponent of 

The days of quick surgjcalstrikes are over, 
however: The PLO camps were easy targets; 
Hezbollah is more dispersed in the Bekaa 
valley, has radicalised most of the Shia 
population of southern Lebanon and is 
directed from houses and cells all over 
BeiruL As Mr Rabin admitted last week, it is 
an illusion to think a massive military action 
would wipe out the threat from Lebanon. 
Israel has bitter memories of the morass info 
which such an illusion dragged it a decade 
ago. All options present dangers. 

Much now depends oniArab reaction. No 
Arab leader will openly condone Israeli 
retaliation, even though most would like to 
see the Islamic militants brought low. Most 
of Israel’s negotiating partners are close to a 
settlement and do not want events on the 
ground yet again to wreck 20 months of 
tortuous progress; nor do most people living 
in Syria, Lebanon. Jordan and the occupied 
territories, who have begun to see peace as 
both inevitable and desirable. Arab govern¬ 
ments will therefore press Washington to 
urge restraint cm Israel. The Israelis will iell 
Mr Christopher dial unless he persuades 
Syria to curb the guerrillas in Lebanon, talks 
with Damascus will remain deadlocked. 
None of this would necessarily wreck the 
negotiations. But frustrating the 
rejectionists' calculations will take courage, 
restraint and vision — qualities rare in the 
Middle East today. 


Einstein's foibles unsettle the myths of the secular age 

“We cannot despair of humanity," Albert 
Einstein once remarked, "since we are only 
human ourselves". Just how human the cen¬ 
tury's greatest scientist was himself is re 1 
vealed in a new biography, which claims 
that Einstein was a coarse womaniser, a 
spiteful father and a male chauvinist pig. 
Unpublished family letters portray a genius 
whose flaws have been disguised by decades 
of worship and whitewash. 

It is a truism that the private lives of the 
great are rarely as blameless as their ach¬ 
ievements. Scientists are no more likely to be 
free of human foible than composers or 
writers. Newton was a sanctimoniousTxire; 
Darwin was an obsessive hypochondriac; 
and some of Professor Stephen Hawking's 
admirers were disappointed by the sad 
break-up of his marriage. Einstein may have 
claimed that the “strict angels” of his work 
restricted his enjoyment of private life, but it 
surely no surprise that he too y/as prey to 
earthier passions. 

Salarious revelation has become almost 
de rigeur in posthumous biography, an 
additional rite of passage which die dead 
Aust endure, and there was no reason to 
suppose that scientists would escape this 
literary trend. A recent life of Richard 
Feynman, the Nobel Prize-winning scientist 
who helped build the atom bomb .in Los 
Alamos, dwelt on his numerous affairs and 
his tendency to play bongo drums late into 
the night - . . 

Asked by an encyclopedia for permission 
to use a picture of him beating the drum, 
Feynman was blunt in his response. 
“Theoretical physics." he wrote, “is one of 
the higher human endeavours — and this 
desire to prove that people who do it are 

human by showing that they do other 
human things (like beating bongo drums) is 
insulting". Knowledge of private character 
and habits can indeed enrich knowledge of a 
person’s work. But it is vital, in Einstein's 
case as in Feynman’s, not to confuse judg¬ 
ment of private morality with appreciation 
Of intellectual achievement. Contrary to 
Keats’S claim, truth and beauty are not the 

It is more interesting to ask why Einstein 
achieved sainthood in the first place and 
why his myth is now being questioned. The 
great scientist's portrait — part Charlie 
Chaplin, part Albert Schweitzer — is one of 
the mosr popular poster images of the 
century.-His brain, the nearest thing to a 
holy relic in the nuclear age, has been 
analysed solemnly for dues to the origins of 
genius, while his formula, E-MC a , remains 
a sacred hieroglyph for millions who do not 
understand iL 

In a worid grown secular but not prepared 
fo embrace nihilism, Einstein filled the role 
of Isaiah or John the Baptist, a pacifist 
prophet of new ideas and new meanings. He 
epitomised an age in which science had 
become a quasi-religion, in which Conrad’s 
agent provocateur in The Secret Agent chose 
the Greenwich Observatory as his target for 
bomb attack, knowing that the middle 
dasses would be most outraged by an 
^ assault on a citadel of progress. Einstein’s 
remark that “God is cunning, but he is not 
malevolent" suggested that the modem 
priesthood of scientists would eventually 
decode the divine cunning and plot a bold 
new! course for mankind. It is perhaps 
because they have not, that we must now 
fare how human their master really was. 


The markets no longer believe in the ERM 

in’s parliamentary wrangles last week 
cted only limited attention on the other 
of the Channel. Observers there were 
lore interested in the real-threat to the 
e Maastricht process, the collapsing 
pean exchange rate mechanism, 
issive official intervention has can- 
d market pressures only temporarily. " 
french franc remains highly vulnerable 
he threat now. involves the Belgian and - 
sh currencies as well. The markets, 
i the comfort of a one-way option, are 
rig essentially the.same bet as they end 
ist the British authorities last autumn: 
in the last resort, economic necessity 
iver-ride political determination, 
e French oommitmenl to the franc fort 
longer and more emotional, than 
in’s ever was to its ERM membership. 
French can also mount a far more 
ndng theoretical defence of the franco 
letitiveness. Indeed, if the markets paid, 
don only to inflation and to the trade 
ice. as theory suggests, the pressure 
i be on the mark rather than on the 
. But although the franc is arguably ., 
ctly valued within Europe (an argy - , 
that was made for sterling ^stycujv ■ 
aanys internal dilemmas have created 

tinental crisis. ' . . . 

xd with the costs of reunification, me 
nan government has adopted - 
anomies—fiscal recklessness offeet by . 

pushing the continental economies into deep 

Germany has already suffered a drop in 
output worse than in the worst of the recent 
British recession. Hard-liners in the 
Bundesbank may argue, as did those in the 
Treasury and the Bank of England, that tins 
is a necessary cost of defeating inflation. The 
French economy, however, is under no such 
internal pressure and is now sliding rapidly 
into the same trough. . 

As a result, political opposition to the 
current polio:'is already fax stronger in 
Fiance than it ever was in this country. The 
anti-Maastricht wing in.the ruling Gaullist 
party argues that it is time to put French 
national interests first The currency dealers 
believe that sooner or later this logic wffl 
prevail. \. 

Hie case is not yet quite conclusive. If the 
Bundesbank council decides at its meeting 
on Thursday to put the interests of the ERM 
ahead.of its domestic worries, and cuts 
interest rates determinedly, then the market 
could remain : relatively calm during the 
summer policy recess. 

This would take real courage: the inflation 
statistics will hot be reassuring, and the 
German money supply is being inflated by 
the defence of the franc The currency 
turmoil is not on the agenda today when 
John Major meets President Mitterrand and 
Edouard Balladur. but the new conservative 
prime minis ter will almost certainly want to 
coordinate, views- Whatever happens this 
week, the calm will be temporary at best 
The markets judgement is that the econom- 
ics- tensions are too strong and the political 
ronitnifThen T too weak to sustain the 
Maastricht convergence process. 

From Dr C. F. Forsyth 

Sir. The Speaker recited article 9 of the 
Bill of Rights 1689 and "warned the 
courts against infringing the rights of 
Parliament when they dealt with the 
legal challenge to ratification {of the 
Maastricht treaty]" (report. July 22). 
But, even supposing Lord Rees- 
Mogg’s application for judicial review 
did infringe the rights of Parliament, 
the Speaker surely cannot have sup¬ 
posed thai the judiciary would be 
unaware of article 9 or would be 
influenced in their decision in die 
slightest by extra-curia! remarks even 
when they emanate from the Speak¬ 
er’s diair. Tbe day that happens 
judicial independence ends. 

. Article 9 does say that “proceedings 
in Parliament ought not to be im¬ 
peached or questioned in any Courts 
Isicj”. but it must be plain to all except 
Mr Tony Berm (article. July 22) that 
Lord Rees-Mogg’s application does 
not question "proceedings in Par¬ 
liament". He says that parts of the 
treaty that have not been approved by 
Parliament increase the power of the 
European Assembly. He says that 
such approval is required by section 6 
of the European Assembly Elections 
Act 1978 and thus he is asking the 
coots to stop die government — not 
Parliament — from breaching the law 
as laid down fry Parliament 

All the courts are being asked to do 
is to interpret and then enforce an Act 
of feriiament. something that every 
court does every day. 

Lord Hailsham (article, July 21) 
asserts that Lord Rees-Mogg's appli¬ 
cation raises the issue of whether the 
judicial review court can pronounce 
upon the correctness of a purely polit¬ 
ical judgment by ministers. But the 
courts lack such a power. 

If Lord Rees-Mogg’s application 
succeeds h will be because ratification 
has been held to be unlawful; it wfll 
have nothing to do with whether it is 
in the interests of the UK that Maas¬ 
tricht should be not ratified. Such is 
indeed a matter of political judgment 
but the courts do nor have and, pace 
Lord Hailsham, do not aspire to have 
such powers. 

Yours faithfully. 

(Director of Studies in Law), 

Robinson College: Cambridge. 

July 22. 

From Mr Bony Rose 

Sir, No one has been more diligent in 
warning this country of the dangers of 
a tyranny resulting from a democratic 
majority than Lord Hailsham. and I 
am therefore surprised by his con¬ 
demnation of judicial review. This, 
and the sdeet committee procedure of 
the House of Commons, many would 
regard as effectively curbing a par¬ 
liamentary majority kept in line by an 
efficient whipping system. 

I share Lord Hails ham's view that 
in the final analysis Parliament must 
be supreme, ted as I understand ir the 
present debate is whether Parliament 
is e m powered to surrender its sov¬ 
ereignty. not just for 1993 but eff¬ 
ectively for ever. 

Yours faithfully, 


Courtney Lodge. Sylvan Way. 

Bognor Regis, West Sussex. 

July 21. 

From Sir John WaUey 

Sir. How right Mr Benn is to question 
the authority of the judiciary to inter¬ 
fere with the effects of statutory pro¬ 
visions by so-called judicial review. 

As an official, many years ago, I 
had a case under the industrial in¬ 
juries Acts in which a claim for a 
small pension had been finally re¬ 
jected in a way which, the statute was 
quite clear, must be accepted as fmaL 
The legislation had been deliberately 
drawn in this way. and so accepted fay 
Parliament, both to exclude endless 
proceedings and to give the benefit of 
thedmibt to claimants whose evidence 
might, perhaps, have been open to 
more challenge. 

A sentimental judiciary thought the 
statute was wrong and allowed this 
daim on a “judicial review". A furious 
minister thought otherwise but finally 
accepted my advice to “forget" the 
case, pay the pension and make no 
change in our procedures. But if we 
had then taken the judiciary seriously 
Parliament would have been faced 
with some very difficult legislation to 
restore the intended position. 

Yours truly, 


Brookland House. 24 High Street. 
Cottenham. Cambridgeshire. 

July 22. 

From Professor J.H. Baker. FRA ■■ . LCSSOII from hiStOiy 

Sir, Tbe Speaker, in responding to Mr 
Benn (report July 22) might have 
mentioned another privilege of Par¬ 
liament which is arguably of greater 
importance even than that mentioned 
in the Bill of Rights. 

It was clearly and authoritatively 
state! by one of the greatest of all 
English judges. Sir Matthew Hale (d. 
1676), in his treatise. Prerogatives of 
the King ■ 

Though the government regal be perpetu¬ 
ally and irrevocably senkd in the king and 
descendible to his heirs, yet is it not an 
absolute dominion transferable over by the 
king to another ... (and] as die kingdom 
cannot resume die allegiance and faith due 
to the king, so tbe king cannot se a regno 
abdicate or transfer the jus summi imperii 
of the kingdom or airy part thereof without 
tbe oonsent of the kingdom... and that in a 
regular and parliaments^ way. 

For the government, acting in the 
name of the Quern, to transfer over 
any part of the jus summi imperii 
without regular parliamentary au¬ 
thority (that is, by express act erf die 
Queen in Parliament) would be a far 
greater assault an the supremacy of 
Parliament than any discussion in a 
court of law. 

Yours faithfully, 


St Catharine's College, 


July 23. 

From the L eade r of the House of 

Sir. I do not agree with Mr Anthony 
Quick (letter. July 22) that a parallel 
can be drawn between the question of 
a referendum on the Maastricht 
treaty and the debates over the great 
Reform Act or the 1911 Parliament Act 
In both 1832 and 1911 Parliament voted 
to approve the reforms in contempla¬ 
tion. and in each case served to 
strengthen our parliamentary democ¬ 
racy. That is indeed the measure of the 
success of our current system. 

The question of a referendum, by 
contrast, involves the transfer of 
decision-making from Parliament, of¬ 
ten on single-issue policies. If that 
course can Be justified it is one which 
should be reserved to the most ex¬ 
treme cases and is certainly not one to 
be pursued with regard to issues for 
which the only justification app&rs to 
be that the main political parties are 
in agreement 

Incidentally. Mr Quick’s own his¬ 
torical recall may be faulty. I think 
that he joined the staff of Charter- 
house in the autumn of 1949.1 left the 
school that summer. He confounds 
me with my brother. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

July 22. 

Stratford’s plea 

From the Mayor of 
Sir. The chairman of the Local 
Government Commission, Sir John 
Banhara, has said that perhaps it 
would be better for local government 
if his commission's enquiries were 
confined to "examining only those 
areas where local people are de¬ 
monstrably dissatisfied with the 
present structure of their local govern¬ 
ment" fjuocal Government Chronicle. 
July 2). 

This historic market town with an 
international reputation, which at¬ 
tracts more than two million visitors a 
year, was downgraded to a parish in 
1974 after over 420 years as a borough 
concerned with managing the town's 

In 1991, a town poll showed that 96 
per cent of those voting were in favour 
of a restoration of truly local, truly 
accountable, govemment- 

Given that local authorities are 
enablers rather than direct providers, 
the size of the local authority is no 
longer relevant even if it once was 
considered to be so. It is worthwhile 
pointing out that in foe 1964 reorgani¬ 
sation of local government the City of 
London, with a resident population of 
less than 5.000. retained its historic 
separate identity. 

The call from the people of this town 
to the Local Government Commission 
and to foe government is that this 
birthplace and resting place of En¬ 
gland’s most famous son should once 
again become responsible for its own 
destiny as a principal authority within 
any new unitary body. 

Yours faithfully, 


Mayor's Parlour, 
c/oTown Clerk’s Office. 

14 Rother Street, 

Stratford-upon-Avon. Warwickshire. 
July 22. 

From Mr Stuan Black 

Sir. I echo your concern (leading 
article. July 19) about the absence of a 
tong-term national transport policy. 
Britain suffers more from congestion 
than any other comparable developed 
country except Italy. However, simply 
building more and more roads is not a 
sustainable long-term solution. 

The government needs to rethink its 
entire approach to Britain’s transport 
infrastructure and devise new mea¬ 
sures to tackle traffic congestion. It 
could make a start by 

1. Pressing ahead nidi road pricing and 
road toll schemes but using the money 
generated to improve the whole transport 
infrastructure, including public transport. 

2. Encouraging much better interchange 
fatalities between car and rail. 

5. Promoting 'freight villages’* along the 
lines of those in Germany. Austria and 
elsewhere, which allow lorries to transfer 
freight to rail for longdistance travel. 

4. Ensuring that integrated public trans¬ 
port services are retained and made as easy 
to use as possible. 

Failure to tackle the issue now will 
merely exacerbate the problem in fu¬ 
ture years. 

Yours trnfy, 

STUART BLACK (Chairman, 
Transport and Land Use Panel). 

The Royal Institution 
of Chartered Surveyors. 

12 Great George Sheet, 

Parliament Square. SWl. 

July 21. 

From the President of the Freight 
Transport Association 

Sir, If relieving the burden on indus¬ 
try means anything, the Department 
of Transport must be told to allow 44- 
tonne lorries forthwith. That would 
boost the productivity of our distribu¬ 
tion industry by £300 million per 

Allowing 44 tonnes would remove 
one in seven of the heaviest lorries and 
save 480 million lorry miles. Unlike 
the 40-tonne EC lorry, die design does 
not require the upgrading of bridges 
or roads. 

Allowing 44 tonnes would also 
achieve 2 per cent of our commitment 
at last year's Rio Earth summit to 
reduce carbon dioxide emissions. 

Yours sincerely. 

R. A. CLARK. President. 

Freight Transport Association, 
Hermes House. St John’s Road. 
Tunbridge Wells. Kent 
July 20. 

From the Director-General of - 
the Road Haulage Association 

Sir. Your assertion that we are facing 
Autogeddon is unnecessarily alarmist 
and extreme. 

At present, 1.7 per cent of the land 
area of England is used for roads, and 
this includes residential streets: thus 
the level of increase being planned by 
the government is not going to bury 

the country "under concrete and tar¬ 

We suffer already from being on the 
geographic periphery of the European 
Community, and the paramount need 
is to move people and goods quickly 
and reliably. 

Railways and waterways have a 
part to play in this, but they presently 
carry only 6 per cent of passenger traf¬ 
fic and 14 per cent of freight, and even 
significant increases would provide 
only limited relief for the roads. There 
is too much emphasis on environ¬ 
mental costs while ignoring the many 
economic and social benefits of road 

Charging more for road use, when 
we already pay heavily for this, with 
the Treasury taking some £14 billion a 
year more from road and vehicle- 
rdaied taxation than is spent on 
roads, is not going to help eiiher 
industry or the consumer and will 
certainly hurt our competitiveness. 

Yours faithfully. 

BRYAN COLLEY. Director-General, 
Road Haulage Association Ltd- 
Roadway House, 35 Monument Hill. 
Weybridge. Surrey. 

July 20. 

From Mr Grahams Leon-Struth 

Sir. 1 congratulate the government for 
having the courage to announce the 
widening of the M25 (report, July 23). 
Before the M25 was built, it took half a 
day to get from one side of London to 
the other, whereas it can now be done 
in an hour providing you avoid the 
rush hour, and the Surrey lanes were 
constantly dogged up with through 

1 would, however, put in a strong 
plea for emulating the excellent prac¬ 
tice in the United States of providing 
wide central reservations when a 
motorway is built, thus preventing 
accidents and enabling new lanes to 
be provided by “shaving off" the 
central space. This would avoid the 
need for lengthy public enquiries and 
the enormous expense of widening 

Yours faithfully. 


The Niven Suite. The Mansion, 
Otlershaw Park. Surrey. 

July 23. 

From MrF. G. St Clair Strange 

Sir. No amount of road building will 
ever catch up with the increase of 
traffic and no charges diminish it The 
only solution is for new vehicles on the 
roads to be limited to the number 
taken off them each year. 

Yours faithfully. 


Church Hill House, 

Harbledown. Canterbury, Kent 

Business letters, page 34 

Plonking good sense 

From Mr Leslie Jones 

Sir. Mr John Gere (letter. July 17), on 
reading of Graham Gooch spraying 
perfectly good champagne, asked 
whether a special “spraying cham¬ 
pagne" could be produced. 

As I write. I have before roe a bottle, 
clearly labelled as a grand marque 
champagne, identical in every respect 
to the genuine article. The label, 
however, is overprinted in small 
letters: “This bottle contains ginger 
ale. for theatrical use only, not for 
sale." As a lover of champagne I like to 
think that something similar is used 
by victorious grand prix drivers et aJ. 

Incidentally, a bottle of this spuri¬ 
ous champagne was opened, tongue 
in cheek, at a recent meeting of our 
society, causing both amusement and 
embarrassment when educated pal¬ 
ates failed to identify the ginger ale at 
first attempt 

Yours faithfully. 

(President Bromsgrove 
Fine Wine Society). 

6 Fordhouse Road. Broms grove. 
Hereford and Worcester. 

July 18. 

From Mr Sandy Atkinson 

Sir. Surely the great champagne 
houses have anticipated Mr Gere’s 
suggestion. No self-respecting pro¬ 
ducer of top-quality bubbly would 
tolerate for an instant the sight of 
racing drivers spraying it in all 
directions after a grand prix. Without 
doubt those agitated Formula One 
magnums contain nothing more than 
squirt-quality champers. 

Yours etc. 


21 Summerdale. Billericay, Essex. 

July 17. 

Assessment of NHS 

From the General Secretary of 
the Royal College of Nursing 

Sir, Jeremy Laurance (“Why it mat¬ 
ters where you live", July 13) high¬ 
lights the importance of toe recently 
published report fay the Clinical Stan¬ 
dards Advisory Group (CSAG) on the 
avaflabffity of specialist services with¬ 
in the NHS. 

The article, however, does not 
explore the intrinsic value the very 

existence of such a group represents in 
itsdfi and what if given the necessary 
statutory legitimacy, such a body 
could achieve. 

The CSAG was established in 1991 
because of the concern expressed 

jointly by the royal colleges at the 
imposition of the internal market on 
to the NHS. Our campaign centred 
around the need for an independent 
body to monitor and oversee the 
changes and produced a hard-won 

Despite this, die CSAGs powers 
are not as great as foe Royal College of 
Nursing (RCN) would like. The RCN 
advocates a folly independent nat¬ 
ional inspectorate with statutory back¬ 
ing that mosr effectively represents 
patients' interests and needs to gov- 

Lefters to the editor should carry a 
daytime telephone number. They 
may be serf to a fax number — 
071-782 5046. 

eminent Only such a body could pos¬ 
sess the influence to see recommen¬ 
dations through to implementation. 

This, however, is not the case, and 
the Department of Health is not 
obliged to act on the report’s conclu¬ 
sions. despite iheir profound implica¬ 
tions for the continued rationalisation 
of acute services nationwide. It would, 
however, be irresponsible for the 
government to ignore this expert 
advice and not take into account whal 
the CSAG has learnt from experience. 

Yours sincerely. 


General Secretary. 

Royal College of Nursing, 

20 Cavendish Square. Wl. 

July 13. 

Ring of mysteiy 

From Mr Brian R. Battersby 

Sir. Your front-page photograph of 
Mrs Stella Rimmgfon. head of MIS 
(Judy 17). dearly features her outsize 
amber ring. Shall we ever I earn. I 
wonder, what dectronic marvels are 
hidden within or beneath this great 
jewel? Surely there must be more than 
meets the eye. be it for commun¬ 
ications, self-defence, or perhaps the 
disablement of some would-be succes¬ 
sor to the Bond villain Blofeld. 

It is said the best way to conceal 
something is to place it in full view. 
Where better than on the front page of 
The Times? 

Yours truly. 


Longdale House, Wincle. 
Macclesfield, Cheshire. 

July 17. 

Oh, Mr Porter 

From Mr Michael Hill 

Sir, Dr Roy Davies (letter, July 12) has 
been badly advised. There are three 
direct trains daily from London to 
Hereford via Oxford. I took one 
recently and with the aid of a taxi (£30 
each way) reached Llandrindod Wells 
in just over 3^ hours from London. 

Direct rail access to Llandrindod 
Wells situated on the Central Wales 
line has never ban good. Five or six 
trains a day currently meander along 
this line between Llanelli and Shrews¬ 
bury. most of them Stopping by 
request at 29 stations on the way. 
However, at least the line is still open! 

Yours faithfully, 


12 Rowan wood Avenue, 

Sidcup, Kent 
July 14. 

Horns of a dilemma 

From Mr Peter Collymore 

Sir, 1 drive through Richmond Park. 
London, several times a week and am 
intrigued by a sign: “Important 
Notice. Excessive Deer Activity." 

I dench my hands on the steering 
wheel and keep my eyes skinned and 
the engine revving, but so far the deer 
seem to be snoozing excessively under 
the trees. 

What can the matter be? 

Yours faithfully. 


Barrington Cottage, 

Bywonh. Petwonh, 

West Sussex. 

July 15. 





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July 24: The Duke of Edinburgh, 
Chancellor, this rooming attended 
an Honorary Degree Congrega¬ 
tion at the University of Cam¬ 
bridge and was received by Her 

Majesty's Lord Lieutenant for 
Cambridgeshire (Mr James 

His Royal Highness this after¬ 
noon attended the Centenary 
Celebrations of the Sea view Yacht 
Cub, Sea view, and was received 
by Her Majesty's Governor and 
Lord Lieutenant for /sle of Wight 
(the Lord Mottistone). 

Wing Commander Christopher 
Moran RAF was in attendance. 
July 25; Mr Cyril Woods was 
received by The Queen when Her 
Majesty invested him with the 
Insignia of a Lieutenant of the 
Royal Victorian Order. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Mar¬ 
shal of the Royal Air Force, this 
morning attended the Royal Air 
Force Benevolent Fund Inter- 


BIRTHS: John field, composer. 
Dublin, 1782: Winthrop Made- 
worth Praed. poet and politician. 
London. 1802: Alfred Marshall, 
economist, London. 1842; George 
Bernard Shaw, dramatist, Dublin. 
1856: Serge Koussevitsky, conduc¬ 
tor, Tver. Russia, 1874; Carl Gus¬ 
tav Jung, psychologist. KesswyL 
Germany. 1875; Andre Maurois. 
novelist and biographer, Elbeuf. 
France. 1885: Aide us Huxley, nov¬ 
elist, Godaiming. Surrey. 1894; 
Robert Graves, poet and novelist. 
London. J89& Paul Gallico. nov¬ 
elist. New York, 1897; Salvador 
Allende. President of Chile 1970-73, 
Valparaiso, 1906. 

DEATHS: John WHmot. 2nd Earl 
of Rochester, poet and courtier. 
Woodstock. Oxfordshire, 1680; 
Thomas Osborne. Duke of Leeds, 
statesman. Easton, Northampton¬ 
shire. 1712: John Friend, physician 

national Air Tattoo 93 at Royal Air 
Fbrce Fiiiford and was received by 
Her Majesty's Lord Lieutenant for 
Gloucestershire (Mr Henry 

Wing Commander Christopher 
Moran RAJF was in attendance. 
July 24: The Duke of Kent 
President, The Royal Air Force 
Benevolent Fund, today attended 
the International Air Tattoo at 
Royal Air Force Farrford. Glouces¬ 
ter, Gloucestershire, and was met 
on arrival by Colonel Richard 
CoxweflRogm (Vice Lord Lieuten¬ 
ant for Gloucestershire). 

Commander Roger Walker. RN, 
was in attendance. 

July 25: The Duchss of Kent, 
patron. UNICEF UK. today arri¬ 
ved at London Heathrow from 

Mrs Julian Tomkins was in 

and politician. London, 1728: Sam¬ 
uel Houston. 1st President of the 
Republic of Texas 1836-8 and 1841- 
4, Huntsville. Texas. 1863; George 
Borrow, writer. Oulton. Suffolk. 
1831: Sir James Murray, philolo¬ 
gist. Oxford. 1915: William Jen¬ 
nings Bryan, political orator, 
Dayton, Tennessee, 1925; Benja¬ 
min Whorf, anthropologist. 
WethertiekL Connecticut, 1941; 
George Gallup, pioneer of public 
opinion polls, Switzerland. 1984. 
Irish rising in Dublin. 1914. 
Following a Labour landslide in 
the general election, Clement Att¬ 
lee became Prime Minister. 1945. 
Farouk L King of Egypt, ab¬ 
dicated, 1952. 

Churchill Trust 

Lieutenant General Sir Henry 
Beverley to be Director General of 
the Winston OmrehiU Memorial 

Appointments in the Forces 

Royal Navy A Royal Marines 
CAPTAIN: J K Coveil - Sultan as 
Capt 28.1.94. 

COMMANDER: F J Artfcen - 
MOD London 9.8.93; ARC 
Bennett-MOD London 29.10.93: C 
W Crichton - Devonport 4.1.94: P 
M Egenon - MOD London 2.11.93c 
A W Forsyth - Dryad 9.9.93; H N 
Gale - NATO Europe 233.94; D J 
Hughes - NATO USA 42.94; A N 
Law - NATO Europe 17.12.93; S C 
Martin - MOD London 1.11.93; N 
G H Moberly - Bath 6.8.93: K M 
Red fond - Rooke in Cmd 7.1:94; D J 
Sayer - MOD London 28.9.93: M 
W Stenning - Mercury 17.12.93; P 
M Wartfley - NATO Europe 



COMMANDER: D Pulton - 
49.93: A L Horton - 9.10.93; R P 
Slemon -8.10.93; B J Smith- 9.9.93. 

CHAPLAJN: M T P Ratids - 


The Army 

BRIGADIER: C Groves - to MOD 

COLONEL: A A Wilson - To Mod 
26.7.93; C S Grant - To MOD 
26.7.93; J M W Stenhouse - To HQ 
Scotland 30.7.93. 

Dawdle RLC -To MOD 30.7.93: S 
M Gledhfll RA - To be CO 16 AD 
Rest 26.7.93; R C Gray RLC - To 
HQ SDIST26.7.93; PN Hinde U - 
To MOD 1.8.93: A W J Kennett 
para - To RMAS 26.7.93; R N A 
Lewis 10 GR - To Brit Lias Tm 
Kuwait. J-8.93.-J S Newman-Chrter 
RLC - To be Camdt JSMTC 
Scotland 27.7.93: S J L Roberts 1G - 
To be CO 1IG 26.7.93: C C Wilson 
RA-To be CO 47 Regt RA 30.7.93; J 
S Campbell RLC - lb LSP Angola 
28.7.93; J R Ibbotson Para-To RAF 
CranweO 26.7.93: C M I Tennent 
KRH - To be CO EMid UOTC. 
26.7.93; J F Sldpworth RAMC to 
RAM CoD 9.8.93; M J S toman 

COLONEL: S R Nathan Late AAC 
31.7.93; M R Newby Late REME 

Newton RADC 78.93- 

Nature notes 

YOUNG mistle thrushes are feed¬ 
ing with their parents on playing- 
fields: they have a more blotchy 
white appearance than the sleek 
brown adults, bvu both young and 
old tih to one side as they fly up, 
showing the characteristic silvery 
underwing. They are often 
accompanied on the grass by 
flocks of lumbering wood pigeons 
and quick-moving starlings. Many 
house-martins have started second 
broods, but the young from the 
first brood still come back to roost 
in the mud nest under the eaves. 
Young green woodpeckers are out 
and about in the trees: they roost in 
the same hole, and somet im es 
sunbathe dose together on the 

Two prickly-leaved members of 
the dandelion family are in flower, 
hawkweed ax-tongue, whose 
yellow flowers are often pink 
beneath, and bristly ax-tongue, 
which has white pimples all over 

The mistie thrush 

its leaves. In waste places there are 
tall dumps of mugwon. which has 
small woolly orange flowers, and 
dark green leaves with soft white 
undersides. A lilac glow is spread¬ 
ing over the flowerheads of teasel, 
which are like small lamps behind 
protective spines. Gatekeeper 
butterflies are settling on the 
fragrant pink flowers of marjo¬ 
ram: their orange wings are neatly 
framed in brown. DJM 

TRADE: 071 481 1982 
PRIVATE: 071 481 4000 

tip by Christopher’s 

and the actress Liza Goddard who yesterday 
Centre, MiHbrook, Surrey. Tramp was saved 
Co Durham, who nursed him back to health 

Today’s royal 

The Duke of Kent will take the 
salute at the Royal Tournament at 
Earls Court at 7.15. 

Hie Duchess of Kent, patron, wifl 
open Yorkshire County Cricket 
Club's new pavilion at Headingiey 
at 3.00. 

Princess Alexandra will meet 
members of the Jersey branch of 
BACUP (British Association of 
Cancer United Patients) at 1.40; 
will visit the Jersey Cheshire 
Home at Eric Young Hwse. St 
Helier, at 2-25 to mark its 10th 
anniversary; and visit the head¬ 
quarters of the Deportment of 
Agriculture and Fisheries at How¬ 
ard Davis Farm a! 335. 

Memorial services 

Uentraant-General Sir Ian Jacob 
A Service of Thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Lieutenant-Gen¬ 
eral Sir lan Jacob will be held in Si 
Margaret's Church. Westminster 
Abbey, at noon mi Wednesday, 
October 13.1993. Those intending 
to be present at the Service are 
asked to apply for tickets in 
writing, by not later than Septem¬ 
ber 22. enclosing a stamped ad¬ 
dressed envelope ter The Assistant 
Receiver General (Protocol). Room 
13. The Chapter Office. 20 Dean's 
Yard. Westminster Abbey. 
London. SW1P 3PA. Tickets will be 
posted on September 29. 

Dame Joyce Bishop 
A Service of Thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Dame Joyce 
Bishop will be held in St Mar¬ 
garet’s Church, Westminster Ab¬ 
bey. at noon on Monday. October 
4. 1993. Tickets are not required 
but those intending to be present 
are asked to notify in writing: The 
Assistant Receiver General (Proto¬ 
col). Roam 4 20 Dean* Yard. 
Westminster Abbey. London. 
SW1P3PA. so that the appropriate 
seating arrangments can be made. 

Guild of 

The following n^re elected to office 
for the ensuing year 1993/94 
Victor Green. Master; David Cart¬ 
wright. Upper Warden: Ken 
Barnes. Middle Warden: Jeremy 
Beech. Renter Warden: Frank 
David. Under Warden. 


Coontil ofVoluntary Welfare 

Sir Kenneth Macdonald. KCB. is 
appointed Chairman of the Couth 
efi of Voluntary Welfare Work in 
succession to the late Sir Ewwi 
Broadbent, KCB, CMG. 


Researchers shed a little light 
on Ice Age cave paintings 

By Norman Hammond, archaeology correspondent 

RESEARCHERS have gained 
new insights into the condi¬ 
tions in which Ice Age cave 
paintings were made. They 
have concluded that the cre¬ 
ators never saw their work as 
they appear in modem photo¬ 
graphs because the lighting 
was too dim. 

A study of the lamps used to 
illuminate the caves while the 
artists were working in them 
shows that each lamp gave off 
less light than a candle, so that 
multiple light sources would 
have been needed for the 
artists to have been able to 
see any of the paintings 

It has long been assumed 
that stone lamps filled with 
animal fat were used by 
Upper Palaeolithic artists be¬ 
tween 10,000 and 30,000 years 
ago at caves such as Lascaux: 
an example was found in one 
of the first caves to be dated to 
the Ice Age, La Mouthe, 90 
years ago. 

Sophie de Beaune of the 
Centre National de Recherche 
Sdentifique in Paris has now 
studied more than 500 puta¬ 
tive lamps made from slabs of 
limestone and sandstone, find¬ 
ing that around 300 were 
certainly used as such. These 
ranged from simple flat rocks 
with shallow depressions to 
elaborate bowls on carved 

The most complex examples 

were of sandstone, partly, she 
believes, because the material 
conducts heat well and a 
handle was therefore needed. 
The simplest lamps were of 
limestone, which is a much 
poorer conductor. Even so. 
some of the latter were deco¬ 
rated, as a recently-noted ex¬ 
ample in the British 
Museum's collections from 
Courbet shows. 

Dr de Beaune divides the 
lamps into “open-dreuir ex¬ 
amples where there was a 
groove to drain off excess 
melted fat and closed-circuit 
lamps, both with and without 
handles. The greater effort 
involved in making the latter 
was compensated by greater 
fuel efficiency. 

The fuel seems to have been 
animal fat Dr Guy Bourgeois 
and Dr de Beaune used va¬ 
pour-phase chromatography 
and mass spectrometry to 
measure carbon-isotope ratios 
in fatty add residues in four¬ 
teen lamps. The results resem¬ 
bled the fats of modern 
herbivores, including deer, 
pigs and cattle, but not those 
of humans or vegetable 

Dr Fritz Schwdngruber of 
the Swiss Federal Research 
Institute has analysed resi¬ 
dues from 14 lamps, finding 
that the wicks were often 
made of moss or juniper. 
Reddening of the stone 

Lincoln’s Inn awards 

The following students have beat 
awarded scholarships for their 
year studying for the Common 
Professional Examination: 

Daniel Ughtman. Magdalen CoU. 
Oxford; Paul Raynes, Downing 
CoU. Cambridge; Emma Godfrey. 
Christ Church. Oxford: David 
Gomez. St Edmund Hall. Oxford; 
Julian Manning. UM1ST. Simon 
Saiaedo. KebieColl. Oxford; Robin 
Wittering. St John's Col Cam- 
bridge: Michael Paget Bristol 
University; Paul Bradford, QMW 
CotL London: David Cadrrtan. 

Durham University; Aka Baflin. 
Emmanuel CoU. Cambridge; 
Dominic Loughlin, Manchester 
University; Ian Mitchell, 
Newcastle University; Thomas 
MhchdL Bailio! CoU. Oxford; 
Usmai Perveen. King’s Coll. 
London: Silas Reid. Trinity CoU. 
Cambridge: Robert Swelling. 
Trinity Coil. Oxford: David Swin- 
nerton. Merton Coll Oxford; 
Elizabeth Auckland. New Hall, 
Cambridge; Jonathan Hamm, 
Southampton University; Janet 
Murdoch, York University; Hugh 
Norbury. Worcester CoU. Oxford; 

David Ladipa BaHtol CoU. 

Late pre-pupillage awards for 1993 

The following students have been 
awarded Pre-Pupillage Awards for 

Satnara Choongh, Warwick 
University; Elizabeth Atkinson, 
Leeds University: Elizabeth 
Willmot, Merton College, Oxford; 
James Malian. Magdalene Coll¬ 
ege. Cambridge; Alex Williams. 
Merton College, Oxford; Sabrina 
lippell, Southmnpton University. 


awtei BT WBpT|! a, 






In* i 



Register OfBce between Mr David _ 

Hanqp and Miss Penelope Royce. was best roan. 

Thebride was attended tyLfdia A reception was hekUrii* home 
Griffin Rowe and Christopher of the bnde and me honeymoon 
Harrop. will be spent abroad. 

Forthcoming marriages 

showed that the wide on 
handled lamps was usually 
placed away from the 

1 hnnrilp. . 

Measurement of the light 
output at the Kodak-Path& 
laboratories showed that one 
- lamp could be used to find 
one’s way or to ffluminafe fine 
work in doseup. 

Dr de Beaune concludes, 
however, that “the limitations 
of Ice Age lamps suggest that 
die creators of cave drawings 
never saw them as they 
appear in modem photo¬ 
graphs. Achieving full and 
accurate colour perception of 
the images along a five-metre 
panel would require 150 lamps 
placed 50 centimetres from the 
cave walk 

“A person carrying a single 
lamp could only view small 
portions of the wall at a time. 
The dim Summation pro¬ 
duced by flickering lamps 
may well have been part of the 
desired effect of viewing art 
deep within a cave: the illusion 
erf animals suddenly material¬ 
ising out of the darkness is a 
powerful one, and same cave 
images are all the more con¬ 
vincing if one cannot see them 
too well". 


Scientific American 266 No. 3: 
74-79; Courbet Proceedings 
ofthe Prehistoric Society 5829- 

Dr J.CD. fisher 
and Miss fLA. Heath 
The engagement is- announced 
between Jonathan, son of the late 
Captain Roger Fisher, RN. and of 
Mrs June Fisher, of Snape. Suf¬ 
folk. and Elizabeth, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Douglas Heath, of 
Eltenhan, Staffordshire. 

Mr J. Helsman 
and Miss O ALA. Ball 
The wi wgwwwff is announced 
between John, son of Mr and Mrs 
Cart Holsman. of Rocky Rti*r, 
Ohio, and Ofivia. dau ghter of Mr 
and Mrs Piers BulL of Merstbam. 

Mr JJL Meyer . 
and MfosJ-MJ- Digbtam 
The engagement is announced 
between John, rider son of Mr and 
Mrs Kenneth Meyer, of Wimble¬ 
don.SWI9. and Janmne, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Leslie 
Digram. also of Wimbledon. 


and Miss STL Bridgford - 

The dgagement is announced_- 

between Tim. rider son of Mr and •_ 
Mrs Harry Pike, of GossaU, Not¬ 
tinghamshire. and Sophie, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Martin 
Bridgford, of Mobberley. 
Cheshire . 

Mr R.C.H. Ferard 
and Miss J. Benson 
The engagonent is announced 
between Rupert, younger son erf 
Mr and Mrs George Ferard, erf 
Nunthorpe. Co Cleveland, and Jo, 
only daughter of Mr Terry Benson. 
of Oiester-fe-StreeL Co Durham, 
and Mrs Patricia Ann Benson, of 
Ouston, Co Durham. 

Captain CR. Renwidt £ 
and Mis JA. tyfer 
The frngageinwit j$ announced 
between Captain Charles Ren- 
wick. The Light Dragoons, eldest 
son of Sir Richard Renwidt, Bt, 
and Lady Renwidt. Wbalton 
House, Whalttm. Morpeth, 
Northumberland, and Jane Ann, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Stuart 
Bush, Hofly Arm. Wewffing. 

Mr GXL Stoddart-S tones 
and Miss SJ.SvrinHead 
-The en g a gement is announced 
between Graham; ridff son of Mr 
George Stoddart-Stones. of 
Marlow. Buckinghamshire, and 
Mrs Ian Lennox, of victoria. BG 
Canada. and Shftn. only daughter 
of Dr and Mrs Peter Swinstead, of 
Bembridge, Isle of WighL 

Birthdays today Latest wills 

Sir Tfeter Carey, former rhairman. 
Dalgety. 70; Professor Gioconda 
De Vito, violinist, 86c Mr Vitas 
GeniUritK. tennis player, 3% Sir 
-Attar Hafl. diplomat: 55; Mr Mick 
Jagger, Rolling Stones’singer, 50: 
Miss Barbara Jefford. actress, 63; 
Dr John Kflgour. fanner director 
of prison medical services. Home 
Ofice, 69; Mr Stanley Kubrick, 
film producer and director, 65; 
Professor James Lovdock, sci¬ 
entist. 74 

Miss Helen Mirren, actress, 47; 
Baroness Oppenbean-Barnes, 63; 
Mr Lance BscrvaL actor and 
singer. 60; Professor Sir Keith 
Peters, physician. 55: Sr flank 
Price; former chairman. British 
Waterways Board. 71; Sr Derek 
Rkhes, diplomat. 8L Miss Bernice 
Rubens, writer and director. 65; 
Professor Sir John Stalhrortfay, 
obstetrician and gynaecologist, 87; 
Lord Tborneycrofi. CH, 84; Mr 
M-H.W. Weils, former chairman. 
Charterhcose Japhet. 66; Dr Anne 
Wright. vkeriiHflceUor. Sunder¬ 
land University. 47. 

Deputy lieutenants 

Perth and Kinross 
Alastair S F Mair, of Criefl. and 
Captain A D Gordon, of Biair 
AlhoO. have been appointed Dep¬ 
uty lieutenants for Perth and 

Baron Rosa of Newport of 
Knighton. Powys. Liberal MP for 
the Isle of Wight 19744987. left 
estate vahted at £18^212 net 
Mr William Mark Hughes, of 
Ilanfihangd Y Pennant. Tywyn. 
Gwynedd. Labour MP for Dur¬ 
ham. 1970-83, and for the City of 
Durham, 1983-87, left estate valued 
at £147.599 net 

Mr Harry DtmnicfiK n£ 
Frampton Cotterefl, Avon. l£ 
estate valued at £469332 net 
He left personal legacies totalling 
U4300, El.000 to the WWF. and 
the residue equally between 
Oxfam. Sayethe ctmoren Fund, 
Christian Aid and die Children’s 

Lady Anne Elaine Primula Bry¬ 
ant of London SW7, widow of Sir 
Anthony Bream, the historian, and 
daughter of Bertram Brooke, HH 
Tuna Muda of Sarawak, left estate 
valued at £299363 net 
Sbeleft £3,000 tn Sheepstor 
Parochial Church Council, Devon, 

Harrow school 

Other estates include (net before 


Mrs Ethel Nora McFarias&of 

Bridcet Wood. Hem-£704:699 

Mr Devoid Stewart Lawford 
Rojpk of Worthing, West Sussex, 
retired company director £524393 
Agnes Mvison Room, of London 

NW3---- £620,056 

Mr Nathaniel Wand, of Pinna-, 
northwest London_£761.269. 

FAX: 071 481 9313 
FAX: 071 782 7828 

Tims we nave come to knew 
and believe to BMkmwMdi 
Cod has tor us. God la love: 
tie who dwells In tow Is 
dwelling In Cod. and Cod la 

I John 4 ; IS 

CAMPBELL - On 1901 July. 10 
Lvn and Mao. a daughter. 
Alice Louisa Joyce, a tester 
for myiey and Lauren. 

CARtmrON - On 24tfi Juiy 
to DanMB (nfe dmbDcvQ 
and Rupert a daughter 
CFnmcoca). a ststar foe 

CMAMM - On July 21st to 
dm (nfe ThyneJ and Piutt a 
son. Ortawher Thomas 
Wflusn. On. grans 

MELROSE - On July 13th. ta 
Greenwich. CotmecttcuL 
USA. to Puhida and DavkL a 
son. Cafflum niqguM, a 
Brother ter Sarah and JuB*. 








JUTCWSOM - On 23rd Jtdy. 
at Hand Henuatead General 
HoodBH. Robert James. 
Hushand of the late 
Georgina, father of Margaret 
and Nett. Funeral S ervice. 
Thursday Jifiy 29th 12 noon 
ai St Peters oiurch. 
Berkhaimted. No letters 
Please. Famtty Qewen only. 
Donations If desired to SI 
Peter's Church. 

BerUtamstad. c/o J. Worley 
Ltd.. 48 Lawn Lane. Hand 
Hanpstend. KPS 9HL 

COMIAL - On Jufar 21st 
1993. peacefully. Antoinette 
Adattoo O veHs gton 

"Tomoita". In her nlnelMh 
year. beloved mother, 
grandmother and go) 
grandmother. Funeral at 
Putney Vale Cranabninm 
on Thursday 29th July. 
12-30 pm. Family flowers 
only Wease (no wreaths) c/o 
Ashton (081) 946-1QE1. 


26tf> July 1935 at the 
Church of Coruus dutstt. 
Malden Lane. WIUMd to 
Cfleen. For many years at 
Marlborough. now at 
Jesmond, NewcnOe upon 

JOWtSTOH - On J(Uy 23rtt 
1993. suddenly but 
peacefully at Maidstone 
HospttaL Murray aped 03 
yean. Moved tun&and or 
Diana, knrtng OUier or Rode, 
derated brother of Jku and 
DM Me Gordon. Service ec8t 
Peter’s CSuirm. Wdhani. nr. 
SsvBxaki on Friday tan 
July at 2JO pm- Ftaufiy 
(towers rady. Pds w tt ona If 
desired to St Petert Church 
Fuads c/0 C. Waterhouse & 
Sons. High Street. Brawash. 
E. Be. let (0436} 382219. 

MS ffHanli ct (WW eURtltK 

Moorifor rt Madame Flortan 
Uo&ard, Jews aatenb «* 

Madame Vincent HoBard. 
lean eutews el petm 
entente; to fanUDes HoBard. 
Mooed. Cottaefle. Molhvec 
barents et antes out la 
Wstea ss de ratre part du 
deote <te M onsie ur micm 

MslWd Cwmi i m s ieu r de la 
Up« (TUaruieur tro toe de 
g u erre 1914-18 crotx de 
guerre 1939-46 rosette de la 
MiMibw amw dd wd Ser- 
vtee Order (D&O.) s u r veuu 
dm ■ 96ene amk 
L hUmmanoa a eu lieu (tons 
la plus stride huindte A 
Goruto OterauHX Le rf a utu 
AGJR a la tmiene dr telrc 
pari du dfcta du Oaiond 
MkM HoUard oui erfa at 
cwumanda le rfo e au AtSR 
pendant to seaside guerre 
mendlah. U Colonel Mkhd 
Hoflard a erw et toittttUM 
psidanl la 2 toK guerre 
mondWe le rteem Acm 
flow racoon a tecMw 
pgur la causa antea. Avee son 

tea wv rn la ptupurt des 
bases de lanmoii puls 
Parrot du V.J die-nteme. 
avanl sa mtse en ser v ice. 
Ii ennstta n i aus forces attrtas 
do rfduire par Pavtattan 
ruwrtm du toCM* 
pomtiei de oetto arm* et de 

MAUDE - On 214 July 1995. 
peacenaiy at bone. Hester 
Joan, aged 90 years, widow 
or Brigadier K» Minute, 
much loved nottra- or 

or Ahanba. moat 
Andrew. Victoria. WHteni 
and Ben. Fiuierai pvtvato. 
Fanny (lowers anty. Service 
or ThanJtepvlny at AH 
Saints’ cmam. Old 
HemfleM. at 3 pro or 
TZ mxsday Z9lh JUV. 

TRAVERS - HoBy Rose, on 
July 21st 1995 paaceftflly 
alia- 77 days Ofr. dan^der 
oT lain and Ocflorab. A smafl 
Pul wyemM twa r Br flop 
to toeft-Owes. Mucb lorad ay 
all todudbig me stefl sa me 
&CAU ai The Portland 

WALSH - On Jidy « 19 93. 
pcandUDy I70*n c a ncer at 
hone In Smaea. ERsabetti 
M a d el ein e wife of Osnwtt. 
mother ol EhaabeBi and 
OIMa and me late 
M a del ten e. D ra tf ia r or 
Dongtos and Beryl Amwar. 
Reotoem Mass at our Lady ol 
Ponetual Succour. 291 New 
Roan. Sanash on Wetoesday 
July 28th at 12.5 0 pm. 
loltowed tar laSennent at St 
Stesben-hy-Sa&aah. bandries 
to Mots Walter C PaMOU 
Teh 07G2 666' I S O . 
WHEELER - Psaceft&y « a 
nurelng homo to Notttnghani 
on Thursday 22nd July 
1995. The Rewod MkAate 
wheeler. formerly of 
ThettbnL Norfolk-Funeral at 
SI Peter's Church. 
NaOtocaara. on Tuudur 
27B« July at 11 am. to wfckh 
all Mends are tonrttod. 
Family Dowers omy. 

. nD/iriI.JD. . 1A. 

- OlltJjj ■ fr ™ E TIMES MONDAY JULY 26 1993 




Rani Card ini, Italian 

entn^enenr and yacbfaasaii, 
committed suicide in Milan on 
July 23 aged 60. He was born in 
Ravenna on June 7,1933. 

. , 

-" ■ Ljt; 

:a '' ialt f 




RAUL GARDINI turned die fttruzzl 
group — once a provinical family 
Business — into Italy's second largest 
private company, after Flat In a 
l ^country where a few powerful fa milies 
have traditionally dominated the busi¬ 
ness landscape, the hitherto obscure 
Ferruzzi dan became, to a space of ten 
years, celebrities on the scale of die 
Pirellis'. But Gardmi’S cavalier expan¬ 
sion drive during the mid-1980s’ equi¬ 
ties boom eventually left the company 
saddled with $20 billion of debt 

Gardini was known in Italian fi¬ 
nance as II Contadino, politely trans¬ 
lated as "the fanner" or less so as "the 
peasant". While, in his company's- 
heyday, Gardini was said to enjoy the 
epithet — “ft symbolises many of our 
values” — the suggestion earlier this 
year of sharp business practice Jed the . 
Italian press to change ft to the less 
complimentary H Corsaro — “the 

fT- But in the late 1980s Gardini was 
seen as a symbol of successful modern 
Italy. Expensively dressed, permanent¬ 
ly sun-tanned and never without a 
Camel cigarette, he enjoyed living in a 
style calculated to provoke comment 
He commuted from apartments to 
Rome and Milan, and a palace on the 
Grand Canal in Venice, to the firm's 
headquarters — a Renaissance palazro 
in Ravenna on the Adriatic coast —' 
which he had decorated in the style of 
an English country house (Barbours, 
tweed caps and Burbenys in the 
entrance hall). Photographed at the 
helm of some of the world’s fastest 
yachts. Gardini went on to spend $100 
million on one —11 More di Venezia -- 
intended to win the America’s Cup. 

Gardini* father was a' wealthy, 
authoritarian Ravenna landowner and 
his son determined to do things 
^differently. Business was always in his 
■Olood but he did not excel at school, 
never gained a mathematics qualifica¬ 
tion and quickly dropped out of 
Bologna University. He was taken on 
instead by his father* best friend, 
Serafino Ferruzzi—a successful grain- 
merchant who made his fortune trad¬ 
ing in cheap barley and wheat from 
Algeria and the Soviet Union after the 
second world war — and, in 1957, 
married his employer’s daughter, 
Idina. Like Alan Band, whose mar¬ 
riage gave him the collateral to start in 
property. Gardini was made by the 
match: Ferruzzi* own son had no head 
for business, and for 20 years Gardirn 
was his employer's righthand man 
and heir apparent _ .. 

Raul Gardini on board O Moro di Venezia in 1990 

. Their relationship was not always 
smooth: after one argument, Gardini 
turned Ferruzzi out of his car and left 
him stranded by the roadside to 
hitchike to a meeting. But when 
Ferruzzi died in a plane crash in 1979. 
his will unequivocally named Gardini 
as his successor: 

•The Fernna company* roots were 
in agriculture: it owned two and a half 
milhnn acres of land in Europe and 
America — growing com, sugar beet, 
coffee, rubber and citrus fruit, as well 
as raising 100.000 cattle a year. With 
Gardini as chairman, the company — 
last Becoming a one-man empire — 
launched a series of aggressive take¬ 
over bids, including, in 1986. a success¬ 
ful one for Montedison, the chemicals 
and financial services group. That year 
Ferruzzi’s revenues topped $8 billion 
and the company became Europe* 
biggest sugar conglomerate, grain and 
cereals trader, ana its largest producer 
of corn starch. 

But as the empire grew, so did 
Gardini* arrogance. In 1990, with 
company drifts spiralling out of con¬ 
trol. family shareholders stepped in to 
prevent him from taking over the state 
share in Enimont — a joint venture 
between the state-owned Enicbem 
Chemicals Company and Montedison. 
Montedison’s share was sold instead to 
ENI — Enicbem* parent company — 
at a. considerable profit, but Gardini 
was furious at bring sidelined to tins 
way.-.The fallowingyear. In what 

looked like a calculated insult to the 
Italian political establishment, he re¬ 
signed as chairman of Rsrruzzi, ap¬ 
pointing his 22-year-old son. Ivan, as 
his successor. 

Gardini had always turned to the 
sea to escape the pressures of the 
business world. Now he left for San 
Diego to launch a campaign to win the 
America* Cup A sailor from the age of 
12 when he began raring Lightning 
and Finn dinghies, he graduated to 
become the Maxi world champion in 
1968 and to win the right to challenge 
for the America* Cup in 1992. 

Sponsored by Montedison, he 
launched an extravagant campaign to 
win the cup and make the chemical 
giant a household name in America. 
Three million dollars was spent on the 
launch of the first of five America* 
Cup yachts (all to be called II Moro di 
Venezia). And. though the campaign 
cost over $100 million, the family 
group spent more buying up the best 
technology companies within the mar¬ 
ine industry and setting up the most 
advanced composite manufacturing 
plant in the world at Venice, where his 
boats were built 

The axe on the boat-building com¬ 
pany fell shortly after- B Moro di 
Venezia m won the America* Cup 
world championship in 1991 — a 
warm-up for the main event in 1992- 
beating tiie favourites from New 
Zealand and the US. Had Gardini* 
crew not wot. then the axe would 

almost certainly have fallen on the 
project too. Gardini, however, was 
allowed to continue leading his cup 
campaign into the finals. The Ferruzzi 
family, however, cut off all extra 
spending. For the last year of the 
campaign the designers went unpaid 
and all research and development was 

Remarkably. Gardini* crew came 
from behind in the Challenge finals to 
beat the New Zealanders for the right 
to race against Bill Koch* America 3 
but lost the series. 

Gardini had returned to Italy in 1991 
with a new business plan, which would 
have put him in sole control of the 
Ferruzzi empire. The family rallied 
together and rejected the plan — only 
Gardini* wife supported him. She 
then arid her 23 per cent stake in the 
business and the couple walked away 
with a deal worth, in cash and assets — 
including the yachts — $500 million. 
Gardini set up a new company, 
trading in food stuffs and mineral 
water. The Ferruzzi group was forced 
to put itself into the hands of the banks. 

Since February the “Clean Hands" 
corruption investigation has been look¬ 
ing into allegations that Enimont was 
overvalued in 1990 when the transac¬ 
tion with Gardini took place, and that 
the company paid out $40 million in 
bribes to the Christian Democrats and 

Raul Gardini is survived by his wife, 
a son and two daughters. 



Sir Keith Sinclair, New 
Zealand historian, died in 
Canada on June 20 aged 
70. He was born on 
December 5,1922. •• 


• vJLi-*’’-. 

*^'0 iiir 

i i, 4 - 
“" ‘ 

THE death of Sir Keith Sin¬ 
clair will appear to end an era 
for many New Zealanders. 
Since opening his account as a' 
writer in the 1950s Keith 
Sinclair had expanded his 
reputation as in many ways 
'the most representative figure 
in the maturing of New Zea¬ 
land* new sense of national 
identity. He exerted a cultural 
presence of high intensity, 
both as an historian (his 
professional mfitier) and also 
as a poet, critic, politician- He 
was. in his friend Eric McCor¬ 
mick* well-chosen words, “the 
country’s senior enfant 

No one did so many good 
and important tilings m the 
making of the cultural con-, 
sdousness of 20 th-century 
New Zealand witiv such easy 
■raid genial authority as Sin¬ 
clair. In his years as an 
historian at Auckland Univer¬ 
sity he was foremost in estab¬ 
lishing the genre of New 
Zealand history written by 
New Zealanders, within an 
academic awareness, emanci¬ 
pating itself from dependence 

Auckland University College: 
and also from a woriang-dass 
social provenance. 

War service in the Army 
and (hen the Navy (coming 
out as a sub-lieutenant in 1946) 

on its British colonial 
inheritance. - 

His own A History of New 
Zealand (1959) is 'certainly 
Sinclair* chef d'oeuvre and, in 
the view of many best quali¬ 
fied to judge, the most influen¬ 
tial book published in New 

Zealand by a New Zealander 
this century. 

Sinclair got his genial au¬ 
thority from high intelligence 
(shared by several of his 
numerous siblings), trained 
byschooling at Mount Albert 
Grammar School and study at 

the academic career which 
began in the Auckland history 
department to 1947. 

Sinclair saw-himself as of 
the generation formed to out¬ 
look by the aftermath of the 
first world war and by the 
experience of the Depression 
years and the second world 
war these experiences he 
identified as die credentials of 
adult nationhood. His genera¬ 
tion*' task was to set new 
national bearings and create a 
fresh awareness of Antipode¬ 
an human possibilities. 

Already writers and critics 
such as Rex Fairburn and 
Alan and Charles Brasch and 
Frank Sargeson had given 
impetus to that creative push. 
Sinclair, along with his aca¬ 
demic and literary collabora¬ 
tors. Robert Chapman and 
Kendrick Smithyman, added 
his own special zest to the 
enterprise. Academe, particu¬ 
larly its expansion in the years 
alter the second world war, 
was crucially important to the 
life and growth of a small 


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action for blind people 

LMdoaAssocunn tor me Bum las 

doagedttume Mtwwfievwrtmo 

dot hanfa to prtM* bate sennas to 
tend of pantaiysigted people: at our 
an tomes, ftrautfJ emptynen 
or raft WptaBwsem need 
A donated n ctnOBrt NWart a 

ReOTltfi Vfemay Road. London SflfiSOZ Tbep^ffi’1-732S?7'1 

lnmim*»mngrfwl»innflmi RegnmtChariirlto2050B 

to lift the shadow 
of diabetes 

and the link with 

■ Kidney cEsease 
i Shortened fife 


■ Heart dense 
I Amputations 

■ Bfadness 


WQueMAnneSwet UmdoaWtMOBD 
KK35rc«0CH«mVN0. vsm 

1 All these are dosetyoonneaed 
with Diabetes. As the leafing 
contributor to research we 
must find the curt for this 
stifl incurable disease. 

Vbur legacy will be a 
forever reminder of 
your will to help ts 
defeat diabetes. 

As a lecturer and then a 
professor (1963B7) at Auck¬ 
land, Sinclair was the gratified 
recipient of many awards for 
scholarship and poetry. He 
enjoyed visiting fellowships to 
the universities of Loudon, 
Cambridge, and the Austra¬ 
lian National University at 
Canberra. He published copi¬ 
ously and weD. His biography 
of the New Zealand Labour 
leader Walter Nash wot the 
National Bode Award for 
Nonfiction 1977. No one could 
have been more appropriately 
selected as the historian of the 
University of Auckland (as it 
had become) for its centenary 
celebrations in 1983. 

But Sinclair* range was 
never confined to the ivory 
tower. For a few weeks to 1967 
he was the elected Labour MP 
for Eden, only to be narrowly 
denied his seat to parliament 
by late postal votes. He was 
knighted to 1985 for his ser¬ 
vices to literature and histori¬ 
cal scholarship. 

Sinclair* detail in historical 
scholarship was his brilliant 
Origin of the Maori Wars 
(1957); and perhaps his most 
important intellectual legacy 
will prove to be his writings 
and activities to the area of 
Maori-Falceha relations, and 
especially to his later work on 
the Treaty of Waitangi eft 1840, 
currently a subject of contro¬ 
versy in New Zealand. 

Sir Keith died, sadly, shortly 
before the publication (ft his 
autobiography Halfway 
Round the Harbour on July 7. 
He married twice: first to 
Mary Land, by whom he had 
four sons; secondly to Raewyn 
DalzieL a colleague in the 
Auckland history department- 


Sir John Langford-Holt. 

Conservative MP for 
Shrewsbury. 1945-83, died 
in a London nursing 
home on inly 23 aged 77. 
He was born on June 30, 

WHEN he was first elected for 
Shrewsbury to the Labour 
landslide of 1945. John 
Langford-Holt was. at 29. one 
of the youngest Members of 
PartiamenL Thirty-eight years 
later, when he retired from the 
Commons to 1983, he sacri¬ 
ficed the chance of becoming 
Father of the House — the title 
gong instead to James (now 
Lordj Callaghan, who had 
also first being elected at the 
1945 election. 

John Anthony Langford- 
Holt was a young lieutenant 
commander to the Fleet Air 
Arm when originally chosen 
as its prospective candidate by 
the Shrewsbury Conservative 
Association. Legend has ft that 
he appeared before the selec¬ 
tion committee with a patch 
over his eye and his aim in a 
sling. Whether overcome by 
this'henftc vision or not — to 
fad he had crashed his plane a 
few weeks earlier flying down 
on weekend leave from 
Lossiemouth — the Shrews¬ 
bury Tories had no hesitation 
in selecting him as their 
standard-bearer (he was to 
fight, to all. II general election 
campaigns on their behalf). 
But there were other solid 
reasons for his initial adop¬ 
tion. His grandfather had 
been mayor of Shrewsbury, 
his family Lived to the town 
and he himself had been 
educated at Shrewsbury 

At first Langford-Holt had 
intended to follow a military 
career, going from Shrews¬ 
bury to Sandhurst and being 
commissioned into one of the 
Welsh regiments. It was only 
when the Fleet Air Arm adver¬ 
tised for pilots to 1938 that he 
transferred into the Royal 
Navy as a member of its Air 
Branch. He stayed with it 
throughout the second world 
war, serving with a Hurricane 

squadron during the Battle of 
Britain, taking pan in the 
attacks on both the Tirpitz and 
the Bismarck and finally giv¬ 
ing air cover to the Arctic 
convoys sailing to Russia. 

At Westminster Langford" 
Holt, though he always cham¬ 
pioned the interests of ex- 
servicemen, remained recog- 
nisably a product of the Silent 
Service. Never exactly to toe 
inteDectual vanguard of his 
parry’, he tended to keep his 
own counsel on most political 
matters while taking care to 
perform conscientiously as a 
constituency MP. (He was 
never happy when — as over 
capital punishment, which he 
consistently opposed — he was 
forced to go against the wishes 
of his constituents.) 

Knighted by Harold Mac¬ 
millan to 1962, he effortlessly 
qualified as one of “the 
knights of toe shires" who to 
those days provided the bal¬ 
last for toe Conservative party 
in Parliament if he had ever 
held ambitions for office — 
and from 1945 to 1950 he had 
served as secretary of the Tory 
backbench labour committee 
— they were soon put behind 
him. Instead, his energies 
were devoted to such bodies as 
the Commonwealth Parlia¬ 
mentary Association and toe 
Inter-Parliamentary Union, of 
both of which he became a 
pillar. He was, as he used to 
like to say, “proud of being a 
moderate". It was characteris¬ 
tic of him that his Labour 
“pair" should have been Har¬ 
old (now Lord) Lever. 

But to his last few years in 
toe House he played a more 
active role as chairman of toe 
Select Committee on Defence, 
set up to toe wake of Norman 
St John-Stevas* reforms. He 
was leader of a defence com¬ 
mittee delegation that visited 
the Falklands in advance of 
the war there and returned to 
toe islands on another com¬ 
mittee investigation once toe 
Falklands war was over. 

He also, at different times, 
served on the Commons Esti¬ 
mates and Public Expenditure 
committees. During his Jong 

period to Parliament he intro¬ 
duced one Private Member's 
Bill — designed to allow shops 
run by their owners to open on 
Sundays — but. like later 
reform proposals to this noto¬ 
riously difficult area, it 

Langford-Holt was only 66 
when he retired from toe 
Commons and was by no 
means inactive in his retire¬ 
ment. His main political inter¬ 
est lay to reviving toe fortunes 
of toe Primrose League 
(founded in honour of Disrae¬ 
li, one of his predecessors as 
Member for Shrewsbury) and 
he became Chancellor of toe 
League to 1989 (it pleased him 
that it was an office previously 
held by Churchill). Without 
his efforts, and those of some 
of his friend*, it is doubtful if 
toe League would still be in 
existence — it was very much 
on its last legs when he took it 
over and he, more than any¬ 
one, put it back on its feet 

For most of his life 
Langford-Holt enjoyed very 
good health but be suffered a 
brain haemorrhage while 
travelling on a London bus 
just over a year ago. Since then 
he had been partially para¬ 
lysed. spending toe past 15 
months in various nursing 

He was married four times 
and leaves a widow. Irene, 
together with a son and 
daughter of his second 


Sir LesBe Monson. 
KCMG, CR. former 
British High 
Commissioner in 
Zambia, died on July 3 
aged 81. He was born on 
May 28,1912. 

WHEN President Kenneth 
Kaunda led Northern Rhode¬ 
sia into independence as the 
new republic of Zambia nearly 
30 years ago, he is said to have 
placed a special reguest with 
Whitehall: that Leslie Monson 
become the first British High 

Monson was regarded as 
the perfect civil servant — a 
meticulous, conscientious ad¬ 
ministrator, yet also endowed 
with considerable diplomatic 
skiff His appointment to the 
new post in Lusaka reflected 
the rapport he had established 
with emerging states to Africa 
and their leaders. 

William Bonnar Leslie 
Monson was bom in Edin¬ 
burgh. toe son of a tax 
inspector whose family roots 
lay partly to Northern Ire¬ 
land. But his father died 
young and Monson made his 
way to the world largely 
through his own ability and 
hard work. After winning a 
scholarship to Edinburgh 
Academy, he wot another to 
Hertford CoDege, Oxford. 

He entered the old Domin¬ 
ions Office in 1935 and four 
years later was transferred to 
the Colonial Office, with 
which he spent most of his 
subsequent career. Promoted 
to assistant secretary to 1944, 
he was seconded in 1947 as 
chief secretary to the West 
African Council, an organis¬ 
ation which had been founded 
some years before to promote 
co-operation between Britain* 
colonies to the region. 

After four years with the 
council based in Accra, he 
returned to Whitehall as an 
assistant under-secretary and 

remained there for the next 13 
years, specialising to econom¬ 
ics. particularly the commod¬ 
ities trade in Africa. He went 
to Zambia to 1964. was 
knighted in toe following year 
(he had been appointed CMG 
in 1950 and CB in 1954), 
returning to London in 1966. 

His final appointment was 
that of a deputy secretary to 
the Foreign and Common¬ 
wealth Office, coping among 
other things with toe crisis 
over Southern Rhodesia and 
its 1965 Unilateral Declaration 
of Independence before retir¬ 
ing to 1972. 

Monson did not vanish into 
obscurity. In 1973, the year 
after he left toe FCO, he sat on 
a commission looking into toe 
future of what were then the 
Gilbert and Ellice Islands 
(now the independent coun¬ 
tries of Kiribati and Tuvalu), a 
mission which included canoe 
trips over the reefs of some of 
toe more remote communities. 
In 1975 he also published a 
well-received study on the 
process of de-colonisation — a 
subject on which he was by 
then an acknowledged author¬ 

But the work with which he 
was most closely associated in 

retirement followed his ap¬ 
pointment to 1976 to the 
voluntary post of director of 
overseas relations for the St 
John Ambulance Brigade, a 
job (usually filled by a former 
Commonwealth envoy like 
himself) which involved liais¬ 
ing with St John Ambulance 
branches to nearly 40 coun¬ 
tries. Among his innovations 
was a series of regional semi¬ 
nars, toe first of which was 
held at Singapore in 1978 for 
the St John units to toe Far 
East. He was made a Knight 
of St John in 1975. 

Monson, a reserved, pipe- 
smoking diplomat with a taste 
far Latin and Greek tags, also 
took an active interest to local 
history around his Blackheato 
home in southeast London. He 
could sometimes seem austere 
to those who did not know him 
— but appeared as kind and 
friendly to those who did. He 
possessed an engaging sense 
of humour. 

He often died an early 
example of racial equality 
from the time when he was 
working for toe West African 
Council to Accra. The produc¬ 
er of an amateur operatic 
society which was performing 
The Pirates of Penzance was 
so concerned not to upset half 
of his audience that he en¬ 
dowed Major-General Stanley 
("the veiy model of a modem 
major-general") with precisely 
six white daughters and six 
black ones. 

Sir Leslie Monson is sur¬ 
vived by his wife Isobel, whom 
he met when she was working 
for toe British Council in West 
Africa. He was actually occu¬ 
pying a British Council house 
which she felt should be 
rightly hers. Monson, ever toe 
perfect diplomat, discreetly 
moved out and their relation¬ 
ship blossomed from then on. 
They were married by the 
Bishop of Accra to 1948. They 
had no children. 





Their hosts in the Vale of Evesham during 
the week-end were given at least one surprise 
by toe South African farmers. The visitors 
had - never seen growing hops. They were 
anxious to know what was picked, and some 
suggested toe leaves. When explanations had 
been given, a lady of the party asfced how the 
pickers got at toe hops that were “on the top 
brandies." This pan of the tour was much 
enjoyed, but too much ground was covered 
and impressions can have been but fleeting. 
Mr. Paget Norburys fruit plantations pleased 
them when they went over them on Friday, 
but the Evesham market did not teach than a 
great deal. The display of fruit anti v ege ta b les 

was below the average, and even the early 
plums. Prolifks. were a sample which could 
not be expected to arouse any enthusiasm. 
Through hailstone havoc tie plums are 
rotting cm toe trees and the sniff marketed is 

The visitors were polite. - You can grow 

anything m England," one of toem saidwe 

have seen no better farming anywhere—but 
your system of marketing is all wrong. How is 

July 261927 

On a visit to the Vale of Evesham one of these 
South African farmers remarked: “you con 
grow anything in England but your system of 
marketing is all wrong." 

fa” he asked, " that a ton of stuff can be 
brought from Holland for 5s. 6d. and the 
same quantity cost 15s. for conveyance from 
Evesham io London?” He was Ibid that 
railway rates had been a burning question in 
toe Vale for 40 years. He offered no comment 
upon this, but* ft his face told anything it was 
that the criticism he withheld was far toe 
market gardener rather than toe railway. 

Do Captain J. Bomford'S farm at Fl&dbury 
there was much of interest to be seen. It was 
explained that Captain Bomfatti found an 
immense amount of work awaiting him on his 
tax he 

return from the war, but toot he had put 

things straight, and improved toe pre-war 
farm our of all recognition. He showed some 
wonderful lettuce, the crop bring a?( between 
young raspberries. Fields of kidney beans in 
brilliant scarlet and white made a pretty sight. 

At Hanky Castle, at Chapel Farm, toe 
visitors inspected Mr. E. Stevens’s Hereford 
herd, grazing on pasture that looked good 
enough for tennis court turf. Asked how he got 
such grass, Mr. Stevens said that when he 
started farming he could not rril why his stock 
did not eal certain grass, and was told that It 
was not sweet enough. “ What would make it 
sweet?” was toe question he had to answer, 
lime would do it, he thought, and so he limed 
and limed—with highly satisfactory results. 
Bunches of beautiful hull and heifer calves 
were housed in sheds knee-deep in dean 
straw. The bulls shown included Ferehore 
Smiles, toe Royal champion. Three huge silo 
kflns were seen on toe farm, and big Dutch 
bams were there waiting far the problematic 
hay crop. Many times toe remark. ' This ism 
run at a profit M was made. That seemed 
obvious, but men like Mr. Stevens do an 
extraordinary amount of good in the improve* 
ment of toe cattle of the country. The viators 
were given cards and each was asked to name 
a bull calf to mark toe occasion, an invitation 
to which there was a ready response 























hi 3 









■ 10 










: 6 






.-r'a* a 


MONDAY JULY 261993 * 

Major gaffe endangers Tory truce 

■ The fragile truce between John Major and the Tory Euro- 
sceptics was in danger of collapse after he bracketed three 
right-wing cabinet ministers with the backbench "bastards” 
spreading "poison” against his leadership. 

As a storm erupted over the leaking of Mr Major's remarks, 
right-wing Tories hit back angrily and other backbenchers 
complained that Mr Major's gaffe had snuffed out any 
lingering hopes of halting a liberal Democrat landslide in 
Thursday’s Christchurch by-election--Pages 1, Z 6,14 

Israel launches huge air strike 

■ Israeli warplanes unleashed a fierce retaliatory air attack 
against Islamic militants across Lebanon, provoking a bitter 
round of tit-for-tat violence that threatened to plunge the 
Israeii-Lebanese border into a war zone —..Pages 1,1Z *5 

School ( hit squads’ 

Ministers are to rush through 
plans to send in “hit squads" to 
take over the worst schools in the 
country after the education bill 
completes its passage through 
parliament today-Page 1 

Kidney failure 

London hospitals are allowing 
their kidney machines to stand 
idle for much of each week while 
patients with kidney failure are 
dying because they cannot get 
treatment Thirteen of the 16 hos¬ 
pitals that provide dialysis have 
spaces on their machines that are 
not being taken up-Page 3 

Healthy profit 

Manufacturers are profiting from 
the healthy image of natural yo¬ 
ghurt and frontage frais while 
luring children with heavily 
sweetened products, it is claimed 
by Britain's leading independent 
food watchdog-Page 3 

Asian support 

Winston Churchill, the Conserva¬ 
tive MP for Davyhulme, claimed 
to have received support tom 
British Asians for his demand 
that a crackdown on “racketeer¬ 
ing in bogus arranged mar¬ 
riages" should be a priority in 
curbing immigration-Page 2 

BBC enquiry 

The BBC has launched an enqui¬ 
ry into allegations that its staff, 
who surreptitiously recorded a 
private conversation in which the 
prime minister referred to trou¬ 
blemakers as "bastards", leaked 
the material—-—Page 2 

Irish warning 

Relations between Britain and 
Ireland worsened when Dick 
Spring, Dublin's foreign minis¬ 
ter. warned that Westminsrer 
should not set up a Commons 
select committee for Northern 
Ireland-Page 2 

Mother’s action 

A mother is launching an unprec¬ 
edented court action seeking com¬ 
pensation for her child, alleged to 
have suffered permanent brain 
damage while in the care of a 
registered child minder ...Page 3 

Quit threat 

Paul Condon. Britain's top police 
officer, said he might find it diffi¬ 
cult to continue in his past if the 
Sheehy recommendations on pay 
and conditions were implement¬ 
ed in full-Pages 

China warned 

Warren Christopher, the Ameri¬ 
can Secretary of State, told China 
that the US had “disturbing evi¬ 
dence” Ft king had made ship¬ 
ments of parts for medium-range 
missiles to Pakistan Page 10 

Dollar economy 

President Castro is preparing leg¬ 
islation to allow citizens to pos¬ 
sess US dollars, until now a 
serious crime-Page 10 

UN base hit 

At least four tank rounds 
slammed into a UN base in Sara¬ 
jevo just after a new ceasefire was 
to have silenced the big guns long 
enough to allow peace talks to 
resume in Geneva-Page 11 

Robot nose scents cattle sickness 

■ A robot nose able to detect cows with bad breath is being 
developed by British engineers, giving credence to old formers’ 
tales which claim a heifer’s breath holds dues to her health. 
The research, being funded by the agriculture and food 
research council, is part of a wider trend towards automation 
— from robot crop-pickers to a robot milkmaid-Page 5 

Home and away; Jean-Pierre Bern&s waving to Marseilles fans before resigning over an alleged bribery s candal . Report, page 24 


Cricket England were 237 far the 
loss of four wickets at the dose of 
play on the fourth day of the fourth 
Test between England and Austra¬ 
lia at Headingley_Page 19 

Yachting; “He is not difficult to 
spot A big bear of a man with a 
shambling gait, wearing a Stars 
and Stripes shirt as voluminous as 
a spinnaker. Big Bad Dennis is in 
town" — Andrew Longmore meets 
America’s Cup legend, Dennis 
Connor.—Plage 24 

Cycling: Miguel Indurain of Spain 
won his third consecutive Tour de 
France title when the race ended in 
Paris. DjamoLidine Abdaujaparov 
of Uzbekistan took the 20th stage, 
his third of the race..-Page 26 

On the rack: The European mone¬ 
tary system faces a crunch week as 
pressure grows on the Bundesbank 
to cut interest rates to protea the 
franc fort. The trouble is Germany 
has a persistent inflationary prob¬ 
lem —Plage 36; Tempos. Plage 34 

Tax penalty: Football dubs could 
face tons of thousands of pounds in 
tax bills as the Inland Revenue 
clamps down on payments in the 
game, according to accountants 

Rains clouds: Shackled to their 
stately homes, the aristocracy have 
been having a hard time. The lega¬ 
cy of Raine Spencer, now Countess 
of Qiambrun, is a symptom of the 
trouble -Page 12 

Dream world: “Haute couture 
makes nonsense of the real world. 
The clothes are born, live and 
breathe in a bubble." Iain R. Webb 
on the designers who make dreams 
crane true. ....Page 13 

press "extreme concern" that legal 
and accounting fees associated 
with the collapse of the Robert 
Maxwell empire might exceed £100 
million.. Page 36 

School's tin The final chapter wifi 
be written today in the year-long 
saga to transform schooling. John 
O’Leary explains what the new 
Education Bill will mean.. Page 31 

Unatormlng ttra Basttto? Hugues 
Gall. France’s nesriy announced 
TOmmander-tn-chief of opera, talks 
to John Higgins abduthis plans for 
la vie fyrique in France, and in 
particular about how to restore ar¬ 
tistic glory to the troubled opera 
houses of Paris-- Page 27 

True colours: A sdf-portrait ofa 15- 
year-okl unmarried mother, first of 
BBC 2^ Teenage Diaries of con¬ 
temporary British youth, proved a 
surprise to Lynne Trass — Page 28 

Armchair travel: Recent travel writ¬ 
ing. including Geoffrey Moor- 
house. Mark Lawson. Tim Cahill 
and Zbigniew Herbert— Page 29 


Diana Maddock. the 
Lib-Dem candidate in 
Christchurch is 
poised to overturn die 
majority, according to 
two weekend surveys 
Page 6 

Damon Hill was dose 
to winning the 
German grand prix, 
leading the field 
comfortably, when he 
blew a tyre in the 

Norman Shwarzkopf, 
America’s Gulf war 
hero, is portrayed as a 
bad-tempered and ill- 
mannered general in 
a controversial new 
book on the conflict 


Sink the Titanic 

■ They stack the videoshop shelves. They are the 
films nobody wants to see. But Hollywood stQI keeps 
making movies like Raise the Titanic ; / 

Perambulating punters 

■ Promenade performances can be very embarrass-- 
ing for theatregoers. There are no seats, no name-tags 
for the actors and no rules. So why do theatres risk 
staging plays in which audience and cast are one? 

The gravy train rolls on 

■ With litigation over the BCCI collapse set to 
continue Into the next century, criticism of lawyers — 
and their fees — is becoming increasingly harsh 

The octogenerian travel writer, 
Norman Lewis, ventures into a re¬ 
mote area of Indonesia and finds a 
tribe still living in the .Stone Age. 
Traveller? Tales: The Time Travel¬ 
ler {Channel 4,9pm) - Page 35 

New Maastricht crisis 

The real threat to Maastricht is the . , 
possible collapse of foe exchange^ * 
rate mechanism; and the resohiticn 
of this crisis has only been post¬ 
poned. The market judges foe eco¬ 
nomic tensions too strong and the 
cammftmflflt too weak to sustain 
foe convergence process—Page 15 

Relative values 

Scientists are no more Hkdy to be 
free of human foible and weakness 
than composers or writers. It is no 
surprise that Einstein too was prey 
to earthier passions-Page 15 

Israel’s retaliation 

Hezbollah guerrillas aimed to pro¬ 
voke Israeli retaliation and sabo¬ 
tage the peace process. They havj 
succeeded inthe first, but not neces-’ 
sarily the second. But frustrating 
their calculations wiE take courage, 
restraint and vision—.—Page 15 


The Maastricht treaty is a broad 
extension of the powers of foe Euro¬ 
pean Coanmissian, and is therefore 
objectionable to Germans who 
think like Dr Brunner, and of 
Frenchmen who think like M S&- 
gum. It has nevertheless had die 
benefit of making many of those 
who want a broader, democratic 
Europe of autonomous nations 
aware that they are part of a wider,. 
European movement_Page & 


The future of the Major govern¬ 
ment will depend not only on foe 
deep tensions wfthm the Tbiy party 
(the “bastards* and all that), but 
also cm .whether the go v e rnm ent 
has anything to say—^_Page 14 

Readers discuss Lord Rees-Mogg*s 
legal challenge to the government 
over Maastricht— -- Page 15 

The North American Free Trade 
Association isn’t an economic mag¬ 
ic bullet but it does no great harm 
'—The New York Times 

If Iraq ever adopts foe normal stan¬ 
dards of international behaviour, 
foe sanctions wQI be lifted. Until 
then it is on parole 

— The Washington Post 




I No high-living individual asks far 
minced fish (10). 

9 French article about a youngster 
in need of clothing (6). 

10 Exceptionally self-conscious 
people (8). 

11 Fence gives friend odd ideas (8). 

12 Having written hurried note, 
made a phone*calJ (4). 

13 Rserfess area of London? Far from 
iU (55). 

15 A quarter of the quiz will be most 
undemanding (7). 

17 She entertains those odd charac¬ 
ters whh a certain craft (7). 

20 Mediocre judge is after support 

21 Erect back (4). 

23 Exact bill a minister presented (S). 

25 Some retired reverential holy man 
— a monk (8). 

26 An enchanting woman, about 
fifty, in society (6). 

27 Son of fruit raised by the old 
miner (10). 

The solution of 
Saturdays Prize Puzzle 
No 19.291 will appear next 
Saturday. The five 
winners will receive a 
bottle of Knockando, a 
superb Speyside Singe 
Malt S cotch whisky and a 


2 Her Majestys place in Canada 

3 Gaum ramblers in ramshackle 
hut given no guidance (8). 

4 Not at all happy after a visit to the 
hairdresser? (10). 

5 Enliven much-liked feature of the 
church (7). 

6 Rook or sane other bird (4). 

7 “Ever let the fancy roam, — 
never is at hone” (Keatsl. (8). 

8 Green is to cut a rosy write-up he’s 
promoting (10). 

12 The opposition's dubious an¬ 
cestries (10)- 

14 Plane pronounced quiet — wel¬ 
come dial (lp). 

16 The Queen, perhaps, has her 
countenance on the programme 

15 Jack goes off it when without 
money (8). 

19 Delayed acquiring furtfw equip¬ 
ment for the new baty (7). 

22 Having pul in an appearance, is 
near collapse (6j. 

24 A tale constantly re-read absorbs 
him 14). 

Concise Crossword, page 36 


For the latest region by region forecast, 
24 hours a day. dtol 0091 500 followed 
by the appropriate code. 

Greater London _ 

KontSorray. Sussex. 

Dam & Cornwall. 


Bods, Hen* 4 Essex. 









West Md & Stri Gfcm & Qwent-708 

ShropaHereWs & Worcs-710 

Genual Mtflands—_-———-71 1 

East Midlands-712 

Lines & Hum&aralde.- 

' 1&( 

Nw England. 


Cumbria & LaKa District. 

SW Scotland. 

WCentral Scotland. 

E<Sn S Bfe/Lottuan & Bortiara . 
E Central Scotland ... 


CtfhnMnOrtmey & Shetland. 
N Ireland- 
















WoathercaJI Is charged at 36p per minute 
(cheap rare) end *sp per minute a all other 


For the latest AA traffic and road¬ 
works information, 24 hoiss a day, 
dial 0336 401 followed by the 
appropriate code. 

London a SE traffic, roadworks 

C. London (within N & S Circa.)_731 

M-ways/roads M4-M1_732 


M-ways/roads Dartfora T-M23_734 

M-ways/roads M23-M4_735 

M2S London Orbital only_1736 

National traffic and r oa dwortes 

National motorways_737 

West Country_ 738 


NBcflands__ 740 

East Anglia. 
North-west ~ 

i land 





Northern Ireland_- 745 

AA Roadwatch is charged at 36p per 
minute (cheap ratej and 48p per minute 
at aB other times. 


R3B£ for Ema< denomination bank notes t 

*3 auppfled by Barclays Bank PLC. _ 

rafts apply to tnweflerj - cheques. Rates as a 
dose of trwSng Friday. 

Sunny intervals and showers, 
heavy in north, perhaps with 

thunder over parts of Scotland at first Showers, light and isolated 
over southern Britain, will die down as rain moves into southwest 
England in the morning, spreading into all but the northern parts 
of Scotland fay late evening. Some rain becoming heavy in Wales 
and Northern Ireland. Becoming windy, especially in foe 
southwest Outlook: changeable, with rain and showers. 

MIDDAY: t-thunder. d= 
*J>=stoet: sre=Bnow, l: 
C F 

dnzzte. fg-tog; s=sun; 
=fcar c^ctoud: r-rain 
C F 

Ba reakm a 

Sco&and low to moderate; n Ireland low to 
moderate. Wales tow to moderate South 
Wbst km to moderate. North low to 
moderate; East kw to moderate. 
Mtdtonds tow to mo a w d te. South East tow to 
moderate; London kw. 

Yesterday: Temp: max 6am to ton. ISC 
(59F); ntn Bpm to 6am. 9C (48f) ton: 24tv 
to 6pm, 0 . 06 m Sun: 24ftr to ton, 32hr. 














Mr or Man 






ISkwm 5 * 1 
























































































































































































































Sun rites: 


Ml 5.15an 

638 pm 

Moan rises 


Fife Qurater 325am 

Temperaturee a midday yesterday c, ctautf. t, 
lair, Man; 5. Ml 
C F 

Road Ve h i cl es 

Olfifettoos igag: The hags c< dartneaa are defined In 
toe period between half an hor efer sunset and Ml an how hefore sunrise. 

these BegdMkme 


London Bridge 






Dfracotnte ■ 

ga* 4 '" 1 













11- 58 

12- 07 


as 7.48 as 

*3 732 3-6 

122 1-04 113 

34 526 33 

T13 12.48 10.7 

43 11.10 

8.1 537 

4.6 1140 

43 7.01 

3.7 .. 5.46 

52 434 

7 JO - 

8.1 - 

53 12.19 

52 8.15 







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ft ■ 



5 • ‘ 


..' ■ 

ARTS 27-28 

-- ••••«L.-giS;• -. .-iJi; -.1 'v-V-..c.;. 


Hugues Gall: new 
overlord of the . 
Paris opera 


The quiet changes 
to John Patten’s 
showcase bill 


Football clubs 
may lose to the 
taxman on penalties 




Page 29 

Is - 



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■ i.- 


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BH ■ 

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J’. V . 


England face uphill struggle to save fourth Test and keep series alive 

By Alan Lee 


HEADINGLEY (fourth day of 
five): England* with sir sec¬ 
ond-innings wickets in hand* 
are 216 runs behind Australia 

THIS is to be one of the 
watershed days of English 
cricket. The Ashes are already 
beyond recall and it is going to 
take some herculean hattmg 
or a day-long downpour to 
prolong the active life of die 
series. If the day follows a 
more predictable course, Gra¬ 
ham Gooch's - resignation of 
the captaincy can be expected 

England have been chasing 
shadows in die fourth Test 
match from the moment they 
lost the toss, perhaps even 
from the moment - they 
finalised their team. The game 
has followed an uncannily 
similar course to the Lord’s 
Test last month, in which they 
■j also fallowed on more than 
• 400 adrift but began the final 
day on 237 for three. Here, 
they are four down for the 
same total, effectively one bad 
hour away from an undigni¬ 
fied 3-0 deficit and the pros¬ 
pect, that the management- 
team has so dreaded, of re¬ 
placing die captain in 

Gooch has not worn the 
mask of one burdened, by 
weighty derisions this week¬ 
end.' Rather, he has been 
jaunty off theheld and unin¬ 
hibited when batting. It has 
been the mood of a man .who 
has come to terms with what 
he has to do and feels die 
better far it The cheering, 
standing ovation when be 
strode out to bat last evening 
suggested that the 13.000 - 
crowd recognised the end of 
an era. 

If Gooch remained an the 
bridge this morning, hope of 
salvation would linger. But his 
businesslike 26 ended in a 
st ump i ng . 40 minutes from 
the aid of play. Dickie Bind 
prolonged a poignant moment 
by gratuitously cpftmg for the 
third umpire to make a 
straightforward derision for 
him before Gooch marched 
off, still quicker than he had 
entered. Tonight, just possi¬ 
bly, he will led a sense of 
release amid the inevitable 

The sub-plot of the England 
captaincy has -stalke d this 
series and, to some extent, 
diminished the credit due to 
Australia. Even today, when 
Allan Border is set to secure 
his third consecutive Ashes 
smes—by a combined aggre¬ 
gate of 100 , witii power to add 

—the focus of attention will be 
on Gooch and, subsequently, 
the identity of his successor. 

T If, as should be the case, the 
job rests between Michael 
Atherton and Alec Stewart, 
both did their best to ad vertis e 
their credentials yesterday. 
Runs. of course, are not m 
themselves any guide to lead¬ 
ership ability, but as the 
prerequisite of captaincy can¬ 
didates is to command a place 
in the side. Stewart at least 
had doubts to dispeL 

His role as a bats m a n who 

keeps wicket has been steadily 

undermined by the evidence 
that he ceases to have any 

batting value when combining 

the jobs. On Saturday, after 
more than two full days be¬ 
hind the s tump s, he was 
pa dded up in die first over ctf 

day of reckoning 


lum p in g for joy; Healy, rite Australia wicketkeeper, celebrates after stumping Atherton off the bowling of May, fee off spinner, at Headingley yesterday 

England’s reply, batting by 
die seventeenth and out, to an 
understandably stiff stroke, in 
the. 24th. 

Stewart* series aggregate 
was then an inadequate 139 in 
seven- innings.. His evident 
nervousness, when he baited 
again yesterday, was not to be 
wondered atfor another fail¬ 
ure could have had serious 
career consequences. For a 
while, ft was nrt a pretty siffet 

a man striving for elusive 
touch with the stakes formida¬ 
bly high. But Stewart is noth¬ 
ing if not determined and he 
saw it through, thumping die 
last bah of the day emphatical¬ 
ly through point for four and 
spinning on his heel in the 
manner of one who has unfin¬ 
ished business to resume. 

Atherton had already 
played his part, and in both 
inning s- His first-innings 55 

was a composed, reassuringly 
correri timings, flawed only by 
the misjudgement which saw 
him bowled, playing no 
stroke. While he was adding 
108 with Gooch, England 
looked in little difficulty and 
the burst of four prime wickets 
by Paul Reiffel would have 
been a rude shock bad it not 
been so familiar. 

After England’s tail had 
departed foriornly. adding 

AUSTRALIA: Hist faring® 

MJ Stater b Bon 
Dteyscf across- aratoWba* 
MATaytartbw b BWonel 
Wiring M to log 
D CBoon tow butt —: 
pusNngaaDBB tfw Bno 
ME Waugh t> Ron 



52 - 6 112 75 

*AR Banter not out 

SR Waugh not out 

567 399 
407 305 


Extras (bB,K>22 t w4 > nb9)- 

Total (4 wfdfrdK. 821mln, 183 owes) 853 

tlAHaetiy, PR RoSstMQ Hughes. SKVtemo and TSA May tfid 

net bet. 

FALL OF WICKETS; ]-88J5teter 5£9. 2-110 (Boon 8). 3-216 
{Roon 57], 4-321 (Bonder 43). 

BOWLING: McCa3U028-2-11B-O (1*2. wl) (30-154,6-0-28-0. 
4^23-0,3-0-11-0. &G-22-Q. 7-2-16-0) ;tttt 51-11-181-3 (w2) (6- 
hbohms*. »w 4-i-ii-a w*r-i. so-awt. 5 -i-im, 
JHH1-0, Caddfck 4*5-1380 fnt>3) (B-1-1M 5-0- 

So. 0*260.10-20,4-T-UH), 50*50.3-1-T1O.a0-130.5- 
0-130. IO-3-W: BtdmeB500-155-1 (nb6) pi -1-36-1,6-1-160, 
4^200, ioVOTO. 30-110.W WIIMMBteGoa*1B£ 
400 (Wl) (50-5-8,1-030, 60-170.1-000,30-150):Tfaxpe 
6-1-14-0 p-1-7-0.30-7-tfl. 

. Enrfarat Fkstlnnkigs . 

• TV • 6a 4s Iti BaH 

MNlAHnwlc Healy ft Hughes-^ 
kjw Bdo& to kBSpSC 



- 5 





fiftouttartvams ■ ' 


- 3 



mtitoedsMgH (the ■ 


- 1 



jssinssrse^ - ■ 

L— 59 

T B 15fi 126 

da&V bock and across^ . 

G PThofpe o Hertv H Baffial—- 
dMuetbtB angina sway. 


. ■ 2' 


N Hussain bReffial 
bottom acton off aquara < 
edga to second stp 
MPetdmeBc Border b Hughes- 
tumadstm baB to tractoww/ BQuaro tog 

M J McCaguacTsylorb Warm-0 

dBhansivB adge to feat sap 
M C Butt not out-0 

2 47 44 
12 - 2 44 32 

Extra {b 2. to 3, nb 17) 
Total (3110*1.825 own) . 


FALL OF WICKETS: 10 (WMM OL 243.(ABteH0n 15)._30q 

(Atherton 1®. 4-158JGooch 58). 5-15S. 6-lffi 6). 7-184 

(Caddfck 5k 8-185 {BiCtoiefl 7). 9-200 (BcHne# 12). 

BOWLING; Hughes 1550-47-3 (6-1-19-1, 30-160. 4-100, 
25-1-4-2}.' flM&TOO050 (nb9) (ISA- 36-1. 11-2094). M» 
75-3-33-1 (nwj: Warns 23 W 1 (nbl); M Waugh 30755 
(nh 2 ) (one spot each). 

Second Innings 

M N Lattavett b May-25 - 2 100 78 

edged boweenbea art i 
M A Miarton at Healy b f 
beaten £ysbu*r. t«fcrt 
HA Smith Itwb Rente. 

ton to 

- 8 206 171 
.35 - 5 125 120 

no shot to bat th£ a* back 
Stewart not out- 

*G A Gooch st Healy bUsy. 

rtonn foe pitch ID drtJB 
not out- 


, 10 

127 111 
61 40 

- 1 42 25 

Extras fb 5, ib 2, w1,r* 11)- .« 

Si (aiWtto). 314B 

pwwtrt 12). 4-202 (Stewart 3S). 

BOWUNG: Hughes 14-4-320 [nbl. wl) (7-2-104.5-2-14-0.2- 
CMH»; MM%M4-1 fttoS) (40-160.50-180.4-1-160.5-1- 

1-30 (one spel) ... 

Umpires HD BW, NTPtews and BLaadbsaar (replay umpre). 

only five runs as the last three 
wickets wem down in 20 
minutes at die start of play 
yesterday, Atherton en¬ 
trenched himself again. In all, 
he has batted for more than 
seven hours in this game and 
if he is aware that it is now 16 
Tests since he made a centuiy. 
he has let nobody down. 

Marie Lathwefl’s future is 
less secure. Out third ball on 
Saturday, to a wretchedly 
loose shot, he was in for 26 
overs making 25 second time 
around, decorating his stay 
with three strokes of rich 
pedigree before failing io 
smother Tim May's off-spin 
and seeing the ball roll mock¬ 
ingly back onco die stumps. 
Ladiwell should prosper in the 
Caribbean, for he is a fearless 
and intuitive player of pace, 
but Australians spin reduces 
the point of him seeing this 
series through. 

For once, Shane Wame was 
tormented rather than tor¬ 
mentor. The mixture was as 
intoxicating as ever and the 
ball did turn for him, some¬ 
times sharply, but this was 
simply not his day. He is 
wicketless so for in England's 
second innings, a rare indigni¬ 
ty. but May has compensated 
with three victims, each me 
claimed when Engla nd were 
regrouping encouragingly. 

Atherton fell to the arm hall, 
which drifted past the defen¬ 
sive outside edge and 
o verbal an cedhim. Heaiy’s 
swift work looked good 
enough but umpire Bird 
seems keen to test out the 
technology and his colleague 

with the replay screen was 
recruited again to confirm the 
common impression. 

Smith became the second 
England batsman dismissed 
shouldering aims to Reiffel's 
off-cutter, summoning unwel¬ 
come memories erf similar 
strife down the years against 
Alderman, whereupon Gooch 
entered to a fanfare. The 
captain played three extrava¬ 
gantly mighty strokes against 

May and hinted at something 
memorably carefree. His last 
stroke, though, was a shade 
careless, obliging Stewart and 
his Surrey team-mate. Gra¬ 
ham Thorpe, w shoulder re¬ 
sponsibilities against the 
second new ball m a fraught 
final half-hour. _ 

Photograph, page 33 
Glamorgan inspired 
by Richards page 23 

Hill at 
the last 

From Oliver Holt 


THE first Formula One win 
of Damon Hill's career was 
snatched cruelly away from 
him here yesterday when a 
puncture forced him to relin¬ 
quish the lead in the German 
grand prix almost in sight of 
the finish line and handed 
victory to his Wflliams-Re- 
nault team-mate. AJain Prost 

Hill said be felt “a million 
times worse" than he had at 
Siiverstone a fortnight ago 
when, after leading the Brit¬ 
ish grand prix from the start 
and appearing to be holding 
Frost, engine failure 17 laps 
from the finish deprived him 
of victory. 

Here the agony was more 
acute. Ten laps from the end. 
Hill's pit crew had held out a 
sign reading “PI OK", signal¬ 
ling that the two Williams 
drivers should hold their pos¬ 
itions until die end of the race. 
HID must have fell certain 
then that the glory would be 
his. But when he was only 14 
laps and six mDes from the 
finis h, his rear left tyre burst 

“The job was done," Hill 
said afterwards, as he 
slumped, bead bowed on the 
steps of the Williams motor 
home. “I did not deserve that 
It was a ntillkm times worse 
than Siiverstone, because 
there was stiD some hard 
raring to he done there. 

“I was going at about 
150mpb when the tyre blew. 1 
had absolutely no warning. I 
was being easy on die car at 
that stage, driving conserva¬ 
tively, just keeping Alain at 

HOI had beaten Prost at the 
start and although the 
Frenchman overtook him to 
take the lead on the eighth 
lap. Hill took firm control 
when his team-mate was 
rolled in for a ten-second 

The post-race inquest inev¬ 
itably centred on Williams's 
decision not to make a pit stop 
to change tyres. “We stand fay 
that derision." Frank Wil¬ 
liams. the team owner, said. 

Wheel of misfortune, page 20 
Photograph, page 20 

By Andrew Longmobb 

\\ Whatever the fate of England's 

W rearguard action al He adingle y. 

today; the Gooch regime should teve 
fallen by sundown. The s tan d in g 

ovation accorded the England captain 

by a crowd which tends to mvide us 

cssex men ono bbu™>- m 

or southern jokers 
finned the feeling that tins was the last 
stand and even tithe fareweHprovKto 
be premature Gooch seemed to uebed 
by the thought, thanking the popular 

terraces fortiietisupport-m to Ote tr 

patience on an tmderetandaWy turgid 

atertioon—ttyfofift^ M ^® va ' ,md- 
on witfaa hearty disda ftrftrffoum p- 
If tins had been Westminster a™ 
not Headingley. pofitfcs not 
potential successors would already 
have been.Iobbying for 
corridors of power and retre ating a 
healthy dMance .from a tottering 


The two income candidates, ^Midi- 
ad Atherton and Ala Stewart were on 
view yesterday and, though both 
mightyetbepased overin favour of a 
shortterm alternative, Kim Barnett of 
Derbys hire Hugh Mams of Glamor¬ 
gan. Martyn Moxon. ofYorkshireand 
England A. : or MJkie Gatting. of 
Middlesex Atherton did little tosher 
the pre vailing view dial he IMS timed 
Ms ran fa the One rather better than 
his main rival _ 

-■ For a start, hp finished die disas¬ 
trous - Indian tour last winter more 
wronged than infee wrong after bring 
leftftntomly on die sidefinesfor aUtmt 
fee final two Tests,: Luckily, perhaps 
jvisdy, he was . removed from the 
stench of failure that hovered over fee 
tour and its aftfT m,tt hr while Stewart 
as vice-capt*in jn ln d ia and ca ptain in 
Sri lanka, was irkidricahly linked not 
just to defeat: but to the. indegant 
* ' aven manner of ft. 

fry fee" dose yesterday 

he was at least beginning to 
: the confident figure of last 
summer, dispatching the last ball of 
the day wife an arrogant flourish. 
Stewart might yet pay a high pri ce for 

for his wilHngness to become the 
team's jack-ofaIHrades. 

batsman, wicketkeeper, 
„ __order batsman — some¬ 

times all three in die same match: 
Stewart has taken any job offered to 
him and perhaps not c o mpl ai n ed long 
enough or loud enough about fee 
effect feat uncertainty would have cut 
Ms longterm, future and on Ms 
prospects .of assuming die coveted 
captaincy of his country. 

Statistics suggest that he must soon 
decide whether he is a wicketkeeper 
wbo can bat. Kke Alan Knort in which 

case, he will have to work on his 
wicketkeeping a bit and drop down to 
No 6 or 7, or a batsman who can keep 

wicket, Eke Jim Parks, or- simply a 
medalist batsman. Should he assume 
the captaincy as well, he could at least 
deride for himself- Very few have had 
tire talent to keep wicket and fill a 
specialist position at No4 as Stewart 
has done over the past four days at 

Before yesterday, Stewart had 
scored 139 in seven timings in the 
series, reaching 30 only once, and Ms 
batting average when keeping wicket 
is almosr half that when he does not It 
fa surety no coincidence feat his best 
farm of the series should be shown 
when be has enjoyed a wen-earned 
rest from the rdmtless toS of die 
opening two days Id fee field. So 
regular 1ms been die rotation of fee 
Fwgfgnri batsmen, their order has 
ceased to matter much. 

Stewart has a chance today, perhaps 
his last chance; to prove his case for 
leading England into yet another 
brave new world. 

~ "St- k&z* ’ 

We’re in position to 
take the unbiased view. 

The National Grid Company is sponsoring the umpires for 
this summers Comhill Test Matches between England and Australia- 

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Prost profits as late puncture denies British team-mate his first victory 

Hill’s quest turns on wheel of misfortune 


*■ -.V-': if '] 

Grinding to a halt Hill vainly tries to return to the pits on the rim of his wheel after the rear tyre of his Williams-Renault disintegrated 1*2 laps from the chequered flag at Hockenheim yesterday 

From Oliver Holt 


ALAIN Prost profited from the cruel 
ill fortune of his team-mate. Damon 
Hill, for the second race in succes¬ 
sion yesterday when he claimed the 
51st victory of his career in a 
German Formula One grand prix 
that seemed to have slipped irre¬ 
trievably away from him. 

If Hill's luck deserted him. Prost 
made his own. After another poor 
start when he was overtaken by the 
Englishman, Michael Schumacher 
and Ayrton Senna the Frenchman 
had eased his Williams-Renault 
inexorably back into first place, 
looking ominously comfortable, 
when he was forced to make a ten- 

second penalty stop for by-passing a 
chicane on the first lap to avoid the 
spinning Ugier of Martin Brundie. 

He was temporarily relegated to 
sixth place but by die sixteenth lap, 
he had fought his way back up the 
field into seoond behind the charg¬ 
ing Hill. He whittled the English¬ 
man’s lead down from 22 seconds to 
13, but admitted he had settled for 
second place when his team-mate’s 
car appeared to sustain a puncture 
just 14 laps from the end of the 45- 
Iap race, forcing Hill, still seeking 
his first grand prix win. to retire. 
Prost won by more than 16 seconds 
from Schumacher. 

At SUverstone. a fortnight ago. 
when the Frenchman also won after 
a late retirement by Hill. Prost was 
magnanimous in victory. Yesterday, 

after his fourth win in succession, a 
result that moves him 27 points 
clear of Senna at the head of the 
drivers* championship, he was keen 
to emphasise his right to the win. 

“Of course I feel for Damon," he 
said. “In a way he deserved to win 
after l eading for so long, but I 
deserve to win too. I was quicker 
than him at the start and I had 
overtaken him early in the race 
before my penalty. 

“If I had not gone straight on at 
the chicane. Brundle would have hit 
me. The penalty was a scandal. It 
was completely stupid. 1 think it was 
imposed because they wanted to 
make the race more interesting.” 

Hill said: “I don’t think the blow 
out was caused by the tyres being 
worn. I think there was a sharp 

object I could fed that something 
was wrong when the car shuddered 
going round the Ostkurve chicane. 
When 1 looked behind the tyre was 
already in a thousand pieces. It is a 
lot more disappointing than at 
Sflverstone because most of the 
work had been done.” 

As if in response to the team 
owners improving the image of the 
sport off die trade last week with a 
long-awaited agreement on techni¬ 
cal regulations, the drivers yester¬ 
day put on a concerted show of 
breathtaking whed-to-whed racing. 

At first, it was Prost trying to 
overtake the old enemy. Senna, on 
the first lap as he fought to redeem 
his poor start Time and again, in a 
matter of seconds it seemed their 
cars would collide and when both 

came into a chicane abreast some¬ 
thing had to give. For once, it was 
the Brazilian. He spun, restarted 
and began a fine charge up the field 
from last position, finishing a 
richly-deserved fourth. 

His most thrilling dud was with 
the Ferrari of Gerhard Berger, but 
even that was upstaged by the 
Austrian's battle wUi the Ligier of 
Mark Blundell As the first three 
positions stabilised. Hill leading 
Prost and the Frenchman comfort¬ 
ably holding off the local hero, 
Schumacher. Blundell and Berger 
joined a mid-race battle for fourth 

Blundell, whose team-mate 
Bran die’s race was ruined by a 
harsh ten-second penalty for his 
part in the incident with Prost, was 

an fresh tyres after a pir stop and 
had the dear advantage, but each 
time he pulled out .to try to pass, 
Berger Stacked- him. On several 
occasions the cars: were so dose 
together it seemed a collision was 
inevitable, only for them to dart 
apart again at the last possible 

Although Blundell ultimately 
won the day and went car to claim a 
second third place of the season that 
put his recent spell of bad luck 
firmly behind him, he was furious 
with his rival. “I am very upset with 
Gerhard,” he said. “That was not 
fun. At that stage of the race it was 
not acceptable for him to be making 
bis car wide. We were driving at 
200mphand I had to go on the grass 
at erne stage.” ' . 

Warwick races on 

DEREK Warwick was taken 
to hospital with a suspected 
chipped bone in his neck after 
his Footwork car crashed at 
200mph in a warm-up two 
hours before the German 
Grand Prix at Hockenheim 
yesterday, but returned after 
X-ray examination revealed 
only a strain to finish seven¬ 
teenth in the race. 

Warwick. 38. lost control of 
his car after colliding with the 
back of Luca Badoert Lola in 
blinding spray on the high¬ 
speed track. The impact 
ripped both right tyres off his 
car. which hurtled out of 
control along trackside barri¬ 
ers. slid across a chicane and 
flipped upside down after 

hitting the lip of a gravel trap. 

Passing hims elf fit an hour 
before the start of the grand 
prix. Warwick said: “My neck 
hurts a bit and I’ve got a 
headache, but 1 think I am 
okay to drive." 

The Footwork team direc¬ 
tor, Jackie Oliver, said: “The 
crash was an accident waiting 
to happen. There were three 
of them—Alain Prost, Ayrton 
Senna and Derek — driving 
in formation, which is normal 
in thick spray like that 

"Then there is Badoer 
going along at around lOOkph 
while they are doing about 
280 or 290kph and it was 
obvious one of them would 
collect him." 

Flying Footwork: Warwick’s damaged car takes to the air before flipping over 

1, A Prost (Ft), WIliams-Renault, Itw 
18mki 40.B85sec; 2, M Schwnacher 
(God. Benetton Ford, at I6.884sec; 
3. M Blundell (GB). ligier Renault, at 
58.349S0C; 4. A Senna (Bt), McLaren 
Ford, tmki 08-229sec; 5, R Patrase 
rttj. Benetton Ford. 1:31516; 6. G 
Berger (Austria), Ferrari. 1:34.754: 7, 
J Afeg (Fr), Ferrari. 1:35.841; 0. M 
Brundle (GB). Ligier Renault. 9, K 
Wand&ngw (Austria). Sauben 10. J 
Herbert (GB), Lotus Ford; 11, C 
Fittipaldi (Br), Minaret Ford; 12, P 
AWot (Fr), Larrousse Lamborghini: 13. 
T Boutsen (Bel), Jordan Hat 14, P 
Martini Qt), Minardi Ford. aH one lap; 
15,0 Hffl (GB). wnRams-Renaut 16. 
M Mbareto (it). Lola BMS Ferrari, both 
two laps; 17. D Warwick (GB), 
Footwork Mugen-Honda. three laps. 
Did not finish: 18. R Bartehelo (Brt. 
Jordan. 34 taps completed; 19, U 
Katayama (Japan), Tyrrafl, 28; 20, J J 
Lehto (Rn), Sauber, 22:21. AZanard 
Qt), Lotus, 19; 22. A Suzuki (Japan), 
Footwork, 9; 23. M Andretti (US), 
McLaren, 4; 24, L Badoer Qt), Uva, 4; 

25. Acte Casaris GO. Tyrrell,' 1; 28, E 
Comas (Fr). Larrousse, fated to 
complete lap. Fastest tap: 
Schumacher, imin 41.859sec 
(240.882 kph). 

(after 10 races): 1, Prost 77pts; 2 
Serna, 50; 3, Schwnacher,36; 4, Hill. 
28; 5. Patrese. 11: 6. Blundea, 10: 
equal 7. Brundle and Herbert, 9; 9. 
Berger, 6; equal. 10, Lehto and 
Fittipaldi. 5.. 


10; 7. Minardi Ford. 7; 8. Saubw, 6; 9, 
Larrousse Lamboghinl. Z, 10, Foot¬ 
work Mugen-Honda. 1. . 

15: Hungarian, Budapest Aug 29: 
Belgian, Spa-Francorchamps. Sep 
12: Italian. Monza. Sep 26: Portu- 
Estofl. Oct 24: Japanese, 
Nov 7: Australian. Adelaide. 


NATIONAL LEAGUE - Friday. Gnomau 
Pais 3. Florida Marins ?. Atfarsa Braes 6. 
Pmsbusgn Prates 2: Houston Astros 5. 
Oucago Coho 1: Si Lolk Cardirafc 13: 
Colorado Rockies 11 Los Angelas Dodgers 
5. New rtjrv Mets 2. Montreal Enos 5. San 
Dego Padres 0. PMadafoha Rams 2. Sat 
frsnosco Cons 1. Saturday Q*ca go 7. 
Housfon6 LosWigetesS. New York ■». San 
Franscco 5. PWadelph* 4. Florida 2, 
Cncmai> 0. Atlanta IV Pittsburgh 6. 
Colorado 9, St leu*, 8, Son Drego It. 
Montreal 4 

AMERICAN LEAGUE. Friday Cleveland 
fcdans 9. Scan* Warmers 4. New York 
Ysrfrees 5. Gctforraa Angsts 2. Boson Red 
So/6 GaWjWAsS.Kan&asCevRoiMfeT. 
Oar®: 6. Mewauhee Brewers 3. 

Chicago Wife So/ 2. Bafljmore OWes 5. 
Mimeseta Twins 1. Taras Rangers a, 
Toronto Sue* Jays S Saturday. Boston 5. 
OafcSta 3. Kansas City 6. Oatioi 3: Ptew 
fori 5. California 3. BaBimore 9. Mnnesoa 
2 Chicago 6. Mteoutee 5, Seattle 6. 
15 Toronto 5. Twas i. 


SfimSH LEAGUE" Fast dwaore Bole fAie 
71. Arena Essw 37: Bradford 69. Ipswich 
Eastoumc 60. Poole 48 JOng a Lym 
52. Arena Essex 55 Second dMswrr: 
Edinburgh SO. MxMiesbraugh 58. Oxford 
52. Lcng Eaton 54: Swrtdon S3. Peterbor¬ 
ough 43 






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grand proc meeting)- Merc lOQnc l. L 
Chnstra (GB). i027sec. 2. L Bunt* fUS). 
1033.5. D Campdefl (GB). t056.6. JJohn 
(GB). 10.68 200m: 1. J Rems iGBl. 20.59: 

5. T Box (GB). 21 17. 400m: 1. Q Walts 
(US). 44 78. Z S Lows (US). 44 82. 4. D 
OredVsv /GB). 45-26. S. A Mate iGBJ. 45 20. 

6. D McKanae (GB). 4642 BOOnr I. J L 
Barbosa (Brl. imn 45 78sec. 2. M Steele 
(GB). 1.4624 4. C Robb (GB). 14651 
1500m: 1. M Yales (GB). 33585: 6. M 
Barnes (GBi. 3383V 7.S Ftutxohei rGB). 
3.3366. 10. D S&ang (GB). 3-4028 
5.000m V W Stow (Ken|. 13mn 14 32sec. 
2. F Bayesa (EBfl. 13:14 58: 6. R Denman- 
(GB). 132352: M. G Stanes (GB). 
13-3522. 110m hurtles: 1. C Jatfoton 
(GB). I320sec. 3. A Jarett (G8) 13 64. 7. 
D Nelson (GB). 1383 400m hredes: 1.S 
Maele (Zany. 4885. 2. K Yeung (US) 
4886. 5. G Cadogan iGBl. 43 84. 6. P 
Crompton (GB) 50 67. High panp: 1. J 
SoBmayo- (Cuba). 240m: 2. P Sfobera 
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Grant iGSi. 225. equal 5, G Parsons iGBi 
220. Pole vault 1. M Taraxw (Russ). 5 70; 
2. K Tarpenrro (US). 5 70:12. M Towards 
IGB). 530 Trpe jump: V M Bruata 
(Lama). 1721.2. J Etfxwus iGB). 16 94.4. 
rFasmro(G8). 16.82 Jeve&n: l.J2etezny 
(Cz Rcpl. 86 78.2. S BacMey (GB). 85.10m: 
10. M Roberson IGBi. ^14. 1Z C 
Mackenzie (GB). 7458 Women: 100m: 1.1 
USer (US). 11 54sec; 2. P Dams (Bah). 
11 59: 3. M nchardson rGB). 1i 62: 5. B 
Knch (GB). 11.65 200m: 1. M Oamstara 
(Aus). 2201: 2. P Gave (Bah). 2329. 4 J 
jlOJte IGB). 2365. 6. 5 Jaccte (GB), 
24 12 400m: 1. N Kasw-Brown '.US/, 
51 16:2. C Freeman (Ausi. 51 34 800m: 1. 
K Hofrnes (GB). 2mm OOTaaec Z L 
Rwugn (GB!.^0I».4.T CofeOrggh iGB/. 
2.0417; 5. 0 Gardv <G8). 2-04 83; 8. L 
GfosonfGB). 2:0501.3,000m: 1. YMurrsw 
IGB). B 32 61 (UN aS-comers' record/. 2. E 
Me k t, (S^. B378S. 3. A vjnft (GB). 

8 38 79 100m hurdles: 1. M Freeman 
(Jam) 13B7scc. equa 2. J Bemmmg (Auy 
end J Agyepong (GS/. 13.14. 7. S 
FarcMianoniGB/. 13.71.40*nt»»ilie»: V 
5 GurneK (GB). 5335 (Uk tiKomen 
rooadi. 2.0 Hanrrwigs (Jam/, 54 98:5. G 
Rachakan (G8), 5653. 6. J Part® (GB). 
57.48. B. J Pearson iGB). 5838 Triple 
lump: l. y Chen (Rix). 14.54m. 2. G 
ChslyaKova |Ri£SSl. 14.4Q: 4. M Gnflith 
IGB). 13B?.S. RKirtJir [GB). 0*4.Shot J, 
S Stop (Get). 19.71m: 2. a Kunt/ennres 
(Gcrt, 19 4S. 7. M Augae (OT). 1725 
BEDFORD; Eastern Efectncoy Games 
(England uiless sated): Man: 10»Tt 1. C 
Snwh (US). TOJ4r»o. 3. M RoSSv«S5. 
1042 200m: 1. O CampbeB. 21^6, 2. T 
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Rufo (Ken). 1mm 43.9760c: 2. C G>lt>v. 
1-50.1i: 3. K McKajt, 1 5024 M4e: I. C 
Jones (US). 4-0161, 2, P Larions. * 01 82 
1 10 m hurdles: 1. DRoss (US). 13S2ax:2. 
A Tidocn. 1334. 400m hurdles: 1. G 
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Lena lump: 1. L Myflcks (US) 7 film 4 j 
ampin? 6£ Shot I.P Edwards. 18.72. 
3. D Cilawav. 17.1T. Wfomen: 100m: 1. P 
OeuisOah). 1153»C.6. JChnsuon. 1196 
300m: 1. R Stevens illS. 3725. 5. A 
Dawes. 3877. IjOOOm 1, M Pretty. 2mn 
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Cofcfcroak. £4247 100m hunfes: 1 Y 
Greuydn (Russ). t3l3scc 2. C Court 
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Shot 1. G Hammer (GeO 1786. 2. M 
Augee. 1704. J MLyres. >5 79 Javekn: S 
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JAKARTA: Indonesian open champan* 
ships: Men's angles: Sensinals: F 
Permadi flndo) bt P-fc Hoyer-Larsen (Den). 
tS* 17-T4; A B Kuauma (Indol Of A 
Wranata (fodo). 15-12 15-13 finat 
Kusuna W Permadi. 15-10. 14-17. 15-4 
Men’s doubles: Semi-Bnala: R Suba^a 
and Pern Manaty ()ndo) b» B Sehacb art I 
Hendra (Tndo). 15-4. I&-& E Hartono ana 
Richard Mama** (Indo) bl Rant and J Sxlek 
(Mattyi. 15-8. 1S-7 Frnek Subeg/a and 
Mainaky bi Hartono and Mamaky. 15-13. 
15-10. Women's sirwka: SetiMnais: S 
Susans (fodo) bt Y Samoa (indo). n-5. 
11-6. Ye Zhaoymg (China) bt C Magrtusson 
ffivre), 11-5. 11-6 Finat: Ye Zhaoyvrg bl 
Susans. 123. 12-11 Womens doubles: 
SemMinate; F and L Tampr Undo) wo L 
Stuar-Laundsen and L Otsn (Den), scr. E 
and Z Resaru (indo) bi G Clark and J 
Wnght fG8i. 156.15-13. Rnbfc Tarrex and 
Tamo « Hasona and Resana. 17-16. 
15-12 Mxed doubles: SemMnats: R 
Gunaucan and R Tendean (Indo) bt A 
Means and R Ftesaina |fodo). 15-5.8-15. 
IS 10. Paulas and HsrawBb Ando) bt R 
Ma»siky and E StiaDanoigsih (Wo),8-lS. 
155.15-10 Final: Gunawan and Tandaan 
a Pauksand HerawaB. 15-7.15-3 


vtLLANOVA, PenRsytvarea: Women s In- 
tarcoiitbiental Cup: Serrn-Cnats: Germany 
0. Canada 0 (Germany non 3-0 on penalty 
strokes). Aroerana l. Russia 0 ~ 

Aroerana 1. Russia 0 Ptay-cfc 
FHBi place: Used Stares 0, (mia 0 (Orared 
Sotos woo 4-2 on pens) Seventh piece: 
SdORaxf 0. New apjterw O (SeaCart non 
3-2 <n pensj. Posfoons 9-12 Belgium 2. 
Italy 1 Japan 2 Fraxx> 0 
PORT ELIZABETH: Women's row ma th- 
es: Oranne Free sraa 0. En^nd 7. South 
Africa 2. England 0. 


WOfiLD LEAGUE; Group A; Gemwy w 
Greece. 3-1 115-9. 13-15. 15-13. 15-11)/ 
ijrwed Slates tt Jeoav 34) H5-8 154 
15-13). Gctma^bf Greece. J SS. 

15 - 101 . Brazil tx Russia 30 (15-11 150. 
156) Japan u United States. 30 (15-4. 
15-7. 154) Group EL Holland bl Finland. 
3-0 (15-7 15-9. 135). ftaty W Cuba 31 
(1311. 135 315. 15-8). China bt South 
Korea. 3-1 (138. 13-15. 13H. 1371. 
Holland bl Finland. 30 11311, 1314. 




161611131 bi Nonb Mefooume 1413 (971. 
Geefong 13^ (27) ts CoCmgaood 11.13: 
Essenoan IS U/KWiaCartton till (83); 
Mefboiane 1614 <:i0) t: Ftxrsaav u 13 
(97). Brisbane 18.10 (H 81 W Rcmond 

14 15199i, Hwrbcm 24.15 -;i59i bf Sidney 
913 (67). WeS! Coast 1517 ;107) tS 
Adelaide 1010 (70) 

CHAMPIONSHIP: Nuneaton: Wanwic*- 
awe 173 and 236. Lec8sterabire 260 and 
150-2 IP N HBpeorth 71 not out). 
Leicester awe *Qn by 5 «4os. 

Wertngborough Schoot Northampton. 
snra 287-9 dec and 244-2 dec (R R 
Montgomery 138 not out. R J Warren 70 na 
out). Yortapwe 271-S dec and 261-6 1M P 
Vraij^ian 85) Yorks'«n bji 4 Y*ts BristoC 


Esse* 26? and 186 m Owan 91 not OW). 
GtoucestersftxB 17D and 276-8 (T H C 

SYDNEY: Grand prtx meattog: Man: 
I^OOre; K PertTr® jAasi. I4rwi 4918sec 
led Trrwi 3430sac for SOOm. -r.-ortd snon- 
course record) 

Hancocn 701 Mated drawl Southampton: 
Wcrcesortwa 2BB and 179. Hampstee 
312-6 dec and 135-5 Match drawn Trent 
Bridge: NotnrtqnamsTwe 301-9 dec and 
247-6 dec (W Oessaur 120 not ai). 


drawn. Seaton Career. Durham 309-8 dec 
and 285^5 dec U A Dftey 1 10. S Bebeck 63 
not cull: Kent 300-4 fee and 285-9 lO P 
Fulton 126) March i*awn 

COLOMBO: First one-day Ireemrtoriei 
(50 ewers) India 212-8 (M Aftaruddir S3). 

Sn Lanka 211 1492 overs: U C 
Hamuruangha 64. Aravmfe do SJva ®j. 
tnefra won by 1 nxi 


ROME European junar end daupMn 
charnpcnshics: DaupMn boys: Overai: 1 . 
TAsrter (GS). 2A72ys. 5 D Shaman (GB). 
1.830 Jisnp: 1 . Asher 30.£n.6 Shaman. 
26 7. Tncfa 1 Aster. 8 . 

Shaman 2.423 Dauphin gats. Trades: 1.F 
Prynaesra ill!. fiiCTpis 4. R CtOsland 
IGB) 3 900. 7. M Tams :G3) 2^60 Juror 
boys: Tncks: 1 O Portamps (Bad. 
&240ers 7. P Pm,i (G 81 4.06P. TO. G 
Campbell iGBj. 3.710 Juraorgnls: Stoksn: 

1 . A Arxfococutou (Gri. 4 Cut/s at Ifrn: 4. V 
Campben iGBi, 3 X U Jurnp: 1 . 
Ancsicpoi/ou 21 7m 6 . Campbell. 27 7:7, 

L ftngrose iGS/ 26 7 Tricks: 1 l Tourets 
(Beterjs... 5 -TOcts 7. FLngrose 2i40 

TOMAKOMAL Japan: Nhlrel Cup: Final 
scores (Japan unless staled): 276: S 
Gmewn |Sng). 72. 73 64. 67. Z78: H 
Sasaki. SB. 71. 69. 70 27ft k MunSa. 7ft 

72. 68. 69 Y Yamamoto. 72. 69. 67. 71. P 
McWrxnney iAlbi. 69 89. 67. 74. 260: T 


SUTTON. Massachusetts: New England 

FRENCH LEAGUE- Names ' AS Monaco 
ft Tauiojse 0. Lc Hxire 0. St EWre 1. 
Comes 2. Bcrdeeur'’ Pans Saad-Getmen 
(T Marwlies 1 LersO JJ* 1. Uaogyes 1; 
S&asboyrg l. Au»erre 1. McraaeAWf \. Lycn 

1 Caeni. Mesi.Sochaui 4. Angers 1 

(US untecs stated/: 200: P Aenggr. 67. aft 

64 201: R dampen. 63 71. 67 203: D 
Peoples. 72.69.62. B FVsstet. 70.67.66; R 
Estes, 70, 65, 68. IV Wood. 03. 65. 70.204: 

S Lowery. 66, 69. 69 205: C Strange, 70. 

70. 65: J Deteng, 73, 67.65; B Bryant. 70, 
85.70. J Sndetar. 68.67, TO 206: J Hus. 

71. 69. 66 307: M Wets. 78, 85. 65. J 
Cook. 74.67. 66. B Crwcman. 69. 71.67: 

G Kraft 69, 70.68; J Adare. 70.63.68. P 
Jacotxwi.68. 71. 68. N Herne. 71.67.69: 
HFtto, 67. 69.71 

open toumemenc Rn« scares (Japan 
unless staled)- 211M rtrase, 72.70.71. 
215: KvnAe^oohfSKor). 73, 71 , 71.278: 

A Hasmtoto. 75, 70. 71. A Yamaol®, 71. 

70. 75 217: C Netasma. 74, 74. 63, M 
Hamada. 74.74.6ft K 11 Oh-bee IS KaO, 73, 


SUZUKA. Japan: SghMww endurance 
race: 1.5 Russes (U5> ana A so* iNZ). 
Kamesda ZXB-?. 207 laps. 8.T oirrni 
13 7T3sec: 2. E Lausan njSi and S 
Taamoto 'Japan 1 . Hcnda RVF750. 207. 
80338 798.3. T Ac#c,’Japan/and MSnxD) 
(US). Honda RVF750 226 80204 474. IB. 

R Moore fJSi anc S Bucmas-’a- (GBi. 
Kaeass-i. H taps. 19. J Sayrntfs ittBi aid 
BBonhuliW. Honda. 11 


Bnete: Cirtana 135. Northamptonshfra 
118: Norton; 118. Northumbartand 117; 
Somerset 140. Dorset 80: Kent 139, Sw- 
rey 91. 

stwe 129. Ca u fondg eal we 126. 

Leroesteratwe 138, Lncdnstwe ICG: War- 
niCtahre 118, Detbyshra 108 
COUNTY MATCHES: Hampshra 138. 
Basmgsroke anaOema 123. Wtetw 121. 
Cunrona Tcnrists 106 


LEICESTER: NsDornl track 

ehlpa: Men; 4,000m punadr 

time-trial: 1, G Obree (Leo). 
JS545sec (charnpership record): 2, B 

Steel (Haverhil). 4 39.468: 3. R Haytes 

(Haverhll), 4.44516r. 4.! - - 

4:47307: & M lEngworth . 

4.49.635. 6. C Ball (Antelope), 452537. 

Quarter-finals: Obree. 4 40.345. a A Alan 

(HavertxD, Steel 4:42.730. Cl C Newton 

(MdtMge). Bat. 450643 bt Hayles. 

4.50.846: Dangorfeid. 446818, bl 
UmwxTh, 4-46876. SemWInaia- Steal 
4-48013. bt DangeifiNd, 4.50 424, Obree 

bt Ban. Kakfrr 1. S Brydon (City at 

Edtnbu^h). last 200m In 11.43sec: 2. P 

McHuoh (PCA), 3. R Jefteras (Wetuynj. 
OpenBOkmma*9on;Rn8t I. A Doyle end 

S Wngrare (Neison-T)yo*). 2tpCs; 2. S 

Uaaone and JWatahaw (North WuraQ. at 1 

bp. 27ptK 3. H Cameron (Manchester) and 

R WSSarrra (Budert, 4 3.9. Open sprint 

OuBfityfoa Ome-tnat i. S Brydxi (Cm ol 
BSnbugnL lest 200m rt t134lsec; 2. S 
PaJdng (Oty Ol Etiri&urs*)). 11 384.3. G 
Howl (Hyde Oymoo. 11.475. Women: 
30km points race: L S Hodge 
®ss: 2. M Johnson (Ouvia), 55; 5Ts 
Timms (Raagh). 33. Ome: 45mm 
i763sec 3.000m pursuit Oua»ring tfrne- 
Mat 1 . S Timrts (Raleighl, 4min 
03.154tec. Z M Johnson (OmSe). 
412020, 3. G Fected (Sh^esbuyL 

TIME TRIAL R1TC national 244iour 
championship (Cheshlr«: 1. P Bartow 
(Mvaon Part), 49)135 (isles. Z G 
Longtmd {Antetape). 477.706; a P 
Goodlelow (Kneton Part). 466298 
-Women: C Rubais (Crewe Ctanorn. 
461.446 (Braish competition record). Teem: 
Kivefon Pane 1,431.01 times (prouscnaO. 


Victoria: Second dmaion: Chelsea 1 
Dovenr 0: Caron HO o CUnvn 2. E 
Brunswek I Bentagh 3. MaarwuarV 2 
Sandnnghum 2. S Gaifuad 2 Simngvaie U 
2 Sunbuy 2 Box Hill 0. Wawfoy 2 
r-fcJHwaferj 2 

TWrd diWm Cono Uid 0 Pascoe vaw 5. 2 Dandenong 2. Laoc ijc! l 
Essendcm C O. Moorabwi 2 Fazroy 0. 
Regent 3 SeatorC Utd Ct SDawenongQ 

Fourth cfivWon: Botna 0 Larejwmn 1. 

Cranbcume i Eas Along 1 Geebng R 3 
fJamgon J Rcsanra 1 k&irem Cry 1. S 
Spnrgvar OSH Paaiia 1. Yatrairto 3 

Fifth dwsbre BaDaraC G Fcrest rat Z 
Betw* Cty 1 B Geetang 1. Brandon Pk i 
FraVraton U 3. Spstgvaie C 1 Uor 0. 
Wes«le 2 HffldeibcC C1; waamoown i 
S Warena i; ra'«rrt G r*?»n 3 
Sixth tStfaion. Hrxsirch C 7 Hcopers C 0. 
E Rgh ni cnd i Hs n p ttn Pv 0; N Gbny 3 
Knox Part 1. M Sunsrtne S Lyncato UO Old 

I 2 

5 . 6 





Uj«(i5jtcjir-rai(,^.;j2jcj,24j25;26|27|rv S 

J 1*1 ajl^fSfls 3tvil-sj 

Scotch 5 heyseore O'. 'Nantxre i MantxA 

Western Australia: Hist Ovston: 
Bassenaear 2 Bayswatar 2. Fremartta B 2 
Athoa 3. Kehnscod i (Ongssay 0, Nath 
PaQi2SpBanmodO OsbornsPklSuing 
M 9. Senate 1 Penh Sal 3 
Second dtwMom Baga 2 Danes* 4. 
Gosnefla 0 Ashtfeta 2. MehMe 5 Aimalaie 
PK i: Moitey 2 S*an ) C Z North Lake 0 
Sanmg T 1. Queens PK i Wannenn 3. S 
.Vatdar) SwanCracO 

South AusoaSa: Hra cSvtelon: Croydon 1 
Para His 1: EnfiBd O Bbe Engles £ 
Mocaxiy 0 fitkSaOB C 0. Stfstuy 0 
WaSduiei. Wf Bittafta 1 Otymperisl 
Oueenstend: Third dvbkmr Latobe 2 
Redlands t. Logan Otv 3 Newnotet 3 
Fourth dMsfcn: frighten 1 Ctanaux 1. 
Odey U 2 Semfonf R S. Pm Hfe 1 Vhpna 


T as mania: North dMsfon: Buntie 5 
Georgetown (L Launceston 4 Somersel 1; 
Olympic 5 QoeUa 3 





48 4T 

48 48 SO, 


FORECAST: Telephone ctanis are required tor 23i£ and 24 points and there iS a possftte pekpot tor 24 ports 


FRANKFURT: Federation Cup; Quartnr- 

Snais: Franco bt Czech Republic. 34) (J 

Halaid bt H Suhova, 7-6.6-4: NTausMbt J 

Novotna, 6-1.0-K 6-3:1 Demcxigax and P 

Rarads-Mangon bt A Stmackwa and R 

Znteatewa. &<. ^6.63L Spam bt Hcaand. 
36 (C Martinez bt S Roofer. 7-6. 6^: A 
Sanchez Vlcafo bt M Oramana 7-ft 64). V 
Ruano end C Torrens bt K Boogat end M 
BoUegraf, 3-7.7-& 6-4). SemJ-ftnafe: Spain 

bt France. 2-1 (Martmozbt HaJard.6-1,3^, 

.6-3; Sdnchoz Mcario bt TauaeL 6-1. 6-4; 

Ruano and Torero lost» Demongoct and 

P3raas4ytarwoa 1-2, ret) Austrefla bt 

Argenana, 2-1 (M Jaugard-UX lost to I 

GonochaeguL 4-6, 2-6: N PrtM3 bl F 

LobHL f-5.&a.6J:ESnw8eandRSiUjbB 

bt O uiuc h at a gLi and P Tarabri. 4-6 6 - 2 . 
6-3). Finat Spain M AustraSa, 3-0 (Mam- 

nez bt JagpanHaL 3a 6 - 2 : SAnchez 

Veano bt Ptomb. 6a 33: SAnchez Vfcario 

and Uararez M Smyta and Stobbs, 3-6, 


STUTTGART: Men’s tou rnam ent Ouartar- 

flnais: M ©JEtatsson (Swr<! a M Oncfrusxa 

(SA), 33.63; M Gdteer (G») ht K Norecek 

(Cz few. 33, 32; A Madredav (Uto) bt J 
S4nchez (SpL 7-5. 4-6.7-6. SenMInafe: M 
Sich (Gar) bt Medvedev. 13, 31. 34; 

Gustaftsan bt GdBrw, 3-4, 33. Rrab 

Gusteftson bt SDch. 6-3, 6-4, 3-8, 4-8. 


WASHNGTOhh Men’s tounament Quar- 

ter-Orata: A Maradori (tori W P Korda (Cz 

Rap), 34. 32: R Renrewg (US) bt M 
wastmgron (Ug. 7-6.6-»: A) 

bt G Pcafo - 

Mdsuohs Uap 

ts Knctewto, 33,74 

MAHWAH. New Jeraey: Women's tourna¬ 

ment Quarter-finals: M Pierce (Fr) bl C 
Bfinj a mn (US) tt 

Capnad fUS) b? B Bthves (US), 6-3. 34, 
SomMlnate: Cspnan bt Fteymond. 6-2.34: 
M J Femandei(U3J.blfteioe. 63.37.34. 
fiJKLEY: ABtod Tadtes open c h empion- 
#Kp (Reefe* BrtBsh tour)- Men's final: 0 
Sspcfonl (GB) tt N RAwod (G^, 33, 

31. Womens finat 3 Parthomerto \~ 
KASrnfih (QB),37; B-1, 5Z 


WMRBO CUP: North Sydney 15. Eastern 
Subwbs 10: BMmain 16, St George 16: 
Bnsbane 38. Cantertuy 18; Souh aytftiey 
1ft ten^ ^^mr nana 12. Ctond fa 14: 

Coast ft' Weetem Subabs IT. -New¬ 
castle 20 


TOUR MATOCS; Te KuftL New ZMmct 
Wng Ccarty 2i. Western Sonoa 57. 
Sydney: New Souh Wsfe3 29, South AJnca 

28. Austrab Under-2112. frniand Urafer- 

21 22: Port Smbeflc East Cape StuderiB 

0. Combined Oxford and Cambridge 
Untarattes 2ft Herere? Zkrtrebtre ft bMi 

3,6-ft T Martin (US) bt S 
ft 33, 33. Sarrt&tts: 
3.34.4-6.31: Marti 


KYONGJU, South 1ferae: World B®*w 
A w a retol c n (urdor-fywafgtTt chgn p fc m- 

Mpn 2 :tKW; Ycft.Mywmoo (SKor. 

-TO»WVIU£. 'Auebele: w53‘ 

cheer to 

By Stephen Slater 

THE increasing popularity of 
the Auto Trader British 
touring car championship was 
i)ggin demonstrated as Scot¬ 
land's biggest motor raring 
crowd jammed die roads 
around the tight twisting 
KnockhiU circuit, in the hills 
above the Firth of Forth 

The local crowd was re¬ 
warded as a Scotsman. John 
Clelland, took victory in the 
tenth mind of the series. The 
former Lotus and TyreD For¬ 
mula One driver* Julian Bai¬ 
ley, then scored his first 
touring car win as two races 
just ten minutes apart provid¬ 
ed the spectators with plentiful 
action on die trade and much 
frantic work in the pit lane. ^ 

Ai the green light, Baileys fc* 
Toyota accelerated past the 
Vauxhall Cavalier of Clelland 

into the first corner, bit his 
start was in vain as red flags 
were waved after just one lap. 
The Nissan of Win Percy and 
Toyota of Bobby Verdon-Roe 
bad collided and stopped in 
-the trade, - forcing the 
organisers to stop the race. 

At the restart. Baileys 
Toyota again headed the field 
into the first corner^ but by the 
end of die first lap the Mazda 
Xedos of Patrick Watts gained 
the lead with a spectacular 
outbraking manoeuvre, while 
a similar move at the hairpin 
on die next lap promoted 
Clelland fo second. 

On die tenth lap a cheer 
from the crowd signalled that * 
Clelland had taken the lead. * 
while Watts dropped back to 
third place as Bailey dosed on 
ddland’s taiL . . 

For the next 17 laps, there 
was no more than a cars 
length between foe two lead¬ 
ers but Clelland held on to 
take foe chequered flag by just 
OJfisec. scoring his first win of 
1993 and his first race win on 

“It’S fantastic, until today I’d 
never won anything here in 
Scotland, not even a raffle." 
Clelland said. 

Within ten minutes, die 
green lights marked the start 
of foe second race, and despite 
taking an early lead. Cldland 
was unable to prevent Bailey 
outbraking him at the hairpin. 

The Toyota driver extended 
a five-second lead by the 
chequered flag as his team¬ 
mate. Will Hoy, stormed 
through the field after starting 
tenth, to claim third place. 

“I think it was the longest 
race of my life." Bailey said. 

“At one point. I thought 
there’d be just five laps to go 
and there turned out to be 15.” 

RESULTS: Tenth roimcf. 1 . J CJetort 
(VaiBhaa), 27 tape. 25min 25SSsec (8250 
rrroh): Z J BaQay (Toyota), 2526.11s: ft J 
WHrehock. (BIWVj. 2531.83; 4. P Wails 
(Mazda), 2533.19s; 5. P RatMch (Fort. 
2630.14. 6. J ASam (Vtoartfl, 253657. 
Baventh munct 1. Belly. 30 tops. 2&08.44 
(83.15 mph); Z Cfeland, 26:1351: 3, W 
H or CToySefl. 28:1580:4. Watts, 26.1891; 

5. Rfflfsach, 2820-38; 6, Alan. 382330. 


SOLENT: Whyto and Macksy potota 

chorroiona hl p: Saturday: CHS Clan 8: 

Bounder of the Century (f Utte). CHS Cton 
4: N&aca I (J Fftoatu-Ota Oa» ft'StfMr 

Sparta (D Wa): Sigma 33: MoonatWe (J 

KeM. SKma 38: Summar Pud*n 0 
Budnen). Yesterday: CHS Cton 3: Su*ert 
V (W Oounnejrt. CHS Ofeas 4: Owl (P 
Bruce). CHS Qasa 5: Ban (J Bamafi) 
St^na 33: Sabra (J White). SJgme 33 

HAYUNG. ISLAND; FrtabaB netton* -V, 
champfonstripK i, N Thornton and J Clart 

(F»ey): 2. R ESauati and LBWB8 (Oiffie). 3. 

S Danfeto and § Kyean {S&aniavtho- 


SILVERS r04& Champagne Chartae 
HefoatecK Hisforic Sporiscar Qpl.fl 
Beim Jaguar 0.20 Iap6.44n»i 43.35S0C 
(85.7Sroffir 2. W Green (MoartO. 
4452.1ft 3. F Sytner (Jaguar cq. 45«2.1Z 


Fourth Conrhiiriest match 
Final day of five 

HEADtNGLEY; England v Australia 

Britannic Assurance 
county championship 
Final day of tour 
110 . 

CHELMSFORD: Essex vDuftam 

OLD TRAFFORD: Lancaartra v 

LBCESTBR: IMcssterah l ra v 

NORTHAMPTON: NOThamptonshlre v 

WO RCESTER : Worcg^rsrtev 

Pameg: Gtemorgan v Worcottetshn: 
Wigan: Lancastwa « NullartfeliBMK 
KnoMrte and Dorrkfoe: WarwckshBa v 
H anyzrt ra, Msrafca^SaK Ycrtohre v 

(second dm of tab): Tore: Gornwafi w 
BetHahka; Leominster H a efawMaW v 
SropSwe; Jasmond: NoRiunbatand v 
CsmbridgsaNiB: Mefr Heath: SaftadeMV 
v UncdnsNia: Copdook C& SufWK * 

wowa*: wand Cup ( 104 $: AustraSa * 




CVCLfciG: Nrtond bade chartiptareWpe 
(Woertai). ■ , • • 

GOLF; _ 





i-«r-« w r nm rmk m. M /\X T ■ >t 7 


SPORT 21 , 5 7 

Joachim ensures England’s youth has its day 

Rob Hughes sees England win 
the Eurppeandiampionship by' 
■ defeating Turkey in Nottingham 

inning games in 
high sammer isnot 
as foreign as some 
otoer sports would have-us 
bdieve. Before a crowd so 
on expectedly big, arriving icp 
late that the kick-off had to be 
put back 25 minutes; En¬ 
gland's ' xmder-18 team up¬ 
lifted the sotil of ifais 
undistinguished month by 
recapt uring the European 
youth championship, oroite- 
sy of a 1-0 win against 
Turkey, that it used to domi¬ 
nate in the Sixties and Seven¬ 

In deference to the &ct that 
the triumphs of out teena ger s 
have often been tmfulfiDed at 
senior, level, we may iegifr 
matdy say “Thanks, larf^ 
now what do you intend to do 
when yon grow tip?" if the 
answer is still to be leaders of 
their class, then they, and die 

Caskey: experienced 

Football Association, most 
resolve now to let nothing go 
to young heads, to establish 
some centmnity in selection 

and in manapmwtf and to 
buDd on the genuine belief 
that the youth has sewn here 
in the Midlands tins July. 

There were 23381 witness¬ 
es, gaming astonishingly 
good value for £2 per adult 
and £1 per child entrance fee, 
at the City Ground. Notting¬ 
ham, as England's suprema¬ 
cy slowly unravelled against 
the young Turks. The stiff 
wind coming off the Trent 
had something m do with ' 
that in the first half, it swept : 
Turkey forwards and their 
fluid mobility and delicate 
m idfidd ^Iritfe bwd England 
chasing shadows in the sun. 

But resilience has been a 
by-word of England ..this 
week . They have beaten 
France; Holland, Spain and 
now Ttukey, scoring 12 goals 
against two, and in "each .of. 
the encounters, they met and 

overcame periods when the 
t rrhnfcal abiMtyoft fa copposi- 
tion posed serious questions. 

■ . In yesterday’s final, _ 
throughout the tournam ent, 
England cmdd sot be sub- 
dued. The fact that it took a 
penalty m the 79fo mi nute to 
decide dus game misrepre¬ 
sents the decisive area where 
England earned the trophy— 
in attack. It is strange to 
relate, ter an England si de 
had, in every 90 minutes, they 
fayed. a potency in the 
department where 
Robbie Fowler, of-Uyerpool, 
had accepted chances with 
toe dean instincts of his dub 
; mentor, Ian Rush, and where 
Kevin Galtenrepresents,for 
once; an E nMi-A capture 
against the head from Ire¬ 
land. Gotten has two broth-, 
ns, both of whom have 
pledged their fixtures to fire 
Republic but ha considered 
a young sensation at Queens 
Park Rangers, decided be 
would he En gfish. 

The two of them drew thdr 
inspiration as tfid everyone in 
this team from Julian "Jo* 
adnm.. This diminnfive 
Leicester City player has the 
searing pace of his fitful's:. 
West Indian bloodline.-Tiny 
he may be m a field where 
youths stand 6ft and more 
but having been raised bn die 
b readline by. bis mother in 
lihcohtsfahft be has breath¬ 
taking perseverance, some¬ 
times singleness of pmpose; 
but, most precious of an. an. 
ability to spring wito the ball 
under bis command. 

The people who tried to 
break him most had been the 
Spaniards, under the coacb- 
of Andoffl Goecoechea, 
the “Butcher of B0- 
ban" for the horrendous tack¬ 
le with which he rifematuied 
■ the ankle of Dfego Maradona 
and a man who pretends to 
be a charmer while keeping 
in a g3t frame the boot that 
did the dirty on the wotkT 
greatest player. 

In Goecoedieat image, the 
team reaped ten ydlow cards 
and two red mid. when they 
^wun fhim jriare as a wunii-qp , 
to fingland’s- triumph yester- -* 
day, they had so many play¬ 
ers barred from me game that 
they could, muster just U 
and one substitute 
the 16 nominated start- . 

. We can do wi th out that and 
England, in shrrrirtmg flic 
; Spaniards 5-1 showedin 1993. 
as ever,, that there is no. 
purpose m intimi/ fatrag Eng¬ 

On the attack: Tinkler puts the Turkish defence under pressure during England's European championship win at the City Ground yesterday 

land. The French had not 
tried, jrat had fallen short in 
the scoring dep artm e nt . The 
Dutch, strangely for a nation 
which nurtures so many exo*- 
ic talents, had never been in 
England's class. The Turks 
were quite different. 

They were, for a start, the 
reigning European champi¬ 
ons. Their squad contained 
eight players who had repre¬ 
sented die nation at the 
World under-ZD champion¬ 

ships in Australia last March 
and their continuity in hav¬ 
ing been together for three 
years and through some 50 
internationals showed. In de¬ 
fence. they marked Joachim 
and GaUen like limpets. In 
midfield. Evren and Ender 
were often too quick of 
thought and movement even 
for the now vastly experi¬ 
enced England- captain, 
Dairen Ca-skey, and his 

But for some reason that 
has become an acknowl¬ 
edged national characteristic 
of Turkey, they rarely con¬ 
verted midfield supremacy in 
to threatening shots on goal 
Evren did give Christopher 
Day palpitations with a 
curled free kick, from 30 
yards, and Christopher Cas¬ 
per did after 20 minutes, have 
to show an encouraging abili¬ 
ty to read the play to snuff out 
a chance created by Mustafa. 

Yet. after changing ends. 
Fngfanrf hart the wind be¬ 
hind them — and Joachim. 
He had gone to the barbers 
last week and came out 
without his precocious mous¬ 
tache and. in Marvin Hagler 
fashion, without virtually ev¬ 
ery hair on his head. Maybe 
that made him even swifter. 
His was the electric sprint on 
the end of a marvellous five- 
man move which drew one of 
three fine saves from Murat 

Turkey could not cope with 
Joachim. In the 79th minute, 
from a free kick by goalkeep¬ 
er Day. he turned like an 
electric eel He left the nigged 
sweeper. Serkan. surprised 
and groping and. when 
Serkan flattened him from 
behind. it produced the win¬ 
ning penalty. 

Caskey, in his 25th appear¬ 
ance in an F.n giand shirt, 
strode up almost nonchalant¬ 
ly to wrongfoot the keeper 

and a quarter of an hour later 
was leading his team up into 
the grandstand to receive the 



Urtefl. S i 
(Tottenham H0MXJi% C Casper 
United]. K Sharp (Leeds 
M TlnMar (Lends tinted). 0 
(Tottenham Hofepul. P Scfafes 
iMancnestaUhfled^B Fowler (Lwerpool). 
X Galen (Oueern fia* Rangers, sub: N 
Whelan. Leeds United). J Joacttn 
Ancestor CIM 

TURKEY: 7 Mural; A Rom. C Hakan. R 
Certen, Y Samac D Otey, T Ender, N -T 
Evren, A Tame* (eu0. a Tenon); O Hasan, 
K PAjstete (sub: S Tefcte) 

: R ©sen (Norway) 

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■ I 

Robson is 
sent off 
as United 

pre-season encounter with 
Arsenal in South Africa 
turned sour yesterday after a 
co nt ro v ersial match at Johan¬ 
nesburg’s Elhs Park stadium. 
In front of a 55,000 capacity 
crowd. United, the league 
champions, lost 2-0to Arsenal 
last season's FA' Cop and 
League Cupwinners. losing 
Bryan Robson midway in the 
second half when the-former 
England captain was sent off 
for dissent 

However, Robson’s dismiss¬ 
al may have been a case of 
mistaken identity by the refer¬ 
ee, Errol Sweeney, who was 
manhandl ed by Damfe Irwin, 
the Irish international defend¬ 
er. after a penally appeal by 
United was turned down. 

Earlier, Sweeney had 
awarded two penalties a 
United, giving Ian Wright-the 
chance to earn Arsenal their 
victory with spot-kicks con¬ 
verted after ten minutes and 
26 minutes. 

Alex Ferguson, rite United 
manager, was deariy angry 
afterwards and said: "The 
referee set out to be the star of 

die show." His opposite 
number at Arsenal George 
Graham, was diplomatic 
about the two penalties,. say¬ 
ing: “Same days youge* them, 
some days you don't" 

There was a muted debut 
for United’S £3.75 million 
record signing the Republic of 
Ireland midfield player. Key 
Keane, as Arsenal won the 
first pysdWtogfcal bastebe¬ 
fore the teams meet again m 
the Charity Shield at WonWey 
on August 7. 

D Zambia's reconst ituted 
team qualified for tte African 
nations* cup in Tunisia 

next year after holding Zimba¬ 
bwe to a 1-1 drawin Harare 
yesterday. Henry McKpp 

Zimbabwe the lead m the 

who are coadted fry Ian- 
FOjterfield. rqualfon through 
Kaiu&a Bwafya in dm Gfftfi 

Wednesday combat legal 
action over Warhurst 

SHEFFIELD Wednesday, a 
dob with championship aspi¬ 
rations. were scheduled to 
catch a plane to Belfast at 8.45 
fins morning for pre-season 
rnfltrht*; a gainst Glentoran 
and Bangor in the shadow of 
an ugly legal wrangle involv¬ 
ing their £3 million-rated for¬ 
ward, Paul Warhurst. 

. Solicitors' letters have been 
sent to Sheffield from both 
Blacfcbom. Rovers and toe 
players agent attempting to 
pressurise Wednesday to seO 
Warhurst and, in return. Shef¬ 
field Wednesday’s lawyer will 
today seek to take 'out an 
iigunctiOQ against the agent 

Trevor Frauds, toe Sheffield 
Wednesday manager, at first 
tried to evade questions cort- 
ceminc file legal threats, but 
last night, feeing that he had 
no dunoe but to defend his 
dub, he admitted that Blade- 
bum Rovers had sent his dub 
a letter threatening legal ac¬ 
tion unless Warhurst is sold to 
than by 6pra^ tonight 

In addition, toe agent. Ian 
Gtynn.also sent Wednesdsty a 
soKdtort letter 
action unless toe player is i 
by noon today and. yesterday. 


tatives were drawing tip their 
response in toe first instance 
in .seeking a High Court 
Tq prorrinn against Glynn. 

“I obviously will not talk 

. By Rob Hughes 

about legal matters in public." 
Ftends said, "but i wzl) say 
that I am cxxrvinced Shield 
Wednesday are 100 per cent in 
the right, that we are deter¬ 
mined to keep Warhurst. who 
has two years to go on his 
contract, and that I could do 
without this when we have 
such a tremendous spirit 
going for us al the dub. a 
sprit into which our new 
signing Des Walker has al¬ 
tered as happy as Larry." 

Francis admitted he had. 
eatfier fins month, 
with Ray Harford, 
bum's assistant manager, a 
conditional sale of Warhurst 
that involved a £3 rafllion cash 
transfer. It is believed that 
after Frands gave permission 
for Warhurst to talk to Blade- 
bum, Ik was offered up to 
three times his EUXX000 sala¬ 
ry at Sheffield — a salary 
which in itself trebled toe 
Francis bought him for 
£750,000' from Oldham the 
season before last 

However, Frands had al¬ 
ways insisted that he told 
Harford toe sale was condi¬ 
tional on him signing a re¬ 
placement—lie had broadcast 
this condition during a BBC 
Radio 5 interview on toe day 
that Harford met Warhurst— 
aprf when Sheffield Wednes¬ 
day's own attempt to sign 

Poor relations: Francis, left, wants to keep Wnbnzst 

Brian Deane from their neigh¬ 
bours Sheffield United fell 
through (after a similar sce¬ 
nario in which Deane had 
talked terms wito Francis) toe 
Sheffield manager called a 
halt to the sate of Warhurst 

Frands emphasised that 
Warhurst in pre-season train¬ 
ing and during Wednesday's 
5-0 and 6-0 victories in practice 
matches at Plymouth Argyte 
and Exeter City, had been 
"tremendously committed’'. 

Frands admitted last night 
that his troubles with 
Warhurst began before Black- 
bum made a bid for the 
player. The player's agent had 
asked Frands to renegotiate 
better terms with Warhurst 24 
hours before Wednesday 
Arsenal in the FA Cup 
Then, on the eve of toe 
replay of that contest, Francis 
had sharp words with 

I understand from other 
players that the manager told 
Warhurst he would need him 
in his original position, centre 
back, when Paul Shirtiiff 
broke down with injury. 
Warhurst replied that he con¬ 
sidered himself now to be a 
forward and would prefer to 
be on toe bench than to revert 
to centre back. Frands lost 
his temper, ordered the 
player to leave the training 
ground and retented only after 
Warhurst had been persuaded 
by other senior players to 

Frauds said he is deter¬ 
mined first to tty to 
the situation by retaining 

and that, although it 
his own code of not 
renegotiating terms during 
toe length ofa contract, he has 
already fold Warhurst “What 
you did in toe last months of 
last season was phenoroenai 
Youwfll start this season as a 
goal-scorer, and if you confirm 
the form of last season I would 
be wining to make an excep¬ 
tion, and to offer you terras in 
respect of the higher status 
your form has merited." Could 
anything sound fairer? 

hosts big 
chance for 

By David Rhys Jones 

OVER the next two weeks, 
dose to a thousand county 
champions will converge on 
Royal Leamington Spa to 
take part in the Liverpool 
Victoria English Women's 
Bowling Association national 

The leafy Warwickshire 
town has established itself as 
the Wimbledon of bowls as 
far as the nation’s women 
bowlers are concerned since 
tiie championships left their 
previous home, in Wimble¬ 
don. more than 20 years ago. 

The link with tennis may be 
tenuous, but the champion¬ 
ships. which start with toe 
intercounty semi-finals and 
final today, will be played in 
Victoria Park, a short stroll 
from the place where the 
world's first lawn tennis dub 
was formed in 1872. 

The competition will be cut¬ 
throat. especially with places 
in next year's Commonwealth 
Gaines squad at stake. 

A glance at the list of singles 
competitors reveals the det¬ 
ermination of previous win¬ 
ners like Maay Price, of 
Buckinghamshire, and Jean 
Baker, of Deibytitir& to re¬ 
establish their claims after a 
disappointing showing in last 
year's world bonds at Ayr. 

Jayne Roylance, of Norfolk, 
who won the indoor singles 
title at Stevciage in March, 
has her rights set on a unique 
double. While Jean Evans, of 
Peterborough, toe 1991 cham¬ 
pion, has qualified from 

Last year’s champion, Wen¬ 
dy Line, was beaten in Hamp¬ 
shire this summer, and is 
unable to defend her title. 

Among toe younger players 
is toe youngest ever to com¬ 
pete in the final stages erf the 
EWBA championships. Amy 
GowsbaH. who lines up in toe 
triples with her mother, Chris 
Gowsfcall and Nora Hafi. of 
Grimsby's Park Avenue dub, 
was 14 in Match. 

England triumph 
to claim crown 

By John Watson 

THE annual Hurlingham 
Polo Association international 
day. sponsored by Cartier, 
was staged for the 22nd occa¬ 
sion on the Guards Chib's 
ground at Smitfrs Lawn, 
Windsor Great Park, yester¬ 
day. toe leading contestants 
being Chile and England. 
With both teams aggregating 
about 27 goals on handicap. 
England won the Coronation 
Cup by right goals to three. 

Both squads were superbly 
mounted. England from the 
teams for whan they piayed 
in the British Open. Chile 
from the strings of such well 
supplied player-patrons as 
John Manconi, Brook John- 
soi and Robert Hanson. 

The match was over six 
efrukkas and play was on 
equal terms for the first three, 
the score being 3-3 at treading- 
in time. Under the skilful 
captaincy of their No 3. Gabri¬ 
el Donoso, Chile played an 
excellent tactical game. 
Donoso’s brother, Jose, kept 
well up the ground to lake toe 
passes, at one, while Fernando 
Fantini and Rodrigo Vial also 
backed up and marked to 
good effect 

From England’s dear su¬ 
premacy in the second half of 
toe game it is difficult not to 
conclude that one or two of toe 
Chilean players are over¬ 
handicapped. The main 
driveof the England team 
came from toe Hipwood 
brothers, Howard and Julian. 
They were backed by Lord 

Charles Beresford. perhaps 
the most effective man in that 
position in Europe, and up 
front by William Lucas, who 
plays off a six handicap. 

Although England drew 
ahead dining the second half 
it roust be pointed out that 
Fantini and Gabriel Donoso 
missed the many penalty-goal 
chances they were given by 

After toe Queen presented 
toe Coronation Cup to the 
England captain. Howard 
Hipwood, she made a number 
of other awards. Will Lucas 
won the Cartier award for toe 
most valuable player in toe 
encounter, while toe World of 
Sport trophy for toe most 
useful pony in toe game was 
given to Robert Hanson for his 
Il-year-old chestnut English 
thoroughbred. Apache, which 
Fantini rode in the fourth and 
sixth chukkas. 

The prim for the man ad¬ 
judged by the Hurlingham 
Association to be the most 
improved young player of the 
season went to Julian Daniels. 

The result of the second 
match, toe five-chukka contest 
for the Silver Jubilee Cup, was 
a 7-5 victory for Canada 
against toe Prince of Wales’s 

ENGLAND: 1. W Lucas (6). 2, J-Mpweod 
(7) 3. H hipwood (B). Beck. Lord C 

CHILE: 1. J DonoeQ (5). 2, R V$l P) 3.G 
Donoso CSV Back. F hartrt (H. 

CANADA: 1. G Weston JmocKj 2. T Often 

a J Lucas (5) .a A Kara (7). Back, 
id Wales (2). 

Jackson denies claim 

COLIN Jackson, toe Wales 
athlete who is unbeaten over 
toe 110 metres hurdles this 
season, yesterday answered a 
claim from toe Olympic silver 
medal-winner, Tony Dees, 
that he cannot handle the big 

Jackson. 26, has still to win 
at the highest level, 
finished second in the H 
Olympic Games and toe 1989 
world championships. Dees 

insisted Jackson will be run¬ 
ner-up again at next month’s 
world championships in Stutt¬ 
gart. “A lot of people think he 
is a choker when it really 
matters," Dees, from the Uni¬ 
ted States, said. 

Jackson said: “If he wanes id 
make that sort of comment, irs 
up to him. l*m determined to 
show I’m toe best hurdler in 
the world. Everything has 
gone well tins season.” 

Victory for 
reaps high 

By Our Rifle Shooting 

COLIN Brook, a quantity 
surveyor who shoots for the 
London and Middlesex Rifle 
Association and toe Stock 
Exchange Rifle Club, won the 
Queen’s prize by a single point 
on Saturday wito a record 
score of 295 after the keenest 
contest seen for several years. 

It was dear from toe quali¬ 
fying round last Wednesday 
that it would be that way. The 
ammunition was perfect, the 
weather conditions even and 
scores were high. It was the 
same in the second stage, 
where Brook won toe silver 
medal with a maximum 150. 

This took him into the final 
on Saturday one point ahead 
of some highly-regarded ri¬ 
vals. After the 900-yard range, 
at which he scored 73, he 'was 
still one ahead of Antony 
Ringer, toe winner last year, 
who had put on 74 but had 
had fewer to carry over from 
the second stage. 

They each made 72 at 1,000 
yards. Meanwhile, Martin 
Miliar, from Northern Ire¬ 
land, scored 74, toe highest at 
1.000 yards, taking him into 
third place. 

Only five points separated 
the leading 30 competitors, 
wito the man placed 100th just 
25 points behind the winner. 
The topscoring woman com¬ 
petitor was Mrs Sarah Kent 
of toe Old Epsomiara. placed 
fifth on 293. 

RESULTS: Queen's prize: 1. C Bra* 
ndon and Mrtdieswj, 2955Spts: 2. A 
gerJUpphgflGni Veterans}. 29* 39.3. M 
ar (CotrQeO, 234 35. Amtaia trophy- J 
Meaw (Sussex?. 291. Prince or mate 
prize 1. LPBden (pCBAj. 75 14/25.4; 2. A 
Luck/nan (Suray LHiersoy), fS.1i/E3S. 
CharoaMoia trophy: 1. Cambridge Unwar- 
wy. 1.169142 Qxtofd Unvatty. 

Land flowr Dfenway trophy (1 flOOyris): 
1. R Gmeiatw a lte (Warefcwwtn), 7412 2, 
A Jones pi London], 74.QB: 3. C Whaftw 
(panada), 74.10. ItocfcmAM trophy (90a 
aid 1.000yd): 1. En g la nd. 1.137111 (U 
Klifdo-Staeflwez as. Toy: 2 Garetfa 
1.128.100 (J Howard. 18.10): 3, Ireland. 
1,127.112 fC Johnson SSS) UrsJer-25 
iflte m M o nat 1. Gfea Boon. 599.74 (R 
Vay 149 74): 2 Canada. 578.64. Uiriwemy 
'—) ranga BOO and i.000w»; 1. Lundcn 
43 (A Btagava sa 15): 2. Oxford A. 


374 33 (P Chapman, 9ai2). 










Ferry rescues crew 
of capsized yacht 

THE twtwnan crew of the yacht. Magic MmUk ajDu^ 
sldppe^RichanJ Everdij. 

Valen. were picked ofF their 45-foot yacht by the ferry^Stoma 
Londoner a route from Newhaven to Dieppe shortiy ato 
1130 yesterday morning. They were later, transferred to the 

Eastbourne lifeboat and taken off 

Everdij said later that the yacht’s keel bad broken on. 
apparently after a welding failure. Magic Machine *« 
ov P S so quickly that ^ tamhfte 

life-raft Both men, who were in the cockpit at Retime, were 
thrown into the water but managed to scramble <mj» tiw 
bull and await rescue. The incident 
westerly winds 12 miles south of Beachy Head, about 180 

miles short of the finish at Plymouth. 

Haddock retains title 

stopping S Steve 

M^iester. after 2 mtoJ 6 sec of the sevnito 
round. The Welsh southpaw. 29. became the firetof 14 
champions to retain the crown since the suj^^eatberwei&ht 
division was reintroduced in 1986. The turning point came 
in die sixth round when a straight left sent Walker tumbling 

lo take a count of si* tom the referee. Larry CTCwndLA left 
hook completed the task in the seventh when Walker. 31. got 
up at eight; but O’Connell signalled toe fight ove^Haddodt 
Sdll now make a mandatory defence against another 
Welshman. Floyd Havaid. 

Errors rule the day 

rROOUET- Nerves played their part in deciding both toe 
fffianddoublS finals of toe British Open^iamP^ 
ships at Hurlingham. Doubles holders. Chns Clarke and 
Robert Fulford. overcame a 2A deficit against Nigel AspmaU 
and Stephen Mullinerwhen two errorsfrom Admail m die 
last two games allowed them to take then tie. 3-1 Uwsa 
similar story in toe singles final where David Maugham tet 
Reg Bamford level toe match at 1-1 after missing a very short 
shot. Bamford then missed his own chance of sewing up toe 
championship in game four before winning toe deeding 
game with a whitewash. 

Skelton gives boost 

Skelton, left gave the Brit¬ 
ish showjumping team for 
the European champion¬ 
ships next week a morale 
boost with two class wins at 
the Royan International 
Show. He won with Everest 
Limited Edition yesterday, 
and took the puissance 
event on Saturday night 
Michael Whitaker also had 
a good win in the Prix 
Hermes speed class with 
Everest My Mesieur. 

Egypt arrive in style 

SQUASH: Egypt, competing in the 20-nation world jinuor 
women's championships for toe first time, yesterday took 
teMMl scalps with their stylish, butvirttutity 
unknown, players. England's defence of the “dividual tide 
- Silke Bartel of Germany, is top seed - is led by Doma 
beeves and Jenny Tranfield. who wontoeirmatebes 
convincingly, as did Tracey Shentan. Stephanie Brind and 

^dJso advanced firmly, with wins from Claire 
Waddell Wendy Maitland and Pamela Nimrao. 

One-run win for India 

CRICKET: India snatched a tense one-run win oyer Sri 
Lanka with four balls to spare after they appeared to be 
heading for defeat in the first of three oneday internationals 
in Colombo yesterday. Sri Lanka, chasing|2L2 off SO oyera 
were comfortably on course at 161 for two after half-centimes 
by Chandika Hatourusingha and Acavuida de Silva. But 
they collapsed, losing their last five wickets for 25 runs. 
India’s captain. Azharuddin, juggled his bowlers to 
perfection, and after Sri Lanka’s strong start, only Sauath 
Jayasuriya, with 17, readied double figures. 

Young Lions triumph 

RUGBY LEAGUE: The Great Britain Young Lions amateur 
side won for the third time on its tourof Austrahaon 
Saturday, defeating South East Queensland 28-1 Oat Harvey 
Bay. John Clarke, the hooker, and Mike HiB srared itwotnes 
and Dave Seeds toe other one. with Craig Murdock kicking 
four goals. Hull have signed toe former Australia 
international half back, Des Hasler. 31. from Manly- 
Warringah. David Fraisse. 24. the French international 
centre, has arrived at Sheffield Eagles for a trial. 

Perkins breaks record 

SWIMMING: Kieren Per¬ 
kins, left, broke his second 
world short-course record in 
11 days, reducing the 800m 
freestyle mark by almost 
four seconds at the Sydney 
grand prix yesterday. Per¬ 
kins, of Australia, toe Olym¬ 
pic 1500m gold medal 
winner, clocked 7min 
34.90sec over 800m during 
the 1.500m metres finaL 
after breaking his own 
1,500m record earlier in the 

Becker stands firm 

TENNIS: Boris Becker's lawyer. Axel Meyer-Woelderu 
yesterday rejected claims by Ion TJn« 
three-times Wimbledon champion s manager after Bearers 
announcement last week that he had-ended tear ta*yejr 
association. Tiriar had told a German newspaper that his 
legally terminated before 1997 ami Born 
Becker has not attempted to terminateor otherwise end it 
unilaterally”. Meyer-Woelden said* “The contracts that 
Tiriac dies do not stand up to a legal review. 

US qualify for finals 

World Cup finals in Dublin. after winning a fifth place 
penalty shoot-out in Philadelphia on Saturday- 
B England’s under-21 squad for the Junior World Cup in 
Spain in September faces goalkecping problOTS. Simwi 
Mason broke a finger while training, leaving Jimmy Lewis 
to arare goalkMptog duties with Matthew Prestwich. of 
Teddmgtonl who has been brought into the squad. 


New Zealander remains cool under fire at the course he can never f _g _ 

Charles rewrites his 

By Mel Webb 

THIRTY years after winning 
his one and only Open 
Championship at Royal 
Lytham and St Annas, Bob 
Charles came back to toe 
scene of his triumph and took, 
the Senior British Open yes¬ 
terday after a finish that was 
every bit as exciting as any¬ 
thing he has achieved in a 40- 
year career. 

Charles, the lanky New 
Zealander, has always been 
long on talent and short on toe 
sniff of which toe great charac¬ 
ters of toe game are made. His 
only concession to beating 
Tommy Horton and Gary 
Player by one shot with a final 
74 and a total of 291, seven 
over par. was an understated 
tip of the visor, and the merest 
suggestion of a wave to the 

Without knowing other¬ 
wise. it would have been 
difficult to teU that Charles 
had just seen Horton throw 
away toe lead he had held 
since toe 12 th by putting his 
drive into toe rough, pulling 
his second into a greenside 

bunker and taking three to get 

down for a bogey five. 

Charles, without doubt the 
greatest left-hander toe game 
has ever seen, and the leading 
senior money-winner in the 
world this year, faced a seven- 
foot birdie putt for toe title. As 
befits a man who. in his 
prime, was considered the best 
putter in the world, he rolled it 
in with a minimum of fuss to 
win the £36,650 top prize. 
When he won the British 
Open he collected precisely 

“It’s a great feeling to come 
back here and win again after 
30 years, especially after com¬ 
ing dose for the last two 
years," he said- “I’m proud of 
myself that I held myself 
together in toe dosing holes. 
The wind was much stronger 
than it was 30 years ago. and 
I’m pleased that although I 
didn’t overcome this magnifi¬ 
cent golf course. I at least 
overcame the elements." 

Charles must have thought 
the title was slipping away 
when he blundered off the tee 
at the short 12th. With toe rain 
falling for toe first time in the 
day, he put a three-iron under 
the lip of a bunker, slashed the 
ball back down into the sand, 
then bladed his attempted 
over the green. He 
back, took two putts 

and had to settle for a triple- 
bogey six. 

A few moments earlier, 
Horton had birdied toe 11th to 
move into a share of toe lead. 
Charles’s calamity, plus a par 
four for himself, put him three 
in front He stayed that way 
until a double bogey at toe 15th 
dropped him back to seven 
over par and a shot in front 
with toe last hole to play. 

With Gary Player, who had 
been dismissing his form all 
week, already in toe club¬ 
house on eight over after a 
birdie at toe last for a closing 
73. all Horton had to do was 

par the last Sadly for him, he 
failed to do so. and was 
distraught after his few mo¬ 
ments of misery on toe last 
with toe British gallery root¬ 
ing for him. 

It is toe third time this 
season he has foiled to win 
after leading deep into the 
filial day. He led by two with 
four holes to play in toe Gary 
Player Classic at St Pierre, 
only to put his ball into the 
water twice on toe 15th; and, 
needing a four to win toe 
Northern Electric Seniors, he 
went into a bunker and took 
six. He won £18,905 here to 

remain the leading European 
on the order of merit—but to 

tme so competitive it was poor 


The drama of Charles’s 
victory came at the end of a 
blustery day when, with 
pulses of heavy rain sweeping 
the course, toe scoring once 
again soared- But not every¬ 
body suffered pain in the rain. 
The best score of the day was 
posted by Tony Grubb, 57, 
who has had a poor season in 
seniors golf. He finished 
fourth, a shot behind Player 
and Horton, and collected 
£ 11 , 000 . toe best pay day of his 

golfing fife, and £ 10.000 more 
t han gained by his PGA 
championship win in 1964. 

Spare a thought finally, for 
David Craik, of Scotland, who ■ 

signed off with an 88 for a total 

of 324. 40 over par. and four 
shots worse than toe next 
man. Craik’s figures looked 
like the stuttering stuff of a 
midweek society meeting, but 
toe reality on these formidable 
linVc was of an utterly differ¬ 
ent order. Forty over par? For 
the ordinary mortal 40:over *. 
on this coarsenin' these condi¬ 
tions. would have been luxury, 

sheer luxury. 

G8 am* (Teuton staled 
291: R Owtes <N». 292: G 
Pteyw (SA). 73.74,72,73;Thtojfton, TOTO 
73,74.293: A'&ubb. 77.73, 71. 72.295: J 
Httcft m. 73, 71.707. M:THJwng. 
70. 71, 78. 79; B Huggett, 7Z TO TO, TO 
287: A Praetor (US)7TO78.73.7S. 298. J 
FdtrtHSAi. 72.77,75.74.299: NDkw, 73, 
73. 7&a0; D Sre* 74, 78. 89. 78jC 
- ofcorhor. 72. 77, 72. 7». M AM. 
75. 72. 75.77 300: A turner (US. 73, TO 
75; 76; B Waites. 77. 75. 73. 75 301: B 
Zirrananrian RJS). 69.77.75,80.-C Gem. 
72. 78,75. 78. 30fc L Lawn £US]^TO ri. 

304: R Flcfler, 77. M Dffrtano IBJ, 75,78L 75. 
76. FBerato. 77,78.75,77. H Musaolt 72. 
- notates amateur 

Montgomerie finds form to 
end two-year barren spell 

COLIN Montgomerie, of Scot¬ 
land. ended a frustrating two- 
year barren spell when he shot 
a final round of 69 to win the 
Dutch Open by one stroke in 
Noordwijk, Holland, 

A seven-under-par total ot 
281 gave Montgomerie his first 
victory since he won the 1991 
Scandinavian Masters in 
Stockholm. Since then he has 
ban a runner-up six times, 
finishing second three times 
this season. 

The Frenchman, Jean Van 
de Velde, who won the Roma 
Masters in April, had five 
birdies in a round of 68, toe 
best of the day. to finish joint 
second with Jose Coaxes, of 
Argentina. Ian Woosnam was 
fourth after a disappointing 
final round of 73. 

Two 40-foot putts with a 
new putter for a birdie four at 
toe Wi and an eagle three at 
toe 11th sent Montgomerie to 
the head of toe field after he 
had started the last round four 
shots behind Coceres. 

But it was his par four at toe 
fearsome 16th which clinched 
the £108330 first prize, taking 
him to second in toe Ryder 
Cup points table and third in 
the Order of MeriL 
Montgomerie could not 

By Our Sports Staff 

reach the green into the wind, 
even with a full-blooded torefr 
iron approach, but he chipped 
expertly to two feet and made 
no mistake over toe last two 

“I came from four behind 
for my last win in Sweden and 
the anniversary of that is next 
week," he said. “I have waited 
a long time for this and there 
have been so many near 
misses. 1 missed the cut in toe 
Open last week but my coach 
told me toe reason for my poor 
form was that I was spinning 
out too soon with my left hip. I 
have cured that now- and I’m 
enjoying my golf again." 

However. Montgomerie 
was given an anxious hour 
before he could be sure he had 
ended his victory' famine. A 
thunder and lightning squall 


GS and Ire unless stated 

281: C Morcigcnefie, £8. 73 71.69 28£J 

van He VetJe TO TO ~ . 63. J Coceres 

iAiqj. 69. 70 Si. 74 283 i Wcosnaa »V 
70 63 72 284 1 P Fa“er,\ 67. 70. . *. / 5 
28S- M Roe 73 71 74 73 S T««lS iDCTi 
71. 70. 63. 75 288 P E^jW. 65 7A »*. 70 
2 fJ7: O Kartssor; iS<W 76 71. £3. 71. J 
3erendl lAn* 63. 73 TO 73 E D«v. ^ 
74.89.74; j Par-rvi* t^.w) 7i >1.70. 75 . 

T-t--. 7} 55 73 7: 289: 

70 69. 73 

halted play for 35 minutes just 
after he had signed his card, 
leaving Woosnam, Coceres 
and Ronan Rafferty still capa¬ 
ble of overtaking him. 

But all three came to grief ar 
toe 16to and when Coceres 
failed to hole his bunker shot 
at the 18th toe Scot was able to 
celebrate. "It was getting a bit 
frustrating butl never gave up 
hope of winning again." he 

Van de Velde also hit form 
with his putter, with birdies on 
three of the first four holes to 
charge out of toe pack. When 
he efupped in ai toe 9th, from 
25 vards to reach the turn in 
32, "and birdied the long 11th as 
well, he was also seven tinder 

But toe 27-year-old from 
Martinique missed the green 
at the 16th and took three more 
to get down. He had to hole 
from 12 feet and five feet for 
pars at the last two holes. He 
took home £56.450, more than 
he collected for his win in 

Coceres finished with 74 
while Rafferty, the halfway 
leader, dosed with a 75 to 
finish fifth, edging out Steen 
Tinning, of Denmark, who 
also had a 75. and Mark Roe. 
who ended with a 70. 

Alfredsson waits for storm 
to abate before challenge 

From Patricia. Davies in Carmel. Indiana - 

INDIANA has escaped the 
ravages of rain and flooding 

that have been plaguing states 

further west for toe past few 
weeks, but on Saturday 
night a vicious little thunder¬ 
storm, incorporating a mini 
flash-flood, hit Crooked Stick 
golf dub and upset prepara¬ 
tions for toe final round of the 
US Women’s Open champ¬ 
ionship yesterday. 

Branches littered the 
course, creeks were swollen, 
bunkers flooded and the mop 
ping up operations delayed 
the start of play by an hour. 

It is rare for a women’s 
Open to proceed uninterrupt¬ 
ed, so tire older bands knew 
bow to cope and they included 
Helen Alfredsson. the Swede 
who was leading Hironri 
Kobayashl of Japan, by two 
shots after three rounds. Last 
year, at Oakmont, play was 
positively staccato because of 
all the rain and Alfredsson 
was disraught after shooting 
79 in the second round. She 
made the cut however, and 
ended up sharing thirteenth 

She has learned what it is 
all about and. although she is 
still big. bouncy and noisy 
and admits patience is not her 
strong point, she is now more 

in control of herself on the 
course and is becoming a 
formidable competitor. Her 
bid to become toe first Swede, 
and the first European, to win 
the ' Open since Liselotte 
Neumann in 1988, will not be 
harmed by the fact that she 
won the Dinah Shore, the first 
major championship of the 
season in March. 

On Saturday. Alfredsson 
shot a 69. three under par, that 
featured three threes in a row 
from the 7th- The first two 
were birdies and the third an 
eagle at the ninth, where she 
hit a four iron to six feet She 
and Kobayashi were helped 
by the collapse of Michelle 
McGann, the 36-hole leader. 

McGaxm, 23, from Florida, 
bogeyed the first four holes — 
she is a diabetic and reckoned 


aa»dl: 207: H Wfredsson (Siw). 68.70,69 
209: H Kobayashl (Japjri). 71,67,71. 210: 
D Andrews. 71.70.68, P Bradley. 72,70,68 
211: A Okamato (Japan). 68. 72, 71; N 
Lopez. 70. 71. 70: D Ammacapara:, 71, 70. 
70.212: L Merten. 71.71,70.213: L Davies 
(OB). 73. 71. 69, P Sheehan. 73. 71.69. K 
TscheOer. 73. 71.68. N Foust, 71.71. 71; J 
Carner. MMafcxi. 73,72.69: 
M McGann. 7a 66. 78. 215: S Stertww. 
73.67. TO. G Graham (Can). 72. 73, 70: C 
Johnson. 71,75.69: S Hamkn, 74,68,73. B 
Mucha. TO. ffl. 71. K StobMra. 71. 70. 74. 
CMw British: 220: P Wright. 73. 73.74. 

Chance to tee up for slice of Spanish high life 

. . . j. » i nkuor nrhn raichm rhpir mmnetitnrs. Tfoev must nlaveri under a 

By Mel Webb 

THE finalists in The Times 
Olivetti Corporate Golf 
Challenge in late November 
have a treat awaiting than. 
The final will played on the 
South Course at the Hyatt La 
Manga Club Resort in Mur¬ 
cia in southeast Spam, and 
the contestants should enjoy 
four memorable days in luxu¬ 
rious surroundings. 

The management of the 
resort, which at 1.400 acres is 
larger than the principality of 
Monaco, has been taken over 
by Hyatt International in 
partnership with toe owner of 
La Manga. P&O company 
Boris Abroad Ltd. They have 
given the complex a £30 
million facelift. 

The finalists will be staying 
in the Hotel Principe Felipe, 
the centrepiece of the resort It 
has been redeveloped from 

the original 60-bedroom hotel 
on the site into a £20 million 

The ambience of toe hotel is 
uncompromisingly luxuri¬ 
ous. with the emphasis on 
space. Lofty vaulted ceilings, 
wrought iron detailing and 
rich fabrics in toe public 
rooms are just a taste of what 
is to come in toe 192 bed¬ 
rooms. most of which over¬ 
look the golf courses. 

The finalists will play on 
toe South Course, once toe 
stage for the Spanish Open 
and for many years the venue 
for the Professional Golf As¬ 
sociation's European Tour 
qualifying school. It has been 
extensively redesigned by Ar¬ 
nold Palmer, who won the 
Spanish Open there in 1975. 

Palmer's design company 
has altered the nature of the 
course by providing tighter 
fairways, new tees and 

moundings. It has also com¬ 
pletely redesigned many 

The owners of toe resort 
recently announced their can¬ 
didature for toe 1997 Ryder 

Cup. The course is certainly 
worthy of that event and 
finalists in The Times Olivetti 
Corporate Challenge should 
be thoroughly tested. 

The signature hole of the 
course is the short 8th, a 
striking hole that has been 
totally changed by Palmer. A 
bunker to tire right of the 

green has been extended back 

to a small lake, and is now' a 
huge beach trap. Woe betide 

any player who pushes their 
tee shot even a few yards 

Smaller but important 
changes have been made to 
the rest of the course, and 
although it was opened only 
on June 20 after nine months 
of intensive work, it already 
has the potential to become 
one of the finest inland 
courses in Europe. 

There is still rime to enter 
the challenge, the first compe¬ 
tition in the country aimed 
specifically ar the business 

The response has been 
encouraging in what is the 
event’s first year.with the 
challenge office receiving 
more than 1.500 enquiries. 

The rales of the competi¬ 
tion are simple- Companies 
which register in the chall¬ 
enge must stage an 18-hole 
Stableford event with at least 

25 competitors. They must 
play off 7 a of a maximum 24 
handicap for men and 30 for 

The 25 teams with the best 
aggregate score will qualify 
for one of five regional finals. 
Each team should include the 
leading three members of 
staff and toe leading guest — 
provided they are amateurs, 
have an official dub handi¬ 
cap and will be available for 
the regional and national 

The five regional finals, in 
early October, will be held, all 
golf expenses paid, ai Fulford 
(North), Coliingtree (Mid¬ 
lands), Bristol and Clifton 
(West and Wales), Haggs 
Castle (Scodand and Ireland) 
and Foxhiils (South East). 

The winning team in each 
region will go through to the 
national final 'at La Mfrrigft 
fromNovember 25 to 29.tobe 

played under a 36-hole 
Stableford format over two 
days on the South Course. 
Flights — by Viva Air, toe 
leisure arm of Iberia. Spain's 
national airline — and ac¬ 
commodation at the Hotel 
Prindpe Felipe will be paid 
for by the organisers. The 
final has been approved by 
the Royal and Ancient Club, 
thereby protecting the ama¬ 
teur status of competitors. 

Companies can register for 
£150. which indudes a chall¬ 
enge trophy for toe individual 
winner at their golf day. and 
three shields. all 
personalised, for the three 
runners-up. . 

Fixture lists appear weekly 
in toe sports pages of The 
Tunes, arid results also 
appear in the paper on a 
weekly basis. A selection of 
personalised merchandise is 
also available to oompanies. 

i - 


the tension and excitement 
had affected her blood sugar 
level — and had two double 
bogeys and an eagle in her 78. 
She ended two under par and 
stOl came up smiling. “Do 1 
have to talk about it?" she 
asked afterwards before re¬ 
living every detail of .a dire, 

nationally-televised, day. 

McGann, touted as toe 
biggest hitter here, had to give 
distance to Laura Davies, the 
women’s only remotely plau¬ 
sible answer to John . Daly. 
The former British and US 
women's Open champion hit 
a couple of monsters in the 
280-yand range on Saturday 
and led the statistics with an 
average of 271 yards. She 
played awesomely from tee to 
green, but did not hole 
enough putts. A 69 left bar at 
three under par, alongside 
JoAnne Camer and Patty 
Sheehan, toe defending 
champion, who toed: a triple 
bogey seven at toe 18th. hit¬ 
ting two balls into the water. 

Davies thought she could 
still win. given a fair start, but 
Kobayashi, in a better pos¬ 
ition. was less sure of her own 
chances of becoming the first 
Japanese to win the Open. “I 
was a lot of nervous." she said 
after her third round. 

> e?- 





■ wrw-nt rn ' 


l ' V? ‘ r THE TIMES MONDAY JULY 261993 



By Michael Henderson 

won toss): Glamorgan 
Worcestershire by 2? runs 




STILL they keep winning. 
Glamorgan have now talrwi 
maximum points from the last 
eight Sundays defeating 
Worcestershire yesterday with 
the ease of practised perfor 
ers. which a. study of their 
form in this competition re¬ 
veals they are not 

By daingso, they also fired a 
pre-emptive shot across the 
Worcester bows before the : 
NarWest Trophy quarter-final 
tie at Swansea tomorrow. 

That will be a very different 
match, or at least it ought to 
be, given Worcestershire's re¬ 
cent record in -the longer 
limited-overs competitions. 
Here they found a target of 
260 out of bounds by 27 runs 
despite the best, and late, 
efforts of Rhodes and Lampitt 

Although Curtis batted 
through 34 overs for 62 those 
runs came in a losing cause. 
Glamorgan’s out-cricket saw. 
to that No one fielded with 
greater distinction than Viv, 
Richards who effected one 
run-out held a brilliant catch 
and threw in two wickets of his 
own to put the lid on a notable 
all-round performance. 

It is 25 seasons since Gla¬ 
morgan won foe second of 
their two championships. 
That was the year, 1969, when 
Sunday cricket became a part 
of tiie English game. Since 
then. Glamorgan's best pos¬ 
ition was fifth, in 1988, not a 
dainty dish to set before the 

Rather tike Middlesex, who 
won the competition last year 
for the first time, the Welsh 
county have suddenly cracked 
this particular code. 

Middlesex, of course, have 
won every other cup so. should 

p w 

OmMflsn 116)_ 11 


Svny («)- 10 

i . 

i *■ - 

* t 


) r sion 


» s,"* ' ! 

i ai 

Lanasblra (It)— IQ 
MOaatl )— It 
Noons (13)_ 10 

Sossa* (11)- 10 

Datryirn (13)-• 10 
waretoTO— 10 
Esse* (2}- 10 

Lain (10)-0 

Glares (B)-9 

Hamp^rira (3).— 10 

WHO (7)-10 

Y«teNra(15)_. 0 

Durian (8)- 10 

No® (17)- 10 

SoiwbII5)— 10 

0-1 84 

fl ?-• « 

0 2 28 

2 24 

•1 ,14 

8 44 






Britannic Assurance . 
county championship 

Essex v Durham - 

CHELMSFORD flftW day oftnuj: Datum 
wrth sign secanHmingB wtckea m hard, 
ere ids iwb ahead at &aa* 

DURHAM: Fm Mops 483 (PSaj[*nd£te 
1 SO rot out, W Lotas 80: J H ChWs 589) 
Second tminga 

G Fwtef nrt out .—- 88 

W Latas c Stephenson 0 Such....— 2D 
P W G PBffaw c Stephenson b Such .13 

S Hutton not out- ; - 7 

Extras (b 6, band4)-.-18 

Total (2wkts) . 84 

FAU OF WICKETS: 1-46,2-6& 

BOWUNG- prntfo 53-135, Topley 9515 
0; Stephenson 15527-0; aim 9-4-12-2: 
CtAte 1-1-00. 

ESSEX: Rret tnrdnga 

v *P J Pndwd b Brown--87 

% J P Srephenson c Smtti b Blown.— 0 

' NVKnfatttc,^— - -- 




J J B Lew’s b Beny — - —SB 

1M A Gemtam c Cummina b Brown ...106 

□ ft Pmgte b Bony ._. = -57 

T D Topley C Lahore b Brawn-22 


5 JWAnriwvc Scott b Cummins-6 

J H Chflds not out- 0 

Bams (b a 8) aw 4, rb 28)-:—<1 


Score after 120 offlW 382-9. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11. 2-56, 3-133, 4- 
148. S-211. 6-298. 7.3C7. 8374. 9382. 
BOWUNG: GimrtrB 30.13-102-3: Brwm 
31-10-111-5: Bainbridge 9^2-tl-O: 
Gravonay 22*604): Berry 29-507-2. 

Bonus points. Essex 7, Dudvam 0. 

Urr^res. P B Wgfumd D R Staphwd. 

Derbyshire v Sussex 
DERBY (ftW day at ton): O art yshfr? 
1 2 «ms) bast Sussex (4) by an imflgs and 
135 runs 

DERBYSHIRE: Brel brings 189 : (K J 
Barnett 73) 

Second Inrings 

PDBcwtac Moons bGfddte- -ST 

J £ Mims b Ptoott —- 

cj Adams caiSnebhgoa- 36 

T J G OGormer b North - : -■? 

DGCorkb Herenungs-—11 

•XJ Barrett bHermWea _. 29 

IK M Krfcken nrt out — - - 17 

A E Warner b Hemmtaga-lo 

S J Base c Hall b Piflott -0 

D E Mafcokn c Half 0 Htnwtanga. 
OHMortenwnnolout ._ 





3: HemrwTgs 35^-1085-4. 

SUSSEX FirsJ Inninas 183 {F D Stephen¬ 
son 57 nMoucSJI»»5-«) 

Second Humes 

C W J Attey not cut-- « 

D M Smtfi bWama -- ® 

■A PWetebMalccfcn- •}. 

MPSpatfacKr*to»bOc*fc-... « 

j A North c Saw b <X*k --—-.f 

TP Moores cWamarbKteto^— 41 

F D Stephenson c Oort, b Mata*n ,■■■— “ 

EEHammiigscBa sa& Mafcdm-4 

E S H CWdha b Malodtn- O 

BdrM(b13, w2.nb^ - S 

Total - 

FAa OF WCWSTS. 1-2, 24. 5-17, *58. 5- 
68. B-15S. 7-164. B-184.9-174 
BOWLING: Msteolm 16 3-3-67-6; WartW 

the Glamorgan ship marnta in 
ip steady course, the celebra¬ 
tions would be all the more 

Morris chose to bait first and 
neither he nor Dale did any¬ 
thing to regret the riprision 
The captain had ma/fe 87 out 
of 150 when- tie went in the 
32nd over, having supplied the 
kind erf start whidi relieves the 
burden on those who follow. 

ft took Martin. Weston'S 
introduction to disturb thfo: 
opening partnership. He had 
not bowled a ball in any form 
of cricket this season, and 
when Morris speared the sec¬ 
ond ball of his first over into 
the tent at midwidtof it was 
not hard to see why. Next ball 
he wasa happier bowler when 
Rhodes accepted the edge. :• - 

Thai dismissal caused Gla¬ 
morgan to lose their bearings 
for a while. Maynard looked ; 
aggrieved to be given - out ’ 
caught behind as he attempted 
to reverse sweep Hick. Dale 
foolishly ran himself out and h 
was eventually Croft who lent ; 
Richards support towards the 
end. ■ ■ 

: Riehards had bided his time 

thg-effect; was dramatic. The 
lart ^ver . but one, frem 
Radford, cost 19 runs as 
Rkhairds plundered three tipn- 
secutive . boundaries to reach 
his half ceptury. To make 
matters' wtffse for Radford, 

RfrbaVdfc rnirnediatriy added 


In threeovefs Richards and 
Croft, vtfw tiffed. mingsRBlh 
over tong-da for ax. made 45 
breafitiess .Tubs.- It mattered 
little tiiatthey.peririiedmi the 
last -dyer. JRidwrtls for & 54- 
ba!i e07 Glamorgan had 259 
runs cm the board, enough to: 
defend epufidentfy."' 

.Thfiir. afore looked more 
fomudabJe . When • Richards, 
ntoving i-yvihly -and striking ■ 
directiy- irim out Ifidc from 
n^5ri£ket“ There 1 followed - 
one of ‘Wv'S specials" as be 
cetebrated. -ly dashing . 50. 
matt wintfo took him. and haft 
a dozen folkwVtts. past the 
d»toting bafira»an. - ; ' v. 

Noane«nMdenyJhimiKHv-- ; 
His. Sfo^, howlmg- acoramted . 
for Curtis acndXeafoerfaleL hi 
the fidd-iM 6ne dared tweak 
his tail and he hdd a superb 
running catifoi to-$end ; back ' 
NewpoiCThis was .Viv at his . 
best, ri^fog back lhc : years to ■ 
revisit his --supple' yriiitix. . 
Hurrah!. •;.. .. •. " t 

England keep alive final hopes 

Bv Sarah Potter 

ENGLAND overcame a spir¬ 
ited Indian ride in a tiuffting 
women’s worid cup match at 
Pjnrfihamp jrteaa yesterday In 

keep alive their ambitions of 
readiingthefinal - i 

India won. the. toss and 
elected to J field, restricting 
En gland fo J79aft OUtUl their ■' 
60 overs. India, led by the 
cbmbtoive Diana . Edtdp, . 
.chased to thcend_ahd,failed 

With so modi at stake and a 
shock defeat against New 
Zealand allowing no margin 
for error, nerves are under¬ 
standably jangling in the 
En gland camp. 

Yesterday's innings was not 
all down-slope freewheeling. 
A slow start, m which Jeanette 
jBrittui and, Helen PEmnser 
were too tonk in finding the 
g^»si added to tfae.fenrion. 

Britihi, though. Aised into 


i gland, alreaify beaten by - 
: New Zealand and with the ^ 
favourites Australia: fo' h£e: 
tod^y,-found that c^m com- ' 
I«rafive outriders Iodia were . 
no pushovers. The slope at the 
Berksbire gro und is similar to 
ntoie frunmk one at St 
John’s AVood and with, sun-- 
shine, shadows and a packed 1 
appreciative crowd it created 
ah ^atmosphere perfect for a 
women’s international The 
.England players would not 
mind if ^tiie real place was as 
empty as due Kala hari in high 
summer. Ifs the being there 
that matters, v. 

Smithies: pressure 

her elegant form and regis¬ 
tered her second century of 
the competition before being 
ran out far the third consecu¬ 
tive time. 

Communication win have 
to improve quickly if England 
are to tread the Lord’s turf 
next Sunday because they 
must first defeat the current 
champions and cup favourites 
Australia, at Guildford today. 

Wednesday’s loss to New 
: Zealand, in the match that 
was expected to reveal Austra¬ 
lia’s opponents in tile, final 
could prove dedrive. 

Dismissing die Kiwis for a 
nriseriy 127 runs in 60 overs 
exceeded England’s pre¬ 
match hopes, pointed to a 
home win and. barring ca¬ 
lamity, a place in the Lord's 

Equally miserly bawling 
strangled England’s run 
chase to the point of suicidal 
panic, with five run outs 
ibonfiruung defeat by 2S runs. 

*The pressure was too 
much from the word go.” 
, lame n t ed England’s disap¬ 

pointed captain Karen Smith¬ 
ies. To watch Jeanette Brittin 
struggle for 14 runs in 74 balls 
was so unusual that the 
younger players got increas¬ 
ingly worried. Looking back 
at It we just played into their 

The round-robin format 
means that a single defeat 
makes it diffic ult to reach the 
final but two makes it all but 

England's task today is an 
unenviable one. Australia 
have forgotten what it is like 
to lose a World Cup match 
and would delight in elimi¬ 
nating their old rivals. 

Karen Smithies can hardly 
bear die thought “We have 
been working so hard and 
want- it so much. I can’t 
imagine what my feelings 
would be.” She pauses to 
pluck a dump of grass. “Just 
bad for the game.” 

For England now. Lord’s 
and tiie ladies depends on just 
one. jolly good game. 

SCORES: Engtand 179 (59 Souhs: J&ttn 
TOO. D Eduf four In 12) 

l&7-®*rcdrtO 1-4-1 cua Monensim^-i7- 
Kt-lWO;BasalTO-30-0. - .. 'r . 

UmpUac M JKBchon anil B J-MayeiT X 

V. LefoestershaB • 

v Yfarwickshtfe ■ .... 

sms ftsW-B'WSHnrffjDs fgaa or vo ran*. 

oMrfobssftysrtH}- • • • - •• * 

Apwrmip ROtflS* SI) - 

■ UJ CE B I KR SHWE: FW teniiy 
T JAronAw b Raws' 

*NE Bbw^bponuld — 

AR K Ptomonc Donald b Raws w_;22: 
J D-R BansoaDonald —,_a 
P E RoUnaon b OonoW---8 

LPotarcOsflerb NUKSmte --2B 

tPAMwnnotoH- M 

W K M Benjamin c Rama b Booth-,1 

GJ Pareons towbDoradd--— 1 48 

A Q Mutafly b Donate---2 

Ear® (b3, lb w4, nb B) 
Total {BS2 iwn) . 



PALL OF WICKETS: 1-5,2-7. 3-32,4-34.5- 

- - 

52. M4, 7-1 IT, 8-122.8-172. 

B0WLWGC DaMd 25^67-6; NMK 
Snah 27-8-54-1: RuM ffl-IMM: Bel 8- 
S-13-0:'Bootti IS4-2B-1.- 
Bonus points: Ldcestarehfce 4. Vtewtekr 
8WfB4. . 

UmpheK V A HoWer and A GT WhHptaad 

Middlesex v Hampshire 

LORD'S iffi M day at tour}: UdOassr 
HAMPS8RE: FM Ininas 2B0 (D V Goiwer 
81.R SM Monte S4:JEBrtMW 4-7?) . 

Second tertngs 


R S M Morris c Roscbeny b Errtxtoy — t 

DI GowertwbtUhBl —--.— 5 

VPTeaybTufnel -—:-13 


c Rossbeny b Bnburoy —. 15 

KD James c and bEtrbuw-9 

tA N Asmes c Gafflna b Erteney —.0 

S D urial cHaynae b tnSsiey —- 25 

MJWun&kScmctbEfnlxtw -o 

C A Connor bEntuey —---8 

D p J Fan nrsoiA---- ° 

■ExMS (b 1)--— --—-I 


FAU OF WICKETS: 1-14. Ml,341,441, 
5-44,8-44,7-83,8-85, M3. 

BOMJNG: ftSharii MPKS 4 
anbunya8M-4l>* TrAwl SB-11-4M. 
MIDDLESEX: Rrel teninus 


•M WtfeltaterbRW —J—-W 

MRRmprabshbUttal- ; -O 

Embnrey: eight wickets 

against Hampshire 

J D Carbwb"James-15 

tK RBraw: c Moms b Ttenfinkl-45 

m n wumi w wmmim w uwaim Tr 

■JE8Tto»yF' B !A , » s hTtesfleld.29 

: MAFeMtancAymubOonnor..-0 

-N FWBtams cPW b Connor..44 

ARC Fraser c Tanyb Tburaflete-28 

■pCRTuInU|nM<wf --17 

Extras (b’l. t> 17. rtb 2).!- -20 

I.TalBitiiMpwrt) -310 

FAU-0FWICKETS:I-14.2-74.3-7B, 4-1», 
'6-168.6-201,7-OQ2. *218. B4B2- 

BOWUNff Connor 2R3B-70^ ThuroGeU 

- 15-7-25-1; Ffcrt 22-6-47- 

25-10-7645 Jemn 15-7-35-1 
-l;Udaf29-8-72-2. •- 

Second hntaQS' 
D LHeywsrioi oat —--1.— 
MA Romany toWbUdat 


. M 

•MWOsUngnrtoA ---—4 

Extras — -0 

Total (1 wfd) 



BOWLING: Udaf 84M8-). FW 
Conor 2-1-6-0; Marls 0.4^M-o. 

Umpires: Ql Burgess and JH Hafr^sDire. 

Lancashire v 

OLDTRAFFORD (ttihtjdayol kxx)- Lancs- 
Shn, vth etfr reconcHntitogs wtefcas « 
1 769ror . " “ 

■hand, am Tsf/urw behintf NoBte^iarnsnaB 
LANCASHIRE: Fin# Innings 295 (M 

WBUftnaon 102 C L Caters 6-1 
‘ Second integB 

J P Crawtetf not oil -- S2 

GO Mondfe IbwbCaima-10 


• N J Speaknot out----— S 

Bdras (b4-.b4.nbQ- 16 

Tomlpwkta)- -99 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-24,240. 

BOWUNG: Cakns B-1-10-1: E«W 7-3-a- 
0; L«w3.ea-11-0; AflbnJ M-MS-1; RbW- 
Biss 12411-0. 



U Saab/c and bWounson-fi 

•RTRobswanc Speak bWattdreon ... W 

P Jobreon twbOrapple-..........i|7 

MACraMsy c Hagp b OeFiWlns- 2* 

.C LCalmscHaoijDMaiui ——5J 

CClBrtscheggb Martin- 

KPeombwoMBlln- --o 

iBNFtantfiflHegBOWSMneon —40 
M G RbH-Buee nor out —.f 



EMme0O24 ; b1(Lnb1O) 

Total—J .... J60 

Score of 1SD mas 352-5. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-106.2-121.3-146.4- 
199.529a B48B, 7-4S8,8-603. W543- 
BOWUNG: DeFretfiS 25*81-1: Msrfln 32- 
6-105-3: Chappfe 20&4&4. Bern* 45- 
13-1400; WflfliWon 4B-10-117-4. 

BonuaiMHs.UncasMra 4. Nottingham¬ 
shire & 

. UmpIreteG Step end A A WHh. 
Somerset v Kent 

TAUNTON pm* day of tour); Somers* 
(2fp*N boot Ken M by sown recta* 
KBfT: Rrat mtegs 144 (N J Uong 56 not 

out Muahtaq Ahmed 4-56) 

SaccndkinteMSDI frRWWfl«;Mu«aq 
AteecMLAQ, N A Mafencfef 4-35 
SOMERSET: FW teninaa 211 (R J H3K» 
121; DWHMrtwS'K* 

Second innings 

A H-rtsybuni c Uong bHocper-14 

N Atomic Marsh b Dave-ff 

R J Hanten not 0t* -—- *1 

*C JTwerto WNdbUong - ...-8 

KAPraWra teout-... •.-- 4 

ExtraB(h4.b4.nbg . J£ 

Total 0*KB) .- ----1* 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-S5.2-97.3-120. 
BOWUNGL Headley 8-1-34-0; Eatham 3-0- 
2Wfc Hooper 144-17-1: Da«S 15JW4-1; 
Uong 5 2 5-6-1. 

Urr^res: J O Bond and B Oudteston. 

Northamptonshire v Surrey 

NORTHAMPTON fimt day of tou): Sumy, 
Btfn ugM szcorxHmngs euotes n nerxf, 
noad353 runs iotmatfoatomftonshre 

(N A toon 601 

Second Innings 

A Fbidhamc Ward b Murphy..87 

N A Fafton c Kersey bBehjamn-3 

RJBoAeycLynchbButcher- -86 

*A J Lanti tw b Woqar..88 



KMCuren bWaqra-16 

A L Penbonlry run OU - 21 

lOrapteycKmeybBulcte ..4 

A R Stoertt b BUcte -0 

C E L Ambrose cMupnybSmtft — 

J P Taylor not DU.. -e 

Extras (b 1. b 7)---- B 



FALL OF WICKETS; 1-12. 2-145. 3-269.4- 
279. 5-303, 6-339, 7-349. B-3«. 9-356 

BOWUNG: Ufeqar Youvs 21-4-74-2: Ben- 
22-588-1; Mwphy 2B-7-94-1; 
166-733. Stel 10056-1. 

4-40. J PToytar 4-51) 


0 J BefcnaB bw b Taylor .....-.5 


-0 MWnnJbwb Curran . 32 

10 J Kereey na out--2 

Baras 1 —-...-— 0 

Total (2 wk&) 


■FALL OF WICKETS: Ml. 2-44. 

BOWUNG.- Ambrose 66-15-& TsjJor 8-3- 
18-1; Pwbarthy 3-1-100: Cunan 54-2-1; 
Robaffl 241-7-0: BaBoy 1-080 
Bonus pants: Nonhanponotw 5. Surrey 

Umpires: JCBolderstana awl RJiJton 

CORRECTION: Surey. F*a Innnqa: 
□tease read D M ward b Ambrose 40, 
dateDno M Ward not od 35, not as 
previousiy pubSshed. 

v Glamorgan 

WORCESTER fitwa day Qt tou r Stern er- 
nan atfi aB saxntmngs rockets n 
horned 331 to best Worcestershre 
WORCESTERSHIIC: first fnrenflB 267 (p 
B OODreire 73. S D Thomas 4^4) 

Second tangs 
*TS Curtis bwbWaWn 

MJ Weston c Ffcharcte b Thomas _ 

G ArtehcMBwnb WaOon- 

D B crottera d Coney b Thomas... 
SHLampteeMatsonDlhomsa - 
tSJ Rhodes card hUflle^-^... 
p J Neunoii e Rfchanls blhomaa 
W P C WBOnn o Matson b Crail — 
C MTofeycCrod bWaddn —... 

R K ISnaioitn n« out.. 

NVRaSorTb Thomas- 


Toral-- - - 

— 0 

— 9 
.. 25 

— 1 



.... 18 


FAU. OF WICKETS. 1-12,2-2L 3-49.4-55^ 
5-78,6-124.7-W1,8-155 519 4 
BOWUNG: WttiWn26-7-63-3'iJhoma3 213- 
2-755: Lelebvre 22&3W7. Dae 9-1-27-1; 
Cion 21-633-1. 

GLAMORGAN: Flat tamps 1B4 (C M 

BorteaDOrts-.Worceaersi*' 06 ,C ! » , 5 j( J*' 


Umpeef K E Pohier end A A'Jones. 

Axa Equity & Law League 

v Warwickshire 

LEICESTER /Wawactehre won rose). 
Wtfws*s/m« (4pts) teal UKestcirstxv an 
a taster scoring rate 


TJBoonbSmaB ^-4 

•NEBnorebPASmah--- IQ 

JJWMdakarc Motes bDonafcl-B3 

J D R Bonson c Small b P A Srrith - 10 
PERcUnsoncSmaSbPASmtei -.22 

L Potterc Donald b PA Smtth ...2 

TPANaajntFtenneybPASrnim - 23 

WKM Boriarren not out-6 

VJ wells nor out.. 1 

Extras fb 1. b 5. w 31 


Total (7 wfcts. 34 orare) 


G J Parsrns and A □ MuSalV tfid rat baL 

FALL OF WICKETS' 1-8, 2-30. 3-42. 4-83. 
5-90. 6-161. 7-162. 

BOWUNG: Reeve 152400; Small 7-2- 
JJ-T.'PASmlBl 10-J-54-5. NMKSmm2- 
0-21-0: Donald 5-038-1. 


AJ MMesO Mutaflv_ 8 

Astf One Parsons b WeBs -. 23 

D P Ostler Bjw b Pareons ..24 

PASmthrunoiJ .... ..... 25 

*D A Reeve not out - 15 

RGTwosebWeas .. :. 0 

T L Pamey O Parsons ... - .5 

N M K Smtti not out.. . 18 

Extras (b2. w2.nb2) --— 5 

Total (B wka, 226 overs) - i» 

IK J Pper, G C SmaD and A A Doted did 
not bet 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-17,2-55,3^7. «7 

BOWUNG' Benjamin GfrMl-O; 

3TV-1EM. Parsons 8-1-352. Writs 

v A Holder and A G T 

Essex v Durham 

CHSLMSFORO: /Bsar won toss): Essex 
(rtfs) beat Durham on a taster scomg 


G Faria c Lous b Tcpley__— 20 

W Laridna c Such b Topley- 9 

PWG Parker c StapteBon b Boden 12 
PBalnbndgeeBodenb Stephenson 20 

S Hutton ceamhambBoden .. i 


AC Cummins eKrtghtb Such- 11 

1CWSCOffcSKttdbSuch_... 9 

*D A Gmreney W out.. 19 

S J E Brown c Gomham b Toptey.7 

SP Hughes bwb Pringle —. 5 

Extras (b 4. w5, nb 4) 


Total {48.1 ontfi)___163 

FAU.OF WICKETS; 1-20,535.3-48,4-S2. 
5-91.5112 7-122 5141,5149 

BOWUNG: FhngteftT-^ffrl; Toptey 15 
543-3. Boden 1WM52, Sttfrtrw 5 
1-251. Such 152-25-3. 

•P J Pnchred c Hutton b Bainbndge 13 
J P Stephenson c Smith b Hughes . ... 4 
N V Knighl c Laridna b Graveney..«- 16 


DHFTi^tecLafdnsb Brown —. 1 

N Shahid na out...— 20 

EMra8(b6.w4,nb2) .... 12 

Total (4 wkta. 395 own) 


J J B Lflwte, 1M A Gamham, T D Topley. D 

jPBodan and PM Such oHnot bat 

FALL OF WICKETS' 1-IB. 2-27,3-64,4-ffi 

BOWUNG' Hughes 10-4-251, Cummns 
9.5-2-34-Q; Brown 152-35-1; Baabridgp 
51-14-1; Graveney 5522-1. 

Umpires: D R Shepherd and P B Wight 

Somerset v Kent 

TAUNTON: (Kent won toss): Ken (Vital 
bear Somerset by ffvee writers 


*C J Tavart c Fleming b Hooper — 15 

IN D Bums C Marsh b Ereham --2 

KJ Parana Sow b Perm--22 

A N Hajrfiima c and b Ftemng.- 8 

G D Rose nci cut ....7B 

MusMaq Ahmed c Mash D Flemng ... 0 
A Payne not out.. — 55 

Extras (to B, w 2 nb 2} . 12 

Total (6 wkts, 50 owns) 


N A Maflender. A P van Treust and A C 
Coflam cbd res da. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1 -2 2-7.3-47.4-48.5 

BOWUNG. Headley 10-3-351; Eaten 
152-44-t. Penn 51-151; Hooper 10-5-5 
1. Flemng 5557-2 Uong <-527-0 


T R Wad c Payne b van Troosr ... 
MvFlemngcBumsbRose .... 
C l Hooper c aid b Malender 
P. Sanson c Bums b Itee .. 

N R Tayta bw b ttose -- - 

MJ Uongrur out.—-- 

G R Cowdrey c Wh4o b Rose .. 

IS A Marsh not tax . 

M AEainam not out . 

Extras lb 6. w 5. nb 121 - ..25 

Total (7 WMS.48J owrej -198 

D W Headtey anc C Peru did na bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5.2-38.3-3S. 4-44. 

BOWUNG. MHander lO-f-JM-l. tan 
Trocst55451: Rose 152-254: Payne 7- 
1-31-0, Coaam 5524-0; Mushtaq; 

(jh^wes: J D Bond and 9 Oudteston 

v Glamorgan 

Qaiirgan (4pts) Mtet I 
27 runs 


ADatenmout . 57 

'HMemscRhQdBSb Wteion.87 

M P Maynard c Rhodes b Hick.. 0 

IV A fflehards c Cute b Umpdi — 63 

PA Coneyc Rhodes bHek. 5 

DLHempcTotey bMawport 12 

RDBCrcrtc LaOTiarOfebLampB te 

RPLetetevnotoU .-.— -. « 

tCP Matson not oor.. 0 



Total (7 wMs, 50 overs) 


S L Wfttfdn Bid S R Bom* dtet not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-50.2-152.3-171,4- 
BOWLING: Nwpofl 151*37-1. Totty&O- 
41-0: Lamp® -*^-25-2; Radtord 55350: 
Ititegworth 15551-0. Hfck 150-452 
WBSton 50-14-1. 


G A Hick or out ... 5 

NVRadfordcMAMbLMebvre .— 6 

"T S Cufc c Date b ftchards-62 

DBD'Okvws St Metson b Croft- 26 

D A Leatherdatec Morris b Retards. 38 
+SJ Rhodes eHampbLfiWjvre.37 


steps up 

take on 
look of 



THE county championship is 
not the only title that Middle¬ 
sex are intent on winning this 
year, ft should not be forgotten 
that they are Sunday league 
champions and. having the 
captain that they do, a re intent 
on remaining so. Yesterday 
Mike Gatting made his first 
century of the season in the 
AXA Equity & Law League, 
one which led to a victory over 
Hampshire that was no less 
conclusive than on Saturday 
(lvo Tennant writes). 

His unbeaten 104 included a 
six and 11 fours, several of 
them in partnership with 
Ramprakash, with whom he 
put on 185 for tiie fourth 

Hampshire lost Middleton 
in tiie first over, one of three 
wickets which Fraser took in 
his opening spell, and there¬ 
after never looked likely to 
make the total of 247 that they 

Tufnell, playing in only his 
second Sunday match of the 
season, gained four of the last 
five Hampshire wickets to fall 

This leaves Middlesex 
bracketed with Sussex in third 
place, ten points behind Gla¬ 
morgan. the leaders, and eight 
behind second-placed Kent, 
who beat Somerset by three 
wickets in a low-scoring match 
at Taunton. 

Here the benefits of having 
a side batting all the way 
down tiie order were vividly 
apparent — Marsh at No. 8 
and Ealham, a useful cricketer 
indeed at No. 9, won the 
match with an unbroken part¬ 
nership of 52. This following 
half-centuries by Rose and 
Payne in the innings of 

Sussex were beaten at Der¬ 
by by Malcolm at his most 
hostile. Three wickets in seven 
balls was his return after 
taking his best figures for 
Derbyshire, six for 57, against 
the same opposition in 
another triumph on Saturday. 
In a match reduced by rain to 
38 overs a side, be brought 
about victory by 81 runs. 

At Chelmsford. Essex beat 
Durham on a foster scoring 
rate in a match in which 20 
rowdy Durham supporters, 
some wearing Newcastle Uni¬ 
ted football colours, were eject¬ 
ed from the ground by 
stewards after complaints 
from spectators. 

Salim Malik made his high¬ 
est Sunday score of the sum¬ 
mer. 71 from 70 balls, for 
Essex. He was, indeed, tiie 
only batsman to [flay with any 
authority in a contest domi¬ 
nated by bowlers of aO denom¬ 
ination. including Such, 
whom England have missed 
so much at Headingley in the 
Fourth test Essex won with 
seven balls to spare. 

By lvo Tennant 


question of whether Middle¬ 

sex will win the Britannic 
Assurance county champion¬ 
ship as when they will do sa 
The extent of their lead on the 
table; enhanced by 23 points 
through beating Hampshire 
in three days, will not be 
known until untight but one 
thing is certain: any side 
which supplants them wilL to 
paraphrase Fred Trueman, be 
bloody tired- 

Their eighth victory of the 
season, as with their seventh 
over Warwickshire, was 
brought about by Emburey 
running his way through an 
innings. His figures of eight 
for 40. achieved on a slow but 
turning pitch, were (he best of 
his 20-year career. No wonder 
he is stiff talking about want¬ 
ing to play for England. 

Middlesex will be quite 
content if he does not. They 
are. of course, lucky in that in 
another year they could con¬ 
ceivably have been without 
Gatting and Tufnell all the 
time; as well as Emburey. 
Ramprakash. Fraser and 
even Williams, to say nothing 
of Haynes had West Indies 
been touring. As ft is, the 
likelihood is that only Tufnell 
will be taken from them next 

So who can catch them? 
Not, for the time being. 
Surrey, unless they can make 
tiie 353 runs they need to beat 
Northamptonshire today 
without their two Engtand 
batsmen. Stewart and 
Thorpe. They have eight wick¬ 
ets intact Lamb (remember 
him?) made 88 off 93 balls and 
Fordham and Bailey com¬ 
piled similarly telling scores 
in Northamptonshire’s im¬ 
pressive second innings. 

As for Glamorgan, they 
have to make 331 to beat 
Worcestershire, which would 
be the highest total by some 
way in this match. They have 
tiie incentive to da so, given 
the lead that Middlesex have 
at tiie top of the table, and the 
capacity, given the batsmen 
they have in form. Alas for 
them, they allowed Worcester¬ 
shire to recover from 124 for 
six to 247 all out They cannot 
afford a repeat if they are 
intent on becoming 

All this and Essex, who are, 
after aff. tiie champions, being 
given the runaround by Dur¬ 
ham. It would not have hap¬ 
pened last year and it is hard 
to imagine it is happening 
even now. Yet Durham have a 
lead of 185 with right wickets 
in hand. 

Perhaps Botham chose the 
wrong moment to retire after 

M J WesJan nn out —-- 1 

S R LampOt c Latebvre b Woldr ....... 21 

PJNM^ortcRchanfcbVfatkki. 3 

R K Mngworth not out .— 13 

C M Tofey b Lriebvre . 3 

Extras (b 2. b 8. w 7) --— 17 

Total (48.1 ovara).232 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-12. 3-75. 4- 
141.5-157. 5172, 7-200. 5205. 5221. 

BOWUNG: Lafebure 0.1-538-3; Walton 
151-33-2 Bateck 151-4341: Croft 5-5 
27-1; Date 9-554-0: Richards 5527-2. 

Umpires: A A Jones and K E Palmer. 

Derbyshire v Sussex 

DERBY fSussor won toss). Derbystue 
(4ptsj bear Susses by St runs « a 
reduced-overs match 


P D Bowler ran out . ..- 57 

C J Adams c Mfeis b StetaenEon ..43 

JEMorriscWritebNorth . 6 

T J G OTaomttn c Arhey b Gtddrra _ GO 
D G Coilt b Siephenson.. 8 

A E Warner b Stephenson .. 1 

•KJBameanoloul.. it 

tKM Knfcfcen not out. i 

. 12 

Emms (b 6. w2.nb4> 

Total (6 vMb. 38 overs) 


5 J Base, O H Monen s en end D E 
Malcolm rid not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS 1-69.2-6S.3-168.4- 
176. 5-184. 5195. 

BOWUNG- ©deltas 15565-1: Stephen¬ 
son 15544-3: PjguH 155350; North 1- 
ny 74W50 

56-1; Sabbury 74 


DM Smith bwbMalcolm .— 

M P SpetaW c Warner b Malcolm _ 

C W J Adtey BJW b M3ta*n —. 



N J Ifnham c KnMtefl b Warner 
F D Stephenson c and b Malcolm . 

TP Moores c Moms b Cork.- 

10 K Saisduy b Mortensen . .......... 


. 10 
. 14 
.._ 0 


._ 48 


... 4 
.. 11 
... 18 


— 0 

Boras (b3, w3. nb4).. 10 

Total {29.2 txiera) 


FAU.OF WICKETS: 1-23.2-23.3-24,4-36. 

BOWUNG-Warner 51-252; MalCOtai 51- 
42-4, Cork 7-524-2: Mortensen 52-5 

Umpires: M J Kitchen and B J Meyer. 

Middlesex v Hampshire 

LORDS: fMOUbsex tun toss)' MdOesat 

D L Haynes b Thuraftrid _............ 21 

M A Rosebery bw b Tuner - —31 

M R HampraftBch nes M-—69 

J D Cane Faroes b James ......... — 0 

•MW Gatting not out..104 

Baras (b 4. b n, m 6). ..... 21 

ToU(ShMBi Movers) 


tK R Brown, P N WBefces, J E Embuey. A R 

C Fraser, N G Ctwans and P C R Tutnel dd 

nor bra 

BOWUNG- Caro 151-24-0. ThurriteW 
10544-1; James 105451; Turner 105 
47-1; Udal 9. M-690; Nictates 06585 

TChEddetonc Browns Fraser -o 

D i Gower c Brown p Fraser.—. 17 

J R Wbod e Eftem b Fraser. 9 

V P Tarry c Bmm b Embuev . -. .9 

*M C J NEhotes c Emburey b wtehas 14 

KDJamescCarrbTutnst .. . 

tA N Aymo3 b Tu&refl ._ __ 

S D Udal not ogj.... .. .. 

M J Thureflriel a Brown b Tutnel 

C A Connor b Tuinril__ 

IJ Timer fcwb Fraser . 




. 25 
. 2 

Extras (bl.bl4.w 3) 


Total (446 wore). 


FALL OF WICKETS' 1-0.2-12.535.4-50,5 
60. 5106,7-119, 5125.5162. 

BOWUNG: Fraser 852-17-4; Cowans 7-1- 
20-0: Emtxxey 152-251: WW*as 51-35 
I.TufrteB 155554. 

Umpires: GI Bbrgess and J H Hsrrpshra 

Northamptonshire v Surrey 

NORTHAMPTON. (Surrey won fees) No 
meut Nonhempamditre Ppts). Surrey (2) 
AFcrrtwmc Butcher b HUtoata— 21 

M 8 Low a Kerssy b Botftag.64 

H J Baifey e Lynch b Mrxphy.E 

■AJLombcSorfeiflbWfetjar ... . 0 
K M Cifftan c Lynch b Waqat . ... 10 

NAFetonc Kersey b Wacpr .0 

A L Petaerthy b Boitng .. 0 

TD ftpiey not out _. .. S2 

CEL Ambrose cHoffloatebWaqar .. 16 

J P Tayiw b Mupty... E 

N G B CocM rw cnfl.. — ... 1 

Exttasflb7.w8.nb2l .. 17 

Total (9 wfrts, <S ovate) -193 

FALL OF WICKETS-1-33. 2-45. 3-58. 4-84. 
5-64. 585. 7-131. 5171.8-192 
BOWUNG. HoUoeke 5537-1: Muphy 15 
1-44-2; Bmctar 10-5450. Waqar Youths 
151-354: BoAng 15521-4 
SURREY: D J Bteknel, A D Brown. D M 
Ward. "U A Lynch, A W Smith. tG J Kfifsay, 
M A Butcher. Waqar Younts, J Being. A J 
Hottate* and A J Murphy. 

Umpires- J C aakWSnne and R Jrita 

v Nottinghamshire 

OLD TRAFFORD (toOncftamsfore won 
loss): Lancashire (4pts) beet NMngham- 
shag by 35 runs n a mdxsa-oners match 


GDUojticCrauteybLems. 8 

N j Spew e French b Lews.. ..0 

■M Vrafldnson c Sybeslar b MAe.0 

WasmAKrsnDMte.- .3 

P A J DeFreBae c French b FeB-Buas 28 

1D Austin c French b Evans .. .. - IS 

JPCrateeynwoui . ** 

SPritcftartcFrendibEi/Hns ....... 1 

IWKHeggnotDia. ifi 

Extras (tefi.wl). — -.- 7 

— iS 

Total (7 wte, 15 overa) „„ 

FALL OF WICKETS. M. 2-4.3-10.4-12 5 

P J Martin end G Chappte (9d n« bn. 
BOWUNG' Lews 3512-2 UBKe 3527-2 
Sylvester 25150: Fiel5Bi« 25151: 
Evans 3521 -2; Crawley 2521-0. 

PRPoiaKJC V^aXtascnbAusOn .. 12 

P Johnson bDeftMflc- 12 

D W RffrtW e Weam b Wedtenaon . II 

CC Lew* run out. ..8 

•R r Robewon b Chappie.ii 

GWUfcecT4chan3 0Maran _ 14 

MACratfeynotoui - 16 

IB n French dausw .. - ..4 

K P Evans bwasm...... .4 

M G Fteld-Buss b Wtesxn . Q 

S Sylvester tat out.. __ .1 


Total (9 wkts. IS overs)....Tie 

FALL OF WICKETS' MS. 3-36,3-44,4-47, 
589.57S. 7-88.595.595. 

BOWUNG- OeFrettas 3517-1; AusUn 35 
31-2; Wattdnson 55251; Wasxn AKram 5 
552. Martin 25151. Chappie 154 - 1 . 
Umpires: G Sharp and R A Whne 

• 1 





IT IS becomincnot so much a — 

far 4 
rrts t 
tC 1 


•v 5 


« 3 
«: 7 
■ns r 

ms 1 

en 3 



(2 13 

e \i 










h 13 



IB 2 






• 10 
Si 9 







■ 5 





1 7 









- 3 







• L 

Pack gives England upper hand 

.... 12 

England Under-21... 


From a Correspondent 


A SUPERB forward effort by 
England, which effectively 
nullified the flair of Australia's 
backs, led to a thoroughly 
deserved victory m the under- 
21 rugby union international 
at Warataii Stadium here on 
Saturday. White the margin 
between the side was ten 
points, only desperate Austra¬ 
lian defence and poor England 
finishing prevented a greater 

The foundation for victory 
was laid by a dominant scrum 
and command at the lineout, 
where the locks. Bramtey and 
Phillips, and the flanker. 
Diprose, were supreme. Aus¬ 
tralia only managed to keep in 
the game thanks to some 
accurate, long-range goal- 
kicking by their foil back, 

Although England had lost 
to New South Wales and the 
Australian Capital Territory 

under-21 sides, it was evident 
from the opening minutes that 
their pack was in inspired 

England were in control 
from the 11th minute when 
Can. the stand-off. brushed 
aside a poor tackle from his 
opposite number. Hayes, to 
score and add the conversion. 
The scrum half, Bracken, 
scored die first of his two tries 
it minutes before half-time 
a splendid, charging run 
by the flanker. Dallaglio. 

Mapletoft experienced 

England’s 12-6 lead at half¬ 
time was reduced to 12-9 
following Mandrusiak’s third 
penalty goal in the 59th 
minute. But the decisive blow 
was delivered four minutes 
later when Brantley wisely 
opted for a five-metre scrum 
after Australia were penalised 
for collapsing the scrum. The 
England pack shunted the 
Australians over their own 
line and Bracken gratefully 
picked up tile ball to score. 

Although Mandrusiak kept 
Australia within reach. 
Greenwoods dropped goal in 
the seventieth minute guaran¬ 
teed England victory. It was 
all the more worthy consider¬ 
ing the side's lack of experi¬ 
ence with Mapletoft. the full 
back, one of the few players 
with a full season in the first 
division behind him. 

5CORBIS; England Undor-2T: Trias 
Bracken (2). Cat Cemootons: Can [2J 
Greenwood AustraBa 
Qoab: Mandnjstak (4) 
EB-21: T Mandrusiak 
(Qjeefestarvfl: P Jorgensen {Now Stuff 
Wales). J Swann (ACT). D Harbor 
(Queensland), S Tarpsaate (New South 
Wales): B Hayes (ACTi.G Grecan (ACT1. C 
Adam (New Sciutn watost. M Tin* mew 
South Wales). R Moore (NmSodfi Wales). 
O Hnecan (New Sotfh Wales). T. 

[New South Waies), S 

Drooped goal: Greenmooc 
UflOar-21: Penan* grate: Mar 

Soith Wales i. o Kfitdwr (New South 
Wales, capxr.) F Fmau /New South 

B4GLAND UHDEB-21: M M a ptetoft 
(Rugbyi. J Sle^rehotme fWatefietd). W 
Groenwogd (Wacertoo). D Edwards (Wake¬ 
field). A Haa* 'WjObDq); M Cm [Bath). K 
Bracken iBnaol C Clark ’.Swansea). C 
Johnson (Leceses) D Crompton |Baoi), R 
Sramfe* (HVjfcsfstt. captazi!. J PftfSpa 
(Northarnpian,. A Dtprosn (Saracens/. L 
DaBagfo |Was»). rT« (Safatwy). 
Rfltow: P Maryan (few SouSi Wales). 

□ New South Wales fought 
back in the last 15 minutes 
after being six points down to 
beat South Africa 29-28 in 
Sydney on Saturday. South 
Africa appeared to be heading 
for victory *u 21-15 but New 
South Wales launched a spirit¬ 
ed comeback despite losing the 
former Australia captain, 
Nick Farr-Jones, with a wrist 

The Australian selectors 
have named three new caps in 
the team for the first interna¬ 
tional in Sydney on Saturday. 
The Queensland wing, Da¬ 
mien Smith, replaces the in¬ 
jured Paul Carozza, and the 
New South Wales pair, the 
standoff half. Scott Bowen, 
and the second-row forward. 
Warwick Waugh, replace Pac 
Howard and Troy Coker 

Bernes resigns over bribery claim 

JEAN-Pterre Bentes. the man 
at the centre of the alleged 
French football bribery scan¬ 
dal. resigned as general secre¬ 
tary of Marseilles yesterday, 
the day before a disciplinary 
committee meets to decide the 
foie of the European 

Bem£s, who was condition¬ 
ally released from police custo¬ 
dy last week after being 
charged with corruption, said 
in a letter of resignation: 
“Marseilles cannot remain a 
hostage to those, who through 
me want above all the destruc¬ 
tion of the dub." 

He is accused of master¬ 
minding an ausnpt to bribe 
three Valenciennes players to 
throw a match against Mar¬ 
seilles on May 20, six days 
before the French champions 
beat. AC Milan in the Euro¬ 
pean Cup final. 

Bem& again pleaded his 
innocence in the letter and 
said the accusations and the 
state of his health had forced 
him to stand down. 

The French football league 
disciplinary committee, will 
meet today to decide what 

action to take against Mar¬ 
seilles over their role in the 
alleged bribery scandal. 

“The committee might have 
to hear players and officials 
and will make a decision 
within a fortnight,” a commit¬ 
tee spokesman said. Previous¬ 
ly. the league had said it 
would wait until the end of the 
judicial investigation before 
taking any action. 

Bernes, the right-hand man 
to the Marseilles diairman, 
Bernard Tapie. is among dub 

Tapie: assault daizn 

officials likely to be called to 
give evidence at the hearing. 
He was given a hero’s wel¬ 
come when he did a lap of 
honour around the Marseilles 
ground at the first match of 
the season on Saturday. 

Tapie has been acused by a 
French television company erf 
assaulting a film crew and 
throwing a camera into the sea 
after Berxtes boarded his luxu- 
ryyachL , 

Meanwhile. Jorge 
Burruchaga, the Valenciennes 
player, repeated his claim 
yesterday that Bemds asked 
him to lose a vital league 
game. In an interview in the 
french newspaper. Journal 
du Dimanche, Burruchaga 
said Bem&.had called him 
before the match. 

"Of course T spoke to Bentes 

on the telephone.”" Bur- 
ruchaga. a member of the 
Argentina team that won the 
World Cup in 1986. said. "To 
make sure it was realty Mm, I 

smd: 'You're ringing me now 
.but in 1988 you didn’t t hank 
me for giving you the tele¬ 
phone number of Diego 
Maradona’s manager gn 198& 

Marseilles tried to sign 
Maradona from Napoli)’. 

“We were the only ones to 
know about that He even 
asked me if I was still annoyed 
about iL That's definite proof 
that it was him. He asirpri me 
to take my foot off the gas. to a 
let OM [Marseilles[ wrn. He 
also made it dear that if we 
didn’t do what he wanted. 
Tapie would be furious with 
him. We discussed the subject 
and at the end of the conversa¬ 
tion 1 said‘well see’." 

Bernfis denies any involve¬ 
ment in tile affair but is 
ac P u scd by the Marseilles 
midfield player, Jean-Jaeques 
Eydehe, and three Valenci¬ 
ennes players, inducting 

The French first division 
ctob. Lyon, have appealed 
^gainst a £20,000 fine and a 
«®pand for their relegation by 
Fife, the world football gov- 
er hing body.Rfa imposed the 
sanctions over the non-pay: 
men * of the £600,000 Lyon " • 
owed the Danish dub. 
t-^ngby. following the transfer P 
of the striker, Torben frank, a 
year ago. — 


Passage of time mellows Big Bad Dennis 

Andrew Lo ngmore meets Dennis 
Conner, whose short fuse once 
matched his prowess at the helm 

H e is not difficult to 
spoL A big bear of a 
man with a sham¬ 
bling gait wearing a Stars 
and Stripes shirt as volumi¬ 
nous as a spinnaker. The 
hand is surprisingly dainty, 
the greeting suitably terse. 
“Hey, Dennis Conner." Big 
Bad Dennis is in town, 
though not for long and not 
out of choice. 

Conner has just finished a 
transatlantic race and 
snatched a rare day away 
from the boardrooms of cor¬ 
porate America to revisit Ms 
old haunts in Cowes, where 
once he raced in the Admi¬ 
ral's Cup, which starts on 
Thursday. It may be just 
coincidence that a meeting of 
America’s Cup challengers 
was held in the town last 
week. “Know thy enemy” is 
one of Conner’s favourite 
biblical sayings. He has had 
plenty to know during a hell- 
raising career dedicated to 
winning races not popularity. 

The sight of “DC", feet 
splayed, trouser bottoms flap¬ 
ping like old Jack Tar him¬ 
self, would be enough to 
paralyse the wallets of the 
richest and bravest of his 
potential foes. Conner has 
invested much of his life in 

‘It has always 
been the way in 
the America’s 
Cup. You can 
have all the 
talent in the 
world and 
it won’t make 
you the winner* 

the "Aiild Mug” and, as Tom 
Blackaller, one of Conner's 
fiercest rivals, once said, “you 
would have to crawl over his 
dead body to win it from 
him". And spend countless 
millions for the privflege. 

On a career path littered 
with achievements. Conner 
passes a personal milestone 
taler this year when he 
readies the age of SO. and 
there are signs that time has 
softened the heart as well as 
thickened the waistline. 

In the freshness of an 
English summer's morning, 
he cuts a very different char¬ 
acter from the ogre whose 
habit of terminating inter¬ 
views with journalists unable 
to spell his surname correctly 
fashioned the legend almost 
as surely as bis prowess at the 

In his youth. Conner had 
the shortest fuse on the Mgh 
seas and enjoyed the notori¬ 
ety his frequent explosions 
and his erratic behaviour 
encouraged. These days, as 
he trawls the multi-national 
companies for money to fi¬ 
nance Ms next campaign, 
facts and figures prove more 
persuasive than bullying. 

“I’m mellower now than I 
was 22 years ago when I first 
started in the America’s Cup." 
he said. "I’m wiser, more 
mature and that’s taken some 
of the edge off my competi¬ 
tiveness. When you’ve won 26 
world championships, an 
Olympic medal four Ameri¬ 
ca’s Cups and been yachts¬ 
man of the year seven times, 
there is not the same urgency 

to prove your superiority all 
the time. I’m still demanding 
and I like to surround myself 
with winners, with people 
who work hard, not normal 

“I like people with good 
strong attitudes and I’ve nev¬ 
er worried much about popu¬ 
larity, but I’m not as 
ferodousty keen to win the 
America's Cup this time as I 
was the first Its not as 
Important to me. I have other 
things going on." 

If you believe that 
you might also believe that 
Conner lost the America’s 
Cup in 1983 on purpose, 
to stimulate international 
interest in a one-sided non- 

The theory is plausible 
enough in financial terras. 
Australia’s victory, tire first by 
a challenger for 132 years, 
elevated the America’s Cup to 
the superleague of sporting 
events, prompted massive in¬ 
vestment and overnight 
pitched the fisherman's son 
from San Diego on to a wider 
stage, albeit in the role of 
v illain. But the idea that 
Conner would knowingly 
lose a game of ducks and 
drakes, let alone an event be 
once likened to the “game of 
life”, is pure Dancy. 

Point out to hun the irony 
that the greatest winner on 
water wfli be best remem¬ 
bered for losing and those 
well-trained hackles start to 
rise. “That might be your 
perception of it I tike to think 
I wfU be remembered for 
losing the America’s Cup and 
then winning it back. My 
biggest mistake in 1983 was 
not doing a better job on 
industrial espionage. By the 
time i knew what was going 
on, the cup was over.” 

Vilified and deserted by his 
own people, Conner en¬ 
hanced his battered image by 
publicly congratulating the 
Australians. John Bertrand 
and Alan Bond, on their 
historic victory at an emotion-, 
al press conference in the 
Newport National Armoury. 
“It wasn't fun. One of the low 
points of my life;” he reflects 
now. ten years on. 

Someone had to pay. of 
course, and four years later. 
Conner gained sweet revenge, 
winning bade the trophy in 
Australia's own backyard. 
But if that was the Mgh point, 
the low soon followed, a 
lengthy legal battle, fought 
out in the court-houses of 
California, which reduced 
one of sport’s noblest events 
to the level of farce. 

C onner said: “No one 
(ikes to see a sport 
wash its dirty linen in 
public. In the long term, 
positive tilings came out of it 
— a new boat and a better, 
more competitive spectacle.” 
There were 22 challengers for 
the last cup, including two 
boats from the former Soviet 
Union and one from Japan. 

But tittle has really 
changed. Since Sir Thomas 
Upton used the event to sdl 
more tea in the 1850s. the 
America’s Cup. like Formula 
One motor racing, has been 
more about commerce and 
money titan sport Bill Koch, 
the successful defendant in 
1992. bad more money than 
his rivals and, uuromantic 
though it may seem, Conner’s 
ability to compete next time 
will depend on the derisions 
of corporate executives over 
the next 14 months, not his 
own unrivalled talent for 

“That’s always been the 
way in the America’s Cup. 

New horizons: As he approaches 50, Conner is fund-raising for another America’s Cup campaign. Photograph: Heinrich Hecht 

You can have all the talent in 
the world and it wont make 
you the winner. I was first 
attracted to the cup because I 
was the best sailor. But this 
game is about who is die best 
fund-raiser, marketing man 
and sailor. 

“Right now, I’m in the 
marketing business, compet¬ 

ing against IndyCars and 
tennis tournaments for the 
marketing dollar and 1 enjoy 
that side of ft just as much. 
The payoff is that when I've 
got everything together, 1 get 
to go and race.” And he says 
he will keep doing so at least 
until the 2ist century. “Right 
now. it's not necessary to have 

the best sailor on the boat. 
One day. it might be; I want to 
win with or without me on 
board, hut it takes a smart 
man to know when to quit" Is 
he smart enough? “I sure 

In the meantime. Conner's 
company also owns a boat 
called Winston which will 

compete, though probably 
without him on board, in die 
Whitbread Round the World 
Race, which starts at the end 
of September, and a 50ft 
Formula One grand prix 
boat He intends to compete 
in the next Olympics too, in a 

But search for any trace of 

sentimentality in the derision, 
any sense of returning to Ms 
roots or proof that a sailor's 
heart still beats behind the 
response is swift and gruff. "I 
don’t like sailing. I Eke to 
race. I tike to compete.” Big 
Bad Dennis is alive and weC 
after alL 


ior cup 

By Malcolm McKjsag 

AS 23 of the world's best 
prand-prix level International 
Offshore Rule (IOR) yachts 
regroup in Cowes for the 
Champagne Mtnnm Admi¬ 
ral’s Cup, histoiy shows signs 
of repeating itself. As in 1991, 
the Italians are beginning to 
lode solid bets: the middle 
boat of their three-boat team, 
Larouge. comes to the biennial 
event as the Two Tot. wodd 
champion, a tide wen in the 
warm-up-regatta concluded 
this weekend. 

The bet is underwritten by 
Italy's small boat, Brava Q8, 
owned tty Paajuale Landoifi 
and helmed fry Paul Cayard, 
which won her warm-up se¬ 
ries, the One Ton circuit 

While Brava wan by a 
conv incing points margin, 
Lerouge took her title by a 
quarter-point over the defend- $■ 
tng champion, Shockwave, 
skippered by Neville Crichton, 
from New Zealand. Shock- 
wave will race for Irel and in 
the Murom event, under the 
name, Jameson 3. 

Going into the final race of 
the series, a 99-mile course in 
the English Channel, Larouge 
and Shockwave were dear of 
the rest on overall points. All 
Shockwave had to do to be 
sure of the championship was 
stay within three places of die 

This declared game plan 
was not so much abandoned 
as never adopted. The New 
Zealanders ignored the Ital¬ 
ians at. the start tried a 
gamble which did not pay and 
were one from last as the fleet * 
left the Solent with Larouge “ 
alreadyin the lead. 

Through the day and night 
Shockwave worked through 
the dosety-bimehed fleet Just 
before midnight the leaders 
came to the finish-line near the 
Needles lighthouse, with the 
New Zealanders just two min¬ 
utes behindthe Italians — but 
with two boats still between. 

Shockwave crossed the fin¬ 
ish 30 seconds astern of 
Rubin, of Germany—crurial- 
ty. in fourth place — half a 
minute and a quarter-point 
finally costing her die title. So 
tight was the call on the line it 
took the International jury two 
hours the following morning 
to confirm the finish order. 

Brava Q8 dominated the 
One Ton fleet. Cayard van¬ 
ning die five-race series with 
two firsts and two seconds, 
discarding a sixth. GBE Inter¬ 
national. the British yacht 
which broke her boom on 
Friday, did not sail the final 
race, preferring to check the 
rig for hidden damage or 

The main challenge to the 
Italians will probably come 
from Germany, with Rubin 
XII, owned by Hans-Otto t 
Schumann, finishing third ** 
overall in the Two Ton world 
championship and Pinta, skip¬ 
pered by Willie tllbruck. 
which recently won the One 
Ton world tide in Sardinia, 
finishing second overall in the 
One Ton raring at Cowes. 

Germany won the Admi¬ 
ral's Cup in 1983 and again in 
1985 and are the only nation 
other than Britain to win twice 


woett championship: 1. larouge (G 
DeGennaro, Far. w. 4£25aer, 2, 
gMUwravB W Qfeftton. Farr, NZJ. 42TO: a 
Sefturonn, JudeWro*(k. 
a8-<£. JiConJ" RUte. <M Kamerac. 
Fm, Ft), 27.00:5. Groat New 11 IJCaWan-, 
Jorea Far, Aw). 25.25; 6, W (S’ 

amtd. Japan), 24 03. 7 . Prwtczs fW 
FtarJU). 2tis OneTon Orcut 1. Brava 
08 (P Landed), Fan. It). 3a50: 2, Pima (W 
Ga). 3250; 3. 
Ttarw hAriaJr Fnrae. judalMoty. 
gh. 3100: 4, NJnfajP Kuna. Fan. Aus). 
2925: 6, Covum Dvnart (L GeflusBeau, 
Jepwaon. R), 29.00: 6, Jameson 1 (H 
£rtnora. Farr, Ire), 24.00. British: a GBE 
bwnawnal p Morten. Dubois). 16.00. 

.. At-.- _ u . . 

T*X » 4r/\«,Tn«f 





By Richard £vans 


WI LL 1993 mark a turning 
point in British Flai racing by 

being remembered as the year 

of the older horse? 

Opera House, by becoming 
only tne fourth five-year-old to 
win die King George VI and 
Queen Elizabeth Diamond 
Stakes since its conception in 
1951, confirmed at Ascot on 
Saturday the trend this sum¬ 
mer of mature horses taking 
centre stage in top races. 

The victory of Drum Taps in 
the Ascot Gold Cup at die age 
of seven, the surprise success 
of the four-year-old, H amas, 
in the July Cup, the spirited 
performance of Misil, the five- 
year-old runner-up in the 


C3.45 Newcastle) 

Not best Eurotuik Thunder 
(3.15 Newcastle) - - 

Eclipse, and toe earlier suc¬ 
cess of Opera House in die 
Coronation Cup and Eclipse 
Stakes point to a subtle, yet 
significant, change. 

While both BaUymoss (19S8) 
and Royal Palace (1968) won 
the Coronation Cup and the 
Eclipse before triumphing in 
the King George, Opera 
House is the first five-year-old 
to achieve the feat. 

The apparent resurgence of 
older horses should - not come. 
as a great surprise and it 
undermines recent calls from 
some quarters to do away with 
the weighfrfor-age allowance 
in top races — Opera House 
gave 122 b to three-year-olds on 
Saturday—in order to encour¬ 
age owners to keep the older 
generation in training. 

A fall in staffion values has 
meant owners now dunk twice 
before automatically padring 
off a three-year-old to stud at 
the end of its classic year — 
and ft certainly contributed to 
the presence of Opera House 
at Ascoton Saturday. 

The son of Sadlers Wells 
was ante-post favourite for the 
Derby in the early months of 
1991. but a hairline crack, in a 


2JJ0Gingertwd. 230 Invocation. 3.00 Cratwanmore. 
330 Excess Baggage. 430 Tuscan Dawn. 430 Ealy 
To Rt$e. 5.00 Santana Lady. 

Newmarket Correspondent: 230 Truthful image. 

Triumphant return: Roberts gives Opera Houses congratulatory pat after their King George success 

love having them because we 
get to know them better. But 
one has to be r ealis tic: if a 
threeyear-old wins the Derby. 
Irish ’ -- 

you have to send him to 
“It makes economic sense to 
retire a horse that has done 
enough- However wealthy a 
man is. somehorses have to go 
towards paying for the opera¬ 
tion. It is simply economics. 

sustained as a two- 
i flared up that spring, 
preventing him racing as a 
,tftreeyear-old until Septem¬ 
ber. Opera House progressed 
into a useful per form er last 
.-year without looking . as 
though he would trouble fife 
best . 

1 certainty wanted to keep 
hnn in training as a five-year- 
old A few people looked at 
him during the winter but did 
not come up vrith ai te m ptin g 
* enougheffer," Michael Stoute 
recalled yesterday. • ; - * 

. ‘‘Anthony Stroud [racing 
manager to: Shaikh Moham¬ 
med owner of Qpera:HouseJ 
was keen for him to stay in 
.training last year was the 
first season OpCTa House was 
a professorial athlete. He was 
knocking aif tfietiooc." 

' Like .anyframer, Staute also r«*tm u» Front* m. a 

cmErpDrs&s-jsjBS yard, joey omit rum. to ran. iiffahhd.iot.nK. 
dpnt.reaffy^ijefik physically 

until they a^e alleast four. We -g 23 .no- cs^saaia. Tirtitiaw^ - 

“And don't fotgei far a four- 
year-old to stay in training he 
must be mentally as wdJ as 
. physically sound and that is 
Opera House’s great asset — 
ms attitude." ' 

Although Michael Roberts 
was forced to race wider than 
he would have wished for the 
first mile of Saturdays show¬ 
piece. Opera .House was al¬ 
ways travelling sweetly and. 
like : most of Sadlers Wells' 
sg, be relished the give 

. flSnsup t SZnjtSB: 1 m 4) 

OPERA HOUSE b h. £tdm Web - 
Cokxspn (Shafth Mohammed) 5-0-7. M 
Hotels (B-1) 1 . 

,WM» Muzzfeb e Oandna Breve - Pair Of 
ThaFtezs (ZYoshUa) 08*1(9-1) 2. 

Cownran d f <ri Chtof-b or br c Dancing 

?%g£R??gr"'* s *t 

- User FriencQy paid the price 
-for bold front-naming tactics 
.andfaded tamely Entering the 
home straight. Commander In 
Chief led briefly, but Hoary 
Cedi's dual Derby winner was 
soon swamped for speed by 
. Opera. House and was eventu¬ 
ally pipped for the runner-up 
spot by White Muzzle, the 
Italian Derby winner. The 
front three pulled ten lengths 
'dear- of. the chasing pick, 
headed by User Friendly who 

finished a short head in front 
of the admirable Drum Taps. 

“Qpera House is a really 
good horse now and can be 
recognised as such,” Stoute 
added. Ladbrokes installed 
the winner as 5-1 favourite for 
the Prbc de I'Arc de Trioraphe. 

White Muzzle put up a 
splendid performance on 
ground softer than was ideal 
and will be aimed at the Japan 

Cecfl said yesterday: “Com¬ 
mander in Chief did every¬ 
thing right but he and White 
Muzzle were not . strong 
enough to hold the older 
horse. As the Commander gets 
older 1 am sure he will get 
better and I think the St Leger 
could be at bis mercy." 

Drum Taps has been allo¬ 
cated joint top weighi of 9sr 31b 
in the Melbourne Cup Lord 
Huntingdon hopes his experi¬ 
enced campaigner can become 
the first British-trained runner 
in Australia's top race. 

2.15 Sudden Spin • . 
2.45 Laurel Rdmea 

3.15 HALF TERM (rap) 

Our NewmartotComepondeot: 3.15 Hatflaop. 



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fijnocr CW330I8 aw a tatew m « 

«0i SJW FABDO.i® HOB* n« W4t 

oushr. beaRK FA I* W»l nil M «T-nn* 
fetteed Mfr ftefinte to « fronw aolL- 

tas oca M YOmDUfe or pgutato » p t 

bscaMStoniantoGtetannS 7$ri, pan. 
HHUK7MMSI And 3W 4» d 15 to AD- 


m a »«)■ cmfiQnK on M’&OdMnf «. 
to SnQ, Mem NJ MS 8 m 4& 



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i Goata 
B Mewl 
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PH Edday 

■ -15 





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fi cocao* 













J csras 





^,618:?1)(12ninrws) . 

J 6 (OBF^J cSteM D uw 4A7 - 

?IWS} SH4«M M4totaan W. 

LDKW 95 


MfiWE M 6HI » to 9 to Orttetoy in a 


toPotaW Btajai» a cwdws raa to Ocuata 

taaMwi ttSJbsi 3 3n) d 11 toHoDEKcn 

sn a 2/ io is wiBi c j rmSce a itanw- 
m (fl, good to fan), m KAYVttttto me <Q 

S Ml no ffiWMRE Of A68R5 (rant MOM 41 

TOUANTaMdol l7tolM0|taalaBdapiMr 
ana nO dstanx (71, good to tart, wti 
BffWA Z (nan aw) mwiipOWWiAjeff 
^ f9to bete DO) ne 1U Ifili RMAMBfT 
re* 1H1 art d 9 to Vtaa to a eodop to K/r 

^cfc^nswu ' 


(£4,769:5fl (3 runners) 

1 a 360101 SnM3CR0CXl6 pr AS) [Caae Rad^) E «oo 6^-5 
- 2 (to 321131 U*aKP*n®S7 6J/jejUta«)JBe«Ty3-B4) 

3 (1) 404(01 SAW B9RESS17 (PAG) (M S OMoO B fMMM 1441 
BETTMOl 1V-1Q Lodg PatK, 153 SMnt Ej^to. 9-4 Stock Ftodi 

aapten Data (5) © 
J Cud 83 
AC*** 0 i 


STOCK TOC* m Ptaeoato Sfitude Z a a 
corttocra we to am W ton oa (5t sc*). 
Fratowty. a m cl 29 to (Ontfs SO« toy 
HaadSoD ear com *»J (art rriuSi 
^radto a® swtt BffflBs pito 

SAMT EXPfSSS tea Tbt Step Rddcrsmi tos 
tanfiop to CJieflH_[S. goon UJQW pawes 
M Drt 6 w) l «0 9 « a owsbecs oa to Bte 
fit and). Plwtaoly. O W d 7 to tedang to a 
ifiwaa it S«Jw« a onto to Dm). 

4.45 mumu bwwco suwibi handicap 

(£2£7& 1m 2f 32yd) (4 nmnas) 

(21 466400 TOW LEADER 41 (P-tas) T Bhiob 4+10- 

(1) 052040 flDLYVWUACE 12 <8fl£KlwjjK fcorr 4-9-10- 

ZD-1823 EHZM1l(t2X»A)ftteHCto*i)lloMBBta3*8- 

4 (4) 04D CM. ACTION 33 (9F) (J Urate) J Umar 3-5-2__ 

BETTWfc wara.2-1 ndy tetera. 7-27 m Lae, 8-1 CMAdtai 


— Btagnete © 

— HW)W 93 

- KOskf 98 

__kCAw 90 

TOW USACER m n to 8 to AtotHnH to 
18WI {loi 4l gwd b tart Prttady, 3*14to ol 
I6to Atoaa ftewto a temop « NetoB^ani (im 

§&Xu* totato»4»d «jb: 

VWBd to b tmSop to PMefead «] 

tat (im, fan] BfSSA 2Xt 3W to 7 to Sea 
Appesme to a tandap to Hastao ta we tu 
nm It 0 M 6 ). 

CM ACTnT33> IS! a 7to Dm M ni dafcw 

0NSHIP SEHJS HANDICAP (QuaJifer £3,655:1m 4193yd) (5 runners) 

1 (5) 202121 60HDC6ISRADUA1E4 (C&F.B)l*sUSataj4-19-1 f3o5.— KDjtoo £ 

2 (2J 301860 MStARCH 30(DA (H* (tea) M tateaten 4-9-9-PtoBMsy 97 

3 (IlMOBJO- R0B8nYtaOT(D/A)(l«*taCitaUfltaM(te«isr»4. UBU 90 

.4 aOt-fitlZ MVSTCMBlOfiY52(F)USHRstar4^2-DsiBlUoMA) 85 

5 « 34Cta M0WS»«»(YJ)tfA)(UtoM«!Wi)ll5teO36.|i._ WflMteii 96 

6 ETTN& 7-f Itetom GHtata. rw Mustao. 3-1 Mpfc Itomoy. M HtaCtt 8 -t flnbcrty Ira. 


f *- 

NORTHS* SRAOWlIE twS Wsote II h a fr 
nmv te afl u p to Hanlka tea torn m Ob S, 

«»{« an good a> fiwfl. w«wr. Site to 
1?b PittCM Btato (a a tenfcap a M tea* 

LEA tom teat ad tol 50 to »4 to 

Castwa » i ItaSoe at Sjzwn ® poifirM 
tat to An 1992 (in 4 and to a*)- 
MYSTB HtiiWY 1HI 2ad i«to OmoSs tec 
to i tenSoo to Ctotett po to. goo*). 
MOUSSwSlS 3rd to 4 K HEStol to » 
tsitate to tten tel tone ool pin «SM bom 
to tan). 

Wtoctoar MORTHB* 6MHMTC 

BUNKBO HRST TIME: N — caata t 3.15 Youn 
Pyrtoc Oance, Ha, Hyiacpfc: ASS Saawre J 

Saw. Sen Panto. Soutfmft &25 
Bf, Warta i gfaipean u ss. 

b ack in 

By Richard Evans 

.THE victory of MiAad 
Roberts on Opera House 
did tittle to reduce the sense 
of injustice fdt by the cham¬ 
pion jockey over bis ten-day 
riding baox, which starts 
today, although be was able 
to joke abont it following his 
King George triumph. 

“It is a nice way to go on 
holiday." the South African- 
born rider said as he reflect¬ 
ed on die controversial ban 
imposed a week earlier by 
Newbury stewards, who 
found him guilty of causing 
“intentional in te rference" 
while riding SabrehQL 

“I still fed what happened 
to me is unfair and unjust 
and I win never put ft 
behind me. It is something 
on my record which should 
not be there, it should have 
been a four-day ban at 

On a happier note, Rob¬ 
erts. savouring Opera 
House'S success, said: “I 
knew the three-year-olds 
were beaten when 1 looked 
across at the six-fudong 
pole. I was more concerned 
with User Friendly in front 
of me or something which 
may have come from be¬ 
hind. Bui I knew half a 
forking up the home 
straight my horse would 
quicken and he ran all the 
way to Ac line." 

Early in the race Roberts 
found himself on the outside 
of the field. "I was abont 
four deep which I didn't 
want but. being an older 
horse, he didn't mind. He 
was always going easily," 

□ Roberts won the £39,735 
Bosphorous Trophy af 
Vetiefendi, Istanbul, yester¬ 
day on Michad Kaimtze's 
Shrewd Idea. 



flisf. 2-Y-0-. £2.735: 7fl (13 turners) 

1 C0M60HUPa townM__ AlkSu»1 

: w WRew>e£a.iuwtw>__ 

? H333Ufl4 Q Than 9-0 . ... _.SBBot(7i11 

4 3J LMTIttBlSJiKrarS-fl ....JHM2 

5 UtADBOUSJFaasUmrM... _ Gftrfteto? 

6 335 STOAaSUU.3EGSwEf»«_._Htoia 

y S?MASSD»M)_l(U 

3 3 VtHJNfi A7KART 13M(tomt98 . .6Caw3 

,5 “ Uijxne #..stemwto 

i; SS »Seasa>26fflF)HC«ai8.3 _ _ . WRoiS 


■: as sixmoevto saint Bute a-9.SDmwEmis 

-2 TRQFTCAi WKIA R Vtxrjcy 9 <> _.77*1 

’-‘"jJrtUtos.S-l Ktaws. 7-1 KettilianaCnroaa. 
'.M St tst i2-i SajMam Grt 14-: asm 


(AU-wsafitef. £3.143:61) (5) 

i 58R •MKA1W17iCffl*i4twe&l(W)_NAHMs2 

t 4631 SiM SQ3DESS 17 (C.Gi G L Maom 4-M_BfionuS 

3 5M4 VSY OCfY 3 HSU.G) J Ben, 5-9-.'_6 Cm*3 

< 0221 ntjnffuLWAOE 12 u i*pn 4^-1 _DBm.4 

5 9143 AQUA304(FjNCjttgrtn4-7-7__DWng«[5) 1 

2-1 c-3je. !-• twocaj® ?-2 S» GJ03SSS. 5-1 &w*fc. 5-1 DWy 


(Turf. 2-Y-O. £3.377:61) (9) 

* 41 Hfi tEWJUS 34 (DA 3 Ntotwo WJ. 

2 201 CRAGSAMiQftE 14 In J H4B8*12 __DWand4 


4 353 Un^fiME7DlKrrE»MU4smfte8-lO 

Itaik Dmbjo (7) i 

5 60 ArafiOISCSncanMO_WRjgnB 

S 3 06 S0USZE Ifl C C*» 6-10 ---D Bogs 9 

7 1 QWPU«GRL3?RAPtaifr».. TS^iSfi 

! 1 anEVA26lD^DM(taB-9-W Cara 7 

9 1 3BAHCA66 IS)U W 8-5_ . _ . ..6Du»dS 

5-2 Sas 7B-ut 9-2 Ktfieva. 5-i 1* DMAs. 6-1 PafcJi A(tonal. 61 
Set 10-13$na. U-1 Awiba. 14-1 oten 

SELLING STAKES (Alt-weather. £2.489:1m 21) (8) 

1 8110 8ARAHH11 (Df 65) B OSuONm 4410_A Ctortt 2 

2 46*31 BOBDAB8 tCPJ=jSi JWte9»i0_RPlte4 

2 532S CNOB? PRAOICE12&f.G| W Kaoits 6-9-10. .. C Rute7 

4 00 OfflCytWC18DAMira<44i3r._.-.70raw5 

5 0005 RAJ. 9ULMG 3 K SUtt 4-W_T Spate fi 

6 4232 051BW 9 MB Gita 4^-5_WtemS 

7 0000 EXCSS SA66ASEItC£)NCWMn_WRyanB 

5 5 J4CXAREWS0ri9MHaBva^69_GMakn 

TJ-4 Dar PfKDce. 7-20nt£tae. 97ft»WU 5-1 Bstai 7-1 othea 


(Turf: £3.231:50 (9) 

1 4000 SSMIA17 (UrnFItt7-10-0_Wtemefly (3)2 

2 0010 0BiS OF UWGMCX 3 (D5.S) D ling 4-9-13 

3 2352 TUSCAN ttWN 11 (DSl J &*7y 3-9-4_J^ '^rtsas 

4 2065 THE NQBIH OAK 34 (VXD/.6) M McCamaci 5-6-13 i MJ 3 

5 11142 SEMIEffl7(0.8)lHolt46-12_MlmT 

6 4-50 (X5VN5 GOLD 28 A Toned366_AUeSOwl 

7 866 SS2SU77 14 K OmrOesn-Bejan 3-7-TO_01WgW(5J9 

8 0005 TWILEBEACH 11' /V.6jcCBay4-7-19_toXtraS 

9 6000 STQOCI1M11 (DA B WeBhnM-7_B Doyta (3) 5 

3-1 Sstai. 4-1 TasKIml 9-2 Dc Note Oto. Beta 01 UtatkA 7-1 ton 


(All-weather £2.422:1m 5f) (6) 

1 0440 COtodtaTYn Had 4-106_A (tom S 

2 5605 sniMWABEESHAH9SDe*96a^--__TOtal2 

3 0620 YM0NBUXRA7WIta5-9-3_6M5aU4 

4 0044 EAflLYTQ(QSE12CCjpi S6-5-DSggil 

5 S04 SPEBAB 34 MRta 3-8-5_StataS 

6 0065 6MG86DETHTWE 16(VJPUefita6-M_TSpate6 

2-1 Eta Ta tee. 9-4 fttai Bado, 7-2 CQncswy. 6-13de te. S-t ta 


(Turf: £3,287: 1 m 2f) (12) 

1 4110 WID STRAWBERRY 14 MlaB S*nton41D-OB FU»se B 

2 0^ SANTANAtADV7 6X8) U hlto»-Ete 4-9-10- WNtenii7 

3 -062 MAY HUS LEGACY' 28 (C8ID MwBnM 4-9-4— T Qtal 12 

4 -063 SOLDTASSH. 10BHawn3-.M-WCvaoiS 

5 0450 CH0UETTE6PMteMI36-10_JMS 

6 0000 UCKV N06E B fC55) 6 tawn) 68-7 Gsjib tavood (71Z 

7 5004 MON BETITNMNXR 3 (S) K OntotoW^taNn 46-5 

8 DIM TOOD05 CAKAJ* Ifi |CDfl P CinW 56-5°. 

9 -450 BH1ATKX 47 C Bitttn 5-6-4 __B Doyta (3) 1 

10 *148 HEAVY HOCK 14 (G) D CasgiiM 46-0-—.. L ten (5) 10 

IT MB SUffER WITH SUSIE 700 «fcon3-7-lZ_F talon 9 

12 0500 BSRAU) EARS 7 (Q F* Me£ta 4-7 -9_ 7 Sputa 3 

7-2 GtaTtato. 9-2 Sma U 
Piwidus Canfte, B-l tmeta 

tta.5-11«J W^KIsUteCr. 7-1 
U tin. 12*1 Bcfteh. 141 (tom 


12WBMB5 bora 43 mms. 279%: J Beny, a 
tan 93.215»: K Catetoan, 19 ton 96,198%; B Itoraaod. IBOoro 
94. HIS; 0 Mata. 5 tan 27. IBJfc ? Min. 14 tan 79.17.7%. 
JOCKET&S tamoac. 3 taws tan 10(lies. 300%. WGrcon. 24 
too 109i22JJiJfe)d. 33 tan 171. 193%; T 0*00.82 bam 461. 
178V 6 Otatod. 38 tan 21M7.4V 



6-10 Dancing Domino. 6/40 V; 
Petuia. 7.40 Bentica 8.10 CWcard 

Lad. 7.10 
40 Duckey 

Our Newmarket Canespondent 
7.10 PETULA (nap). 

The Times Private Hanoi capper's top rating: 

7.10 PETULA. 


(3-Y-0: £2.005- im 67yd) (6 runnfifS) 

1 2131 EMKSiB D0U9JD 3 U B ErMff HI WBcnfl 

2 M0 DELAY HQ WORE 26 f Udmt'J 9-0 .. - ?J ? 

3 2ES1 JUUASSARHHVADEH9 (6) A toon 3-0 . Szaqite*ni 

4 3105 TW.VS fc9ST £ iCO.Gi«fUrk'Gi 9-0.Jtefll 

5 42J4 FtrtffliKWJ3ff/JMikf5.. __OKBnJjnfJifi 

6 0-00 TFawmrv WOOD 34 iG) C- PiaJa^Gaito 8-9. WCai3f5 
>56 Paoun 94 tafcj*s Dt mo 7-2 loir's 4-i Jtaa mitata 
124 Uta 33-1 Deal HO Uae 

STAKES (£1.674: im 31135yd) (ID) 

1 mo- MBK9XKJUJC71W17SUffi/BltetfrW. MPBn*4 
: 6DQ swrrwuANCEi9 (&biaubw 5 - 9 - 5 ..„ swuzmnbE 

3 0530 VAIOORalCHLAQ 13 fiSlMtane 4-94_j M2 

4 0K‘ MtJVUcT73JKBurtt 7-9-3 _ .TSjnttB 

5 0152 IWW 6UST0 7 ICi K CinuijraRktoaon 6.9-5 _ T Cbm 7 

t S-00 DGOBl DO 7 J vVMe 4-3-1 . ..KRull*r|5jiQ 

7 0405 DAZajHeFfflEll (D.ES 0 CElai 4-6-12 0m«t0»OElf7| 2 

fi OM SfiEY TAMVW 28 (BH ft tma 7-8-9_ NAOrasI 

9 4500 Ca*WA«3eCI?fflC27 0/tCjQB»M-7.. RCodwneS 

10 00 KORAN BRiE 421 stars '>6-3.. 3 CTUxmn 5 

94 to» Che!. 3 i Coftncrene Cim*. 7-1 Vnttmuftn trn &-1 nateg Tat 
SwU Row* 15-1 W® to. 25-1 dte’- 


(Qualifier- 2-Y-O. £3,416:512l7yd) (17) 

00 NOT71£NAI]£S;35UFfta22»4aS»B-ii 
022 PERSIAN HERITAGE B0 (Bf) J Payne 8-11 . . 
05 MCEROV RULER 77 J JmiCi 8-n. ._ . 

6 tflCfMEU4AS PARK 14 RAtaHjr7 6-10 .. - 
CWAf89SHf*S*ta8-9. _ 

55 UN PARRlM DE FEME 25 J Pure B-9 , 

1 00 WTT»£>«DeB»35UF»M0>vtoflwB-T1 CftCsS 

2 022 PERSIANIdSTAficB0(BflJP®me8-n . . HCoctaneH 


7 spate 7 

__... LDettill 


60 BEVATtlRSHAFT47DAiWlwae-6._. Tto311 

HEAJ-WRSKMBteEWBS-E .. _. . NAtitatS 

WEHHQUfiDThomB-T. ._ AMcGb«5 

0 KAAensnKrtPHortiagW.... BRooa Ifc 

403 08VKXEfiSK79RHnnnB6_ JRe«14 

4 maws ms 30 1 H3t 36...P*nftwery5 

32 PETULA 12(BFjWEeAB-fr .«tel7 

6 OANC&JGRUSSIA44PUrcheilB-5 .. WtewKsfr 


0 ffl£3SCOTTAGE 11PPWfc^a-l _0*Easonl2 

74 Ftftfc. 5-i Canwi Fix n-2 itetan Hertogp 10-1 Eienoi San ir> 
Pawn Vehnw. 12-; Vast ,Rato ifr-l Damr^Hxm 25-1 <av. 


(£3.557:1m2f 7ycf) (4) 

1 4111 BBTOG0 7 fCQr.S) M Jam 4-HM (5e>l _P3 Eflfltfv 4 

2 -600 REBAi. Ai/RA 58 CFIG Ktawl 3-S-B _U Parts ^ 

3 2011 PETTIS AT D«W 7/CAW) ft taro" M-i: (Sr; JRea? 

4 4114 WARREQUB111 (D.F.G)GStodUQ36-5_JW9H8K1 

54 ftSWs fi Ota 2-1 tea. 100-30 ** Rmem. 5-1 fttga) tm. 


(£2.532:5f 217yd) (13) 

1 2140 MSTER J0LS0N12 (D.F.aS) R Itodoes 4-10-0 S Drowse (7 iB 

2 0003 lEfSB&MESIABOUnt 44 {BSO.fJSI Ito N Abrauto* 7-10-0 ' 


3 4006 WMEVSTOIBI23 {D£)T-nwisai tons 46-10 


4 6166 6RErCHARMB)16(CDr.6^)Ctota446... WNnmsS 

5 4140 ALMMSO 75 JJMaie 4-9-5._JWtemsiO 

6 600- BAU.YHKYS 340 ft Ntara 4-9-5_i.CM>|7)5 

7 6036 FAYSS0M617(DJ£)RAtariS64_T0unn9 

6 0500 CET-SHH19 (VXOi,G£) UK U UcCoun 9-9-3 . ATudger4 

9 5143 KAfiftYSCOHNS7(CO/AS)ftHadBB0-9-3. MHK3 

10 1060 HOVMSMUE10 (Bf&S) 36-10 _ CDwyer2 

It -224 PQVLE AMBER 11 M Btafttad 4-88 _ _Dtotboopil 

12 Q|6 CltCARt) 19Italian4-64_PaAEdteytS 

13 0960 SPECTACLE JM 7(B) J ODonntfu 

114 tar’s Comno. 9-2 LetheoncaabcMij. 5-1 Poyh Ane. 6-1 Ctaan. 
12-1 ftfxSaflB. Itatr tolsai 14-1 taler Seta. CW-Brftt, 16-1 MBS. 


(£2^32: im 67yd) (15) 

1 W14 SINGERSBIAfiE7 (DF.6) GBaMng4-9-1D-jWtems3 

2 4202 PHBC«USA«2S(DJ : iaAiA»re56-7-BRoast 14 

3 3244 OTAW MARMALADE 5 0.CT 0 Item 446 ..K Rtar (5)11 

4 0505 SRESA10 A tone 4-94_WEddayr 

5 y003 DllCKEyniZZ5|CTRF)oMr54-2__PtoslElfetayfi 

6 50(4 GREAT HAND 11 (0^)11 Raw 7-8-11_J Retd 7 

7 0000 RED WIE Omani BUI *4-9-UMsB 

8 0350 K*T7SV£UP2(B/jfifarmee5-8-5-O0fgg&13 

9 (SO- WSHMYCROSS56JJJtas546-5ANnrerffi4 

10 -055 KNCGADND11 Rtagran4-8-1__AMcGkralS 

11 060 SAILT OF THE ALIEV 26 JSutfte 36-1_CftffletS 

12 M4 LAST APPEARANCE S2RPnl*» 4-8-1_ONeGtoSoolO 

13 om msotMasusBBDiiOJimw _f taro 12 

14 D04 CLARDLBH21JCampdeS3-74-N/Khrol 

15 5064 BROVWCARPET7(B)CH»qmW-7_OW«gl«(5)9 

4-1 &u« Capo. 9-2 Ctoten ttontoUde. Sngea Ireg*. 11-2 CUMy to. 
ProdMB As. 7-1 G«a tad. 1 O -1 Red ffle. 14-1 atan 


1RAMERS; L Cuiani. 12 Mtan tan 34 navies. 353%. G 
ArmdL 9 tan 36 25.0V M toms. 7 hon 32.214%; P Afeta. 7 
iiro 34 206V ft hmto 34 tan 210.16nk IA Eaitea. 7 tan 

. _ Eflomi. 50 Wm Irom 202 tag. 34.0V l Dottrt. 

17 tan 99.172%. f Stttte, 6 tan 38.15JV fl Cuctane. 18 tan 
“ - - - - |7 from 138. 123* T (tan. 14 tan 127. 

134. 114* J ftflfd. 
11 . 0 * 

•. .,»f: 



6J25 Overpower. 6.55 Mary MacWairv 7j2S Premier 
Dance. 7J5S Miss Haggis. R2S Harding. 8.55 Gant 




CLAIMING STAKES (£1,725: Im 21) (10 runners) 

1 2132 ovamai PWJ) U TompKas »0S J GotaM (jfll 2 

2 600 ARCTICLME25JEHte5-9-3-DGtteB 

3 D CHR5*SaBlliJBrwi»4-9-3-AVMUa(5)4 

4 500 A.VRG OOKCT TO AO 9 IB) A Fates 5-9-3—L Aspel (S) 7 

5 0100 TAUNTCC Ifi(D.G) U BtasRsd56-3-SMcC«9ir(5J6 

t 0056 MURASa 25 4-9-1_Itatalim iO 

7 0000 8RE06(BnUGH LAD 18 (D£) 1 Bam 66-13 

KkoMey Htn (10) 5 

S GReWCWS STAR Btoetaw 366-JfttoiM(B) 

9 -305 R4T0NGBEACH26JMl 3*2 _MHmy(!0)3 

10 000 SW0PSWE BLUE 7 b HMfc 34-0_UB«lf{5)9 

5-4 tanner, 9-2 tag Beta 7-1 TBronp. 9rapAn Bta M 


(£2.070: im 75) (15) 

1 -635 ROSE BOOLE 19Wtonfc3-lD-{L 

— EttdWd 12 

— DltaMMS 
.E JWBOill 

2 4355 PYRftttC OANCE S J Mk 3-9-10_ 


t 0006 CURHWIATOTISffl)SNortnnm.._Gfind2 

5 -6*4 U0NA5TIC RJGK7 26 8 Whmf 3-92_JfOTOC? 

5 6030 HlWniACaUM9Jtato4-»0-A Mm3 

7 500 EASY TOW 16 Dfetfn tons 36-13_AUadsyS 

6 0« SNSIFRE 16® J Mam 3^-13_J(MnS 

9 &« SUASBUHVIC24JtaniRtatoK*0-13_KftttiH 

10 5600 TORTWSffilfiMBrociaitt44-13_JtawS 


12 000 SAM WT018 K Bute 3-8-4— 

IS 04M DOUBLE THE STAKE 32 F La *44__ G BarOveS 13 

14 QZS5 HYDROPS 4 (BlDOswran 664_J total S 

15 0000 SPECK. RCX18 U6M 343_ U Fatoa (3) TQ 

7-2 firaaro Uxpen 9-Z Urns* fto* 5-1 
Stator T^IMDOU* Tig Sms. 12-1 


-■v.y - • • w .-J 


Going: good 
ZOO (IRA l.< 

i M Cote 



art (S4 

_MJ. 15 ran. _ 

a. list R Cftsrton. Tete raaft Ef-ja 
E1BQ. OM. DF: EL®. TWk 8178.10. 

Z3S m .1. A smooth One ORrtd. 1 Wk 
2f. MURUxtos (IK): Vs, R«i Rta 
30). Tncoma 6-4 ftw. 7-ran.. ««« 

Haiflen. TowiEiSTO: 

£1.10, ftotf HBCIMDF: AStooBtOm 
S AMd fleftota £2100. A Srwotfrgie & 
Red JBa StSSO. CSF:A Smprtrft»& 
RdO E22J96. Alter aetawdB enquiry, ttto 
resua saxx). iminiaZ4sac. 

&20nerf»* . 
mS aw pSgwPa 

To» E3JO: tsso. ££70. DF: - 

Cff: £11 az Iroin 17.7 Beoc. 



1. Starol CPa Edday 

10 - 1 I: Z Pmr (tape p-l tak X lac 

Ctoron(5-1),-4, RfcrtIfiwiNft&i 
Ansnda*. ShW * J Dartop. to® ; 

£1100; £2.70, £1.60, dto. mo- OF: 

E3&B0. Tripe £7420. CSF: £5600. Tocasfc 

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□ Emperor Jones (Bruce Raymond) was beaten three-quarters 
of a length by Astair in the prix Daphnis at Evry on Saturday. 
Mistie Car was fourth. Lester Piggon anti Lucky Guest were 
second to Southern Dancer at Veiiefendi, Turkey, on Saturday. 


0891 -163-168 


















U- fTTT V 'WS- 


the TIMES MONDAY JULY 26 1993 

Spaniard conti nues to set dem anding standards to rest of cycli ng world 

Indurain rides 
in triumph to 
third Tour win 

MIGUEL Indurain turned the 
final stage of the Tour de 
France into a lengthy lap of 
honour yesterday, easing to 
his third successive triumph 
on the Champs-Elysfees before 
warning his rivals that there 
may be more to come. 

At the completion of the 
gruelling 3.720-kilometre 
event Indurain. of Spain, 
rejected suggestions that he is 
invincible. "I'm not from outer 
space." he said. "Like all the 
riders in the peloton. I’m 
finis fling the Tour tired, after 
throwing all my energy into 
the battle." 

But then he added: "I like 
the French saying, ‘appetite 
comes from eating’. The Tour 
is my favourite race and 
remains my priority." 

Indurain’s appetite for suc¬ 
cess is reflected in his unique 
record in cycling’s two most 
important tours. As well as his 
three consecutive victories 
in the Tour de France, he won 
the Tour of Italy in 1992 and 
this year. It was also dear in 
the way he dominated the field 
in recent weeks, with only the 
runner-up. Tony Rominger, of 
Switzerland, able to put up a 

The final stage yesterday, 
won by the sprinter. 
Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, 
of Uzbekistan, in a mass finish 
after the 197-kilometre twenti¬ 
eth stage from Viiy-Chatifion, 
was no more than an end-of- 
term celebration, most of the 
riders content to soak up the 
atmosphere of cycling’s blue 
riband race before the last 

FINAL STAGE (VBy ChauBon to Parts. 
196km): I. D Abdoutaparcv (Uzbekistan). 
Lampre, S» 27min 20 sec: 2. F Moncassm 
(Fit. WordPerfect 3. SCotegaW. MOB; *. 
U Raab (GaJ. Telekom. 5. M Soandn (#1. 

Motorola 6. P Anderson (Aus), Motorola: 7. 
J Museeuw (Bel), G8-MG: 6. G Fidanza (B). 
Garorade: ft C Capete (Fr), GAN; 10. M 
Sergaart (Bel), NovemaS; 11. Cato lb 
(Fr). GAN. 12. B fita (Den). Anostea 13. F 
Simon (Fr). Caetorama 14. B Hokn (Den). 
Telekom, 15. H Frteon (Bel). Lotto, al same 

NINETEENTH STAGE (Bretl^iy sur-Orge 
lo MortJhay. 40km tme-tnal ) I T 
Rominger (Swrtz). Clas, 57mlr CG.120g«r, 
Z M hdurain (Sp). at 42sec 3. Z Jestala 
(Pol), a irmn 43sec; J. J Bruyrwel (Bel), at 
2.16; 5. G Bog no (II). 3:00; 6. J-F Bernard 
(Fit a 3.05. 7. V Bwnw (Ruste). at 3 09; 
B. P Louviot (Fr). a 3-30 B. C Cfiappuco 
Of), a 3:41; 10. A Merja (CoQ, a 3.43.11. S 
Rocha (ire), a 3.58; 12. A Eli (It), a 4-01: 
i Faresn (IQ, at 4:03; 14, L D 


By Our Sports Staff 

rites up and down the pictur¬ 
esque final stretch. 

Frederic Moncassin, of 
France, came second and the 
Italian. Stefano Col age. third 
as Indurain and Rominger 
cautiously avoided any chance 
of a mass pile-up by avoiding 
the leading group during the 
eight laps up and down the 

That there had been any 
drama in the Tour at all was 
largely due to Rominger. 
whose two gutsy stage wins in 
the Alps and a surprise victory 
in the time-trial on Saturday, 
in Indurain’s favourite disci¬ 
pline. saved the event from 
anti-dim ax. 

He had been blighted by 
bad luck early on. losing two 
team-mates before the early 
team time-trial and later being 
hampered by punctures in 
both of the important solo 

But Rominger. 32, twice 
winner of the Tour of Spain, 
recovered to take on Indurain 
alone after the highly-rated 
Italians. Gianni Bugno and 
G audio Chiappucd. and Alex 
Zulle, of Switzerland, failed to 
mount a serious challenge. 

Indur&m said, despite the 
excellent performances of 
Zenon Jaskula, of Poland, the 
Colombian. Alvaro Mejia, and 
the Dane. Bjam Riis, who 
were third, fourth and fifth 
overall, that Rominger had 
been the only threat 

“My real rival was 
Rominger." he said. “The Ital¬ 
ians were not as good as 
expected and the young riders 

(Frj. at 429:15. R Conti mi, ai «S1: 16. G 
Boftniarm (R). al 4:33: 17, P Lancs (Fr), a 
429: 1ft R Alcala at 4.47. 19, C 
Monet (Ft), at 4:49:20, G Pern IK), a! 4 50. 
BrkWi positions: 35. S Vales. Motorola, at 
0.0ft 1LI1R Miter (GB), TVM, at B'44. 
FINAL POSITIONS: 1, Indmain, 95hr 57min 
09aec: 2, Rqmnger. at 4n*i 59sec: 3. 
Jaskula. at 5:4ft4, Merpa at 7 29. ft Rhs, at 
1626:6. Chtappucd. at 17-10; 7. Bruyneel. 
at 16-04; ft A Hampstan (US). Motorola, at 
20:14: 9. P Oetoado iSp). Banasto, al 
23:57. 10. V Pout*ow (Ukt). Carrera, al 
2529. 11, Farasto, at 29:06: 12. A Martin 
(Sp). Amaya, at 29 51:13, Rocha, a 29:53: 
14. Com, at 3005; 15. J-P Dojwa (Fr). 
Festma. at 3024. 16. 0 Rincon (Col). 
Amaya, at 33.1ft 17. ES, at 3329; 16. J 
Unzaga(Sp). Clas. at 36:0ft 19. RVirenqiie 
(Fr), Feslina. at 33:12; 20, G Bugno (it). 
Gauxade. at 40:06 WnaotBiamountaine: 
1. Ronwiger, 449pte. Z Chteppucd, Mi: 3. 
Ancon. 286. Rotas da aaWcali on: i, 
Abdoujaparov. 296. Z Musaeuw, 157. 

like Zulle will be better next 
year. Rominger is an excellent 
rider who was stronger than 
me in the final time-trial" 

Pressed on his next target 
which could be an attempt on 
the world one-hour record just 
broken by the British Olymp jc 
pursuit champion. Gins 
Boardman, Indurain said: 
“Believe me, I may have a few 
secret ambitions, but I'm keep¬ 
ing them to myself." 

Indur&in’s three victories 
bring him level with the 
American. Greg Lemond. and 
match the feat of Louison 
Bobet, of France, who won 
three in a row in 1953.1954 and 

Rominger will be in little 
doubt that 29-year-old 
Indur&in’s biggest ambition 
will be a fourth Tour de 
France next year and then to 
match the record five wins 
held by the Belgian, Eddie 
Merckx, and Bernard 
Hinault, of France. 

Rominger. perhaps rein¬ 
forced by his compatriot. 
Zulle. may be the only rider in 
his way, with the tour this year 
seeming to mark the begin¬ 
ning of the end for the Italian 

While Rominger is older 
than Chiappucd and Bugno, 
they may not share his un¬ 
doubted enthusiasm after 
their latest disappointments. 

Chiappucd in the top three 
in the three previous Tours, 
could only claim the consola¬ 
tion of a single stage win, 
while Bugno, second in 1991 
and third last year, did not 
even manage that. 

Both. too. have been badly 
bruised by tnduriun in the 
Tour of Italy. Bugno winning 
three years ago before die 
Spaniard began his long run 
of dominance. 

Leraond may also be a spmt 
force. The American is facing 
an operation on a broken bone 
in his right wrist after a 
virus wrecked his season and 
forced him to miss die Tour 
diis year. 

The French, too. had little to 
cheer about They have not 
had a Tour winner for eight 
years and only Pascal lino's 
stage win this time dulled the 

Wheel of fortune: Indurain, who dominated the Tour de France, has victory in his sights as the race nears its end. 

Obree breezes into national track championship final 

Obree: irrepressible 

THE irrepressible Graeme Obree, 
having set a record in die opening 
round of the British 4*000-metres 
track championship the previous 
day and later eliminated Adrian 
Allen in the quarterfinals, yesterday 
looked on course to win the gold 
medal against Bryan Steel last 
year’s runner-up, in the final at 
Leicester yesterday. 

More important to the Scot, who 
remains faithful to his homemade 
machine, was the other reward for 
victory: selection for Britain in the 
world championships at Hamar, 
Norway, next month, the scene nine 
days ago of his successful attempt on 
the world one-hour record. 

Doug Dailey, the national coach, 
said yesterday: "We have set two 
requirements for pursuit selection at 
the world championships. Obree has 
easily met the first a time inside 4 

Peter Biyan reports on the 
continuing exploits of 
a cyclist swiftly making 
himself one of Britain's finest 

minutes 43 seconds, when he set a 
new best of 4min 3&545sec to beat 
Chris Bord man’s record. The second 
marker is that Obree must now win 
the British tide." 

Obree and Steel the latter using 
the eye-catching Lotus bike that 
Bondman used to win his gold medal 
at the Barcelona Olympic Games 
Last year, have been the dominant 
men in the national championship 
series, but Steel although turning 
out fast times, has been unable to get 
within two seconds of the Scot 

Steel is a candidate for Britain’s 
4,000-metres pursuit team in the 
world championships but be con¬ 
firmed at Leicester that he is also 
making a serious bid to gain the one 
place open for the individual event 

Like Obree. Steel was not hard- 
pushed in his semi-final when he 
met Stuart Dangerfield. one of the 
country's fastest 25 miters. He fin¬ 
ished four seconds dear in 4min 

Defeat however, had its compen¬ 
sations for Dangerfield. The bronze 
medal is no longer decided by a ride- 
off between the two losing semi- 
finalists but goes to the faster rider. 
Obree’s elimination of his young 
opponent Chris Ball after 3min 
51sec ensured Dangerfield: the 

Ball in his first year as a senior 
after winning the junior pursuit title 

in 1992. gambled everything on 
making a fast start while Obree was 
getting his J 08-in high gear rolling. 

It was the only tactic Ball could 
use and for the first three laps of the 
333-metre wooden trade he held the 
advantage, passing the first- 
kilometre point in limn 11.33 Isec, a 
lead of more than two seconds. 

The glory was short-lived and 
Obree, elbows tucked in to his hips 
to achieve his aerodynamic position, 
countered with a vengeance. He 
recorded 67 seconds for his second 
kilometre and one and a half 
minutes later caught his young 

The Obree camp - promised "a 
thriller of a final", with their man 
putting die seal on world champion¬ 
ship selection. 

□ Chris Boazdman yesterday cele¬ 
brated the end of six months’ hard 

training thatbrought him the covet¬ 
ed world one-hour record in Bor¬ 
deaux on Friday. In the Observer 
yesterday, Boardman said: "The 
training for and execution of the 
record attempt gave me an insight 
into the hardships of it aBL Lhear (hat 
there were criticisms from the one¬ 
time record-holder, Francesco 
Moser. His mark was set outdoors, 
and he claimed his was the greater 
achievement Funny he forgot to 
mention he set his time at altitude. 

“Eddy Merckx was also quoted as 
objecting to the new technology. But 
isn’t that complaint true of all sports? 
new method^, new scientific aids — 
it’s called progress. You can have all 
the aids in the world and they might 
be of no use to you. The man is the 
key factor.!" i 

r * ~ 

Results, page 20 

Australia + 
have no 
answer to 

ARANTXA Sanchez Vicario 
and Cbnchita Martinez gave 
Spain their second Federation 
Cup tennis title in Frankfurt 
yesterday with a 3-0 victory 
over Australia. 

In a onesided final the top- , 
seeded Spanish team dmiu- jp 
nated the unseeded Australia. 

Martmez, the No 6 in the 
world, beat Michelle Jagrard- 
Lai 6-0,6-2, to put S pain ahead 
before Sanchez Vicario. the 
No 3 in the world, defeated 
Nicole Provis 6-2, 6-3 to give 
Spain an unbeatable 2-0 lead 
in the best-offeree series. 

"The title means a lot to me 
and it's special to win it for ihe 
second time, I am very proud," 

Sanchez Vicario said- “It's 
good to be with the team once 

3 The doubles match was only 
a matter of pride, and went to 
Sanchez Vicario and Marti¬ 
nez, who beat Elizabeth 
Smylie and Rerrnae Stubbs, 3- w 

Wendy Turnbull Austra¬ 
lia's non-playing captain, said 
the experience brought by the 
Spanish team's two top-10 
players made fee difference. 

“They were so much stron¬ 
ger bn the important points.” 
she said. “ICS a disappoint¬ 
ment not to win, but we are 
pleased to have reached the 

Sdnchez Vicario and Marti¬ 
nez captured the title in the 
women’s version of the Davis 
Cup for the first time in 1991 
against the United States and 
lost to Germany in last year's 

final : 

Australia, winners of seven 
Federation Cup titles, were 
rated as outsiders on the red * 
day courts in Frankfurt but “ 
had a dream, run through the 

They first upset Germany, 
the No 2 seed and the defend¬ 
ing champion, in the opening 
round, with Provis beating 
Steffi Graf. In the quarter¬ 
finals, Australia defeated the 
third-sealed team from for¬ 
mer Czechoslovakia. 

But against the day-court 
specialists from Spam, the 
Australians failed to find the 
magic that had carried them 
through the early rounds. 

• Provis, No 28 in the world 
and the hero of Australia’s 
previous wins in the tourna¬ 
ment, quickly fell victim to her 
own errors and S&nchez 
Vicarious power game. 

The Australian surrendered 
her serve in the third game 
with unforced errors to give 
Sanchez Vicario control of fee 

The Spaniard broke again 
for a 5-2 lead and dosed fee set 
in 25 minutes_A glimpse of 
hope emerged for Australia at 
the start of the second set as 
Provis raced into a 3-0 lead. 

She saved a break point to 
hold her serve before breaking 
the Spaniard to love. * 

But she lost tiie next two <0 
games and the next three were 
decisive, wife Provis failing to 
win a single point as Sanchez 
, Vicario broke for a 5-3 lead. 

Sending to stay in the match, 

•Provis saved one match point 
jwith a stop volley. But two 
.missed forehands, one wide 
and another into the net gave 
Sanchez Vicario the match 
and Spain the title in 61 



Results, page 20 


071-782 7344 



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12 July 19M 

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are. personally or by Ibeir SoucJ 
ran. id come in and move their 
debts or claims al such umr and 
place as snail be spooned in sum 
notice, or In default unroof Uiry 

will be excluded from ine benefit 
of any duMbunon nude before 
such debts are craved 
19 July 1993 
MJC Oldham. ■ Ihium^jm 

Notice of apaointnwiil 

of Uantdainr iMemnmi 

(Crrdiioni voluntary winding up 
Pursuant Id section 600 of Die 
COTHHOlrc Act 1986 
Company Number A96&56 
Name of company: Artcen Hold¬ 
ings Limited i'*ltac Company's 
Previous name of company. 
None. Nature at business: Prop¬ 
erty Oompony Adams of regtt- 
tered office- 133 High brreef 
Farnborougfi Kent BM 7AZ. Lie 
uklaluT name and address. Ml 
dito Jonathan ChrmocMier 
oranara of smnn a wunamsou of 
No. 1 Riding How* smm. 
London WIA 3AS Date of 
apoelnBntm: Wednesday 14m 
July 1993. By whom aspouuM: 
The Company. Dale: I9AT/1W3. 

Notice of amnuumait of 
Admuvmrabve Receiver 
RegMerbd nunmer: 1079069 
Trading name Beechftetd Hmm 
Nature of busmen: Hotelier. 
Trudr classification: 47. owe of 
flP pnnunuBil of adfninMronvr 
receiver*’ 9 July 1993 Name of 

person appointing Use admtDlsfra- 
uve rece i vers: bnWn Ban* Pic 
Jnlnl AdmtmstraUve Receivers. 
MlenaH Oldham and Refer 
Yddon (office holder WL 7017 
1M 72E3V Address; Smith A WII 
Uomson : Rttllne House Street. 
London WIA Mj. 

Notice of Creditors' Meeting 
Under Section 4812 of 
the Insolv ency Act 19S6 
pursuant lo Section ASCZf of the 
meeting of uvr unweurod creat¬ 
ion of me above named company 
win be held at Boom Wime ya 
hic unamwunn Rood. Wanord. 
Herts WDI THE. at 1 l.OOOm on 
3rd August 1993 lor Iho purposes 
of having urid before U a copy of 
Uie report prepared by Die 
Aibnliiiitraljvr Rtcetvon under 
Section 48 of dte sola Act. The 
If It iMnhs m. nlil> 

llili a comniltlre In exercbe (he 
(unctions corn erred on eyed w ort 
commuita by or under lhe Act 

Creditors wnoae aauns are 
wholly secured are nor enPOcd lo 
attend or br rrpresmtod of the 
meeting. Other creditor! are 
nnnnad lo vote If: 

They have oonvereo lo vu sl 
NEM House 3-5 RlMCIMIltwOfth 
Road. Wolford, Hens WDI 7HO 
no taler than 1 ADO hours cm 2nd 
AIMUM1W3 wrtlien detain of the 
dobu they claim lo be due lo Uiem 
from me company. fM the claim 
has been duty admitlod under iho 
provMoaa Of me Rule 3.11 of Use 
Insolvency Rules 1986: and mere 
has been mum whu us any 
peg wtsicfi pie erwamr miends 
lo be used on hh behalf. 

Doled. 19m July 1999 
P A Lawrence, 

Joint AdmfnfsIrnHvc Receiver 

Noace of appointment of 
AdminlMrauve Receiver 
Regfawrea number H?S7IE. 
Nalurp of MBHIOSK Hefcller 
Tran* ctasnrKanon: 47. Date of 
appouitmeni of adminMraUve 
reeeivenc 9 July 1995. Name of 

person appointing lb, odmlnMru- 
nve recMvers: Barclays Ban* Pic 
Jolnl AdmlnMnalvo Rattvcn. 
Michael Old ham and Peter 
Yddon i office holder mac 7B17 
and 7253). Address: Smith A wu- 
Uomson t Riding House Street. 
London WIA 5AS. 


Number of Company: 27945S7 
The Insolvency Act 1986 
Pawd 12 July 1993 
above-named Company, duly 
convened, and held al No I RM 
mg Home Street. London, WIA 
3AS an 12 July 1993. me toflose- 

LUTION was duly passed, vlt- 

-THAT If lus been proved ra 
Ihe saUsfLactian of IWs Meeting 
ihol live Company nanim. by 
rr asou of its MalHIitvm continue 
Its business and that U Is advisable 
to wind up me same and. accord- 
inOUr. that the Company be 
whim up voluntarily and HIM 
lam John Allan. Chartered 
Accountant of No 1 Riding House 
Snw. London. WIA YAS be and 
ne h hereby appouued 
Uaiudalof lor the 
such winding no.” 


Number of Company: 362799S 
Th* CompanlM Ad 1986 
Phased 12 July 1493 
above-named Comoany. duly 
convened, and held al No 1 Rid 
log Home Street. Loudon. WIA 
3AS CO 12 July 1993. use lottos*, 
LUTion was duly passed, ttt- 
“THAT I! has been prosed » 
Ihe vaUafactkm of diH Meettog 
lhat the Cmpimy camaoL by 
reason of us liahtUHtu. conumie 
lb bam and Uiai it Is advisable 
lo wind up me same and. acced'd 
Ingly. Ihol Ihe Company be 
wound up voluntarily and mat 
Mn John Allan of No I Riding 
House Street. London. WIA 3A8 
be and ne la hereby appofnlM 
nomuatbr for me purposes of 
such winding op " 

O mn iu m 


pursuant lo Section 9s of Ihe 
Insolvency Act 1986. Dial a Meet 
bag of Ihe Creditors of me above 
named Comp a ny win be held at 
Trevlol House. 196-192 High 
Road. mom. Essex. IG1 IJQ on 
Wednesday Die ZSOi July 1993. 
al to OO cr-tlor* in me forenoon, 
for the purposes mentioned In 
Sections 99. lOO and 102 of me 
said Act 

A Hal of me mow and 
iddriwi of me Company's Cred¬ 
itors win be available for maoetr- 
Hon free of Charge ad Ihe office* of 
A Segal A Co Trevtm House. 
I Sfr 192 High Rood. Bted-CMt. 
tGt ug. between lOQOi.m. 
and 4 00 pm as from Monday 
26th July 1993 

Dated ua wn day of July 1993 
T H STEVENS. Director. 


with number 4WOOSI 

Company, duly __ 

held al lO Snow MilL London 
ECU 2AL an Ifle 14W day of 
July 1993 the following special 

■Thai the Company be wound 
UP lafunuray. and that Michael 
Jonaahn Oirtstuphrr QMUtam of 
Smith 3. Williamson of NO-1 Rid 
rag Ikwsr street. London WIA 
3AS be and IK is nrreby 
anoomiefl Luaauiaior of rhe Com¬ 
pany for the outposts of such 
winding up“ 


hi me manor of Petar Creenhjdah 
and Lotmo Grenvhawi 
Ngningham Gdomy coun 

No 1S8 of 1993 
NMK* Is hereby given Hud 
C*o«rey C A Morphia, of Cape 
and DaWefch «n SI Joan streeL 
London CClVdLH wOB oppotQMO 
Trusiee of me above named 
on tl June 1993. 

CCA Mnrpams. Trustee 

Atlanta may fall short of target 

T -1 he Olympic movement is David Milfw IftfllfB ollQQ/1 tn ..ohno luu_ : a IS. •_ ... 

X abcatt to discover to what 

degree the goose that lays its 
golden eggs is suffering ffl- 
health. Possibly temporary, 
possibly chronic. 

The three American nat¬ 
ional television networks 
meet in New York today and 
tomorrow to begin negotia¬ 
tions with the International 
Olympic Committee for the 
American rights at the cente¬ 
nary Olympic Games in At¬ 
lanta in 1996. Had fee 
contract signed wife the 
European Broadcasting 
Union not already jumped 
from the $90 million fee for 
Barcelona to $250 million, 
die Atlanta organising 
committee might be about 
to suffer a serious drop 
in its budgeting for 1996, 
a drop that could affect 

Equally significant the fee 
negotiated this week — likely 
to be ai least $100 million less 
than expected when Atlanta 
was nominated three years 
ago — may provide a sharp 
warning to those cities bid¬ 
ding for the Games of 
2000, including Manchester, 
and who have inducted 

David Miller looks ahead to 
talks with American television 
over the 19% Olympic Games 



their projected television 

The talk three years ago for 
Atlanta, given its United 
States prime-time advertis¬ 
ing advantage, was for a 

rights fee of some $600 
mfllion. compared wife the 
$401 million paid by NBC for 
Barcelona. Expectation this 
week by informed insiders is 
that fee figure, in spite of 
prime-time, may not climb 
much above $450 million 
because of fee present 
world-wide recession that 
has heavily affected Ameri¬ 
can television sports at¬ 

Indeed, one experienced 
negotiator in the network 
television field, being fully 
aware of the decline in adver¬ 
tising return on televised 
sport, expects the bids from 
NBC, ABC—bade in the ring 
for the first time since 
1984 — ami CBS to range 
from as low as $300 million 
up to a maximum of $500 

Atlanta's problem is that it 
needs fee cash up front, in 
order to meet payments on 
fee construction of its new 
$230 million main stadium. 
It cannot, therefore, afford to 
enter into fee. cost/profit¬ 
sharing scheme which the 
networkSTKwrreler for their 
own protection. This means 
that Atlanta may be obliged 

to settle for straight bids, not 
dependent on. profit-sharing, 
at a considerably lower fig¬ 

The negotiating Is con¬ 
trolled by fee TOC in fee 
interests of the Games, 
though it will be conscious of 

the requirements of its Atlan¬ 
ta hosts. The chairman of the 
IOC Commission is Dick 
Pound, of Ca nada, a member 
of the executive board, to¬ 
gether wife Dr Un Yong 
Kim, of South Korea, mid 
IOC staff Francois Canard, 
the director-general Michael 
Payne, the marketing direc¬ 
tor, and Howard Stupp, fee 
legal director. 

F ollowing substantial 

losses in recent years 
on sports rights con¬ 
tracts, CBS, ABC and NBC 
entered into fee latest base¬ 
ball contracts on a share 
system from the first dollar. 
NBCs contract for American 
basketball is for “only" $750 
million, over four years, with 
tiie National Basketball As- 
sotiation not receiving a fur¬ 
ther share until proms pass 
$1 billion. 

The television contract val¬ 

ue has been in decline, in real 
terms, since 1988, when NBC 
made a deal wife Seoul for 
only $300 million, in conjunc¬ 
tion with a profit-sharing 
scheme — that was never 
achieved — that allowed rhe 
Koreans to return home wife 
a face-saving figure, on 
paper, of the $500 million 
that they had publicised 
beforehand but which 
would never now be real¬ 

Atlanta, facing cash-flow 
difficulties, needs an immed¬ 
iately bankable contract this 
week. Although the organ¬ 
isers’ gross budget will prob¬ 
ably exceed their projected 
total, their sponsorship pro- 
gratome is taking longer 
than expected to dose con¬ 
tract deals because of legal 

A further problem for At¬ 
lanta is that its organisers are 
considered to be over-staffed 
wife people sitting in com- 
mittees as opposed to putting 
bncks in place. Atlanta will 
be anxious for the IOC to 
adueve a respectable figure 
m its negotiations wife fee 
companies this 
week \ .especially as tiie 
organising committee’s share 
or tiie television income is 
a* ty almost ten ner 
S*** share bemg 
distributed among other 

[y °* Olympic 










A self-made fijm about 
an unmarried teenage 
mother avoids both 
prurience and politics: 


BOOKS page 29 

Geoffrey Moorhouse: 
His account of an Indian 
journey is among new 
travel writing reviewed 

John Higgins meets the new overlord charged with restoring glory to Paris’s troubled opera houses 



H ugues GaD, currently 
general administrator 
of the Geneva Opera, 
has been chosen by the 
new French government to put 
order into the disarray of Paris’s 
operatic life. On August 1.1995, he 
takes over the Bastille and the 
Palais Gamier and with them con¬ 
trol of both die opera and.ballet 
companies of Paris. His contract,. 
long by any theatrical standard, 
runs until July2001. The announce¬ 
ment was made at the Aix-en- 
Provence Festival over the 


dons. Gall has 
dearly held out 
for absolute pow¬ 
er. One of the root 
problems of the 
musical mess in 
Paris during the 
past decade has 
been die in-fight¬ 
ing between vari¬ 
ous factions, both 
artistic and polit¬ 
ical Theatre ad¬ 
ministrators have 
come and gone, 
with increasing 
rapidity. Stability 
has become but a 
dream of the past 
Many will argue 
■vthat it has not 
been experienced 
since Rolf Liebermann was in 
charge of the Opera in 
is no coincidence that Gall learnt 
many of his artistic skills at the feet 
of liebermann, composer, admin¬ 
istrator of genius and one of the last 
of the operatic autocrats. 

liebermann good fortune was 
that he had only two theatres to 
control tiie Gander and the Optra 
Comique. Gall has a third, the 
Bastille, which can lay fair c l ai m to 
bring Parish most co n tro ve rsial 
project from the day that President 
Mitterrand decreed it in 1982. It- 
opened.on time in 1989—just.-But 
only after Daniel Barenboim; the 
first musical director., had. been 
sacked. One of.fltejnost expensive. 
of the Napoleonic “grands prqjets" 
initiated by Mitterrand, it has had: 
a scattering of-soccesses, but its 
shortcomings have drawn far more 
attention than its triumphs. . - 
Gafl is deaf to the voices of those 
who would cfose the 2,700-seal Bas- • 
tille. but direct about its faults. 
Something must be done about its. 

Hugues Gall; Organising 
“la vie fyrique'’in France 

acoustics, poor in parts. It lades 
intimacy, a proper report between 
■ stage and -auditorium. And It is 
expenriire . to nm. something the 
new- conservative government is 
less prepared to tolerate than was 
its Socialist predecessor. 

But the Bastille is there, a vast 
space for the performing arts. Its 
future. Gall believes, depends on 
striking.ihe right balance between 
what is Staged there and what goes 
to the Gamier. Gafi reckons that if 
by that time be leaves in 2001 Paris 
Says “yes; we needed the. Bastflte". 
then he will have done his job. 

He has been 
cartful not to 
rush into his new 
post There are 
two years of his 
Geneva- contract, 
to run and these 
wiU be honoured. 
But tiie crucial 
reason is Galls 
that his first sear 
son in Paris 
should represent 

him amt no one 

else. Operatic 
are made 
ahead and 
many : adminis¬ 
trators are judged 
by what ihrir pre¬ 
decessors have 
left behind. The 
remains can often 

fi£XFEA 7 liRgS 

.operator to foil into that trap. 

“Some engagements have been 
made already for tiie 1995-6 season, 
but I have die power to cancel any 
Whidr strike me as artistically 
wrong,’* he says. “I was deputy 
• director of the^ Paris Qpera’under- 
Rolf [liebermann] when I was 
appointed®Geneva and spent two 
yeans planning my first season 
there. So once again 111. be com¬ 
muting between Switzerland and 
Ihris.-indeed, ova 1 tiie next tiuee 
months 1H be preparing a report 
for the Minister of Arts an afl opera _ 
in Paris. At .foe mnn^ riBn^ous 
are going an:, separate 
Don Carlos next 
year in different theatres." 

. Gall was born in Normandy 53 
years a^x fie was a higb-ftyer in 
tiie Ministry of Agriculture in his ■ 
twenties before being transferred to ■ 
the Ministry of Culture. He was 
already at. tiie Opera, involved 
primarily wfth union negotiations, 
when liebermann arrived in 1971. 

£ 3 

P I 

The Bastflte Opera, among the most expensive of President Mitterrand’s “grands projets" but it has yet to justify its share of the arts budget in the French capital 

• ;GaU took much of the Lieber- 
marm style' with him when he 
"moved to Geneva in 1980. The 
Opera tiiere threw off its provincial 
image and became an international 
house. It was particularly favoured 
by singers wanting to try out new 
roles without the fierce spot&ght of 
a Scala or a Met Gall was ready to 
experiment especially with produc¬ 
tion by bringing in men the likes of 
Bfejait and Savaiy to direct opera, 
but he was also careful not to 
- stretch the taste of his public too 

for. His special skill has always 
been in casting, spotting singers 
such as Raimondi and Ramey. 

Fbr that reason he will want to be 
much more than an administrator 
in Paris. The contract of Pierre 
Bergfe, Mitterrand's overseer of the 
Bastille. expires next year. It is 
rumoured that he will leave cultur¬ 
al activities, possibly for ambassa¬ 
dorial pastures. But the musical 
director, Myung-Whun Chung, by 
for the best appointment made by 
Bergfe, has longer to go. Chung has 

proved his quality as a conductor, 
and has increased his power con¬ 
siderably. Gall may well have to 
rein that in before 1995. 

He will also have to deride how 
much opera to bring back to the 
Palais Gamier, which now has a 
grandly abandoned look in the 
middle of Paris. Quite a lot is 
probably the answer. A substantial 
sum of money has been set aside for 
renovation in 1996. While the 
Bastille has been going up the 
Gamier has been starved of cash. 

That situation will now change. 

Gall has strong views about 
fitting the right work to his two 
principal bouses. “Operas such as 
Cosi and Figaro are not suitable far 
the Bastille. They must play in the 
Gamier. Equally ihere is no print 
in using the Gamier principally as 
a ballet house when there are too 
many seats with restricted vision. 
The natural home for big romantic 
works, like Swan Lake or Sleeping 
Beauty, is tiie Bastille, where every 
seat has a perfect view of the stage. 

like every intendant I want a Ring 
cycle during my tenure and the 
Bastille is the natural place for it" 
What style of opera will Gall aim 
for? “Twenty years or so ago at 
Covent Garden you had the combi¬ 
nation of David Webster as admin- 
istrator. Georg Solti as music 
director and Joan Ingpen in charge 
of casting. I'd be very happy to 
achieve something like that" 

That was indeed a period of 
showmanship, musicality and fine 

I m- 
} ral 

I ) a 





















































NEW YORK THEATRE: Holly Hill on a film star’s successful Shakespeare gamble 



evin Kline looked to be . 
stepping off a cliff when he 

_chose to play the Duke in 

Measure for Measure, his first 
action as the New York Shake¬ 
speare Festival’sassoaate producer 
in charge of its Shakespeare reper- 
trire. Taking the often thankless 
role in the problematical play 
simply turns out however, .to be.' !r 
another notch in Kline’s career' of 
negotiating cliffs with flamboyant 
bungling grace. . 

Michael RudmarTS triumphant 
staging, the most successful of the 
play I've ever encountered, is set on 
a Caribbean island The effects of 
this transposition are. different 
irom Rudman’s same choice for his 
^National Theatre production. John 
Lee Beatty's stucco and shuttered 
sets in earth tones and blues. Toni- 
Leslie James’s costumes ranging 
from the wildly colourful to Isabel¬ 
la's short white dress and veal, and 
Peter Kaczorowski’s shim mering 
lighting are magical in Central 
Park’s Delacorte Theater. Andre - 
Tanker’s calypso music 'Wea ves 
throughout the evening. invEntivety 
used in several scenes, as.whaa 
Mistress Overdone (Otivier-wirarer 
Karla Bums) rehearses “Ihke, ah 
take those lips awajT with heap 
tavern band, her singing fading 
into the background while the 
Duke. Isabella and-Mariana meet 
to discuss their plot : ' • 


perfect in park 

Thmhrfbt (lisa Gay HaniIlton)andT)uke Vincentio (Kevin Kline) 

The setting also harmonises the 
-mixed-race casting;'as if a white-, 
colonised island is evolving into 
Home Rule. And though no poh't- 
kal print appears aimed at when 
Afrioah-American actorsjwweriut- 
ly play the Angelo-lsabella scenes, 
his TWho wfll believe theer and 
her *Tbwhom should 1 conipfainr 
rii^ sbnriringty down the centuries 

from Shakespeare’s characters to 
Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill- 
All these merits add to a produc¬ 
tion so smashingly acted and 
directed that it could be played in 
rehearsal clothes on a bare stage 
and still be excepti on al. Kevin 
Kline’s Duke is an elegant upright 
man approaching middle age with 
a naivety that makes him a danger 

to his own people. Adopting a Latin 
accent glasses, straw hat and worn 
doihes as the friar, he bumUes 
comedkally in his disguise, study¬ 
ing and helping his subjects while 
growing up himself. Some of 
Kline’s comic flourishes might 
seem overdone to purists — waiting 
in the tavern, he sips absentmind- 
edly at a rum concoction, responds 
with bemused interest and takes 
the drink off with him — but they 
are sweetly part of his character. 

Kune’s Duke would believably 
fall in love with a novice and have 
the goodness to win her. Andre 
BraugheTs Angdo is equally credi¬ 
ble as a man with goodness m him, 
puzzled and distraught by his pas¬ 
sion for Isabella, at war with 
himself. Braughers villainy is tem¬ 
pered with such humanity that An¬ 
gelo’s reprieve cranes off not as 
mercy but justice. 

lisa Gay Hamilton is a glorious 
Isabella, with a joy in her vocation 
that makes her [Mas to Angdo vi¬ 
brate with warmth. She gives the 
character an intelligence and an 
impassioned nature that moves like 
quicksilver between such emotions 
as joy, outrage and grief but never 
foils into the trap of priggishness. 
Karla Bums, as Overdone; exem¬ 
plifies the quality of the supporting 
cast in a Measure for Measure that 
has few peers in New York Shake¬ 
speare Festival productions. 

, enjoy the grandeur 

UNIQUELY among Tchaikovsky's 
ballets. The Sleeping Beauty re¬ 
tains everywhere the original con¬ 
cept devised by .tiie Maiyinsky 
Theatre* director, Ivan Vsevolozh¬ 
sky, to inspire tiie coflaboratfon of 
the composer and the choreogra¬ 
pher Marius Petipa. Free from the 
changing of plot, characterisation 
and dances to which Swan Lake 
and The Nidcnacter are perpetual¬ 
ly subjected, the story and the 
general choreo^aphic structure of 
Sleeping Beauty are universal. 

So it k in presentafirak daMra- 
tion and anphasis that producti on s 
find their individuality. Some 
people are disconcerted tty the 
Kirov Ballet’s Beauty, because it 
on leaves in the background, ever 
* present but unstressed, the strug- 
ele between good and evil which 
Western productions haw tended 
to emphasis®- Instead, it concenr 

cal' hght fairy- 
tale atmosphere 
which was Vse- 

Hie Sleeping Beauty 


impose; and . it takes 
for gr anted the grandeur for which 
our companies struggle. 

Where choreographic details dif-- 
fer, opinion; is divided between 

.Zhanna Ayu¬ 
pova and Igor 
Zelensky are the 

---— best — and best 

matched — of three couples I have 
seen so for in the leads. He tames 
the tremendous power of his danc¬ 
ing Into a controlled elegance, and 
presents her warm, crystal delicacy 

Russia and the West bur prologue to full advantage. Larissa lezftnma 
ensembles look more mrthentic, but‘ makes a sweet and lovely Aurora, 

•they have Petipa’s garland d a n c e, 
apd their treatment trf the "fish 
dives** in the big last act duet is 
right less spectade,Tnare romance 
‘ Th performance, tiie Kirov coro- 
.party, has two great advantages. 
First, a sntendid orchestra; their 

but Faioukh Ruzimatov as her 
Prince, although magnificently no-. 
mantle seemed flustered in his 
acting and strained in his daadng. 
KOnstantin Zaklmsky made a more 
casualty noble partner for Yulia 
Makhalina’s very uneven Aurora: 

pfoymgritifeentr^cte between the beautiful m her long vision solo but 
vision, and awakening scenes, _giv- imLMff^jnatety coqiiettish m her 
en fiance complete and in its rigM welding duet ' '' 

context, fe tspedalty nottlrie. Sec- Rir the firiT tune in London, the 
mtL a company lull of good company has a woman piaymg me 
' dancers ath^to tee roles. - ’wicked fairy Carabosse. Yelena 

Sherstynyova gives the rote a sty 
smile and an uncanny ability to 
switch between a small, insinuat¬ 
ing appearance and a tall, domi¬ 
nating one. 

The Kirov men offer a rigger buz 
softer style than generally seal for 
Bluebird: Andrd Yakovlev and 
Mikhail Zavialov jump tightly and 
go fra 1 a long line in the air. U*zh- 
nina, Veronika Ivanova and Irina 
Shapchitz all show a swift, airy 
quality as the enchanted princess, 
and Irina Chistyakova’s speed in 
the Diamond fairy solo is amazing. 

Simon Vnsaladze'S designs are 
based on a reinterpretation of the 
Original, concept: very handsome. 
The costumes are not always so 
successful. A pity that three inordi¬ 
nately long intervals each night 
made for a ludicrously late finish. 

John Percival 

Listen with eyes closed 

Rodney Millies, 
in his second report 
from the festival 
at Aix-en-Provence, 
is still unhappy 

T he third operatic offering at 
Aix-en-Provence this sum¬ 
mer. Webers EmyaBlbe. 
did tittle to allay serious worries 
about current artistic standards at 
this onoeproud festival. Would that 
one had been a Dy on the wall at the 
relevant planning meeting to dis¬ 
cover just who approved Jean 
Haas's dreary sets and Agostino 
Cavalca’s comic-book medieval cos¬ 
tumes, and then to suggest shyly 
that the gufity party was perhaps in 
the wrong job. 

Hans Peter Coos's amateurish, 
ill-blocked production, in which 
members of tiie chorus made no 
attempt to disguise their boredom 
as they shuffled from position to 
position, would scarcely have 
passed muster at any UK music 
college, let alone one of cur profes¬ 
sional companies — indeed it 
would hare been hooted off the 
stage. Had I paid £90 for my seat, l 
would hare been round the man¬ 
agement offices the next day to 
demand a refund with short sharp 
words, mostly of four letters. What 
on earth has happened to Aix? 

At least one could lie back and 
think of Weber. Even the most 
fanatical admirer of the composer, 
than whom none is more fanatical 
than I, has to admit that Euryanthe 
is a festival opera rather than a 
repertory piece. It really does tail 
off in the third act, where such 
gems as the Spring Song and the 
healing transformation of the 
ghost's music are set in paste. 

But the first two acts are pure 
Id. making Edward Dent’s per- 
ps teasing assertion that 
Euryanthe is a better opera than 
Lohengrin seem perfect good sense. 
Weber's command of Leitmotiv. Ins 
instrumental subtleties and Ms gift 
fix - melody were not to be matched 
by Wagner until he was well into 
foe Ring, and the later composer 
profitably raided Euryanthe for 
ideas all his life. He even made 
verbal lifts from Hehrane von 

Euryanthe (Elisabeth Meyer-Topsoe, left), who phrased her 
nes beautifully; and the thrilling Eglantine (Karen Huffistodt) 


Chfezy*s much despised libretto. A 
thieving magpie indeed. 

Musically, the Aix performance 
was more titan decent Jeffrey Tale 
plainly loves and understands this 
score, and led a brisk, pointed 
performance, rate that would have 
benefited from half as many strings 
again as the English Chamber 
Orchestra could provide or the Aix 
pH accommodate. But the playing 
was lithe and appreciative. 

The leading roles are all hideous¬ 
ly technically demanding. The 
eponymous heroine, traduced in 
the same Baccactio-based fashion 
as Handel’s Ginevra and Shake¬ 
speare’s Cymbeline, dies from a 
surfeit of top Cs as much as 
anything else (she recovers miracu- 
fousty for the finale), and Elisabeth 
Meyer-Topsoe, although indis¬ 
posed. made a heroic stab at the 
many difficulties and phrased her 
lines beautifully over crystal-dear 

The vfllainess Eglantine is a dry 
run for Wagner’s Ortrud and a 
more obviously showy role: Karen 
Huflslodrs sleety, athletic soprano 
easily and thriliingiy cleared every 
hurdle. Her conspiratorial duet 
with Andreas Schmidt's Lysiart. 
pinched almost bar for bar by 
Wagner for Ortrud and Tel- 
raraund. was a show-stopper. 
Lysiart also needs the heft of a 
Dutchman, which Schmidt cannot 
provide, but he sang his reflective 
aria with suave musicianship. 

The all-too-easily deceived knighl 
Adoiar is another brute of a role, 
demanding Peter Schreier one bar 
and Lauritz Melchior the next 
Thomas Moser tended to fall 
between die stools, but it is hard to 
think who could sing it better 

Of course, had there been any¬ 
thing to engage the attention on 
stage, any vocal shortcomings 
might have been less noticeable. 





Lntabv Book bt 


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r—i t-WJ 



BOX OFFICE 071-486 2431/1933 

071-344 4444 ;2 1 !.r ;:h ;;ec.;,;nc !ve; 









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2 28 ARTS 




PROMS Gneg e awrapriolel) 
featured m tomtit's 
concert,ilttelOfrihday Finnish 
aeprmw Kama Maoris ongs tour of hs 
row famous songs, two from me 
tta 1678 Oslo po-A/eton of Ibsen’s 
play Four Gyrt, aid two independent 
wsmgs of poems by bsan and Hans 
Chnsfian Andersen Mexander Lazarev, 
ccmducang tfw BBC Syn^fwny 
Orchestra. surrounds tnese songs with 
Suavrsfcy's erotic baitel Petrushka and 
Tcftaftovshys poplar Thfrd Suite *rth 
«famous tfwme 

Royal Albert Hal. Kensington Gore, 
Ureton SW7 (0?1.5896?ia. Tongm. 

7 J3prrv 

TAKE THAT: The t«nytnpper 

new stn& Pray". 
entered the chans in true pop tasfwn 
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poputanty with the test of three 
csonsectaye gpjs m this mammoth 


Wembley Arana, London® (081-900 
1234. ffcaflted bookinga 001-902 8833 
QM 5108; Tongrr. 7pm 
one-oti performance from Ihe meffira 
tenor sansphoresr whose 1982 Lush 
Lifeabum, featuring the music OfBiy 
Strayhom. mas a metode breah of 


A daily guide to arts 
and orteftahiment 
compiled by Sara Yefland 

tiesh at A range o> dassta &C. 
Queen Elizabeth HalL London. SEl 
(071-928 8800). Moa 
7.45pm © 

Royal Balers sister conoary wtsit3 
Covent Garden w«h a fira season ' 

rtartmg with a Steeprig Beauty that 
could gbe the Khm a run for its money. 
There are also two performances of a 
mpM bd mat bungs ngetfier Mnette de 
Vafras's b^cei baflef. Job. and the 
superb reconstruction or Massine's 
brtftanf and qwky syrrpnorac brite. 

Revel Opera Home. Govern Garden, 
London, WC21071-2401086). Sfefflng 
Bejtfv loragM, tomorrw. Fa Sat 
7 30pm. Mbcsd btf-Wad. Thurs. 7 30pm 


Bn MING HAM* If his latest 
ponouncanenn are to be behoved, that 
mercurial singer Prince Bat a 
watershed. Hb staled Mention k, to 
change to name lo a rtoher 

(nooriwnlBittsyirtffl and a perform ha 
current reporters of songs tor trw tad 
urns on ms tour. 
fUABPEt-aao 2222], rortgftt, 
tomonow. 7pm 

BIRMINGHAM: A s^ritaw mDuencs 
on Elay Chate. the fine rhythm end 
blues manor and smger Charles 
Brown made he name m 8 m f DSOs 
has enjoyed renewed pcpulordy over 
me lea ft® years 
Ramie Scott's (021-643 4525}, 

Tonight-Sat. 7 30pm © 

COVENTRY.* BcC Carton's m> V roll 
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Return to the Forbidden PtewL 
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ins. Captain Tempest ccrtrorfs 8» 
avi Doctor Prospera and romance 
btosswna between me hero and 
Prosper©'a beamful daughter M rends. 
Belgrade Theatre /Q3CQ 55305S3 
Ton^Y-Aug 7. MraVPv. 730pm, Ffl 
SaL 5pm and 8 30cm. 

LFFD3 Piemfee ot Father’s Day 
ccmmssoned tram Mam ear Lawrence, 
mother and dau^uer W* after the 
head ofthelartty, once atpewerfut. 
now rente. 

Courtyard Theetoj, West Y<jksh*e 
PiayhoLBe. Quarry HSi Mount (0532 
4421U) Previews unignt. 7.45pm. 
Opens tomorrow. 7.45pm. Then Mon- 
Ser. 745pm MatsSai(JiYy31.Aug 
14), 4pm Until Aug 21 

Qurton arm I he ftctaJaus Theatrical 
Company cfotng tnaa campesl stuff or 

an a&srad stray about tow. nutter and 
qarbago Ripe perlramances Weird 
and wonder-fied producaon hom the 
school oflhe Myswry Of Irma Vep arel 
Oreci from a New Yon run 
brill Had. Chenes Soeet. WCi f07i- 
63782701 Tues-SaL 730pm. © 



of theatre 

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in London 

■ House TUB. returns only 
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□ Seats et Ml prices 

Nfct StaftonTG muiky drama, frst scan 
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Amercan college psssonoe 
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Royal Court SfcwrM Square: SVY1 
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Si A PS4NY RW ASONG: fiefun of 
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Sat 7 45pm. mas Thus. So. 4pm. 

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greased har and neon sews Teen^e 
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Po mt ntq n , TOOertwn Court Road, Wi 
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National (OUwerf. South Bonk, S£1 
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□ THE LAST YANKEE. Subtle and 
touching Anhu MJor premtore. Marga 
Leicester. Peter Davison lead a quartet 
of troubled Amancans. 

Duka of Yorita, St Martm's Lane, WC2 
(071-838 5122). Mon-Sal 7 45pm, mats 
Thus, 3pn and SN. 5pm 9Qmins£) 

□ LU8T. Fottowmg Ihdr Sfceof 
SaIudaj, Mphf the Heather Brothers put 
The Country Wits 10 musKT 21 rurtnre 

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Theatre Royal Haymarket, Swt (071- 
930 8800). Mon-SaL 8pm. rata Wed. 
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Q LYStSTRATA: Gemkhne Jones In 
Reter Hal's production white ogre 
and acOora are caled by ffiet-proper 

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rampant rubber phaorses 
OM Vic. Wsnarioo Rued, SEl (071-828 
7616). Mon-Sat. 8pm. mats Wed. 3pm. 
3af. 5om 35wns. ffl 
Revival ol Alan Bemecrsdever hBtory 
play, toget Hawthorne retuns in the 
porter manca ol ho Ite. 

National (Lyttaton). South Berk. SEl 
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Wed, Thu, 730pm, mat tomorrow, 

SieaUnan as, e Undheaned Honda 
wcmarT tao/ngur lo morrfty in Sajrr 
McPherson's etcetera, sane quirky play. 
Hampatead. Smss Cottage Certtre, 
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Thomas, Deamond Bant in rtandeia's 
last play, computed by Charies Wood 
Puzzftng bul a trust for lens Droded by 

Nattonaf iConosioe), Saudi Bank, SEl 
$71-6282252) fiTorttf*. 730pm. 

Shakespeare i3i Shatesbuiy Avenue, 
with Mask Rylance aid Jana McTeer, 
proves fttoniw and’frtBndter than many a 

SoMrUmH n nvttHW ) 

Queen's, Shaflasbuy Avenue, WI 
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■ OLBAMU: Davtd SucheL Ua 
WiSems In Mamet's bitatemg new play 
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tor Pam Lipjone as the taped s<9 rr 
Uoyd-Webber's success, a ttvflng 
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AcWpM These*. Strand. MC2 (071- 
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Nettles. Samartha Bond and Rtohard 
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producaon of Shakespeare's redemptive 

Barbican Ste Street EC2 (071-638 
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Geoff Brown's nmm nant of 
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STOHYV1LLE (161 PCWica) corruption. 
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EQUBfOX tiS): Nan Rudolph's • 
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♦ THE ASSASSIN (16): MtfgN 
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UN COEUR EN HIVST (12)' Love, sly 

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made by, and about, teenage rs * 

cradle and camera 

NOT a particularly edifying subject, 
on the surface: a plain, lumpish 15- 
yearold girl raising a new-bom baby 
in a damp, dilapidated council flat 
crowded with childish boyfriend 
fKeef"), big unmarried sister, two- 
year-old nephew and unsanitary dog. 
Made into a piay byjim Cartwright or 
Mike Leigh, this raw material would 
have its middle-dass audience gasping 
in horror and crawling up the walls. 
Made into an earnest documentary, it 
would leave you angry, shocked or 

But made into a programme by the 
girl herself — for Saturday night's new 
series of Teenage Diaries — it curious¬ 
ly appealed neither to one’s prurience 
nor one's politics. “Natalie's Baby" was 
about, well. Natalie’s baby. And by the 
end of it, the scandal of the generic 
“teenage mum" seemed more than 
ever an invention of tired minds. 

Natalie's agenda was a personal one: 
to show that teenage mums did not 
sleep around. What it showed instead, 
and vividly, was that teenage mums 
are just mums who happen to be 
teenagers. In common with all mums, 
therefore, they get no sleep at all. 
Natalie could have been any age. Her 
boyfriend gallivanted with his mates: 
she breast-fed while dopey with fa¬ 
tigue. She did washing; she was 
shapeless: she sat on the settee, 
surrounded by squalor. 

But on the bright side, she loved the 
baby, had a sense of humour and a 
supportive mum, and wanted the best 
for the "little family". Being under 16 
had affected her story in two ways: 
first, she was denied contraception by 
her doctor (he gave her a leaflet): and 

Teenage Diaries 

second, the state would not help her if 
she stayed with Keith. 

Keith would have boiefited from a 
video diary of his own. How old was 
he? Did he have a family somewhere? 
Why did he face the music .with 
Natalie, when so many teenage fathers 
scarper to play conkers (or whatever 
teenage boys do)? Considering Nat¬ 
alie's oft-stated affection for him, and 
considering she had editorial control 
over the finished film, he came out of it 
remarkably badly. "Keith was great." 
she said in voice-over, describing the 
labour. “He really encouraged me. 
even cut the cord." But the picture in 
the delivery room was of a yoimg bloke 
sullenly underwhelmed by the miracle 
of new life, distant and awkward, 
making remarks such as "Lodes like a 
chicken, don’t it?" 

Keith yelled at the dog. brutally cut 
the cord on the television (interesting), 
and disappeared when the social 
services came to call. When Natalie 
attended to the baby in the early 
morning. Keith bellowed at her to turn 
off die light adding that she should 
smack, the child for crying. "You can’t 
smack little babies. Keith," said Nat¬ 
alie. reasonably. “P* it I would," he 
grumped. “Keith does know he is a 
Dad," she explained. "But it hasn't 
quite sunk into him yet” 

The great virtue of the video diary is 
that it conveys life in the present tense, 
so that the viewer, just like the 
cheerfully improvident Natalie, takes 

Obstinate, optimistic and ■warm-hearted: Natalie, baby and camaa 

each thing as it comes- As a form of 
television, then, it has enormous 
potential for showing without 
contextualising, disarming the viewer 
of any preconceptions, and simply 
.reflecting the character and attitudes of 
the. diarists. When they are bored, the 

films are boring: when they are 
dissatisfied, the films are irritating; 
when they are bouncy, the films are 
fun. “Natalie’s Baby" was obstinate, 
optimistic, warmhearted and myopic 
almost to foe point of blindness. Ah. 

PROMS: Mahler’s blazing vision of heaven. 

Shaped with 

Albert Hall/Radio 3 

THE Gty of Birmingham Symphony 
Orchestra’s visit to foe Proms showed 
that it is stOl there among the best of 
them and that h remains unjaded by 
the celebrity.status which Simon Rattle 
has brought it. But no orchestra is 
perfect, and this one has seemed 
unusually sensitive to the personality 
of whoever is in charge: take Rattle 
away and it sounds ordinary.' 

Unless, that is. you replace him with 
someone equally gifted, which is where 
Mark Elder comes in. Elder, though 
indeed older, has something of Rattle's 
still youthful flair about him. Now that 
he is foe CBSO’s principal guest 
conductor, we can expect more regular 
fresh injections of his lively vision. 

More important, he is another 
reliable hand when it comes to shaping 
performances with real care. Listen¬ 
ing, for instance, to the principal 
phrase played by rhevioiins at the very 
beginning of Beethoven's Second Piano 
Concerto, it was impossible not to 
discern the close attention that must 
have been paid to its articulation in 
rehearsal Elder teased from it its 
implicit curving grace and elegance. 

That ear for detail informed the 

whole concert, which had opened with 
a dramatic yet hi ghly - disciplined 
account of Weberis overture to 
Euryanthe. And iq the Beethoven,- 
Elder had an egualfy astute partner in 
his soloist, Dmitri Alexeev. 

A colleague remarked that this , was 
not really Alexeevs piece. Maybe, but 
the piece certainly possessed him. Hie 
way in which he daftd ithe finale to go 
almost too fast gave the sensation of 
the music flying by the seat of its pants, 
something that merely brilliant pia¬ 
nists often lose. His touch dared to 
steer the median course, neither too 
heavy nor too light, surely right for titir 
piece in these circumstances. " 

The Fourth, the most innocent and 
refined of all Mahler’s symphonies, 
gained much from Elders considered 
approach. The textures were beautiful-: 
fy transparent, the balance fine, partly 
thanks to the swapping of the tradition¬ 
al plarings of cellos and second violins 
and the placing of double basses 
behind first violins. 

Elder paced the work sanely. His art 
is the antithesis of Bernstein-like 
extremity, so that foe Adagio, with all 
its contradictions of mood, had a 
pleasing impetus in both slow and 
even slower sections but retained its 
intensity. The blazing vision of heaven 
at this movement’s dose was still able 
to erupt with an immense force, before 
Amanda Roocroft delivered the song- 
finale with equally artful restraint — 
perhaps slightly too much — and an 
appealing other-worldly innocence. 

THEATRE: A strange new play by Nick Stafford 

Dirty deeds 
in the wood 

The Devil’s Only Sleeping 

On the other hand, tins superimposi- 
tkm may not be economy but symbol¬ 
ism. The girl (Julia Grayson) only sees A 
a reed-warbler so as to reflect upotf ^ 
cuckoos in the nest The cuckoo is 
Unde Barton, home after serving 18 

_« -« _-__ j __ 

Stephen Pettitt 

THIS is a play about sibling rivalry, 
bird-watching, fratricide and adoles¬ 
cent cross-dressing in a place aptly 
called Dead Man’s Wood. It is also a 
play where a man must eat the 
carnation from his twin’s grave, and 
where foe characters help their author- 
convey details of times past by mulling 
them over with the dead. 

The dead reply not. but this is no 
setback because the Mini where one of 
the murders was committed has been 
sold to the dead twines son's girlfriend, 
and the two of them- (son and - 
girlfriend), as well as dressing each - 
other up as David Bowie,- with and 
without skirt, share moments of mysti¬ 
cal rapport with other beings. 

In one such session, the son (Bruce 
Richardson) traumatically sees what" 
really happened that night. 18 years 
before, when dad and unde were 
driving at 60mph through Dead 
Man’s Wood. Other scenes take us to a 
field, a graveside, a car, a farmhouse 
and a stretch of corrugated iron which 
foe designer, Morwena Hoi turn, could 
well have sacrificed to give herself foe 
space to separate the grave from foe 
bird^watdinig hide. ’ 

his brother's father-in-law. The fam¬ 
ily’s name is Jinx, and that is presum¬ 
ably symbolic' too. Barton (Billy 
McColl) certainly causes havoc at the 
homestead, though maybe he wouldn't 
have flogged his nephew quite so 
savagely if the lads^mother (Sheridan 
MacDonald) hadn't led the way. 

Barton sets to with the belt because 
foe lad now mystically knows the 
secret of foe crime; his ma does it to 
beat transvestite notions out of him. 
‘There'S’some round here’d ldll him if 
<:he tamed ward." We seem to be in 
some Scottish village but it did not feel 
like foe real world to me, and I could 
not find it in me to care about Nick 
Stafford's peculiar characters, their 
shattered love affairs, the jealous twin, 
foe wife who stubbornly lives in 
poverty, refusing-to touch the money 
her dad left her because “it’s dripping 

The rigid lives of unlovely people can 
lie dramatically fruitful, but Stafford 
and his director. Jem Morrison, are 
content to give us a bit of naturalism, a 
hint of the supernatural (for Barton 
read Devil) and plot developments that 
seriously challenge belief. The cast act 
with a determination that sometimes 
pays off. 

r t r TI 

Jeremy Kingston 



COLISEUM me CC 071838 3161 
CC 24 Ins (no bkg fee) 
071497 9977/344 4444. 



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selection of new travel writing: from the Baltic to Istanbul, from Dutch landscapes to Indian gurus 


m is a Sanskrit mantra, 

much in favour with 
Hindu sadhus, Tibetan 
monks and New Age 

a ellers: it is said to represent the 

6 sound generated by the newly 
c rted universe. Geoffrey 
5 jrnouse's new book is neither a 
•-1 1 Krishna hynmal nor a guide 
ii ranscendemal meditation, but 
$ moving record -of an Indian 
jfney he made in 1991. 

fe now well over 20 years since 
I orhouse wrote his brilliant book 
"tui Calcutta; and we soon learn 
t he is going a bit deaf, is getting 
: tetchy and seems to fed most 
me with pensioners. At one 
Moorhouse falls out with a 
ag insurance salesman who 
invited him home for lunch; 
ister looms until Moorhouse 
s it off with the salesman’s 
mdad: "We discovered we had 
th had heart trouble, and that in 

of the ashram 

•.. qipsa quen^ 

enteriocoated aspirin to prevenire-, 
cwrence; we gof along femously." 

As the-book progresses’and 
Moorhouse’s ailments multiply — 
we hear of Misters, attadcs of 
■ vertigo and claustrophobia, a dicky 
heart and aching bones — the 
reader becomes, increasingly anx¬ 
ious lest the old bay should keel 
over altogether..But incipient old 
age has not to the hast affected the 
sharpness ofMoorhouse's eye: OAf 
is informed by the same (togged 
curiosity that ffisttoguished all of 
. hifrwritmg. Like an inquisitive ten- 
. year-old he claps away at his 
subjects until they reveal their 
stories: he ercajnanages to wring 

the life history out 
of a man who has 
taken a vow of 

- This book is the 
story of an agnos¬ 
tics pilgrimage in 
search erf the mirac¬ 
ulous. Starting at 
Kanya Kumari, on 

the southern tip of 




By Geoffrey 
Hodder Q Stoughton. 

genanan sceptic, is 
bothering to visit so 
many, especially 
when, more often 
than not. he finds 
himself surround¬ 
ed by charlatans. 

The truth only 
emerges when the 
writer arrives at ihe 
ashram of Bede 

the subcontinent, Moorhouse! 
through Kerala and Tamil 
visiting the area’s great temple 
towns and holy places: Indian 
ashmms are normally the exclusive 
preserve of the young and naive, 
aind to begin with it Is unclear why 
Moorhouse. an uncommitted sexa- 

No plain sailing 

Griffiths, a Benedictine monk who 
veered away from conventional 
Christianity in favour of an idio¬ 
syncratic Hindu-Christian syncre¬ 
tism, In conversation wizh 
Griffiths, the real reason for 
Moorhouse’s journey slips out: 

"1 found myself telling him my 

increasing difficulty in coping with 
the fact that my daughter had died 
(of a sarcoma in the lung! just as 
she was beginning to realise how 
marvellous life could be. whereas 1 
had been brought back from the 
dead (after a severe heart attack) 
when I had already had more than 
my fair share of fulfilment ... The 
longer I lived the more I was 
tormented by a profound feeling of 
guilt, sometimes breaking down 
embarrassingly on hearing a tune 
or reading a phrase that connected 
these two terminals in my life." 

The obvious difficulty that 
Moorhouse has in revealing such 
personal matters is the key to this 
book’s success. Rather than being 

flooded with confessional outpour¬ 
ings. Moorhcuise’s very English 
reserve keeps the reader's attention 
as he marches relentlessly on, 
searching for truth while visiting 
temples, studying devotees and 
interviewing saints. 

South India is the ideal backdrop 
for his guest, for it preserves an 
astonishing variety of different 
faiths. Within a small area can be 
found the last Nestorian Christians 
and a community of Jews dating 
back to the time of the Babylonian 
captivity; a Hindu temple where 
pilgrims are encouraged to shave 
off their hair (and offer it to be 
made into wigs); and a Holy Man. 
said to be a reincarnation of 
Vishnu, renowned for miraculously 
producing large green phallic sym¬ 
bols from his mouth. Yer at the end 
of it all, Moorhouse comes away 
empty handed, unable to make the 
final leap of faith. 



sson Goodwin places himself 
firmly within an established 
tradition of British travel writ-' 
rs in his first few pages. He sets 
he goal: mystical Istanbul, a place, 
ie alls “the unreal city "He takes - 
'~ iwo companions: his girlfriend 
pte and his friend Mark. He tells 
- {is about buying maps and hiking ■ 
pools, informs us of his reading 
' •■■■ • material and the contents of his 
hicksack. In the manner of Patrick, 
■'j; Leigh ftrrmor or Eric Newby:., 
poodwin then proceeds to walk-- 
across Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, 
Romania and Bulgaria, from the 
Baltic to the Black Sea. 

\ . w j At times, this formula works veiy 
well. In Transylvania, where Good- : 
(win uncovers a colony of Hungar-^ 
pans who buzy their dead beneath 
• [irredeemably pagan" totem pofes 
(instead of gravestones, the people 
Jure odd enough and the' plaoes ; 
^pemote enough to hold the readers 
, „ [interest He successfully conveys 
■ ’ ie bad manners of Slovakia and ■ 

ie briskness of Budapest I entirely 
npathised with nis feeling of , 
ibarrassment to Jasna Gora, the 
of the miraculous 1 Palish 
lack Madonna, where no cme, he. 
ifotiy surmises, wants a nice 
totestant bay hanging about 
» Jut through most of the book, die 
timula falls fiat Eastern Europe 
is fascinating visit but it 
is it griming in the waythaLsay, . 
Tajistan or perhaps Zaire are 

S >ing. The landscapes.are often 
f, the dtjes grey, the people do - 
not xak quaint' quotable English - 
Kketodians or Africans; short 
convsatkms with them are not 
necearily ary more interesting 
than short conversations with 
sharers to London. Nor is East¬ 
ern 'jrope dangerous. If one 
wantso tramp across fields and 

Anne Applebaum 

AWaflcto Istanbul 
By Jason Goodwin 
: Cfuttto BW5adus.£ISM 

sleep to bams, oueis safer doing so' 
in Slovakia than in Britain. Good¬ 
win’S; attempts to make border 
- crossing? into frightening occa¬ 
sions seem forced, for the same 
reason dial his characters rarely 
, cons up toscratch: they are just not 
■weirdenough. .... 

What is interesting about the 
region is Eastern Europe's recent 
history,- and the nature of the 
changes there. But fry sticking to 
the role of intrepid-British^travel- 
ler-meetto&exotuHialives. (and fay 
-failing to find interpreters) Good¬ 
win misses what is happening all 

Jhitcanania,hemeetsaman who 
tells hizn: “Once I was the boss of 
border customs ... nowl just sell 
cigarettes." In response; Gbodwm 
writes;. 4 ! wanted to ask him what 
But he never (toes.. In 
he meets a man who seems 
to be telling him in sign language 
about Auschwitz. But “Poland.. .- 
very beautiful" are the only words 
he can muster, and we never find 
out whether he has lived through 
Auschwitz; visited Auschwitz, or 
Whether he is actually talking 
abour Auschwitz at alb . : ' " 

• Goodwm^ amateurism becomes 
irritating as the book goes on. 
There are also errors of judgment 
(and over 20 misspelt- foreign 
words); Noting the absence of 
restaurants in small Polish towns, 
he wonders how the Poles had 

. i - — liimnM —■ ■-. •■r . ;..—. . - • ■ • ■•■■ ... i 

Untitled photograph by Lee Friedlander, taken from his new collection Letters from the People (Cape. £75): an ambitious attempt to 
. .capture American English through graffiti, signs and hoardings. Friedlander, bom in 1934, had a retrospective at-the V&A in 1991 


By Peter Ackroyd 
Penguin. £ 6.99 
EXCAVATION of a burial 
mound in rainswept Dorset 
draws together disparate 
characters. Rustics and ar¬ 
chaeologists. a tormented as¬ 
tronomer and a lonely cripple, 
fading thespians and lesbians 
from the DoE converge to 
somewhaj improbable man¬ 
ner upon the site, each with 
something to search for, or 
something to hide. Secrets of 
the subterranean world and 
its profound connection with 
the stars are gradually discov¬ 
ered. Closer to home, but 
linked, still, with the past, are 
themes of loss and barren¬ 
ness. The humour all this is 
leavened with makes for a rich 
or uneasy mix. depending on 
your mood. 

By Sebastian Faulkes 

Vintage. £5.99 

PIETRO Russell, half English 
and half Italian, struggles to 
secure an identity during a life 
of travel that encompasses 
places beginning with every 
letter of the alphabet. The 
variety he encounters howev¬ 
er. seems only to confuse him 
further. Faulkes explores the 
curious way to which memory 
and experience confuse an 
individual's perception of real¬ 
ity. His purpose is serious, 
but his plain, quiet prose is so 
stripped of emotion that it 
often results to a catalogue of 
commonplace description. 

By Michael Moorcock 
Phoenix. £5.95 

THE greed and power of fin 
de siicle Europe is concentrat¬ 
ed in Frau Schmetterling’s 
high-class bordello, where ev¬ 
ery conceivable taste is dis¬ 
creetly pandered to. To 
Rosenstrasse comes Count 
Ricky von Bek. an ageing roue 
and his young mistress Alex¬ 
andra. Moorcock uses porno¬ 
graphic devices to undermine 
pornography, interrupting the 
text at climactic moments to 
remind the reader that the 
whole thing is artifice. 

• Contributors: Sue Gee. Alex¬ 
ander Ross. Brian Morton 

earned a reputation as Eastern 
Europe’s best black marketeers; 
given that they are “too unenter¬ 
prising to open bars at home”. 
Poles became black marketeers 
precisely because they could not 
open bars, for legal and practical 
reasons, at home. 

Perhaps the problem was one of 
unfulfilled expectations. Goodwin 
is an award-winning writer who 
has visited more exotic places in the 
past (India and the Ear East are his 
specialities). Before he left, he 

thought of Eastern Europe as "a 
funfair mirror that distorted reflec¬ 
tions, producing weird implausible 
shapes". Instead, it turns out to be a 
place where hotels fail to appear, 
the food is bad. and feet became 
blistered from walking-an asphalt 
roads. Even the first sight of 
Istanbul proves disappointing. "It 
looked." Goodwin writes glumly. 
Tike an enormous penitentiary”. 

Anne Applebaum is foreign editor 
of The Spectator. . 

Intrepid trips to Milton Keynes 


A irrow partition divides the 
riist from the flash Harry. ' 
his first travel book, foe 
journal: Mark Lawson both. tra¬ 
verses te globe and, to effect.' 
repeatcy makes the short journey 
betweaSavile Row and Oxford 
Street t he can be both nifty and 
crass (thin foe space of a 

Lavra’s notion was to explore a 
world iianned fay foe tikes of 
James taton (to whom tribute is. 
paid toie subtitle) — such pla ces : 
as New'ealand. middle America, - 
Luxemtxrg and Milton Keynes-- 
Whenat striving for effect and', 
content mply to describe, Lawson 
can achve a sense of foe absurd. 
He discers, ftn - instance, that foe 
Belfast wrist Board was puzzled 
that Betel's hotel occupancy yrent 
up aftecach terrorist outrage; it 
did not cur to foe board that each, 
influx asisted of reporters. Con-. 

Christopher Hawtree 

Journeys to all 
the safe places 
By Mark Lawson 
• Picador, £1499 

" :ByThnCahIB 

Fourth Estate, £799 pbk original 

past tins, with his lame joke about . 
New Zealand: “Probably the cmly 1 
oountiy to the world to which 
people flocked to see The Silence of " 
the Lambs believing it to be a . 
public information film about foe 
oesophageal blockage iri newborn . 

T^tivious to foe virtue of re- ' 

straint, Lawson is more school of 
Clive James than, say, Ben Hecht 
or George S. Kaufinan^Here is his 
neat description of 11018111 , the 
most boring town to New Zealand: 
"Half foe people on the street were 
waving to someone else in a can 
that giveaway small-town gesture.” 

But much can be forgiven a man 
who, to seeking to tell some 
Koreans that he is a writer, holds 
up the latest Anita Brookner and 
mimes a moving pen. “Then the 
first man turned the book over, 
took to foe jacket snap of ascetic, 
angular Anita, and held it up 
alongside my face. He painted, 
bo* men giggled” — and, ever 
after, were under the impression 
that sbe is the pseudonym for “a 
huge bearded man". 

Judged fay its title, Tim Cahill’s 
latest T»ok appears as self-con¬ 
scious as Lawson’s. His travels, 
however, are the real thing. He 

pauses only to reflect on that sense 
of risk which “some people don’t 
understand. The urge annoys them 
beyond all tolerance .. - Over the 
past dozen years various publica¬ 
tions have paid me to dive with 
sharks, jump out of airplanes, 
climb mountains in Africa and 
South America, trek through equa¬ 
torial jungles, plumb the deepest 
caves in America, and generally 
scare myself silly." 

Cahill turns such experience to 
wider account. Never ponderous, 
but with a pervasive humour 
rather than localised gags, his day¬ 
long observation of a grizzly bear 
consuming its prey is of a piece 
with witchcraft in Bali and the 
queuing of fires to war-stricken 
Kuwait to create a character and a 
view of the world. Cahill’s work 
yields its full meaning long after 
the magazines in which it first 
appeared have been thrown away. 

I n his earlier collection of essays 
and sketches. Barbarian in the 
Garden, the Polish poet Zbig¬ 
niew Herbert tike a half-starved 
barbarian from the icy north, 
roamed among the riches and 
warmth of the south. His reflec¬ 
tions. whether on the cave paint¬ 
ings of Lascaux. the stones of 
Orvieto or foe light of Chartres, are 
full of a deep ami poetic insight 
to Still Life With a Bridle, 
Herbert brings die same potent 
mixture of cosmopolitan experience 
and childlike innocence to bear on 
foe historical and cultural phenom¬ 
enon erf Holland. Armed with an 
andenr Baedeker, he sets off to 
search of the essential Dutch 
landscape. “In Italy it is enough to 
lean out of the train window to see a 
fragment of Bellini flash to from of 
your eyes, "he writes, but things are 
not the same to Holland. He 
contemplates the sea-washed skies 
of Zeeland and foe luminous dusk 
in Leyden, but cannot repeat his 
Italian experience. 

“In Holland l found instead the 
largest collection of landscapes that 
were contained in frames,” he 
writes, and this leads him to seek 
the Dutch landscape in paintings. 
From foe paintings he moves on to 
foe painters. These strange people, 
half artists, half journeymen, fasci¬ 
nate him. An amusing discourse on 
die price of paintings and their 
status as objects raises interesting 
questions about how the painters 
saw themselves and what they were 
doing. A perceptive aside on the 
bizarre tulip craze and crash ex¬ 
poses foe silliness and frivolity 

On tiptoe 


Adam Zamoyski 

By Zbigniew Herbert 
Jonathan Cape. £9.99 

lying beneath the placid face of the 
proverbially stolid Dutchman. 

to the essay foat gives foe book 
its title, a reflective piece on the 
virtually unknown painter Torrent- 
jus, Herbert considers the relation¬ 
ship between painting and expres¬ 

sion in a repressed society. His 
final observation, that the Dutch 
did not paint their history, only 
their lives, hints at what might be 
the key to the enduring power of 
their art 

Herbert is above all a poet — one 
of foe finest — and this is what 
makes every word of his worth 
reading and thinking about (even 
to this less than graceful transla¬ 
tion). He is never pompous or 
solemn. This is a book to carry 
about in one’s pocket (it is beautiful¬ 
ly produced to fit into one) on a tour 
of foe Netherlands. It will provide 
cheerful company and a powerful 
insight into that unique culture. As 
with foe best travel books, after 
reading it one feels both an intense 
desire to visit foe place oneself, and 
a conviction foat one no longer 
really needs ra having already 
done so in foe imagination. 

Adam Zamoyski is the author of 
The Last King of Poland (Cape). 

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Sam played it for him 

John RusseU Taylor 

O f all the millions 
who have prac¬ 
tised snarling 
out of the comer of their 
mouth “Hay it again, 
Sam", or agonised with 
Ingrid Bergman over 
whether to go with Paul 
Henreid or slay with 
Humphrey Bogart how 
many could say who 
actually directed Casa¬ 

Readers of David 
Niven’s delightful vol¬ 
ume of reminiscence 
may remember that 
Curtiz was the man who 
said “Bring on the emp-" 
ty horses", and as well 
as betog a living parody 
of the imperious Euro¬ 
pean to Hollywood, he 
was an expert in pictur¬ 
esquely fractured Hun¬ 
garian English. But did 
his films live up to foe 
persona, or was Gosa- 
blanca jusr a happy 


Curtiz has never been 



The Cinema of 
Michael Curtiz 
By James C. Robertson 
Routledge, £25 . 

Curtiz, from Casablanca by 
Frank MiUer (Virgin, £12.99) 

taken up by auteur or genre criticism, and 
a glance at his extensive filmography 
suggests why. Hie variety is dizzying: 
comedies, musicals, westerns, films nears, 
costume dramas, biopics. horror films — 
you name it. he made it 
‘ How could the man who directed stars 
as various as Errol Flynn and Humphrey 
Bogart, Joan. Crawford, Olivia de 
Havilland, Elvis Presley and Doris Day 
have a coherent style? Even Casablanca 

emerges from accounts 
of its creation as a group 
endeavour, which no 
one at the time consid¬ 
ered as anything but a 
routine programme 

James Robertson is. 
becomingly, an enthusi¬ 
ast. Though he Jakes us 
through the ascertain¬ 
able details of big-studio 
hirings and firings for 
each picture, he still 
leaves no doubt that he 
considers Curtiz the ulti¬ 
mate creator of foe 

In fact such major 
films to the Curtiz oeu¬ 
vre as Captain Blood 
and Mildred Pierce 
were completely story- 
boarded by Anton Grot, 
as The Adventures of 
Robin Hood and Casa¬ 
blanca itself were by 
Carl Jules Weyl: power¬ 
ful designers both, who 
would often be assigned 
before foe director and 

who more or less determined foe overall 
style and even individual camera setups. 

StilL to Hollywood it is sometimes useful 
to be able to avoid total responsibility. If 
several extras really were drowned to 
make foe Flood sequence of Noah's Ark 
(1928), foe cinematic wonder that it is, it 
may or may not have been Curtiz’S 
mistake, just "as it may or may not have 
been Curtiz's brilliance which made foe 
-film itself a triumph. 

Crumpled ball 
school of 

Sir Peter Newsam charts the rise 
and fall of consultation, and the 
parents’ petitions that go with it. 
This Friday in The TES. 





3 3 

P I 




: a 















































the times MONDAY JULY 26 ?93 

CALL: 071 4811066 




Of Dundee 



Applications are invited tor a Chair of Chemical Engineering in the 
School of Chemical Engineering available from 1st October 1993. 

The School is a leader in both teaching and research in Chemical 
Engineering and a major supplier of graduates to the process 

The appointment is crucial to the future development of the School 
which has a wide range of teaching and research interests Inducing 
mafnstream chemical engineering, biochemical engineering, minerals 
engineering and a range at environmental activities. A proven 
International reputation in process engineering research is required. In 
addition the successful applicant will have the opportunity of carrying 
out part of his research programme within the Interdisciplinary 
Research Centre in Materials for High Performance Applications to 
which the School already contributes. 

Closing date for applications Is 24th September 1993. 

Further particulars may be obtained from Mr P.J.F. Scott, Director 
of Staffing Services, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, 
Birmingham B15 ZTT. Telephone No. 021 414 3842 
(Fax 021 414 4802). 

Working towards equal opportunities 

The University is proceeding to the appointment of a successor to 
Principal Mchael Hamlin who has intonated his intention of retiring from 
the office of Principal and Vies Chancellor in August 1994. 

The University seeks for this appointment an outstanding Individual 
who can offer both academic leadership and effective management of a 
multi-faculty institution with well-established strengths and anrtxtions in 
both teaching and research. 

The Appointment Committee set up by the University Court to 
nominate Professor Hamlin's successor invites applications from 
persons with the appropriate personality, qualifications and 
experience and would also be pleased to receive nominations from 
third parties. All communications, including personal applications, 
will be treated as strictly confidential and should be addressed to 
the Chairman of the University Court, Mr D G Robertson, CBE, e/o 
The Secretary of the University, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 
4HN. Further information about the post and the University may be 
obtained from the Secretary of the University (Mr R Seaton, Tel: 
(0382) 23181 Ext 4006, Confidential Fax: (0382) 201604. 

The University Is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 



Salary: £60,000 Location: Central London 

The Council of the CTC Trust seeks a successor to its first Chief 
Executive, 1 Susan Fey, who is leaving, after five years, to become 
Chief Executive of the London East TEC. 

P r ;_l2 

Two Chairs of Law 


This is a rfawrowrtiTig and important post in a dynamic, Iwti and 
rapidly expanding educational trust whose mission is to improve 
technology education for 11 to 19 year olds, provide curriculum 
development and support for the new technology colleges together 
with innovative teacher t rainin g. 

You will have experience and skills at the highest level in 
educational administration and/or policy development and 
implementation, teacher training and staff development, 
management and finance, project innovation and oversight and fond 
raising from both the private and public sectors. You will be a fluent 
and effective communicator and have the necessary personal 
qualities and experience to relate successfully to private sector 
sponsors, schools and colleges, LEA’s national business leaders, 
erinra ti o n / t rAming o rganisations anH government departments at 
senior civil servant and ministerial levels. 

Apply in writing with fall CV or write for Anther details to: 

Sir Cyril Taylor. CTC Trait, 57 Qaeen'a Gate, 8W7 KHB 918 

CIoinHg date for appBegUnns: 3 September 1995 LlL 

Applications are invited for two Chairs of Law tenable from 
I October 1993 or as soon as possible thereafter by agreement- The 
University is seeking lo strengthen (he Department's research profile 
and the Successful randirfatf* will be expected Do provide leadership in 
their specialist areas. While the Chairs are not linked to any particular 
subject the Dep a rt men t has. at present, a p r e fere nc e for applications in 
the fields of Business Law (including Company Law, Sale of Goods 
and Intellectual Property). Labour Law. Revenue Law, Property Law. 
European Law and Family and Welfare Law. The University reserves 
the right to consider for appointment persons other than those who 
submit formal applications. 

The salary will be within the professorial range. 

The University of Leeds is an Equal Opportunities employer. Women 
and members of ethnic minorities are under-represented in the 
University in posts at this level and the University would therefore 
particularly welcome applications from members of such groups 
whilst, however, affirming that the appointment will be made entirely 
on merit 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Personnel Office 
(Academic Section), Office of the Registrar, The University of 
Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, td: 0532 335775 - direct line, quoting 
reference number 41/33. 

Closing date for applications: 31 August 1993 





np to £57,000 

Applications are invited for Visiting 
Fellowships in the Humanities Research 

We are seeking a Chief Education 'Officer to replace Jennifer Wisker who is leaving the 
Authority to take np the post of Secretary to the English Schools Foundation in Hong Kong. 

The Chief Education Officer is the Principal Adviser of the County Council and its committees 
on educational matters and is responsible for the organisation and management of the 
Education Service and for the co-ordination of the CountiTs education functions. 

You will inherit an Education Service which believes in ensuring the best possible education 
op p ortun ities are available to the people of Somerset. This is based on a positive relationship 
with, in particular, elected Members, beads, governing bodies and parents which reflects the 
principle of partnership. Somerset has been very active in maximising devolution to schools 
and in providing them with the support necessary to manage the transition to Local 
Management within an LEA framework. 

We are looking for someone with outstanding leadership potential who can demonstrate die 
flair, drive and commitment which this post requires. You win also contribute, as a member of 
the County CoundTs Chief Executive’s Management Team, to the corporate management of the 

For farther details and an application form please contact Nigel Farrow, Comfy Personnel 
Officer, County Hall, Tauten, Somerset, TAJ 4DY (Tel: 0823 255071) or Jb&e Clarke, County 
Training Manager (Teh 0823 255094). 

Closing date: 27 August 1993. 

Fellowships in the Humanities Research 
Centre in 1995. Each year the Centre 
concentrates upon a special theme. In 1995 
the theme will be'Africa'. The Centre intends 
to organise three conferences around this 
theme as well as a conference on 'National 
Biography and National Identity'. 
Applications from scholars working in any 
area of tire humanities are welcomed, as a - 
proportion of each year's Fellowships is 
reserved for those without special interest in 
tire year's theme; tire majority of Fellowships, 
however, will be awarded to those whose 
work is relevant to tire annual theme or the 
subsidiary conference. Fellows are expected 
to work at tire Centre, bnt are encouraged 
also to visit other Australian universities. 
Grants usually include a travel component 
and a weekly living allowance. Prospective 
applicants must obtain further particulars 
and application forms from the Centre 
Administrator, Humanities Research Centre, 
Australian National University, Canberra, 
ACT 0200 Australia (tel [61 6] 249 2700, fax 
[61 6] 248 0054); or from Appointments 
(41969), Association of Commonwealth 
Universities, 36 Gordon Square, London 
WC1H 0PF (tel 071 387 8572 ext. 206; fax 071 
383 0368). Applications should reach the 
Secretary, Australian National University by 
31 October 1993. Ref: HRC 7.7.1. 



Trinity Hall Cambridge 


Bursar and Steward 

The College proposes to appoint i Burnt and Steward ro take office on 1 January 
1994. The person ap pointed will become a Fellow of (be College and (hereby a 
member of its Governing Body. The successful applicant will be responsible for the 
College's finances, investments, and p ropert y , for its building programme: for the 
employment and general (marigbi of all College naff; and for catering, conference 
bookings, and related matters. 

Toe stipend which will be dependent on age and e xp e rie nce, will be determined by 
negotiation with the soecedui applicant and is expected to be within the range 
£30,000 - £35,000 a year. The appointment will be for five years in the first instance, 
and will be renewable for farther periods of five years thereafter. 

Further particulars may be obtained by writing to the Wee-Master, Trinity HaU, 
Cambridge- CB2 IT), and enclosing a soaped address e d envelope. Applications 
should be sens, to the same address, with accompanying curriculum vitae and the 
names of three persons from whom re f ere n c e s may be sought. The dosing date for 
applications is 31 August 1993. 


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Professorship of the 
Archaeology of the 
Roman Empire 

Tire afeetore hitond to proceed to an auction to 
the Professorship of the Archaeology of the 

Roman Empire, with effect front 1 oraober 

or such later dots as my be arranged. The 
stipend of tire professorship Is at present 
£34£84 par annum. 

A non-sfipentfay professorial Mowship mAfi 
Soils CfBegff to attached to .tire professorship. 
Appficatioes (10 copies, or on* from ovaraaoa 
ca udWafe a ), nanriag ttirae referees, should be 
received not tofer than 20 September 1993 by 
the Regi str ar , University Office*, WeRngtan 
Square, Oxford, 0X1 2JD, from whoa fatter 
particulars nay be obtained. Please rfoote 
refer e n ce ARE/2607 

7Jte UnbmnUy is an Eqtml Opportunity Employer 

Lincoln Professorship of 
Classical Archaeology and Art 

The electors Intend to proceed to an election to 
the Lincoln Professorship of Classical 
Archaeology and Art. which tails vacant on 1 
October 1994 upon the retirement of Sir John 
Bo&nbnan. The stipend of the professorship Is 
at present £34,954 per annum. 

A non-stipendiary professorial fe&owshfp at 
Lkieotn-CoBege is attached to trie pro fesso rsh i p. 

candidates), naming three refora—, abooto be 
received not later than 15 September 1993 by 
the Registrar, University Offices, W o ffington 
Sqaam, Oxford, OX1 2JD, from whom further 
particulars may be ob ta ined. Please quote 
referen ce LCAA/1907 

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ON FRIDAY: Second Degree 
The Times Guide to taught 
postgraduate courses 

^3 J After 260 hours of debate, the Education Bill s aga is coming to an end. John O’Leaiy explains what it will 



A new chapter but 

> . 

■ -V' 

doubts remain 

T oday the final chapter win 
be written in a year-long 
saga designed to trans¬ 
form schooling in Eng land 
and Wales. After more than 260 
hours of debate, the longest piece of 
legislation on education to come 
before Parliament will make its 
final exit from the House of Lords. 

Despite 580 amendments in the 
House of Lords alone, the Educat¬ 
ion Bill has the same basic tenets 
that made it the government's 
“blueprint for the next 25 years". 
But in the year since John Patten, 
the education secretary, outlined 
his plans, much of the debate has 
passed almost unnoticed. Impor¬ 
tant elements have been 
^even this month, and the final scru¬ 
tiny in the House of Com¬ 
mons last week allowed for 
less than a minute's discus¬ 
sion per amendment 
Since the bill was intro¬ 
duced last autumn, there have 
been changes to proposals on. 
sex education, opting out spe¬ 
cial education, exclusions and 
truancy. Even the preamble to 
the bill, which sets out the 
framework for the state edu¬ 
cation system, has been 

The government’s critics 
claim that many of the 
changes could have bean 
avoided if there had been 
fuller consultation before the 
bill was published, and. the 
late submission of amesnd- 
-.ments on controversial areas 
‘'such as sex education left 
insufficient time for MPs to 
express their views. Alan 

Howarth, a former Conserva- _ 

five education minister, put 
foe case for more debate forcefully 
but vainly when the gufflotine was 
applied last Monday. 

His concern was the change to 
the naticml curriculum, which will 
make sex education a separate, 
compulsory subject, but give par¬ 
ents the right to withdraw their 
children from classes. Mr Howarth 
insisted that the proposal intro¬ 
duced by a Labour peer onty on 
July 6, went bqrand the revising re- : 
sponsibibtks of the Housebf Lords, 
and could have damaging const: 
quences for those least likely to ! 
receive sex education at home. - 
Eric Ruth, the minister who ; . 
piloted the Ml through the Corar 
mons. accepts ffiat more' time 
would have been desirable, but 

drinks the case has been overstated. 
“Naturally", be says, “if would 
have been preferable to have more 
debate, but the government is get¬ 
ting towards the end of its business 
and I am satisfied flat most of the 
big changes were discussed fully in 
the Lords. On the question of sex 
edu cat ion, our view is-that very, 
very few parents are going to exer¬ 
cise this right Most would rather 
be reassured that their children are 
receiving sex education within a 
moral framework at school." 

Ann Taylor, labour's education 
spokeswoman, is more coruamed 
with the wider impli catkins of the 

; never happened before that 580 
amendments are pushed through 

The main changes to the Education Bill; 

• Local education authorities* pre-enri-. 
neat position as providers of state 
education removed. 

• Reserve powers given to theeducation 
secretary to intervene in local disputes. 

• Sex education to be cbmpulsoiy, and 
parents' given the right to withdraw 
children from classes. 

• Local authorities and the new funding 
agency to coQaborale on arrangements 
fijr special education. 

4 i Parents entitled to establish new 
grant-maintained schools without 10 per 

cent support fa the locality. 
• Indefinite. 

-exclusions abolished: re¬ 
placed normally by a of three-week limit 
• Local authorities required to fund 
referral units for truants and disruptive 
pupils. • - - . 

dear idea of exactly how the new 
admissions process is going zo 

work. It is obvious from their refus¬ 
al to give local education authori¬ 
ties the lead role even in special 
e duc a tion that they are ready 
interested only in easing them oul" 
Mr Forth daims to have found a 
cxTOpiXHTiise on the plaimrng of spe¬ 
cial education, which would in¬ 
clude local authorities, and ex¬ 
presses confidence in the prospects 
for apparently hostile partners 
working together on school admis¬ 
sions. “Everyone has the interests 
of education at heart and will want 
to use the new mechanisms con¬ 
structively." he says. “1 suppose 
that if they do not, the secretary of 
state will have to use his reserve 
powers more than he would 
want or expect." 

It is the extern of those 
pouters that worries the Cam¬ 
paign for State Education, 
which has monitored every 
stage of the bill's progress. 
Margaret Tulloch. foe secre¬ 
tary, says: The new first 
dause of the bin seems to give 
the secretary of state the 
power to do almost anything 
he likes. We regard foe Ml as 
a missed importunity because 
it does not address issues that 
really concern parents, such 
as the right to nursery educa¬ 
tion and smaller classes." 

Bor the government, how¬ 
ever, foe bul has been an un¬ 

qualified success. Although it 
id that mere 

in right and a half hours," she says. 
“AD sorts/of anomalies could be 

t h ro w n rip because of foe lack of 
scrutiny-. When the government 
has/ftsteoed, it has smacked of 
tokenism because at every stage the 
main concern has been foe lade of 
pace on grant-maintained schools." 

Don Aster, foe liberal Demo¬ 
crat spokesman, put down a record 
30ft amendments, but fewer than 
. tm 'Mil be in the act, when it re- 
-ceayeyroyal assent near month, fcfe 
has fought a running battle with 
Mr -Forth an foe relationship 
between local authorities and the 
new fanffing agency ~ 

Mr Aster says: “It has become 
obvious from all my exchanges 
with ministers that they have no 

has been estimated that i 
have been almost 1,000 
amendments during the bill's 
parliamentary progress. Mr 
Forth says dot more than 
half of those reaching foe 
Gammons last week were minor 
drafting changes and many others 
were purely technical. Hie inte¬ 
grated nature of the Ml, which set 
out to encapsulate all foe govern¬ 
ment’s reforms, meant that almost 
any changes would require conse¬ 
quential amendments, 

Ministers' immediate priorities 
—- to facilitate the growth of opting 
out, create a management frame¬ 
work for the new sector, bring 
together advice on testing and 
the curriculum, and prepare a 
new approach on foe improvement 
of foe worst state schools — are 
all on target 

Hie blueprint may not last 25 
years, but it wQl not be long before 
it begins to have an effect- 

Silent running: since John Patten outlined his plans, much of the debate has passed almost unnoticed 


Where to 
find a 




THE search for a postgradu¬ 
ate course will be made easier 
this week, when The Times 
laundries the first national 
vacancy service for masters 
and diploma courses. 

More than 2^00 courses 

with vacancies for the autumn 
will be listed in Second De¬ 
gree, a special supplement to 
be published with The Times 
on Friday. A second supple¬ 
ment. showing where vacan¬ 
cies still exist, will be 
published an September 10. 

The centralised service has 
been set up by the vice- 
chancellors' own company. 
Higher Education Business 
Enterprises, which is collect¬ 
ing the vacancy information. 
More than 100 universities 
and colleges will be included 
in Friday's supplement. 

Friday’s supplement, which 
will include news and advice 
on postgraduate issues; will 
cover courses in 54 different 
subject areas. It will give an 
h ylfrafSon of how fall foe 
courses are, and the names 
and numbers of contacts in 
each institution. 

On the same day, The Times 
Higher Education Supple¬ 
ment will publish the first 
liking of research student¬ 
ships. It will be undated in 
August and 

Benefits from street-level science 

O rdinary plastic shopping 
bags are helping pupils at 
Weyden School in Faro- 
ham. Surrey, to reach tfaeir full 
potential in GCSE National Curric¬ 
ulum science — which will be 
examined for foe first time in 1994. 

While teachers throughout the 
country are concerned about the 
new criteria for science teaching 
and how pupils’ caursework can be 
assessed to foe highest levels sped-, 
fied, Weydon School is presong 
ahead. Innovative investigations 
involve sheep, transformers, batter¬ 
ies, slippery slopes, sweaters, and 
survival blankets for Inkers, aswell 
as foe plastic bags- . 

Not that there is anything new in 
the science used in these investiga¬ 
tions. ft is foe approach in the 
science lab which has changed. The 
National Curriculum requires that 
students are now assessed, in their 
investigations, on their ability to 
ask questions, predict, hypothesize 
— observe, measure, manipulate 
variables — interpret their results 
and evaluate scientific evidence. 

No does foe science teach¬ 
er discuss foe expected outcomes of 
experiments with the pupils before 
starting. The pupils’ now have to 
predict and hypothesize before 
reaching conclusions and measur¬ 
ing outcomes. And it is this subtle, 
but profound, difference in empha¬ 
sis which is causing much or foe 
concern. Teachers, the exam 
boards and government advisers 
are being stretched in an effort to 
adapt to the changes. Progress is 
bdng made. 

Sdentific knowledge now has to 

GCSE science is producing highly inquiring minds but testing 
teachers who have to follow the National Curriculum syllabus 

lions allow foe top students to be 
stretched,” he says. “It is leading to 
some very good science, and I am 
very excited about foe investigative 
approach. The less able students 
are not being left behind either.'’ 

Many teachers, and the other 
agencies involved, still have reser¬ 
vations about foe changes. They 
say the syllabuses have too much 
content and foe mix of the separate 
sciences is wrong: they argue that 
assessment criteria need to be 
refined and there should be more 
examples of the coursework and 
assessment patterns that apply. 

Weydon School pupils study a survival blanket—among many other everyday items investigated 

be used and applied. So it makes 
sense to foe teachers at Weydon 
School, and elsewhere, to use 
everyday objects which require 
science for their manufacture and 
function. And that is where foe 
plastic bags and survival blankets 
come in. By starting with real 
objects and working back, the 
pupils can understand the science 
behind the artefact and the conse¬ 
quences or benefits in changing or 
altering its structure or use. 

Plastic bags have been subjected 

to heavy loads and stretched to 
destruction, as have strands of wool 
and other knitting materials, and 
conclusions reached about what 
effect a reduction in the thickness of 
foe plastic used would hav& Or 
what effect thinner wool or a 
mixture of wool and mart-made 
fibres would have on sweaters. 

The reason sheep huddle togeth¬ 
er to keep warm has come under 
the watchful eyes of the pupils. 

Survival doesn't only come in 
blankets. It comes in school class¬ 

rooms and staffrooms too. Under¬ 
standing foe science behind foe 
changes has not been easy, but 
pupils are beginning to benefit 
There is another year before they 
need be assessed and scientific 
maturity is beginning to show. 

Ian King, head of science at 
Weydon School, believes that the 
highest levels will be achieved and 
that some of his barer students are 
beginning ro reach these. “The 
scope is certainly there with this 
new approach and the invesriga- 

T he exam boards are taking 
every opportunity to provide 
this information, where they 
can. My own board, for example, is 
bolding teachers' meetings and has 
introduced a consultancy service to 
support foe teachers and put them 
in touch with other schools tackling 
foe same problems. 

It is hoped that some of the 
shortcomings identified will be 
addressed by Sir Ron Dearing. 
chairman-designate of foe Schools 
Curriculum and Assessment Au¬ 
thority, who is reviewing these 
issues at foe request of foe Secre¬ 
tary of State for Education. 

Meanwhile, foe exam boards 
and teachers are huddling together 
— but are prepared to retreat ro the 
survival blankets if all else fails. 

George Turnbull 

• The author is director of public 
relations for the Southern Examining 
Group, one of the biggest GCSE 
examining boards 

Just poor 

BRITAIN now has six million 
adults with literacy problems, ac¬ 
cording to a recent report from 
Adult Literacy and Basic Skills 
Unit What an indictment on their 
schooling. A secondary English 
teacher myself. 1 am worried by 
this news but not surprised. 

I am increasingly conscious that 
vast numbers of the pupils I see are 
unemployable in terms of their 
ability to read and write accurately. 
In our area about 25 to 30 per cent 
of 11-year-olds go to the grammar 
schools. The “unselected" majority 
then come up ro year seven with us 
and very many of them display a 
woeful shortage of reading and 
writing skills. While a few have 
real “learning difficulties", most 
are ordinary, average children 
with foe potential to achieve a very 
reasonable standard. 

Some of them cannot join up 
their handwriting and have never 
been taught to do so. Many have no 
idea how to spell everyday words 
such as “success" and “unusual". 
Sentence structure is often a closed 
book ioo. Any notion that a 
sentence is a unit which requires a 
subject and a predicate is quire 
foreign. If they are asked to read 
aloud, their efforts are frequently 
hesitant and uncomprehending. 
Individual reading lends to be 
reluctant and slow. 

I attribute these widespread 
shortcomings to foe lack of time 
which primary school colleagues 
are spending on drumming foe 



basics into children of middling 
ability. Three cheers for foe pro¬ 
posed “slimmed down" national 
curriculum if it restores a common- 
sense approach to teaching the 

As things are. what can we do to 
help the hordes of inadequately 
prepared 11-year-olds who arrive in 
secondary schools each September? 
The English department leaches 
each child for only about 10 per cent 
of his lessons. Besides, as all the 
recent brouhaha about testing 
showed so dearly, few English 
colleagues are committed to plac¬ 
ing the emphasis of their teaching 
on foe sorely needed accuracy of 
expression. Same, indeed, are not 
themselves possessed of the neces¬ 
sary skills and knowledge to teach 
English in a rigorous way. If 
standards of literacy are to improve 
them, all teachers have to accept 
some responsibility for it, irrespec¬ 
tive of their subject area. 

LAST month I marked the English 
national curriculum tests for 14- 
year-olds. The results tell a sad 
story. Many of these students have 
actually regressed since they left 
their primary schools. The end 
product is an almost unbelievable 
level of carelessness and frequency 
of error. Consider this genuine 
example, transcribed from Paula’s 
key stage three test paper “The 4th 
Hobby is going to dog shows, with 
my mum. my dad and Brother find 
them boreing. we have a White 
crossbread dog her name is Kim 
She is an alsation x labrador we 
aftways come back from foe dog 
shows rosetts or trophies or 

Or consider Louise, writing 
about Shakespeare's Seven Ages of 
Man: The characte Started young 
and begain talking about getting 
older, first a Infant mewl ling and 
puddng. all the way up untii his an 
old man*. 

These students actually have 
something to say. They are not 
“remedial" or anywhere near it. 
Paula and Louise are simply the 
victims of nine years of exposure to 
romantic and unrealistic teachers. 
There are tens of thousands of 
Paulas and Louises in our schools. 
In two years they will be looking for 
work. Who would employ them? f 


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"Still successfully selling 
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ramp cask *r john donachk 



TEL: 071-628 4200 FAX: 071-588 2718 


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sasoiftd Friendly 






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1470 ES Dev 

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1910 Genome! 

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168® Enron 
1,132*0 tvd 
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128060 M04 
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789® nib Ban ran 

439® Pru n e me 

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328.10 Bcatsan 
1847® RtUtoblS 
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588 Amman 
7070 Alda 
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144 Bourne Ena 
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621 Bnrtero 
102240 Br Uad 
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1100 Grtycuai 
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198.70 TW 
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11.70 ftoartr 
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154 Paupd. 

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563 GtUEU 
12® utridna jtacw 

407 rtrane(S) 
10050 Limoni 

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Btenbettn Gp 
Da* Man ’*• 
Dniing xbtd 

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wsSSeS i 

US price war shadow over BAT 

THE state of the cigarette 
price war across the Atlantic 
will dominate analysts' think¬ 
ing when BAT Industries, the 
British tobacco and insurance 
heavyweight reports its half¬ 
time trading figures on 

AjThat and the dividend, the 
rater being seen as a touch¬ 
stone for the group’s confi¬ 
dence for the future m the face 
of its smoking timebomb now 
smouldering m America. 

Nat West Securities predicts 
an interim dividend of 7-Sp, 
compared with 73p — an 
increase of just under 7 per 
cent. NatWest believes that 
any increase much less than 
this will meet a jaundiced 
response. However, some oth¬ 
er analysts are more optimis¬ 
tic. pen rilling in a dividend of 

At the pre-tax level, the 
range of forecasts is set be¬ 
tween £695 million and £745 
nation, up from an FRS3- 
rescated £645 million last time. 

The main bruising to BATS 
profit and loss account in 
America is expected to come 
from extensive trade de-stock¬ 
ing of its Kool menthol cigar¬ 
ette, as people trade down to 
discount brands, which has 
cost its Brown & Williamson 
offshoot $75 million in the first 

The US price-cutting war 
launched by the rival Philip 
Morris has been the principal 
motor behind the fall in BAT’S 
share price from a year's high 
of 5l7p to 449p when stumps 
were drawn on Friday 

Philip Moms, with its al¬ 
most flamboyantly deep pock¬ 
ets, reduced the cost of a pack 
cT> Marlboro in May, and 
announced last week it was 
considering widening the dis¬ 
counting to other brands. 

Meanwhile, on the financial 
services side, the City expects 
Eagle Star. BATS subsidiary, 
to rebound into profit, possi¬ 
bly to the tune of about £30 
million compared with a £47 
million loss last time. 

Allied Dunbar and the Cali¬ 
fornian Fhnners insurance 
operations are exposed to be 

C)ne analyst said: “Both 
should be encouraging, with 


USdoHar ■ 

1.4972 (+0.0197) 

German mark 
2.5762 (+0.0223) 
Exchange index 
31.7 (+0.9) 

3ank of England official close (4pm) 

=T 30 share 

2234.6 (+15.7) 
xT-SE 100 

2827.7 (-5.3) 

*Jew York Dow Jones 
1546.74 (+18.44) 

.“okyo Nikkei Avge 
9734.57 (-596.96) 

Mixed message: Sir Denys Henderson reports on Zeneca and ICl cm Thursday 

profits at Farmers of around 
£216 million and at Allied of 
about £74 million.” 


Klein worts, the company bro¬ 
ker, expects Merrydown, the 
rider company, to pour but 
preliminary pre-tax profits of 
£1.8 million, compared with 
a.Smilljjoo, wilh earnings per 
share down slightly to 14p 
(153p) and, "a dnndend in¬ 
creased 10 per centto ?.7p (7p). 

Sane attention will be fo¬ 
cused on how well Merry* 

down is faring in the increas¬ 
ingly competitive premium 
end of the ader market where 
the competition embraces 
heavy hitters like Taunton and 

There will also be interest in 
how well the integration has 
gone of two recent purchases 
from Smithkline Beecham: 
PLJ lemon juice and Sdiloer, 
tiie fruit-based non-alcoholic 

Interims: Capita Group, EFM Java 
Trust, Motor World Group, 
Shandwicfc Spedateyes. Union 
Discount . . 

Finals: Merrydown, CRT Group. 

Independent Investment 
TR Smaller Companies 


Reuters, the financial and 
media company, is likely to 
produce half-time taxable 
profits of between £210 and 
£223 million, according to a 
range of forecasts. 

Richard Dale, at Smith New 
Court who is in the middle of 
the range at £216 million, says 
overall revenues should be up 
20 per cent with a significant 
currency effect But he expects 

Zeneca to 
show ICI 
the way 

ICI and Zeneca report their 
first separate sets of results 
this week, with the Zeneca 
price still bobbing around 
die 600p at which investors 
were offered the shares dur¬ 
ing the demerger rights issue 

earfier this year. 

But even the chemicals 
business, on which the mar¬ 
ket had pinned recovery 
hopes, will be held back by a 
£70 million exceptional 
charge for the fibre swap 
deal with Du Pont 
The pound's devaluation 
and cost cuts will have 
helped Sir Denys Hender¬ 
son at 1C1 to hold profits at 
about last year's first half of 
£159 million before excep¬ 
tional charges. 

However, demand for 
bulk chemicals has fallen, 
paints have s u ffered price 
competition, polyurethane, 
film and fibre markets have 
turned down, and explosives 
have foiled to recover. 

Sir Denys, in his dual role 
as chairman of Teq wa , is 
expected to have raised pre¬ 
tax profits to between £330 
million to £350 million, com¬ 
pared with an equivalent 

f.76l million, Pnrrenry gains 

will have boosted profits by 
about 15 per cent, while 
underlying sales are thought 
to have risen just 7 per cent 

tiie underlying core business 
to show reasonable growth of 
5 to 5L5 per cent 

The progress of “sexy" prod¬ 
ucts like Dealing 2000 and 
Globex — for automated deal¬ 
ing of foreign exchange and 
commodities — will also be 
under the microscope, says 

He is looking for an interim 
dividend of 6_2p, compared 
with 5.3p. 

Interims: Ailed Textile, Data Gen¬ 
eral Corporation. Jmerssk, Reuters 
Holdings, St Modwan Properties. 
RPS Group, Scottish National Trust 

IQS). Temple Bar Investment Trust 
final*: John Lusty Group. Menvfer- 
Swain. Murray Smaller Markets 
Trust Stagecoach. 

Economic W wt to t fca t: cei industrial 
trends survey (Q3J, US consumer 
confidence (July). 


Abbey Life, the insurance 
group, is expected to come in 
with interim pre-tax profits of 
about £165 million, compared 
with £142 million. NaiWesi 
Securities expects the interim 
dividend to be pegged at 63p. 
interim BAT Industries, British 
Telecom tQi), Continental Assets 
Trust, Corporate Services, Lloyds 
Abbey Lire, Sphere Investment 
Trust, Thornton Aslan Emerging. 
Ante: Sidney C Banks, Cteytuthe. 
J and J Dyson. Goode DunanL 
David S Smart Holdings, Grosvenor 
tens, Pfahgnum. 

Economic statistics: mortgage 
repossession statistics (Q2). mort¬ 
gage arrears and repossessions 
(January-June), bricks and cement 
protfijctjcn and defiveriss (Q2|, US 
durable goods orders (June). 


Brokers are looking for pre¬ 
tax profits of between £320 
and £340 million from 
Zeneca, the recently spun-off 
bxwriences arm of ICI. It is 
also interims day for the latter 
and here the profits forecasts 
range from £133 to £165 

Interims: Freeman Group, Harri¬ 
sons & Cros&efcL ICI. Lex Service. 
LWT Holdings, Zeneca, Affied 
Radio, European Assets Trust. Lin¬ 
coln House. 

Finals: London Merchant Securi¬ 
ties. Misys, Wlfliam Ransom and 
Sons, Untech, John Waddmgron. 
Economic statistics: digest at UK 
enemy statistics (1933), energy 
trends (April). 


Lloyds Bank is expected to 
show interim pre-tax profits 
well up at £560 million against 
£369 million last time,'accord¬ 
ing to Lehman Bros, the 

Interims: Castle Cairn Inv e stment 
Trst First National finance, Inoco, 
Uoyds Bank. 

Rnafac O caonfcs. SEET. 

Econom ic sta ti sti c s: economic 
trends (July), monthly digest of 
smtfefes (July), new vehicle 
registrations (June). 

Martin Flanagan 

Why long-term bulls should sit tight 

W ith long yields now 
about 8 per 'cent 
bulls of the gilt mar¬ 
ket have a problem. Has the 
market done enough or could 
yields push cm to hitherto 
urrimaghed levels? • - ■ 

For once, nmnetdiate infla¬ 
tion developments are unlike¬ 
ly to hold the due: The 
continued foil of inflation, in 
spite of the devaluation, has 
been the main reason for the 
bull market this year. 

Some pessimists continue to 
believe that underlying infla¬ 
tion will pick up derisively. But, 
they are constantly haring to 
push their pessimism further 
into the future. They remind 
one of the pessimistic growth 
forecasters in the mid-1980s 
whom the then Nigel Lawson 
castigated as suffering from 

forecasters’ dropp. We believe 
that undertying inflation is set 
to continue to be low for the 
foreseeable ftrtnre, backed by 
growth in average earnings as 
low as 3 per cent, and growth 
inunit labour costs ofvirtual¬ 
ly zero. Headline inflation, of 
course, is set to increase; but 
even that looks unlikely to get 
much above'3 per cott. 

The government's favoured 
measure, namely tiie RP1 
excluding mortgage interest 
payments, may peak at about 
per cent before foiling 
below 3 per cent next year. 
Our own core measure of 
inflation looks set to foil to 2 
per cent next year and stay 
there. AH this is splendid news 
and seemed unimaginable 
even six months ago. Yet such 
prospects no longer astound 

the gift market and their 
realisation is unlikely, by 
itself, to take gilt yields down 
to much lower levels: 

What has been conspicu¬ 
ously absent from the market 
in recent weeks is a shift 
towards lower real yields. It 
fans all been about improving 
inflation expectations. That is 
why index-finked gilts have 
lagged. Index-linked would 
be helped, though, by further 
cuts in base rates. 

S ince the markets are 
tikdy to think such cuts 
are sustainable, lower 
real yields may spread down 
the yield curve, affecting both 
index-linked and convention- 
als. There are three specified 
factors that could prompt a 
fall in real yields. First, will 

the Chancellor tighten fiscal 
policy significantly in the au¬ 
tumn Budget? If he does, this 
will help to cot the supply of 
stock, encouraging lowar long 
yields. Such tightening would 
also make it more likely that 
short interest rates would 
have to come down further. 

Second, will the authorities 
redirect funding towards the 
short end? This makes sense 
on grounds of minimising the 
cost of government finance 
and as a way of trying to 
stimulate the economy by 
increasing money supply and 
encouraging lower yields. 

Lastly, will European inter¬ 
est rates come down substan¬ 
tially? If so, then the resulting 
combination of lower Euro¬ 
pean bond yields and lower 
short rates here would pro¬ 

vide further justification for 
lower long yields. 

Indeed, if lower short rates 
in Europe led to an extremely 
strong pound, this might 
prompt sharper cuts in base 
rates than the Chancellor 
would ideally like. He might 
then feel obliged to tighten 
fiscal policy in November. 

One of the market's main 
worries about this scenario is 
the risk of a political crisis. 
But even if such a crisis does 
occur, long-term gilt bulls 
should sit tight Granted fiscal 
tightening and lower rates 
across Europe; there is no 
reason why long yields cannot 
reach 7 percent next year. 

Roger Bootle 
Chief Economist, 
Greenweil Montagu 


Exchange pulls back on 
employee share schemes 

THE Stock Exchange has backed down from an attempt to 
require votes by shareholders before all company employee 
share schemes, including employee share option plans 
(Esops), can go ahead. The move had been opposed by em¬ 
ployers' organisations, including the Confederation of British 
Industry. But the exchange is still insisting that, in the long 
term, the rules will have to be changed. Esops are increasing¬ 
ly used by employers to reward employees’ performance. But 
they do not at present, under exchange rules, require a vote at 
a shareholders* meeting because they involve tile purchase of 
existing shares in the market on behalf of the workforce and 
therefore do not dilute investors' holdings. 

A letter to interested parties from Tom Mackay, the head of 
the exchange's legal department, said the derision after a 
long-running debate had been to revert to the existing rules in 
the exchange's Yellow Book, which regulates companies on 
the London market These do not require shareholders to 
approve employees’ share schemes where the shares are 
already in existence, as with Esops. But Mr Mackay adds: "in 
the long term this is probably not tenable." Further consulta¬ 
tions will therefore take place. 

Boots drugs rethink 

BOOTS, the stores and drugs group, is unable “to confirm or 
deny" City suggestions that it is poised to sell its 
pharmaceuticals division, a spokesman, admitted that the 
1993-4 business plan is being re-assessed in the light of last 
week's derision to withdraw from the Manoplax heart drug 
market. Boots' executives, as part of the regular briefing 
sessions with the City, are meeting analysts this week who 
will be told that the group can give no categoric undertakings 
about any part of its business. But Boots conceded yesterday 
that the business plan, which had assumed a flow of 
Manoplax orders and an eventual healthy profits stream — 
has now “had a hole blown through if. Examination of how 
to use the surplus manufacturing capacity and the impact the 
Manoplax withdrawal /night have on staffing, is likely to 
take “several weeks”. Boots' pharmaceuticals division 
employs 7.200 people worldwide — 2J00 in Britain. 

More EBRD projects 

DIRECTORS of the European Bank for Reconstruction and 
Development (EBRD) are expected to approve a big increase 
in projects in the former Soviet bloc at a two-day board 
meeting which begins today. The executive committee, under 
Ronald Freeman, acting president after the departure of 
Jacques Attali. the bank's first president, will present the 
board with 11 more projects for approval After failing to 
obtain a consensus on a candidate for the post of president, 
Anne Wibble. the EBRD's Swedish chairman, has given 
herself until Wednesday this week to resolve the issue. She is 
trying to persuade the EC to pick a single candidate from the 
three contenders from EC countries, Jacques de Larostere, 
French Central Bank governor. Henning Christopher sen, 
Danish European commissioner, and Giuliano Amato, 
former Italian Prime Minister, to stand against Leszek 
Bafcerowicz, the former Polish finance minister. 

Warburg tops BT3 list 

THE 11 global managers of the government's £5 billion BT3 
share sale sold 90 per cent of the shares in the international 
offer to the top 500 institutions worldwide. The pecking order 
is believed to be: Warburg, followed closely by NatWest 
Securities, with BZW. Cazenove. and Smith New Court 
bundled together in third place. UBS and Daiwa Securities 
were joint sixth, followed by Deutsche Bank. Paribas Capital 
Markets, Merrill Lynch and Morgan Stanley. In the US. 
Warburg dominated the deal, bringing in 55 per cent of the 
business, and NatWest Securities second, with 20 per cent 

It has also emerged that the government received 43,000 
applications from private investors in the retail tender, which 
was part of the international offer, of which 40 per cent came 
from personal equity plan applicants. Private investors 
received 14 per cent of the shares in the international tender 
offer, or 83 million of the 104 million shares applied for. 

Ultimatum for miners 

STRIKING miners at the marginal East Rand Proprietary 
Mines (ERPM) gold mine at Boksburg. South Africa, have 
been given an ultimatum to return to work today or be dis¬ 
missed. ERPM, one of South Africa's oldest gold mines where 
milling began in 1908. has a workforce of 5.900 of whom be¬ 
tween 5J500 and 5.700 have been on strike since Tuesday. 
Workers are demanding that a recent pay rise be doubled to 
10 per cent Mangement has refused, saying that the mine, 
which has been loss-making for several years, already has 
debts of more than R4S0 million (£95 million) and can nor 
afford to pay more than the 5 per cent pay rise offered. ERPM 
has already said that the 1993 financial year, ending Decem¬ 
ber 31, is a critical one for the future of the company. Lf strik¬ 
ing workers are dismissed, it will cost ERPM up to R5 million 
and, at worst, lead to ten days of lost production. About 25 per 
cent of ERPM*s equity is held by French investors. 

A 3 


































The successful applicant should have ezeeflenr 
pre5ePt^" l, / *^ wllTlimirarinn skills sud, have a 
minimnm of 5 year’s experience within _ a 
professional office. Good orRanisanonal stall* 

and personality are required for thia.busy and 
challenging posi tion . Wonf processing 
experience is essential as is, the ability to act on 
own initiative and work under prawn*. 
Knowledge of Lotus 123, although not essential, 
would be advantageous. 

An attractive remuneration package will be 
offered to the right individual. 

If you are interested in the above position, please 
apply in writing, enc lo s i n g your CV to:- ■ 

Mn GilKan Thalttssiof 
Watts & Partners, 11/12 Haymwket, 
London SW1Y 4BP . 


Fkrfums Christian Dior 

This prestigious fragrance and cosmetic company 
based in SW1 seeks a high calibre seerewy forth® 
Marketing Department 

The ideal candidate will have fast competent typing 
and shorthand skafa, DW4 and lotus 123, tes**her 
wilh an excellent telephone manner and good .. 
organisational skills. French is desirable, but not 
essential In return yon wflJ have the opportunity to 
work within the dynamic environment for one of 

the indnaries leading compare es. 

Please send your CV together with current • 

remuneration in 

Carolyn Rea, pufoms ChAtim Man 13 


T«h 971235 MU ! 

■oaMHaounba mm bis am aseaH atouU *ut aonaone n tnsr 
early an tooUng lor rad reeaonXAcy and a cnaarogo- ns^OOCiTjOOO 
dapandhg on expTOence. 

RECePTlOMSnUST. S&enRMn wh m Ml 2 yarn 
rawfead. Staid ba ofMert m*S have ■ dear attfiene voice id dMd win 
SronHa nti can* aoeuram typing SOmm. goad Enpfieti gnaar. 
Knosdadgs at Ewqpaan language ana Watt PtrtKi utefi*. £HU» nag. 

Sand CV to Resobteom Ud, 

102 CM St, EClV Mr. 


Ladfaf pofitkal cemdancy seeks 


E xpe rien c e d iflri wan whh good totettonc manner. Panasonic 
system and wotdpcmd M. 


To support ccoadttnu, aeneeal mcrenria) «k3h, wwdpetftm 5.1. 
Moat have ixriiuirvc and BexOnfity. Aged »+■. 

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PadttuMrf Stine. Lsnfaa SW1P 3J& Na Agencies. 


Direaor of established international tax consultancy Mb' 



iiHMcr, No*™* HH1 An too ntemed, ■ mn luiermi stable of 
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Small but rapidly 
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Secretary/P A, 


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Mark Watsoa- 
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Pham send CV staling 
Salary to Box No 3288 




English-German Switchboard Operator/ 
Receptionist (part-time) to start ASAP. 
Applications in writing (ref SR) to: 

German Chamber of Industry 
A Commerce 
16 Buckingham Gate 


HtKMCH tsJUng Sec PR CO auB 
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Why Clinton strategy may be 
model for Britain’s jobs drive 

Workfare is on the 

agenda as David Hunt, 

the employment 

secretary, visits America, 

Philip Bassett reports 

from Washington 

D avid Hunt, the employment 
secretary, arrived in Wash¬ 
ington yesterday — all 
thoughts of Maastricht dra¬ 
mas behind him — to look at how 
President Clinton is tackling unem¬ 
ployment. and especially to examine in 
practice what is. in Britain, one of the 
dirtiest of political words: workfare. 

Some of Mr Hunt's predecessors 
have nervously trodden a similar path, 
and come away convinced of the 
inapplicability to Britain of workfare— 
under which the unemployed are 
required to take up work, or lose their 
state benefit. In the wake of the prime 
minister floating the idea of US-style 
workfare in Britain. Mr Hunt is more 
confident in his approach, unafraid to 
look at some hard-edged workfare 
schemes, such as those he will visit in 
Utah and in post-riot areas of Los 

Trie fact that Mr Hunt is in America 
to look at workfare confirms the 
government's interest in the idea, in 
spite of the furore when John Major 
suggested it. The government is at once 
cautious about workfare, and attracted 
to it The caution arises from the 
political sensitivity of workfare and its 
incompatibility with the government's 
increasingly individualistic approach 
to unemployment The attraction arises 
because, at a time of a very high public 
spending deficit any scheme that 
might save money is worth examining, 
even though it is arguable whether 
workfare would save money. 

As well as workfare, Mr Hunt is to 
look at the success story of the LIS 
labour market — turning away from 
the regulated. Euro-model offered by 
Maastricht and the soda! chapter, and 
examining the ultimate model of tree- 
market employment. 

In the depths of its recession. US 
unemployment peaked at under 8 per 
cent, while the UK reached 10.6. The 
US rate is already below 7 per cent, 
while Britain’s stands at 10.4, and is 
forecast by the OECD still to be there at 
the end of next year. In America, the 
proportion of jobless counted as long¬ 
term unemployed is 6 per cent in the 
UK it is a third. In two decades, the 
number of jobs in the US has risen by 
more than half: in the UK. it has risen 
by little more than 10 per cent 
Yet even with such results, it is Mr 
Clinton who is leading the drive, 
launched at the G7 gathering in Tokyo 
this month, for an international summ¬ 
it on unemployment in the autumn. 
With worries about Pacific rim and 
Latin American competition, about 
recent sluggish employment growth, 
about job quality and real wage growth 
and about widening income inequality, 
it is Mr Clinton who has proposed in 
die US a range of policy initiatives to 
“revitalise the American workplace", 
expand opportunity, increase produc¬ 
tivity and improve America's competi¬ 

Mr Clinton has also tried to 

1079 I 960 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993* 1994* 

•Projected figure 

legitimise workfare in the US. After 
running, in his home state of Arkansas, 
a successful welfare-to-work pro¬ 
gramme called Project Success, he has 
argued nationally the creed of 
recriprocal responsibility, of no one 
who can work being allowed to stay on 
welfare for ever. 

However, if British ministers are 
attracted by that they will be less 
enthralled with parallel aspects of the 
Clinton employment programme, in¬ 
cluding plans to give workers a 
stronger voice in corporate decision- 
making. index-linking a minimum 
wage and seeking, through a commis¬ 
sion on labour-management relations, 
a new partnership at work. 

Many aspects of the British labour 
market were drawn from the US. A 
visit to America by Sir Norman 
Fowler, now chairman of the Conser¬ 
vative party but then employment 
secretary, ted to the establishment of 
the business-led Training and Enter¬ 
prise Councils (Tecs), which now 
manage ail government-funded fram¬ 
ing in the UK. 

Oddly, since that visit, the US 
Private Industry Councils, which were 
tiie model for Tecs, have atrophied — 
underfunded and manned by poor- 
quality private-sector directors. They 
may well be swept away if the Clinton 
administration adopts proposals from 
the influential National Center an 
Education and the Economy — backed 
by Apple Computer. First National 
Bank and Eastman Kodak — for 
business-led Labour Market Boards to 

oversee the full range of education and 
training measures, including the US 
version of the UK’s Employment 
Service, which would be required to list 
all jobs to try to remove the stigma of 

A far-reaching document from the 
centre says that “what is essential is 
that we create a seamless web of 
opportunities to develop one’s skills 
that literally extends from cradle to 
grave and is the same for everyone". As 
well as Mr Clinton’s proposal for a new 
version of the apprenticeship system— 
already raised in Britain by Mr Hunt 
—an extensive job security programme 
would assure adult workers in the US 
that "they need never again watch with 
dismay as their jobs disappear and 
their chances of ever again getting a 
good job go with them". 

R obert Reich, the impressive 
Harvard political economist 
whom Mr Clinton made lab¬ 
our secretary in a move dial 
has repositioned the rejuvenated agen¬ 
cy at the oentre of influence in the 
Clinton administration, is working 
closely with the US education depart¬ 
ment cm training and education initia¬ 

Some of the initiatives, such as the 
proposed national industry and educa¬ 
tion standards, echo British moves 
already in place, such as the National 
Vocational Qualification or NVQ ini¬ 
tiative, and, indeed. Cay Stratton, a 
former head of employment in Massa¬ 
chusetts who was enticed to Britain to 

help to pioneer Tecs and NVQs. is this 
week set to move back from the UK 
employment department to work for 
Mr Reich on post-16 education and 
setting up labour market boards. 

While sorry to leave the reshaping of 
British labour market institutions that 
has taken place since her arrival in 
1987, she says that the “invigoration" of 
employment in Washington under Mr 
Reich and die Clinton administration 
is palpable. It may be an attempt at 
such revitalisation that will be most 
valuable for Mr Hunt to take home. 

Britain's long-standing labour mar¬ 
ket problems, and especially its high 
unemployment, are not going to be 
solved by cme ministerial visit to 
America. However, with the increasing 
internationalisation of product mar¬ 
kets, labour markets in different coun¬ 
tries overlap and influence each other. 

Mr Reich says that, with the disap¬ 
pearance of national products and 
technologies, “each nation's primary 
assets will be its citizens’ stills and 
insights”. Many employment special¬ 
ists in Britain believe that Mr Hunt, 
with his talk of the social market and 
new partnerships between business 
and government — talk that would 
have seen him fired in previous 
Conservative administrations — is 
open to such thinking. As he goes down 
Constitutional Avenue this morning, to 
see his opposite numbers at the US 
labour department; the new thrust at 
the centre of America's labour market 
could bold out a model for the UK to 

Franc’s exposed flank 

ALL the pieces have been assembled o*p 
more on the scarred chessboard called the 
exchange-rate mechanism and the Payers 
have worked out their opening gambits. The 
next four days should see the gameplayed to a 
conclusion or at least a summer stalemate. 

On balance, the determination of the Bank 
of France to defend the franc and the pliability 
of the Bundesbank to protect die ERM may 
just win the day. To keep faith with the ERM. 
the Bundesbank should cut the discount rate 
by another half point on Thursday, in contra¬ 
diction of money supply and inflation figures. 
Further intervention and market rate tinker¬ 
ing by the Bank of France may just hold back 
the speculators. But die battle will be dose 
and while Edouard BaHadur has ruled out 
devaluation he has made no commitment to 
tiie future erf the key French intervention rate 
or the position of the ERM^ other currencies. 

The hotly argued question of whether the 
franc will avoid devaluation and the ERM 

Will survive until Tlmrsday 
more fundamental issues. European antral 
banks like to portray the speculators who put 
^pSTon the ERM as tmltaom 
mivatonTout to make a fast profit ante 
expenreof a visionary economic polity. 
S^ingof the kind: they ' 

frtt market and pditiciansshoukih^thOT. 

The Franco German ex^iange mte has 
come under extreme pressure mthe^last 12f 
months. Each time, 

had to work harder to defend s, the damage £d 
tiie ERM has been greater and the credibility 
_r hoc umairpned. The market says 

that theneeds of the EmMBnmmm 
France is prevented from cutting rates test 

enough. Until someone calls a halt to this tug 

of love battle in the currency markets, the 
central banks will continue to provide easy 
opportunities for the currency traders. 


WHILE the world gazes on 
the economic and monetary 
turmoil in continental Eur¬ 
ope. tiie Chinese economy is 
also on a knife edge, and the 
effects of it Ming the wrong 
way could be just as damag¬ 
ing. The whole erf South-East 
Asia, particularly Hong 
Kong, is waiting nervously to 
discover whether the auster¬ 
ity package revealed by the 
Chinese ' government two 
weeks ago will cool inflation 
and slow the country’s run¬ 
away growth. 

No one doubts that the 
austerity package was need¬ 
ed. The Chinese economy is 
growing at an annual rate of 
more than 14 per cent, while 
inflation is more than 20 per 
cent in the large cities. The 
main question is whether the 
16-point package, which in¬ 
cludes interest-rate increases 
and tough restrictions on 
borrowing, and a block an 
car imports, will work with¬ 
out throwing the economy 
into reverse. 

The currency markets 
seem to think so: the 
renminbi has strengthened 
by a quarter against the 
American dollar since the 
package was announced. 
Economists are less sure: if 
the package is too severe. 
China could dive into a 
recession, but if it is too lax. 

Bank results 

AFTER three years of gloom 
in the banking industry, this 
summers interim results 
season, which begins with 
Lloyds on Friday, promises 
to be almost cheerful. A 
sharp recovery in profits is 
expected, yet another sign 
that Britain is clawing its 
way out of recession. 

Smith New Court is fore¬ 
casting that aggregate pre¬ 
tax profits for the six main 
banks (Abbey National, 
Barclays. HSBC, Lloyds. 
National Westminster and 
Standard Chartered), will 
rise by 55 per cent to £2J5 
billion- Fbr the first time in 
years, all the banks should be 

the runaway . growth will 
continue, and the crash, 
when it comes, will be even 
harder. Little wonder that the 
Hang Seng index in Hong 
Kong has been dropping 
steadily in the past month, 
from record highs, and looks 
to have further to ML 

Hong Kong’s businessmen 
have good reason to be 
consumed. The Hong Kong 
economy is moredesdy tied 
to China than ever, and 
economists are already cut¬ 
ting their growth forecasts 
for the territory, to as little as 
3 per cent tins year. One of 
the first victims of the credit 
squeeze in China may be the 
booming Hong Kong proper¬ 
ty market, which Jocks over¬ 
due fbr aitosrrectiori. 

The squeeze and die import 
restrictions will hurt Far 
Eastern traders such as 


- '*^5 : v 'A?* 


able to cover their dividends 
and strengthen reserves. 

The surprise is that this Im¬ 
provement is not expected to 
came from a M in bad debt 
provisions. It is expected that 
these will be littie changed at 
£2.9 billion, since thousands 
of companies are still Ming 
and property values are still 
Ming. At least, provisions 
are no longer rising. 

Instead, the banks’ profit 
growth mil come from a rise 
in income, enhanced by the 
foil in sterling, and their 
continuing purge on costs. 
Profits before bad debts 
should rise by a fifth. 

The banks are emerging 
from the recession as very 
different organisations to die 

Inchcape. The grou p has 
franchises to import Toyota 
and Mazda vehicles into 
China and wfll be among the 
first to be hit by the restric¬ 
tions on car sales. The grouor 
does $400 million of trade sF 
year with China, a significant 
part of its £5 billion turnover. 

The British business most 
exposed to China is HSBC 
Holdings. The tanking 
group’s bad debt provisions 
in South-East Asia have been 
almost non-existent recently, 
but are almost certain to rise 
sharply. Bad debts will grow 
even more if Hong Kong 
property prices slide. Most 
City forecasts for HSBC fail 
to take this fully into account. 
Unless further, recovery at 
Midland Bank compensates 
for downturn in Hong Kong. 
HSBC is unlikely to fulfil the 
City’s high expectations. 

stock market lc 

Hang Sang ] 
Index i 

ones that entered it Growth 
in fee income has left them 
less exposed ID lending risks 
and not so capital intensive. 
The application of new tech¬ 
nology has made them less 
labour intensive and allowed 
than to sited more than 
6(X000 jobs. 

The market's perception of 
these radical changes has led 
to the astonishing perform¬ 
ance of bank shares in the 
past nine months. The forth¬ 
coming interims should 
begin to justify the market's 
faith, but the banks must still 
prove that they can now 
control the inherent risks of 
their business as they have so 
singularly Med to do in the 
past 2) years. 


Name’s burnt offering for Lloyd’s 

From R. C. Dutton-Forshaw 
Sir. Lloyd's annual cash gath¬ 
ering from its hard pressed 
names has come round once 
again, with these calls re¬ 
quired by the end of this 

Mindful that, after years of 
cash calls, my financial re¬ 
sources are now somewhat 
depleted, 1 have decided to add 
a codicil to my will. This was 
also prompted by the recent 
statement by Lloyd's that 
some people may be attempt- 

Tbn aotiegrt Bsccd m corapliagcgaTrii ibe rajgjmncm rfTbe lgttnoliomJ 5wct Exchange 
of die Umtod Kington *nd the Republic of Ireland limited idle -London Stock EMtange*1. 
It don aot cot ati n il e «a iaviatiori lo giy pereonlo artwaftc fornrpnreftge my loan-idea ■ 
Bruton Group pic I [be “Con^wj"). 

Appliance! to been rale la the London Suck Firimig t for all at die existing Ordiiury Ip 
Shares in Brume Gtoep pic and ibe am OnJtnary Shafts to be usual panoaat to ibe 
axprtfurm. placing and rigta issue iiognber. tfae T VyaU "l u be a rinwirri to die Official 
Lot Dealnqs ate g t pwird to coemeiice on Mceday. 2nd Aagsx. IW 


Onearpaaied in Hagtand wnh i cyMU r d No. 1816646) 

Acquisition of Taro Hoidiiigs l.imibpri 

Placing and Intermediaries Offer 

Credit Lyonnais Laing 


197,715.995 new Onfinary Start, •€ lOp per start 

(fadna«4M9Jn new Orttaarj Starti wtntf&rilie 

ZnfiTini rfhrlw OBr) 



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513.S7S.B70 I 

The pmeipaJ activity of He abated group i* ibe cummm of polythene Eat packaging and 
hygiene appbcanoin 

Copies of Eating panaadai* relating to (be Company nay be obtained during noraul bustaeri 

bont* on any weekday fSatonkysaadp*Ue hdidayieroepiedlnp in and rodndtag 28* Jnly. 

IW3 from itc Company Annmann Office of the London S*o<* Itriu a p . Stock 1 
Eadfangc Tower, CapH Own Entrance, off Barrtotannw Lane, London EC2N I HP (for 
colhxnan only) and np to anl BKluBng *Mi August 1993 twit 

Regmoed Office 
Britton Crap pic 
27 Britton Street 
I imrtow 

Credit Lyonais Laing 
SAppoid Street 

tMOwrai. raw 



Fair play order of the day at Virgin 

ing to distance thrir assets, so 
hopefully this codicil may help 
to put their minds at rest It 
states that on my demise I am 
to be cremated with the in¬ 
struction that my ashes will be 
sent to Lloyd's with a short 
message to the effect “that they 
now have the lot!" 

How happy I shall be to go 
with such a clear conscience! 
Yours faithfully, 

Fallingham Lock Farm, 

Pul borough. Sussex. 

From Mr Will Whitehom 
Sir. I thought h appropriate to 
answer the question posed by 
Mr Tar ling (July 19) about the 
management buyout of Virgin 
Group Pic in 1988. 

After the October 1987 crash, 
Richard Branson witnessed 
over 50,000 small share¬ 
holders. including friends and 
recording artistes, losing 
money on their investment in 
Virgin, despite tfae fad the 
company had only been quoted 
for less than a year. 

Virgin Group was bought 
back in 1988 for 140p. after 18 
months as a quoted company. 
The shares had traded as low 
as 83p, reducing Virgin's value 
by about E100 million. The 
offer was around 20p higher 
than independent estimates of 
the then value and was consid¬ 
ered generous. Only public 
shareholders were allowed to 

vote and over 90 per cent were 
in favour of the buyout. Mr 
Branson stated then that he 
believed the company was 
being undervalued by an un¬ 
derstandably distracted equity 
market and that Virgin 
wished to continue Its expan¬ 
sion plan even if we had to 
sacrifice short-term profits. 

Fair play was the order of 
the day, and since the buyout 
Virgin has developed its sev¬ 
eral distinct businesses with 
an eye to building their long¬ 
term brand value in an in¬ 
creasingly international mar¬ 
ket As a result. Virgin has 
become one of the few interna¬ 
tionally known new British 
brands of the last decade. 
Yours fafthfufly. 

(Corporate Affairs Director). 
Virgin Group of Companies, 
120 Campden Hill Road, W8. 

ZMiJnlr 1993 

Answers from page 36 

to A shade of tight blue, resembling the colour of tfae dowers of 
the periwinkle, also anributivefy or as an adjective, from the 
French word: “Pervencbe ami naw are the opposite points of the 
cold tone of bine.” 


to Sour pasture, used of pastures containing an excess of 
molybdenum, a quality in grass, also the diarrhoea suffered by 
cattle grazing on a teart pasture, dialed variant of tart: This 
disease, known as parasitic enteritis, is found to be persistently 
associated witii certain pastures (called teart lands in the West of 
Engl an d ) upon heavy moistureretiuning soils." 


Ob) A popular name for tfae Au stralian lungfish. Neoceratodus 
forsten, belonging to the order Dqnerifbnnes, also, a genus of 
fossil fish rchded to this ludgfisb, from the Greek keros a born t 
odous a tootir "The ceratodns. a fish with lungs, which, though 
itsfosril remains are sc a ttered overtfae wnrid. 5nnwn mffwdf tn 
two rivers in tfae south of Queensland, tfae Maiy and the 


(a) A native boy. offensive wbeu applied as in old South Africa to 
a grown man. adapted from tfae Kaffir kwenkwendini the 
vocative form of Jdwnjbven a boy: “One White trader complained 
that kwedims (boys) bad destroyed more than 1,000 while 

I ... Rd6! 2 Nxd6 (otherwise 2 ... Rah mate) 2 ... Qb6 mate. 



Trying another 
insurance line 

A LLOYD'S underwriter has 
found an inventive way to 
cushion his reversals in the 
insurance market Patrick 
Streeter, of Sturge, has taken 
refuge in family history, writ¬ 
ing a biography of his great 
grandfather. Edwin Streeter, a 
colourful and controversial 
jeweller and company promot¬ 
er. made his fortune in 1889, 
when he floated the Burma 
Ruby Mines on the Stock 
Exchange. Rothschilds man¬ 
aged ics issue and the scrum of 
applicants in New Court was 
so great that the then Lord 
Rothschild had to gain access 
to his office through a back 
window. Streeter, who fol¬ 
lowed tfae Thomas Upton 
method of allocating shares, 
giving first preference to 
dukes, then marquesses and 
so on down the social ladder, 
also floated tiie Sapphire and 
Ruby Company of Montana 
and the Egyptian Gold and 
Gem Syndicate. His later ven¬ 
tures ended in disaster when 
no sapphires were found in 
Montana, and the one-time 
owner of tiie Agra diamond — 
sold recently for £35 million— 
died in genteel poverty in 1923. 
His great grandson, who has 
chronicled his ancestors life in 
Streeter of Bond Street, has 
adopted a less risky invest¬ 
ment policy. “I have stop-loss 
and reserves," he says. “But 
obviously cash flow is tight I 
think tiie book might help." 

Taxing problems 

TUDOR Gregory. Id's direc¬ 
tor of personnel in charge of 
Eastern Europe, takes a high 
moral tone on taxation in the 

latest issue of Eurocomment. 
He writes that with the intro¬ 
duction of Western-style tax 
policies in Eastern Europe, 
employees are increasingly 
pressing companies to protect 
them from the negative impact 
of taxation. “One method has 
been to attempt to increase 
gross salaries to maintain the 
value of net payments. We and 

the suggestions in the^elief 
that it is wrong for any com¬ 
pany to undermine govern¬ 
mental economic strategy, 
however tough the latter may 
be,” Gregory writes. Rather 
different from Id's stand at 
home where the company bat¬ 
tles regularly with the Inland 
Revenue to maintain its own 
net income, as last Thursday's 
High Court ruling in its fa¬ 
vour cm group refief and the 
definition of a holding com¬ 
pany appears to indicate. 

Dim strategy 

LONDON Electricity has 
adopted a rather mysterious 
promotion strategy. In the 
summer edition of its glossy 

consumer leaflet. Source, it as¬ 
serts that "more and more 
people are switching to Power- 
key because of its simplicity 
and controllability". Neglect¬ 
ing to mention anywhere in 
the 20-page advertisement ex¬ 
actly what Powerkey is. It 
nonetheless induces readers to 
find 25 words associated with 
this unexplained system — 
“electronic prepayment" the 
company tells me—hidden in 
a box of letters. But why 
should anyone fed inclined to 
work oat the puzzle? The first 
correct entry drawn on Nov¬ 
ember 1 will win “two low-en- 
ergy light bulbs". The bright 
spark who thought up this 
promotional wheeze should 
check the wattage of the light 
bulb above his head. 

That smsde European mar for? 
Severn Trent reports that bus¬ 
iness at its Belgian waste sub¬ 
sidiary halved for a time as 
the great new era dawned, 
because a Belgian law came 
into force banning movement 
of waste within the country 
from Flanders and Brussels to 

sssl oodI Stronger team 

HO ARE Govett is strengthen¬ 
ing its economics research 
team this autumn with the ap¬ 
pointment of Mark Brown, an 
economist by training, who 
has ranked number one for 
UK equity market and sector 
strategy in the annual Extef 
survey far three of the past 
four years. Brown, 30, who 
has worked for the Treasury 
and the CBL is leaving UBS 
Securities to become Hoare’s 

head of strategy aito econom¬ 
ics. Nigel Hugh-Smith, 
Hoare’s head of research, 
says: “This Is a key appoint¬ 

ment for us. His arrival wfll 
mark, a significant step for¬ 
ward in the development of 
Hoare’s research capability, 
and will considerably enhajle 
the focus and direction of our 
sector and company research." 
;No start date has yet been ne¬ 
gotiated. and Brown is still 
working out his notice at UBS. 

Stock watching 

!BRACE yourselves for the 
iworst investment week of the 
entire year — at least accord¬ 
ing to the stockwatcher David 
Saiwartz. whose computer ath 
afyses of the performance of 
FT share indices have led him 
to conclude that prices fell dw 
furthest during the last week 
of July. He says that since 
;1960, average share prices in 
this week fell by 139 per cent 
— equivalent to 40 poinj? 
when the FT-SE 100 is stare? 
mg at 2350. He also says that 
between 1960 and 1992, shares 
have increased their value 
during this week only 30 pet 
cent of tiie time. Schwartz, 
ytiio is to publish his findings 
in tiie 1994 Investor's Diary. 
advises that the only way con¬ 
sistently to profit during the 
last week of July is to ber 
against tfae market by buying 
put options. “There are no 
guara ntees in every year of 
course, but a 70 per cent chance 
of success is pretty good odds 
ui anyone’s book," be says. 
“But (f you do deride to bet 
against the market next week, 
be tjuick about it Tratfing coo- 
unions for the month of Au¬ 
gust are gmcrally good." He 

per cent on average duriry 
Augus t making it die years 
““til-best investment mtffltit • 

Melbmda WittstocK 

• \ - r 1 a 

; i 





6.00 Business Breakfast (29189) 

7.00 Breakfast News (16135978) 945 Thundercats. 

Fame adventures (i) (1022881) 

9-25 Artitax. Series on design, today including a feature 
on chairs (r). (Ceefax) (s) (67B5404) - 
10.00 News (Ceefax), regional raws and weather 
(3445572) 10.05 Ptaydays (s) (9312K5) 

10JS Lassie. Lassie seeks the mother a a reaUfe Barrtoi 
(r) (3525249) • . 

11 . 00 News (Ceatof). i^gional news -and-weatfi* ; 
(6432607) 11.05 The HJgh Chaparral Classic i 
western adventures « (5481201) 11.55 Hn 
History Man. Bryan McNemey ooes to Oxborouoh - 
Had, Norfolk (r) (7115317) 

12.00 News (Ceefax), regional news and weather 
(7089976) 12JJ5 Amazon. Captain Cousteau aid j 
investigates drug trading in Amazonia (1056775) 
12-55 Regional News and weather (36704607) - ■ 
i -> 1-00 One O’Ctock News {Ceefax) art weather (37930) 

1 J3Q Neighbours. (Ceefax) (b) (72633152^-\. 

1-50 Going for Gold. The fina of a-riew-sows of the 
popular qufe with European contestants, presented 
by the personable Henry Kelly (8) (72644268) 

2.15 Dallas (r>. (Ceefax) (3030713) _ 

3.05 Bazaar. Jar Beaney demonstrates ■how to create 

patterns vwthlabrteend part (2268539).' 

335 Dream Merchants of AMa. The firsr of three 
programmes on Asian film-makers reports from 
Hong Kong (1187648) 4.00 Cartoon P553539) 

4.10 The Adventures of SWppy (s) (3731S1Cft 
4-35 Toxic Crusaders (i). (Ceefax) (1658317) . 

5 - 00 Newsround (6943539) 5.10 The Lowdown. Five 

boys prepare to take their Common Entrance 
examination (r). (Ceefax) 

5J35 Neighbours. (Ceefax) (s) (501317). Northern 
Ireland: Inside Ulster 

6.00 Six O’clock News. (Ceefax) Waaiher (355) 

6- 30 Regional News Magazines (607). Northern 

Ireland; Neighbours 

7.00 Flying with Dinosaurs. David Attenborough gains 
.an insight into the habits of ancient pterosaurs by 
looking at fivtng reptiles, bats and birds (») (7606) 
730 Young Driver of the Year. Six more regional 
finafists take to their vehicles. (Ceefax) (591) 

8.00 So Haunt Me. Paul A. Mendetson’s ghostly 
comedy (j), (Ceefax) (s) (3046) 

830 Waiting For God. (r). (Ceefax) (a) (5881) 

930 Nine O’Clock News with Michael Buerk. (Ceefax) 
Regional raws and weather (7107) 

930 Panorama: The Rape of Justice. Judy is a victim 
of sexual assautt who has foi^ven her attackar, but 
not the judges wto sentenced him. She wants the 
courts to be tougher on criminals and have more 
concern tor victims. John Major says the 
government has “got the message": But has it? 

10.10 Bkitt on the Landscape. Part two -of toe six-part 
adaptation of Tom Shape's quirky novel (i). 
(Ceefax) (s) (657387). Northern Ireland: Songs on 
a WaH 10.45 Blott on the Landscape 11.40 Come 
□ancfng 199312.15-12.45 Making Advances 
11.05 Come Dancing 1993. Rosemarie Ford introduces 
tonight's competition between London South end 
Manchester. (Ceefax) (s) (376423) 

6*5 Open Unfyenuly (5082713) 

8.00 Breakfast News (2985249) 

8L15 Westminster. Report on Friday's proceedings sn 
toe House of Commons and the House of Lords ' 

830 Collecting Now. John FteMaurice M3ls looks at 
techniques used by past artists. Today he considers 
the pecufiar materials used to mix tempera parts m 
medieval times (r) (7896152) . 

830 Cairo Vets. A tarn about tiorotfiy Brooke's animal 
hoap^oCairo.vvt^v^foiffldedlasave cavalry 
tiorsBS 3bffitdpned toe first-wold war (r): 
:(Ceef«) (7373930) 

- 930 German Grand Prtx, ttghfights of yesterday's. 

Grand Prtx from Hoctenteim (r) (1266794) 
'10J20Tliora on toe StrafghtaodNarrov. On the final 
part of har-journey with the Angel Voices (took,. 

. Thora Hrd consKJere :saiM pursuits such as 
drinking. going lo toe theatre OKI over-dresstog 
- (4792317)- 

. TO-50 Cricket Fourth Test. England v Aus&aia. Lie 

' coverage from Headingley, Leeds (s) BS745GGS) ' 
1-00 Look Stranger No PtacaUks Home. A look at toe 
3,000 racing pigeons of SJdnrmgruve. north 
■ Yorksrtre W (13593336) . 

130 Johnson and Friends. Animation about a boy 
" whose toys con*' to Ufa when he is asleep (r) 

. • - (67567688) 

130 King RoOo. Animation narrated by Ray Brooks (r) 

135 Cricket: Fourth Test England v Australia Further 
five coverage (s) (57748171). Includes News 
(Ceefax) and weather at 230 and 330.330 News 
(Ceefax) regional news and weather 
B30 Gardeners* World. The experts Inspect a prize- 
winning garden behind a oouncfi house fa Hid (r) 
(Ceefax) (s) (249) 

Sexual harassment: Emma Reud (1130pm) 

11X0 Making Advances. See Choice (2998319 
12.10-12.15 Weather (8582195) .. f 

Role play: Samuel Coteridge-Taylor (730pm) 

730 Hrthrights. (Ceefax) (s) See Choice (5268) 

730 BBC Proms. The anniversaries of two nationafat 
composers, Grieg and Tchaikovsky, are marked by 
tonight's concert introduced by James Naughtie (s) 

9.40 Small Offsets of Desire: The Deodorant The 

programme investigates ancient versions of 
deodorant and the way in which we anaesthetise 
our armpits nowadays (r). (Ceefax) (609065) 

1030 KYTV: God Alone Knows. Comedy series set in a 
satelftB television stolon (f) (sj (49626) 

1030 News ni ght Analysis of tesues in today's news. 

Presented by Francine Stock. (Ceefax) (227423) 
11.15 Cricket — Fourth Test England v Australia. 
Hi^iDghts of toe day’s play introduced by Richie 
Benaud (s) (354201) 1135 Weethenriew (109030) 
1230-1255Age and Identity. An. Investigation of the 
way we toWe about our rote in the communily and 
society's influence in making us feeioH (3398176) 

'• VWaoPlnv* and the VWeo PlmCodm 
The nurtoera next to tadvTV program** fating are \fldeo PUsCode™ 
lutfca which «How you To nroepame your wfco matter mswttiy 
• with * VkfcoPVav™ v*JeoHu*+ an be used wrh mast wdece. 

Tap in the Video AsCode fcr do (jreqnrnw yoi wish to rtcod. For 
- mn details ol VUkKIus on 0839 12120djc» diagetf s 48p int 
ninua peak. 36p ofl-podo or nrite lo VUeonusr. Aaxnex Ltd. 5 taw 
House. PLraixi Wharf. London SWU 3TR yfidfopko* f 7 "). Kuxnde 
("1 and Video Rnjpwmner we trademarks o< Gemoar Mvtemg ltd. 

la Stone Age Indonesi a: Norman Lewis (C4,950pm) 

Traveller^ Tales TheTime Traveller 
. Channel 4. QjQOpm 

The octogenarian travel writer Norman Lews 
indulges his taste for inacoessibfc places by visiting the 
Irian Jaya region of Indonesia. The sub-tide of ihe film 
is Back to the Stone Age and boldly going where few 
Europeans have rone before Lewis is soon in a culture 
of mud hms, bows and arrows and. despite a 
government ban on the practice, cannibalism. But 
Lewis is no candidate tor the cooking poL Nor is he 
prepared to condemn the way of life of remote people 
largely untouched by the twentieth century. Lewis 
saves his criticism lor the American multinational 
which has established a huge copper mioe an top of a 
mountain and is prepared ©disappoint native people 
hoping tor a share of the proceeds. 

Global Image Salvation 
Channel 4. UJOOpm 

A feature-length documentary from India follows the 
daily routine of poor widows who are seeking 
salvation through prayer at Vrindavan. the supposed 
birthplace of the god Krishna. They pray tor right 
hours a day and m return receive a meagre gift of 
grain and money: in between they talk to the camera 
about their plight. The word fate occurs frequently. 
These women have had rotten lives, arranged 
marriages, bereavement illness and poverty. Some 
have fallen out with their children. But they accept that 
fate has decreed it and are content to use their religion 
as a balm. Some may also see that religion as a means 
of legitimising the status quo. But it may be wrong to 
judge other cultures by the standards of our own. 

Birthrights: The African Suite 

No pieces by Samuel Coferidge-Taylor are featured in 
the!993 Proms but ar the turn of the century he was the 
most popular concerl-hall composer m Britain. Indeed 
it is aaomed here that Ik was-ihe first English-born 
com p oser to have an international reputation for 200 
years. CoteridgeTayJor. remarkably, was black, the 
son of a doctor who returned to Africa after being 
rejected in bis profession. Surviving the twin 
handicaps of race and poverty the boy entered the 
Royal College of Music at 15, reached the top of his 
profession in his early twenties and became a popular 
fiwK for blacks in the United States. He died, young, 
of pneumonia. An informative portrait includes 
extracts from some of his characteristic works. 

Making Advances: The Nature of the Beast 


Emma Freud presents a sensible and much-needed 
series on sexual harassment at work. At pains to refute 
the nodcrn dm rbe phenomenon is something invented 
by a handful of strident feminists, the programme is 
atan even-handed pnnng h to conc ed e that ft can 
happen to men as well as women. But most victims are 
female and surveys suggest that the practice is 
widespread. A Mori pounnxnd that 30 per cent of 
women workers are affected. while other estimates run 
'much higher. Two young victims reveal how their lives 
were made miserable by continual harassment but _ 
lost their jobs when they tried to complain. The cases 
highlight the difficulty of getting redress, though both 
women eventually won damages. Peter Waymarit 


630 GMTV. Featuring 'Breakfast on toe Beach" from 
Great Yarmouth wflh Sister Sledge 159108959) 
8*46 Partckfa In... Tonal Simon Patktn prese nts a new 
saries for toe summer holidays (7355775) 

935 The Edge. The first in a series ol programmes for 
teenager in London presented by Dense Douglas 
and trade) Casas <s) (53521331 
935 London Today fTetetext) and weather (4708978) 
10.00 EKago Baca. A flirtatious wile frames her husband 
for murder (3433034) 1055 New (7926317) 

11 jOO Jamas Bond Jr Cartoon escapades (7936794) 
1135 Wfti, Lose or Draw. First of a new game show 
senes n which celebrities draw pictures to get the* 
message across. With Danny Baker (7939881) 
1135 London Today (7133713) 1230 Cartoon 
(3394930) 12.10 Tote TV (r) (S) (2556591) 

1230ITN L unchti me News with Carol Barnes and 
Nicttoias Owen. fTetetexQ Weather (7853268) 135 
London Today (17652881) 

1.15Home and Away (Teletext) (988404) IAS A 
. ■ Country Practice (s) (969775) 

2.15 Capital Woman: For toe fast in the series, a 
compfanon of hnhtights (s) (904084) 245 
Fatnftfes (s) (4537C30) 

3.10 rm News headlines (3647336) 3.15 London 
Today (3646607) 

320 The Young Doctors (2156133) 250 Cartoon 
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Adventure series (r) (9217510) 425 The Real 
Gbostbusters Cancon spooks (r) (3721133) 

450 Johnny Ball Rev e a l s AB. Johnny Ball proves you 
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5.10 Home and Away (r) fTetetext) (2634152) 

540 Early Evening Hews with Dermot Mumaghan. 

(Teletext; Weather (135423) 

6.00 London Tonight (61336) 

7.00 Jimmy's. ReaHfe stories from St James's 
Lfrxverscy Hospital si Leeds (s) (2794) 

House-hunting: NtehoBs and Mosley (720pm) 

720 Coronation Street Atf (Bryan Mosley) and Audrey 
(Sue McftoSs) look for somewhere to five. (Teletext) 

820 Wheel of Fortune Gameshow hosted by Nicky 
Campbell (1442) 

820 World in Action: Car Crazy. The investigative 
series examines government road-building plans 
and the toreat to countryside (s) (7249) 

920 Frank Stubbs Promotes Timothy Spall as the 
hangdog promoter in this enjoyable new comedy 
series. Frank meets a famous psychic (Dora Bryan) 
(Teletext) (s) (6607) 

1020 News at Ten with Trevor McDonald. (Teletext) 
Weather (36152) 1020 London Tonight (955571) 
10^40 Sport in Question. VMth guests framer Spurs 
manager, Terry Venables, boxer Chris Eubank and 
from [TV Sport. Gary Newtxxi (323046) 

11 AO Magnum with Tom Selleck (342591) 

1220The BeaL Featuring music by Bjork (s) (34244) 
120 Sport AJUL Includes gotf WghHgWs from the Dutch 
Open (17060) 220 SO Minutes (37398) 
320Videofashlon. The new Paris season (84737) 
420 Hollywood Report Includes an interview with 
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420Ctnema, Cinema. Cinema (r) (67911) 5.00 
Riviera (12973) 

520 rTN Morning News (34534). Ends at 620 


620 Heath cliff Cat cstoon (1542978) 

6.45 Ovide Animation (9397591) 

7.00 The Big Breakfast with Chns Evans and Gaby 
Roslin (50881) 

920 Saved by the Bell American teen comedy Aliens 
invade Ba/side (13201) 

920 Star Street Animation about toe zodiac (q 

925 H am mer ma n Hammer tackles graffiti (rj 16906404) 
10.25 PugwaH. The 13-year-ofo attempts to start a reck 
group (r) (4719084) 

1025 The Adventures of Thitln. The hero battles with 
desperadoes (r) (5629171) 

1120 The Henderson Kids. Ted warns to sign up wnh 
Wheeler to get a job. bu! he is cfesuaded by Morgan 
(r) (7938152) 

1120 Pete Smith Specialties: Aeronautics. A 1941 film 
takes a comic took ai flight (8158607) 

1220 Hgh 5 Extreme sporting action fr) (33065) 

1220 Se s am e Street. Early teaming senes with guest 
Paul Simon (rj (89423) 

120 Sandokan. Animation. The tigerish one makes an 
unwelcome return (r) (43930) 

220 Rkn: TTOubfe Brewing (1939. fcytoj. Harmless 
comedy with the ukelete man George Formby as a 
newspaper printer who turns private eye to track 
down counterfeiters Co-starring Googie Withers 
and Gus MacNaughion. Directed Anthony Kimrrwis 

325 Lancashire Coast A short film from 1955 explores 
the countryside around Morecambe (5922775) 

355 A Gardener's Guide. John Huntley suggests toe 
best ways to grow ctemaas. known as toe queen ol 
cambers (r). (Teletext) (3986881) 

420 Countdown. Words and numbers game presented 
by Richard White ley (Teletext) (s) (572) 

520 Kingdom of the Plains: Birds of a Feather. 
Documentary about the red-billed quelea finch, 
which ftres in Africa and consumes vast numbers of 
insects after it hatches (n (Teletext) (9607) 

620Children's Ward. Hospital drama. Matthew is lost 
without Lisa (rj (715) 

620The Wonder Years Kevin tries to help an 
acrimonious couple (rj {Teletext) (317) 

7.00 Channel 4 News with Jon Snow. (Teletext) Weather 

720 Comment Tony Murphy, 3 homosexual police 
officer, calls for a new unoerstanefing between 
police and the gay community (182152) 

8.00 Brookskfe. Merseyside drama senes. Mick is 
becoming increasingly insecure. (Teletext) (sj 

Kick-off: coach Burt Reynolds (820pm) 

820 Evening Shade. New series of the comedy in which 
Burt Reynolds swallows his pride to play an 
unglamorous. has-been footballer. Wood Newton. 
He also directed tonight's episode in which Wood 
objects to his son marrying in secret (s) (8591) 
920Travetiers' Tales: The Time Traveller. See 
Choice (4249) 

1020 rti Fly Away. More in the drama series about race 
relations. With Sam Waterston. (Teletext) (s) (7336) 
1120 Global Image: Salvation. See Choice (57065) 
1220 Nights of Revolution. Series based on toe writings 
of Nicolas Restif de ta Bretorme. The Owl. Restif, 
sees the Revolution being manipulated. In French 
with English subtitles (r) (1331008). Ends at125 



As London eNcwpt: &25n Aduentums of 
me Galaxy Ranges {535013?) 2.1S-MS Ds 
Mattel Kitchen {904084} 3.10-5*0 Champi¬ 
ons (2634152) BJO Home and Amy 
(S1£BB2) <L2S-74W ArgOo New® (467442) 
1040 The Magic and Myetwy- Show 
(543862) 11.10 Crime Stay (4648681 
12j05am Special Report (7772355) 1235 
Kopfc (3431621) 1J0 span AM (17000) 230 
Donahue (4357563) S2S The B eat 
(8470982) A3D Get Stuffed! (30628244) 
4.30 Rtaera (67911) 5.DS&30 JoWnder 

As London eonpc Sl25bh AdMrihna at 
the Gelexy Rengere (53K133) i-OSpra 
Certrai Nam (17652881) 1.15 A Country 
Practai (380404) 1.45 Home And Away 
.. (980775) 2.15-245 RflW Or Wrong 
; (804084) 3JXKLS0 Deepwater Hawn 
(21561331 5.10-5.40 Blockbusters 
(2634152) (LOO Heme and Away (816862) 
S2S-7JN1 Genoa Nam (467442) 1030 
Central News (955571) 1040 Rm: 
Hwdcastfe And McComscfc. (42433133) 
1230am The Coca Cob Wemdional 
Triathlon (1252E82) 135 The Best (3816605) 
2.25 Musical Routes (6646840) . 2-« GO 
Minutes (1884843) 3A5 Job Rnder 
(3353114) S3S Tate 15 (2063824)530530 
Awn Eye (6409318) 

628am Open UidvefMtv: Justice 
and Power In King Lea- , ■ 

• 625 Weather _ 

720 On Air Andrew McQ^or 

presents music, news and_ 

^ weather. Inducing OoupOto 
(Sutte de symptime en trio, 
Les Nations: Academy of • 
Anaert Muse under 
Otostopher Hogwood): - 

Balakirev (Rano Concerto No 
1 in F sharp minor. Op 1: 
Malcolm Bvma; English . 
Northern PHtearmonte under 
David Ucvd Jones): 

Mendelssohn (Overture for_ 

wind Instruments, Op 24: ISO 
under Ctaucfio Abbado); Fate 
(Four Dances. The 
Cornered HaL MortrealSO 
. J under Dutrat) ' ^ 

920 Composers of the Weofc 
Vaughan Wffliams and Holst — 
T'*' Toward toe Unknown Region. 

Alain Frogtey presets . 
Vaughan Wffiame (In toe Fen ■ 
Counby); Hotel (SomereBt . 
Rhapsody); Vaughan Wlltems 

(Is my (earn pfoughiryj>i 
Wenlock Edge); Hotel (Owral 
Hymns from the Rig Veda. 
Grate 2): Hotel (Dirge for two 

Veterans); VauatonWilfiaro 
(Dirge for two veterans. Dona 

' Now Paeem) 

10.15 BBC PhtihannoDle under Yan 
Pascaf Torieter pertomis 
Beetoouen (Violin Concerto In . 
D: Igor ttsirakh); Bartbk 
(Concerto for Orchestra) -- 
11 ^4S Prom Aids* of the Week: The 

HTV WEST .. . 

-As London ■acspfc'6254m Advsrtmsot 
ThaOnlexy Rengara (535213jq 126pm-1.15 
HTV News (17652631) 1A5 BtocfcbustBis 
(B6B775 2.16-2^45 Yan Can Cook (904064) 
826-720 HTV News (81336) 1030 HTV 
Nbm & Weather (95S71) 1040 The Andy 
SheppardVWap (543862} II.IOUMSAIBlSt 
stflrt (426220) 11.40 The Of The Wbricb 
(748626) 1225KD-1 30 Kojak (3*31621) 
030 Donahue (4357553) 325 The Beat 
(8470382) 420 Get puffed (39626244) 
*30 RMera (87911) 520-030 Jobfinder 
(12973)- • • 


Aa HTV WEST twapt 126pn-1J5 HTV 
Wtees News (176SBB81) 820 WWee at Sbc 
(423) 030-720 Piimeane (775) KUO HTV 
Wales News & Wbetoer (BS5571J 1040- 
11^0 Herria and Sons (32304Q 


Aa London except 025am Adirenuet d 
the GalaxyRangera (5352133) uepnH.lS 
fcteridtan News & Weather P7BS2B81) 2.15- 
2.45 Rl To Win (904 8 ) 320050 AI 
Tooethar Now. £2156133 620 Maridan 
TcrifiW (423) &30-720 NatuB and WMBe 
{775) 1030 Maridtei News S Weather 
(B55571) 1040 Brty [543862111.10 Chrtsl- 
ctesch By-Becaoc *(428220) 1120 The 
Equabar (342591) 1230e»-13DThe Baal 
(34244) 520*530 Fiaescreen (52973) 

■ PBrtorm s a selectton of ■ 
"-Coreti's soriatas«nd the 

-. comptete Concern da ctdess 
1^5 Test Match %mcW; England 
• vAustirite-Theliwidayoftoe 
'. fourlti'Test 84 HeatSngley 
6.10 Evening Sequence: A - 
selection of music on dsc 
7^0 BBC Proms, five from the . 
Afeert Han, London. The BBC 
Symphony Orchestra under . 
Alexander LaSaov, wih Karita 
MattSa. soprano, performs 
Straiinsky (Petmshk8 —1911 
: version). 8.10 Grieg ^ 

• TroWhaugan. Richard Baker 
vtsfra the composer's house. 
030 Grieg (Sob-era's Song; 
Sohratg'sLiiteby: ASwan; I 

Love You); Tchafirevsty (Suite 
NoS In G) 

920 Young Americans: Tim - 
O'Graoy wsirs the United 
- States Id (tecover Its young . 
writers. In this propamme. 

. From ttxi Sea, he jatks to Marie 

• Richafd.afisherthariithena' 
private eye and now a writer (i) 

1005 Debut Mark Ponthus, piano, 
plays Boulez (12 Notations: 
Rano Sonata No 3) 

10A6 Book, Music and Lyrics: See 


11.30 Music Restorad: Sraa Stowe, 
8oprana/harpsfchorti, and 

■ Matthew Sprmviafte^uiter. 
perform »wtooy Gorrate 
-Couperbv Borpnde Scetay 

. and Bordel 2 JO«nNews ■ 


Aa London awp tSgw AduerWra of 
the Galaxy Rangers (5352133) iXtSpraTyna 
Taea N^ws (87577085) 1.10-1.15 
LookaDUId (87674978) 1-46-146 Murder. 
She WWb (0702317) 3.15020 Tyne Tees 
News (3648607) 525 Tyne Tees Today 
(385248) 620-720 Robson's People (775) 
1030 Tyre Uses News (955571) 1040 A 
WbnarlY Place @43862) 11.10 fttaoner 
Cel Block. H (494268) 12JBwa Nigel 
MansaTe IndyCar 93 (7772355) 122S Fbn: 
Thao Agabial The Rest Of The Worid 
(394621) 230 Entanriomant UK (37386) 
330 nv Chart Show (32843) 430430 
Jobfinder (682B2) 


As London aaaat: 935am Acharturas ol 
-the Gatexy Rangers (5352i33jl.0fiim-l.l5 
UTV Uue (17K2B81) 21523S Yan Car 
Cook (904084) 330420 The Uthest Hobo 
(2156133)000-720UIV Uw At Six (81336) 
1030 UIV Uve (955571) 1040 Spttmg 
Back (543862) n.lOManJad.-With CNHran 
(428220) 11v«J Prisoner: CeS Block H 
(748626) 123Sm-130 Kofafc (3431621) 
230 DonWxH (435^53) 335 The Beet 
(847099?) 430 Gel Stuffed! (39628244) 
430 FWrc Rkmra (67911)520 Jobe 


As London axcspfc 93Sam ArkrenSjres Of 
The Gatecy Rangers (5352133) 125pro- 

&55am Shipping Forecast 620 
Newsaiefrig, Ind 64)3 
Weether6.10 Faming Today 
635 Prayer for tha Day 6^) 
Today, ind 6^0.720.730. 

- aoo. 030 News 045 
Business News OSS. 7.55 
Weather 736,025 Sports 
News 7.45 Thought for the 
.. Day wfth Rabbi liarwl Blue 
835 The Week on 4 8^3 
Archive Feature: Simon 
f^nsftawsdefvBS into the BSC 
. soiflid archive 838 Weather 
920 News 

925Uve-Wires, with Richard 
Coles and Emma Freud 
1020-1030 Questions of Tests 
(FM ortfy), wito Chris Kelly 
1020 Nwc DeBv Sarvtcs (LW 

10.15 Tin Bible (LW only}: Joshua 
• Read by Lao McKern (3/4) (r) 

1030 Woman’s Hour talks to Oteta 
Adams: asks why women are 
bbmedfer epidemics; and 

- looks at Abongfoal culture, tod 

i 1120 News 

1130 Money Box Live: 071-580 
4444, with Vincent Duggteby. 
Lines open from 10am. 

1220 NawsjYou and Youre, \uto 
.... -JtfonHowanJ- .. 

1225pm Brdn of Britain 1993: 

I First seon-find — the Home 

- Cra^TOK srdthe Scxgid 

■. t RaBnson \2SS Weather 

1 15 Wafiteountry Latest (17652821) 
1.45 The Young Doctors (969775) 2.15-245 
Gardenng Tme (B040S4) 330330 A 
Courtly Pracbca (2156133) 620-720 
Westcountry Live (61336) 10.30 
Weal country Latesi (95S571) 10.40 
westetuvy Focus (543863 11.15 blend 
Son (483539) IZIOm New cnSdCamsa 
(1884716) 1235-130 Kopk (3431621) 230 
OonahUB (4357553) S35 The Bear 
(8470992) 430 Get Stuffed! (39628244) 
430 ftwerB (67811)820-530 Jobfinder 


Starts: 720am The Big Breataa (50661) 
930 Sewed By The Bel (13201) 930 
Sendoken (B821713) 926 Balmsn And 
Robb (5030238) 10.10 Panasonic Auto 
Roc* School (348051(9 1125 The Adverv 
ues onwn (7333607) 1130 Tha Handar- 
sen Kids (7220) 1220f>m Tata Five (33065) 
1230 Sesame Street (89423) 130 Hargb' 
WahU* Cooper (43930J 220 Rhn: Nob HB 
(23623Q 320 Adala And The Ponies Of 
Artncre (12B4188) 325 A Gardener's 
Guide (3988881) 420 Tha IMxider Years 
(572) 520 Cortdoan (4012? 530 
aootelde (152) 520 Nawydcfcn (338930) 
6.10 Hero (753623) 720 Ptobd Y Cam 
(42561730 Hofiol Bananas 1201] 820Mean 
Tv« (90S4) 830 IWarydcton (177751) B25 Y 
Byd Ar Bodwar (314201) 930 Cheers 
(6442^ 1030 It Tly Away (857305) 1025 
Travelers' TaJes (310573 .1135 Dream On 
(211153) 1235am Old Faces (3630435) 

1.00 The World at One. wito 
James Naughtie 

120 The Archers (r) 1.55 Shaping 

220 Nmtk Hay Fever The cfassic 
Noa Coward comedy about a 
weekend wito unexpected 
ojBSts. Staning -kxS Dench. 
Michael WHSams and Geoffrey 

Palmer fr) 

3-30 Conversation Piece: Sue 
MacGregor tafi® to toe 
Meodcan-Amencan flautist 
EJena Duran 

4.00 News 

425 Kaleidoscope reviews a new 
protection of Tnsten and 
Isolde from the Bayreuth 
Festival; visits an exhibition of 
Zimbabwean sculpture to 
Cambridge; and talks to the 
composer Mchael Nyman 

AM Short Story: Tears the World 
Does Not See, by Anton 
Chekhov. Read by Michael 

with toe Academy of St Martto- 
jjvthefiekte under Nevffle 
Mariner, sings Mozart (In quail 
eccessi..Mi trad ■ . 
cueff akna to^zte, Don 
GiovtHmi); Cantstoube 
(Baitero. Songs of the 

1220 First wntmg Ortgfnals: 

NxtertBS Andwson maite the 
fortieth armivereafy ofNikOtetis 
Hanxxxxxjrt's Vienna 
Concemus Musfcus. 

Morteverrt (Toccata, Orfao): 

Gara); VNafrS (Oboe Concerto 
in C.RVW9); Monteverd (a 
contxtbme/so tfi Tanwafl e 
Oorinda): Vhrakfi (Bassoon 
Concerto to E-minor. RV4S4; 
Concerto to G mtoor. RV157) 

1 l.OOpm News 

Mkfc JaggertS® Radio* 9 SBpwL 

Bfograpbcr Philip Nonnan. brings some semblance of shape to a 
fcimhip nf Tmnrpssmns that is Raoio 2Y tribute to the most famous 

Coreffl: Ensemble 415 

jumble of umxessitxis that is Radio 2*s tribute to the most famous 
Rolling Stone of them alL He deroos a worn of insecurity. retica« 
and eaudon gnawing away inside the segfrcenie n ana n - The 
nrogramme itself does not come up with much evidence to support 
Sis worm* eye -view. On die contrary, it presents a picture of a 
sirojaneW self-confident entertainer, though far less of a subversive 
influence than other biographers prodaim him to be. 

Book, Musicaud Lyrks. Radio 3. J0.45pm. - . 

Although Robert Cushman is not totally sold on Cnuyfor You, the 
Gashwin musical currently playing to capadtyhouffis in.Loncfon. rt 
makes a bouncy springboard for his new senes of anthologies of 
scogs from the shows, some of the musicals are re-assembfy robs. 

^ JeBy 

Roil Morton hits, in Cushman's dicrionaiy. the words ol d and new mc 

cautiously defined. ^ PeterDavaBe 

5.00PU&50 Shipping Forecast 
■ 5^5 weather 
6-00 Six O'clock News 
SJ30 rm Sony I HavwTt a Ctue. 
with WBlie Rushton, Tim 
Broote-Tayfor. Graeme 
Garden and Barry Oyer. 
Hunphrey Lyneton is In the 
chair (r) 

720 News 
7.05 The Archers 
720 The Food Programme (r) 
7 j 45 The Monday Ray: Straw. 
Mefesa Mura/s play explores 
the pressixee of vratong in the 
h^fei service for husband- 
9id4fife GPs David (Stephen 
Mocra) and Eleanor (Phyte 
Logan). Their marriage te 
under strain, but noncafly it Is 
David's success rather than 
(©tore that proves to be the 
final straw 

9.1S Kaleidoscope (r) 

9.4S7be Financial Worid 

Tonight wtth Martin Arabber 
9.59 Weather 

10.00 The Worid Tonight with 

ffldafd Kershaw 

1tL4S A Book at Bedtime. The Cost 
of Living Lfce The. by James 
Kennaway. Read by ten 
McDtemud (T/10) 

11J» You Heart R Hare Ftrar Mp 
the Garden Path, by Sue bmp. 
Starring Jmafrfe Siaxtoi as 
Izzy (final rail) W 

11^0 Today InPartfamert 

12.00-12j43ern News, tod 1227 

Weather 1233 Shipping 1243 
Worid Service (LW onW 



620am Cartoons (430677 S 630 Lamb 
Clops Ptay»Long (8238713) S50 The DJ 
K* S hoe (15 989713) 130 The Pyramid 
Game (27733) 1020 Cart Sharks &212683) 
1035 Conoamnaflon 0810404) 1020 Dyna¬ 
mo Duck (2935607) 1120 Saiy Jassy 
Raphael (468611 1220 E Street (66317) 
1230pm Th ree's Conpany (175391 120 
Falcon Crest (77274) 220 Captaro and tha 
lOngs (4S572) 320 Another Worid (77BSB62) 
348 Thu DJ Kot Shw# (5683423) BOO Star 
Trek: The Nea Generation (8997) S 20 
Games World (5539) 630 E Stoat (9591) 
720 Raacua (9626) 730 fiif House (5775) 
820 North and South (59539) 1020 Ster 
Trek; The Neat Generation (38048) 1120- 
1220 The Stmts of San Ftancc c o (94249) 


New on the hour 

6 2 0am Sum (81572) 630 Nsm end 
Business Repon 1296220) 930 Rtwng 
Report (91355) 1030 Memones (40133) 
1130 Business Rapon (7706S) 1230pm 
News and Business Report (51249) 130 
CBS The MomtoQ (52978) 230 Parianern 
Lm (79882) 330 Partenart La* (71591) 
430 News and Buanass Repor (2688) 520 
lire a Five (7404) 730 Spec« Report 
(3317) 930 ToDibeck (95317) 1130 C8S 
News (51317) 1230am Special Report 
(1307B 130 CBS News (60176) 230 
Menaces (71621) 330 CBS News (83466) 
430 Specs! Report 186422) S30-620 CBS 
News 196756) 


620am Showcase (2S471S2) 

1020The Rocketeer (1891) BB Campbefl 
piays the anmcOMk (wo (1T3SS 
1220 The Las Escape (1070) Stuwi 
VWVffren mempts u s muggle a locket 
sewten ml of Germany (52775) 

220pm A Tatet at Sand (1968): Retard 
Johnson leads the twit lor rtamonds n 
Africa Wth Honor Blackman (52626) 

420 Acea W 90 (1976): Foss worid war 
drama with M alcolm MeOonefiand ctmsto- 
uher Plummsr (32D1) 

620 Tha Rocketeer (as 10am) (32862) 
820 The ttamtad (1991)- Demonic ttxces 
imaoe toehome ol Sitey KrMand and Jeffrey 
OeMum (26731317) 

940 UK Top Tan (777065) 

1020 Showdoam in Utla Tokyo (1991). 
Dofoh Lundycn gnd B randon (20 fi^ii me 
Yakuza ci Los Angetefi (3757862) 

1130 Tha Rurwatana ( 199H: Pmr fbageft 
Bads a Nontc monster Itrousfii the saeets 
Of New Yak (584997) 

125am 8se*yaf of SOance (1989): Msp 
Foster iraroatiBatES toe death <X a tfd n a 
hone for eenaoera (240737) 

22S Rage of Hanm (1987): Martial arte 
arkientieB vrito Sho Koeug (367060) 

<13 In Gold We Tut (19P0): Jan-Uchael 
Vncent rarans 10 toe Vietnam <n 
search ol treaaro (356244). Ends at 620 


ajXJpmCaptnto Bkiod (1935, tY*r); Svreah- 
Cuckter stenng Erret Ftym (30442) 

820 PatemKy (1981): Burt Reynolds twee 
Bsveny D Angeto d bear htm a son 1 19956) 
1020 The Wicker Mao (19731 Edward 
Woodward encounters pagansm on a 
Scottish stand (863510). Ends at 1125 


mown d ee p i n g Beauty: Classic fairy-tala 
starring Morgan Fartoed (71012) 

S20 Yaang Serdvora (19B2) Thre e chfid - 
nen are stranded aboart a sfawredr (B0794) 
1O00 Submarlm Command (1951): Sar- 
nng WBam Hdden (37448626) 

1135 tima la Douce (1 963): B ay WSdar 
comedy storog Jack Lemmon as toe 
gendarme who talte in kne Mth proEUUta 
Staley Madame (84113887) 

220pm S it u atio n Hopa l e a a — Bid Not 
Sariona (1965)' German derk Mac Gutoess 
capaaes American ptats Robed Radford 
and Mi® Conners (50388) 

<00 Youtg Survtvom (as Sami 14171) 
S20 Vaadga ol Hoowr (195b) A former 
Green Beret returns lo Thafland to keep a 
promsc Sanng Gerald McRam* (30404) 
820 OrookadHaarta (1991) Tense drama 
abac an Amencan tamjy Stermg Pam 
Berg and Peter Coyote (422*9) 

1020 Caanattiaa of War (1969) Brian 
OePstma s Vietnam mama startin g Michael 
J. Fck and Sean Perm (324171) 

112S Oba aa a ad (1998). Stannen Debeny 
rutofessfy pursues WSam Devane (330572) 
130am Hoar's Daagfnar (i960)’ Drama 
1 MD Melody Anderson (59060) 

320Threats 11968TAsnpersaa hssflhB 
On Bens KadcO 165963) 

430 VaaOga of Honour (as 6pm) (36909) 
Ends te 620 


630am Prime Bo rins (1*779) 720 Terms 
US Yemen's Open (E1753B) 930 Prme 
Boriss (70607) 1020 irsh Open Snooter 
(5694*2) 120pm Ueta U-18 FooOxd 
(6427 J) ZOO World Sports Speoel 18210) 
230 Trucks n' Tractor Power (1794) 320 
boh Open Snorter (8657131620 Wresting 
ChaBange (82 M2) 720 Horse Ractog 
fSSSESi 830 Trucks 7)' Tractor Pater /98B1) 
920 Canarian Open Terns (83510) 1120 

Stpersiars Team Chaflenge 08807) 1220- 


HI Stereo and MW. 420am Burn Brookes 
(HI cnly) 620am Srnon Mao 920 Stood 
B ates 1120 1FM Summer Roadshw 
i 1230pm Newsbeat 1228 Lynn Parsers 320 Sara YAvgfn 620 News 93 630 Mark 
Qoodter's Evertog Swaon &3D Malang Advaces Seaalhazs3nenidwrk9200uton 
Btee 5te 1020 Emma FrraO 1220-420am Bab Hams (HI orttyl 

PM stereo 520am Sarah Kennedy 6.1S 
Pause fa Thou#* 726 warn Up 10 Wogan 
&1S Parse ta Thought 930 Ken Bruce 1130 
Jewry Young 220 pm Batata Stijgeon330SdSemen 825 John Dunn720HrteW Gragg 
730 Alan DM wfhDaice Band Dsys, and 2 B20Bg Band Eta 830 Big Band Specel 820 
Mxk oaggar's 50f See Chocs 1020 The Jam S -fcrrprr' iaao The Jamesons 1236am 
OgbyFfiaveafrter'wtflJas Notes 120 State Macbtoi 320520am Atex Lester 

62 ttao Worid Service 630 Danny Brter 920 
Take Five 935 Cmkfles, Oy Chre Barias (1/4) 
1026 Wggiy Part 1030 Test tAmto SpwteL 
England v Austrela 1.10pm Summer $»rt 7.16 The Dragonosaraua. by Berio Doheny 730 
Wicked Wads (r) 820 P d it n a J ilp s (0 830 Farrtme on Rve 930 The Coflecton Easy 
Toma, by Mart Davies Moktam 10.10 Fsturtus* 1220 - 1 2.10am News: Spot 

AB times n B3T. 430n BBC EnglEh 4X5 
News and Press w m Germen 520 
MOtgenmagaarc Tips fur Toosan 530 Ofl 
toe 9he>. A Woman of ihe Pharisees 5X5 Andy Kershaw's WortJ of Muse 620 News 930 

Euope Today 720 News 7.10 News Atxxx Braato 7.15 Reccrtng oltta Week 7JO The 

Pope s Decisions *20 News *30 The Odd Couple 920 News 9.10 Worts of Farm 9.16 
Heetn Manas 930 Arytf*^j Goes 10J0 Neve 1025 Vfcxti Button Report 10.18 The 
Power Brimd toe Throna 1030 Andy Kershaw’s Wbrid at Mime 1IU5 Sport 1121 The 
Pcoe'e Dwsons 1120 Bee EngfSh 11 X 6 MCtagsmacaan 1138 Boffiss Update HoOfl 
News 12300111 C a ryc sw rf toe Month. The BujpaiSsrts 120 News 1.10 Words ol Path 
1.15 Bratocf BNtt 1X5 EpM220 News 325 OuggcASJO Off toe Shelf A Woman of the 
Phmeee SX5 Ptety Peny420 fitegre X 1 S BBC Engteh 430 Hue AttJBl 520 News 5.10 

New About Brian 5.15 BBC EtoUh B20 News625WtirB Busness Report A15 The World 
Today630Heufe Akkrel725German Featres *20 Ness S25 Osoock 830Etnpe Toctey 
920 Ness 9.10 Words of Fate MS The Worid Today038 The Mnage Char Show 1020 
News 11.10 News About &teki 11.13'The Essential GuxJes to Muse 11X6 Span 
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K | Her fourth 
birthday may well 
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but she isn’t ill. 

She’s poor. 

In countries Hke The Gambia, one In lour children die before 
their fifth birthday. The diseases they sutler from differ But 
the cause Is almost always tha same. 


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i. -i- •. '*!i";c - v ■(iv'.'afi.” 








Robert Bailantyne 




on tax 

By Ovn Economics 

FOOTBALL clubs could face 
back tax bills totalling as 
much as £20 million and some 
may be pushed to the brink of 
bankruptcy as the Revenue 
damps down on tax avoidance 
in soccer, according to Touche 
Ross, the accountant 
Football has a poor reput¬ 
ation for keeping its lax affairs 
in order, and tax difficulties 
are believed to be widespread. 
Touche Ross is urging dubs to 
pur their affairs in order im¬ 
mediately, particularly PAYE 
systems, saying that few dubs 
will escape a visit from the tax 
man. The Inland Revenue has 
set up two units monitoring 
the professional and the semi- 
professional game. 

Richard Baldwin, a partner 
at Touche Ross, said that £20 
million was a broad estimate 
total worked out from Touche 
Rossis experience in handling 
elute’ tax affairs. Some Foot¬ 
ball League and Premier 
League clubs could face bills 
for tens of thousands of 
pounds when Revenue penal¬ 
ties are induded. Mr Baldwin 
said: “For some dubs in the 
first and second divisions. 
£100.000 in back tax would 
take quite a lot of meeting." 

One widespread problem 
concerns payments to match 
day staff, whose numbers 
have grown with increased 
safety requirements at football 
grounds. These employees are 
often treated as casual staff, 
and date have traditionally 
paid them cash in hand on the 
day. The Inland Revenue is 
looking at this to make sure 
that dubs deduct PAYE and 
National Insurance contribu¬ 
tions. Mr Baldwin said that 
there had been cases where 
dubs had made the deduc¬ 
tions but not passed them to 
the Inland Revenue. 

A typical example could be a 
dub with 25 home matches a 
season treating 200 match day 
staff as casuals. The dub could 
find itself haying to pay back 
tax and National Insurance 
contributions over a six-year 
period, giving them a bill of 
perhaps £165.000. with penal¬ 
ties and interest in addition. 

Other widespread, tax prob¬ 
lems indude cash payments to 
players and managers from 
which tax and national insur¬ 
ance has not been deducted 
and the receipt of expenses 
and benefits such as compli¬ 
mentary tickets, interest-free 
loans and cars to players, staff 
and directors. 

Touche Ross said that dubs 
often paid expenses as “round 
sum allowances", which the 
taxman regarded as disguised 
salary. "The rules are very 
strict about what expenses and 
benefits must be reported to 
the Inland Revenue and if 
forms are not completed accu¬ 
rately, then penalties will be 
levied." the firm said. 

It is recommending that 

is recommending 
dubs prepare their figures 
and get ready to negotiate with 
the Revenue, a pre-emptive 
approach that has often led to 
reductions in settlements. 

The Revenue has been tar¬ 
geting semi-professional dubs 
since the early 1980s and has 
stepped up monitoring of the 
professional game over the 
past 18 months. 


Demons 8 


Charity hit Sunil Arora. 
the captain of Lehman * 

Brothers’sofifcali team— 
the Lehman Demons, and the 
as yet undefeated a 
champions—cm his way to 
victory in the annual Hill 
Samuel Investment Man-. 
agement Group softball 
cop tournament thatwas 
held over three nights at 
Regent’s Park, 
m London, and at whkh 
mooey is raised for charity. 

The tournament was 
fought out between ten 
teams, made up of 12 
players each, that induded 
British and American 

TT yyrfumt hanlfpry and 
stockbrokers, some of 
whom were given an v 
afternoon off by their 
senior directors to practice. 
Team names induced ^The 
Beech Street HiUbtllies - 
(Hffl Samud), andTJ AH 
Stars (Williams de Broe). 
Rkhanl Bernays, chief 
executive of Hal Samuel 

event for the third year 
numina. said vesterdav 
that £ 15,000 had been raised 
for the Cancer Research 
Campaign from the event 

Bundesbank key 

to ERM survival 

By Janet Bush 



and Germany are bracing 
themselves today for more 
turbulence in die currency 
markets, which remained 
tense at the end of last week, 
in spite of an enormous 
defence operation mounted 
to save the franc's member¬ 
ship of the exchange-rate 

This week could be the 
crunch for the system. There 
were no overt weekend devel¬ 
opments, either in the form of 
a special meeting of the Euro¬ 
pean monetary committee — 
which has to agree on any big 
changes to the ERM — or any 
soothing words from any 
Bundesbank council members 
on their interest rate inten¬ 
tions. Gordon Brown, the 
shadow Chancellor, urged die 
government to pressGermany 
into cutting rates. 

it became dear last week 
that the currency markets 
would regard anything less 
than a full point cut in the 

■ Rising German inflation rates and 
massive internal st rains on the European 
monetary system may force the 
Bundesbank into a painful compromise 

German discount rate at the 
Bundesbank's council meeting 
on Thursday as insufficient to 
bail out the franc. But annual 
German cost of living inflation 
for July is forecast to rise to 4 3 
per cent, from 42 per cent in 
June, in figures due out this 
week. This, together with the 
latest 7.1 per cent increase in 
annual M3 money supply 
growth, would make it diffi¬ 
cult for the German central 
bank to sanction a cut of such 
proportions on domestic mon¬ 
etary grounds. 

Nevertheless, some experi¬ 
enced Bundesbank watchers 
believe that the political com¬ 
mitment to the ERM is great 
enough for the central bank to 
compromise this week. The 
political pressure is dearly 
mounting, with Edouard 
Balladur, France’s prime min¬ 
ister. threatening to resign if 

the franc is forced out of the 
ERM. Allan Saunderson. edi¬ 
tor of The Old Continent, the 
Frankfurt-based newsletter, 
which tracks Bundesbank pol¬ 
icy. believes that if severe . 
pressure remains on the franc 
today, the central bank will be 
“more inclined to cut interest 
rates than not". 

Since last September, the 
Bundesbank has proved itself 
willing to compromise on its 
domestic agenda, and its anti- 
inflationary credibility, in 
order to stave off speculation 
against the ERM and. Bund¬ 
esbank observers believe, is 
more so now that Hans 
Tietmeyer, the deputy presi¬ 
dent who takes over the top job 
in die autumn, is effectively 
running the bank. He was 
reported to have been in • 
favour of larger official rale 
cuts at the start of this month 

but was opposed by Helmut 
Schlesinger, the current presi¬ 
dent and at least two regional 
central bank presidents. 

In spite of Germany's infla¬ 
tion problem, there axe argu¬ 
ments the Bundesbank could 
make to justify lower rates to 
save the ERM. For example, it 
could argue that lower interest 
rates would do less harm to 
monetary policy than substan¬ 
tial intervention in support of 
the franc, which swells M3 
money supply. 

If the Bundesbank cuts rates 
this week, the franc is likely to 
remain in the system, but 
dealers predict a torrid sum¬ 
mer for the currency. One 
consolation is the apparent 
absence of the large New York 
hedge funds, which speculated 
so successfully against ster¬ 
ling last autumn. George 
Soros reiterated his view on 
Saturday that the franc would 
be saved and still betieves that 
if floated, it would appreciate, 
making it a less than ideal 
speculative target 

Leading article, page 15 
Tempos, page 34 

Rivers channels talents into selling 

From Philip Robinson in new York 

Rivers: switched on 

JOAN Rivers, the American 
comedienne and mistress of 
the biting wit is leaving it all 
behind to exercise her talents 
to selL selL selL 

Ms Rivers, who has hosted 
a successful talk show for four 
years, winning an Emmy in 
1990. wtfl launch a new syndi¬ 
cated television cable channel 
show this autumn tailed: Can 
We Shop? — a play on the title 
of her former chat show Can 
We Talk. 

On Thursday. QVC, Ameri¬ 
ca’s largest shopping channel. 

announced it has renewed its 
contract for The Joan Rivers 
Classics Collection of 
jewellery, with ' exclusive 
rights for the UK. Mexico. 
Canada and the US. Through 
an agreement with BSkyB. 
one of the largest pay tele¬ 
vision services in Europe. 
QVC will launch a UK shop¬ 
ping channel on October 1. A 
spokesman said: “The final 
details of what we will cany 
in the UK have yet to be 
worked out, but there is a 
possibility that Joan will be 

on it" QVC has also launched 
a $1.1 bfltion merger proposal 
for Home Shopping Network, 
its US rival which will give it 
almost 98 per cent of the 
American shopping by tele¬ 
vision market 

Ms Rivers has just struck a 
$13 million, 30year deal with 
Regal Communications, 
which produces the sales 
pitch television programmes 
known as infomercials. 

Ms Rivers, aged 57, says: “I 
hope I live long enough to 

of gas 



MICHAEL Heseltine will this 
week receive a 1000 -page 
report from the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission de¬ 
tailing proposals for the future 
of the gas industry. 

The President of the Board 
of Trade will have more than 
two months in which to deride 
bow best to balance his belief 
that competition secures the 
best deal for the consumer, 
with an equally strong convic¬ 
tion that the United Kingdom 
needs strong national cham¬ 
pions to succeed overseas. 

A separation of the core 
transmission business of Brit¬ 
ish Gas from the compaiys 
gas sales and appliance activi¬ 
ties has already been pledged 
by Robert Evans, the compar 
ny*s soon-todeparl chairman. 
But it wfll be for Mr Heseltine 
and his fellow ministers, 
drawing upon the MMC find¬ 
ing^ to deride whether the 
group, one of Britain's biggest 
companies, should be obliged 
to demerge its sales activities. 

The impact of a split on 
British Gas profits would not 
be crippling. Competitors al¬ 

ready have 57 per cent of the 
industrial market But it 
would raise social questions 
about continuation of uniform 
pricing for household custom¬ 
ers and. (he company says, 
make it more difficult to 
ensure uninterrupted sup¬ 
plies. For an unpopular gov¬ 
ernment with a slim majority, 
caution may take precedence 
over valour. 

British Gas has already 
launched a multi-million 
pound advertising campaign 
against pressures for a break¬ 
up. Its message is unequivo¬ 
cal: British Gas is the world's 
leading gas company, well 
placed to cash in on a global 
expansion of gas usage, pro¬ 
vided it is not emasculated by 

dogmatic free marketeers at 

~ -A: ■■■■*£ ** 


rrr. rjrp ctj 



1 Fair play f 13) 1 

S Dig in die ribs (5) 2 

9 Incomplete (3,4) 3 

IQ Flightless New Zealand bird (3) 4 

11 Pulsate (5) S 

12 Nicosia islander (7) 6 

14 Small-sized (6) 7 

16 Regard with respect (6) 13 

20 Significant^ 15 

Z3 Propose (321 17 

24 Shout disappointment (3) 18 

25 Result (7) 19 

26 Hindu teacher (5) 21 

27 Respectful quiet (6,7) 22 

Affecting piety (13) 
Competed (7) 

Shake (7) 

Threat (6) 

Down 02) 

Alluring woman (5) 

US newspaper award (&5) 
Naval drink (3) 

India holiday area (3) 
Overthrow (7) 

Under way (2 J) 

Authority resisters (6) 

The whole (5) 

Brush (5) 


ACROSS: 1 Worn down 5 WAAC 9 Ramadan !0 Cream 
11 Foil 12 Languid 14 Untidy 16 Mellow 19 Cast off 
21 Cowl 24 Mains 25 Abandon 26 Rage 27 Adam Bede 

DOWN: 1 Worm 2 Romeo 3 Diddled 4 Wangle 6 Asexual 
7 Comedown 8 Scan 13 Dulcimer 15 Testing 17 Exclaim 
18 Afraid 20 Oust 22 Wedge 23 Once 

CROSSWORD ENTHUSIASTS: Tbe Times Concise Crosnonh — Books I a 2 £525 each. Books 3 & 4 £4.5 each. The Tima Jmstn Cnmcvnfa_Book! £4.99 Book 2 

£5.99. Concise Book I £5.99. Tfce Times Cpmwi* - Books 1,7.14.15*16 E4J5each: Books 2 ® tJ [end. 7) £4.74 each. TteSasbyTiaaCrawKSifa- Bafts l o » £4 74 
cachaBtn Books S.9and II ttJScfldiQwcgeBxftfliaaKiSeach. Prices me pftp (UK), Cheques toA taw 51 Manor law.lmtwSm-iQW TdOffl- 

SS2 4575 (24 hrst. 

By Raymond Keene 
Todays position is the conclu¬ 
sion of the game Wells - 
Hector, Watson. Parley & 

Williams/City oT London Cor¬ 
poration Chess Challenge 
1091. Black has driven the 
White king to a dangerous 
position. How does he now 
cash in? 

To book jour seat for 71* Tunes 
World Chess Championsfaip 
marti yon caa ring Sinpsoi&in- 
tbc-S x r a nd on 071 836 9112. Any¬ 
one booking a ticket is July will 
be offered a compfionany famdt 
at Simpsons. 

Softnfon on page 34 
Championship Chess, page 7 


a. Perchance 

b. Revenge 

c. Cambridge blue 

By Philip Howard 


a. Ear wax 

b. A fossfl fish 

c. A Byzantine chamberlain 


a. Tom and ragged 

b. Maudlin 

& Sour pasture 


a. A native boy 

b. A Burmese monetary unit 

c. Minced meat balls 

Answers on page 34 

Maxwell fees of 
£100m vex MPs 

By Colin Campbell 

A REPORT to be issued today, 
by the House of 'Cammons 
select committee investigating 
the collapse of the Maxwell 
empire will express .its "ex¬ 
treme concern" that legal and 
accounting fees associated 
with the collapse might exceed 
£100 millio n. 

Fees to date have totalled 
£51.6 million, and the commit¬ 
tee will note that November 6 
marks file second anniversary 
of Robert Maxwell’s. death, 
and that pensioners are still 

The report by the social 
security select committee, 
which is chaired by Rank 
Field, Labour MP for Birken- 
fsad, will indude criticism of 
individual firms, whose level 
of fees gives the committee 
cause for concern. 

Firms that will be named in 
today's report indude Buchler 
Phillips,. the specialist insol¬ 
vency practice that was hired 
by Minor Group Newspapers 
to take charge of Robert 
Maxwell's personal estate, 
and Nabarro Nathansort, its 
lawyers. Robson Rhodes, the 

accountant, Stephenson 
Harwood, the firm <rf lawyers. 
Arthur Andersen. Alien and 
Overy. Price Waterhouse and 
Norton Rose will also feature. 

David Shaw. Conservative 
MP for Dover, said the com¬ 
mittee has beat concerned at 
tile level of fees buDt in 
administering and liq uidatin g 
tiie Maxwell estate, noting 
that when Parliament recon¬ 
venes in November, it win be 
two years since Robert Max¬ 
well'S death, which, he said, 
begs the question “where have 
we got to?". 

The irritation of the select 
committee that fees to date of 
£51.6 imflion could eventually 
rise to mare than QIO million 
wffl add to the pressure on the 
government to consider fester 
methods of dealing with insol¬ 
vent companies, and thereby 
speed the payment time. 

The highest individual fee in 
the report covers £24.7 rraffion 
to Price Waterhouse, though it 
has been pointed out that the 
sum includes court and other < 
legal work carried out in 


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